Parveen Babi

Parveen Babi (4 April 1954 – 20 January 2005) was an Indian film actress and model. Babi was best known for her roles in Hindi films throughout the 1970s and early 1980s.[5] Throughout her career, she was known as a glamorous fashion icon, and was one of the highest-paid actresses.[6]

Parveen Babi
Parveen Babi.jpg
Parveen Babi in Amar Akbar Anthony (1977)
Born
Parveen Moammed Ali[1]

(1954-04-04)4 April 1954[2][3][4]
Died20 January 2005(2005-01-20) (aged 50)
Resting placeSantacruz Muslim Cemetery, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Occupation
  • Actress
  • model
Years active1972–1991

Babi made her acting debut with the film Charitra (1973), and first received recognition for her role as Neela in the drama film Majboor (1974). She had her breakthrough starring as Anita in the action crime-drama film Deewaar (1975), and went on to have roles in many films throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, most notably starring as Jenny in Amar Akbar Anthony (1977), Anu in Suhaag (1979), Anita in Kaala Patthar (1979), Sheetal in The Burning Train (1980), Sunita in Shaan (1980), Shallini / Rani in Kaalia (1981), and Nisha in Namak Halaal (1982). In 1976, she was the first Bollywood star to appear on the cover of Time Magazine.[7][8] From the mid 1980s, Babi's career began to fluctuate, leading her to eventually retire from the film industry in 1991.

Babi's personal life has been well-documented by the media; she had remained unmarried after a string of relationships with Kabir Bedi, Danny Denzongpa and Mahesh Bhatt. She was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, where she came to attention following various incidents due to her mental health, as well as diabetes. On January 20, 2005, Babi died of multiple organ failure.[9][10]

Early life and educationEdit

Parveen Babi was born on 4 April 1954 in Junagadh, Gujarat. She was an only child in a noble Junagadh-based family who belonged to the Babi tribe of Pashtuns known as the Pathans of Gujarat that had long settled in Gujarat.[11] Parveen was born fourteen years after the marriage of her parents, her father, Vali Mohammed Khan Babi, was a system administrator with the Nawab of Junagadh and her mother was Jamal Bakhte Babi (died 2001).[12][13] She lost her father in 1959 when she was five years old. She did her early schooling from Mount Carmel High School, Ahmedabad and later attended St. Xavier's College, Ahmedabad where she earned a Bachelor of Arts in English literature.[14]

CareerEdit

Parveen Babi's modelling career began in 1972 and was quickly followed by her film debut with the film Charitra (1973), opposite cricketer Salim Durrani.[15] The film was a flop, but Parveen was noticed and snapped up for several more films.

Babi first received recognition for her role as Neela in the drama film Majboor (1974). She had her breakthrough starring as a prostitute, Anita, in the action crime-drama film Deewaar (1975), which attained a cult following, and helped established her as a leading lady. She went on to appear in many successful films throughout the 1970s and early 1980s, most notably starring as Jenny in Amar Akbar Anthony (1977), Anu in Suhaag (1979), Anita in Kaala Patthar (1979), Sheetal in The Burning Train (1980), Sunita in Shaan (1980), Shallini / Rani in Kaalia (1981), and Nisha in Namak Halaal (1982).

Parveen was one of the most successful actresses of her era, along with Hema Malini, Rekha, Shabana Azmi, Smita Patil, Zeenat Aman, Reena Roy and Raakhee. She starred opposite Amitabh Bachchan in eight films, all hits or super-hits. She also starred in other hit films such as Suhaag (1979), Kaala Patthar (1979), and Namak Halaal (1982) opposite Shashi Kapoor, Kala Sona (1975) opposite Feroz Khan, Chandi Sona (1977) opposite Sanjay Khan and Jaani Dost (1983) opposite Dharmendra. Later in her career, she had also appeared in off-beat films such as Vinod Pande's Yeh Nazdeekiyan (1982), playing the "other woman" opposite Marc Zuber, and Dil... Akhir Dil Hai (1982), opposite Naseeruddin Shah.[16]

Her career peaked at the time when most heroines were engulfed in Indian attributes and Babi was one among the few actresses whose attire was completely westernised and this provided her a certain latitude many other contemporary female artists were denied in India's heavily male-dominated and misogynistic cinematic fiefdom. Parveen Babi along with Zeenat Aman with their chiselled looks, well-sculpted bodies and anglicised accents, donned the mantle of the westernized Indian heroine and imparted to the female prima donna of Bollywood their characteristic mannerisms forever.[17] In fact, she acted alongside Aman in Mahaan (1983) and Ashanti (1982) (inspired by the American television show Charlie's Angels, with the third role played by Shabana Azmi). Her more memorable roles include "Anita" in Deewaar (1975), "Jenny" in Amar Akbar Anthony (1977), and "Sunita" in Shaan (1980). In films such as Deewaar (1975), Shaan (1980), Kranti (1981) and Namak Halaal (1982),.

As Babi's personality symbolized western standards, it was difficult for Bollywood producers to give her the typical bharatiya nari and gaon ki gori roles. She mainly starred in westernized and glamorous roles that established her status as a top heroine. She appeared in several commercially successful films of the era and her main co-stars were Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Feroz Khan, Dharmendra and Vinod Khanna, all leading stars of the 1970s and 1980s.[18] Asides from acting, Babi also worked as a model in her career. She generally would appear on the front page of every film magazine, including Filmfare, The Stardust, and Bombay Dyeing.[18][19] She was also the first Bollywood actress to appear on the front page of Time[20] in July 1976, for which she made history; the cover has since become iconic.

In her acting career which spanned almost ten years, she acted in more than fifty films, of which ten were blockbusters. She never shied away from portraying roles of women having a live-in relationship with men and consuming alcohol openly, both of which were taboo in those times. The fact that Parveen was paired with Amitabh Bachchan in eight films during the peak of the Big B mania attests to her stature and star power. Amitabh and Parveen complemented each other in the heady first years of the Angry Young Man phenomenon.[21]

Personal lifeEdit

Babi was in a relationship with Danny Denzongpa for four years. Later she dated Kabir Bedi, and then Mahesh Bhatt.[22]

She later "disappeared" from the film scene in 1983, informing nobody of her whereabouts, which allowed for exaggerated rumours and pompous claims that she might be "under the control" of figures in the "underworld". Many of her completed films were released in the following years, right up to her last film Akarshan in 1988.[23] She started a career as an interior decorator in 1983.[24]

Babi was said to have lived alone, and converted to Christianity during the late 1990s.[25][26] After withdrawing from show business, she took up music, piano, painting, architecture, literature, writing, cultural and archaeological study, politics, photography, sculpture, and human-rights issues. She also made numerous contributions to newspapers and magazines from 1973 to 1992. She lived in a penthouse apartment in Mumbai, living affluently from sound financial investments.[27]

Mental healthEdit

On 30 July 1983, Parveen Babi left India and travelled to various countries for a spiritual journey with U. G. Krishnamurti and her friend Valentine and spent some of the time in California and Houston. She returned to Mumbai in November 1989. She was rumoured to have been diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, although she regularly denied this, stating that her being labelled as such was a conspiracy by the film industry and the media to malign her image and make her appear insane, so that they could cover up their crimes.[28] This led Parveen to break relationships with most of her friends and family, and becoming reclusive.[29]

She accused many foreign dignitaries as well as Indian film personalities, including Amitabh Bachchan, Bill Clinton, Robert Redford, Prince Charles, Al Gore, US government, British government, French government, BJP government, Roman Catholic Church, the CIA, CBI, KGB and Mossad,[30][31] of conspiring to kill her, but her petition in court was dismissed for lack of evidence; her evidence turned out to be scribblings on a notepad.[28] In an interview to a film magazine dated 1989, she said: "Amitabh Bachchan is a super international gangster. He is after my life. His goons kidnapped me and I was kept on an Island where they performed a surgery on me and planted one transmitter/chip/electronic bug right under my ear." There was a photograph of Babi showing a scar below her ears.[citation needed].

Legal problemsEdit

On 7 April 1984, she was suspected at John F. Kennedy International Airport after she failed to submit her identification papers and the authorities handcuffed her and kept her in a general ward with thirty other mentally disturbed patients. The Indian Consul General, who had been informed of the incident, had come to visit her at the hospital. During U.G.'s visit, Parveen smiled and chatted with the consul as though nothing had happened.[32][33][28]

In 2002, she again hit the headlines when she filed an affidavit in a special court hearing of the 1993 serial bomb blasts case, claiming that she had gathered clinching evidence against actor Sanjay Dutt showing his involvement in the case, but she did not turn up in court after being summoned, saying that she was afraid of being killed.[28] In the last four years of her life, Babi recorded every phone call, always punctiliously informing the caller about surveillance.

DeathEdit

She was found dead on 22 January 2005 after her residential society secretary alerted the police that she had not collected groceries and newspapers from her doorstep for three days.[34] The police suspected that she may have been dead for up to 72 hours before her body was found. The cause of her death was not immediately known. She was found to have gangrene of the left foot, a complication of her diabetic condition. A wheelchair was found near her bed along with a series of disarranged paintings, clothes, medicines, and old newspapers. It is possible that she was unable to walk in her last days due to a gangrenous foot and required the use of a wheelchair to move around her flat.[35] A post-mortem was conducted at Cooper Hospital and reports showed that there were no traces of food in her stomach, but some alcohol (possibly from her medication) was found and it is possible that she had not consumed anything for more than three days and as a consequence starved to death. The police ruled out foul play and determined she succumbed to total organ failure and diabetes.[4]

Parveen Babi converted to Christianity during the last years of her life, as she stated in an interview, and was baptised in a Protestant Anglican Church at Malabar Hill.[36] She expressed a desire to be buried as per Christian rites, but her relatives who were Muslims claimed her body after her death and buried her according to Islamic rites.[25][37] Parveen Babi was buried at Juhu Muslim cemetery in Santacruz, Mumbai.[38]

After her death the State Administrator General of Maharashtra became sole custodian of her properties and assets.[39] Following her death, chaos erupted when various distant relatives filed petitions with the high court regarding the will of her property which had been lying in the locker of a Junagadh bank, executed jointly by actor and friend Murad Khan Babi. The will stated that 70% of her property was to be put in a trust in her name to help poor members of the Babi family. 20% was pledged to Murad Khan Babi, for being "a guiding force", and 10% was to be given to Christian missionary funds.[40][41]

Five years later, due to a shortage of land space for burials, Parveen Babi's grave along with other luminary Bollywood celebrities, such as Mohammed Rafi, Madhubala, Sahir Ludhianvi, Talat Mahmood, Naushad Ali, who were interred at Santa Cruz Muslim Cemetery, were exhumed and their remains were relocated to a new resting place.[42][43][44]

In popular cultureEdit

Mahesh Bhatt, Babi's former partner, wrote and directed Arth (1982), a supposedly semi-autobiographical film about his relationship with Babi, and wrote and produced Woh Lamhe (2006) directed by his nephew Mohit Suri, based on his recollection and interpretation of his relationship with Babi and without any inputs from her.[45]

Designer Manish Malhotra said: "Parveen Babi brought minimalism into fashion. She was always impeccable, not overdoing it even once."[46]

FilmographyEdit

Year Title Role Notes
1973 Charitra Debut Film
1974 Trimurti Sunita
Majboor Neelu
Dhuen Ki Lakeer
36 Ghante Naina Roy
1975 Deewaar Anita
Kaala Sona Durga
1976 Bhanwar Roopa D'Souza
Bullet Sapna
Rangila Ratan Madhu
Mazdoor Zindabaad Kamla
1977 Amar Akbar Anthony Jenny
Chalta Purza Sheetal
Darinda Kirti Thakur
Mastan Dada
Mama Bhanja Madhu Malini
Chor Sipahee Bharti Khanna
Chandi Sona Rita
1978 Pati, Patni Aur Woh Neeta Cameo Appearance
Aahuti Rekha
1979 Kaala Patthar Anita
Suhaag Anu
1980 Do Aur Do Paanch Anju Sharma
The Burning Train Sheetal Vinod Verma
Shaan Sunita
Gunehgaar Madhu
Ek Gunah Aur Sahi Paro
1981 Kranti Sureeli
Khoon Aur Paani Rita
Meri Aawaz Suno Rita
Kaalia Shalini / Rani Singh
Raksha Chanda / Bijli
1982 Desh Premee Dr. Priti
Namak Halaal Nisha
Ashanti Sunita
Dil... Akhir Dil Hai Sapna
Khud-Daar Mary
Yeh Nazdeekiyan Kiran
Taaqat Ambika
1983 Mangal Pandey Kavita Uncredited
Durdesh Renu Indo-Canada-Bangladesh co-production
Arpan Sona
Rang Birangi Nirmala Sharma
Mahaan Manju
Jaani Dost Meena
Razia Sultan Khakun
Chor Police Seema
1984 Bad Aur Badnam
Teri Bahon Mein Dancer in song Cameo Appearance
Kanoon Meri Mutthi Mein Geeta 'Jwala'
1985 Ameer Aadmi Gharib Aadmi Dancer Cameo Appearance
Sitamgar Sheela
Telephone Anita
Bond 303 Geeta / Suziana Double Role
Karm Yudh Cameo Appearance
1986 Avinash Nisha
1988 Akarshan Cameo Appearance
1991 Iraada Kiran

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Karishma Upadhyay (2020). Parveen Babi: A Life. Hachette India. ISBN 978-93-88322-94-2.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Parveen Babi". The Independent. 25 January 2005. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  2. ^ Elizabeth Sleeman (2001). The International Who's Who of Women 2002. Psychology Press. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-1-85743-122-3.
  3. ^ Mishra, Nivedita (12 September 2020). "'Parveen Babi survived on a diet of milk, eggs towards the end of her life': Karishma Upadhyay". Hindustan Times.
  4. ^ a b "Parveen Babi: Jeeti thi shaan se". daily.bhaskar.com. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Parveen wanted to be left alone", The Times of India, 30 January 2005 Archived 5 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Manish Malhotra picks his five favourite super stylish heroines of the seventies". Calcutta, India: Telegraph India. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  7. ^ "Time magazine features starlet Parveen Babi on its cover, sets Bombay on fire". India Today. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Remembering Parveen Babi: The Tragic Life and Death of One of Bollywood's Most Beautiful Actress". Masala!. 20 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Parveen Babi dies, alone in death as in life", The Times of India, 22 January 2005.
  10. ^ "Parveen wanted to be left alone", The Times of India, 30 January 2005 Archived 5 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Obituaries - Parveen Babi". The Independent. 25 January 2005.
  12. ^ "The Illustrious Babi Daynasty :: JunaGadh State". junagadhstate.org.
  13. ^ "'Adopted son' claims Parveen Babi's crores". Sify.com. 31 January 2005. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  14. ^ "St. Xavier's College – Ahmedabad – INDIA". stxavierscollege.net.
  15. ^ "Bollywood star Parveen Babi dies" BBC News, 22 January 2005
  16. ^ "Ashanti". brns.com.
  17. ^ "The Myth & Madness of Parveen Babi". iDiva.com. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  18. ^ a b "Parveen Babi: A bohemian rhapsody". Rediff.com. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  19. ^ "Parveen Babi". Parveen-babi.ememorials.in. Archived from the original on 10 September 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  20. ^ "Parveen Babi's iconic Time magazine cover – Movies News – Bollywood – ibnlive". Ibnlive.in.com. 31 August 2012. Archived from the original on 1 September 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  21. ^ "Parveen Babi – The Diva of Hindi Film Industry". Song.ezinemark.com. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  22. ^ "Danny Denzongpa: Girls Are Attracted to Bad Guys | Entertainment". iDiva.com. 7 June 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Amitabh on Parveen Babi". Rediff.com. 27 January 2005. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  24. ^ "As in life, so in death: lonely and lovelorn". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 23 January 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  25. ^ a b "Parveen Babi – Memories". Cineplot.com. 3 July 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  26. ^ Snehal Fernandes. "She said we were her only family". Express India. Archived from the original on 10 January 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  27. ^ "Parveen Babi's Juhu apartment sealed". Rediff.co.in. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d "Gone too soon". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  29. ^ "The Myth & Madness of the Late Parveen Babi". iDiva.com. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  30. ^ "Former filmstar Parveen Babi sees plots everywhere : INDIASCOPE". India Today. 19 August 2002. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  31. ^ "Court throws out plea of film actress". Gulf News. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  32. ^ "10. Years After". Well.com. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  33. ^ "On Uppaluri Gopala Krishnamurti". Ug-krishnamurti.blogspot.in. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  34. ^ "Parveen Babi found dead in Mumbai" Archived 24 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine, The Indian Express, 22 January 2005.
  35. ^ Parveen Babi found dead in her flat. mid-day.com. 23 January 2005
  36. ^ "Church completes 125 years". The Times of India. 20 November 2007. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  37. ^ "Parveen Babi wanted Christian last rites". The Times of India. 23 January 2005. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  38. ^ "Chaos, confusion mark Parveen Babi's funeral" Archived 1 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine. expressindia.com.
  39. ^ "Actress Parveen Babi's kin claims her assets | India News - Times of India".
  40. ^ "Babi will leaves relatives high and dry". The Times of India. 28 April 2005. Archived from the original on 8 November 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  41. ^ "Babi will leaves kin high and dry". The Times of India. 29 April 2005. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  42. ^ "Juhu Muslim Cemetery: Mumbai's multi-story graveyard". CNNGo.com. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  43. ^ "Rafi, Naushad's Graves Could be Dug for Space". news.outlookindia.com. Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  44. ^ "The old resting places of the beautiful". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011.
  45. ^ "Mahesh Bhatt: Parveen Babi and Parvan I", Dawn, 31 December 2006.
  46. ^ "The Damsel That Was-Parveen Babi". Radiocity.in. Retrieved 21 June 2021.

External linksEdit