Kranti (transl. Revolution) is a 1981 Indian Hindi-language historical drama film, produced and directed by Manoj Kumar, with the story and screenplay written by Salim–Javed.[4] It stars an ensemble cast, consisting of Dilip Kumar in the title role along with Manoj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi, Sarika, Prem Chopra, Madan Puri, Paintal and Pradeep Kumar. The film marked the return of Dilip Kumar after a five-year hiatus.[5] This film celebrated golden jubilee in many centres across India. It ran for 67 weeks straight in the theatres including a theatre where it was housefull for 96 days. The film was declared a historic blockbuster, along with its soundtrack.[6][7] It was one of the most expensive Indian films of the time and it went on to become the highest grossing Indian film of the 1980s decade by a distance, when adjusted for inflation.[8][9] Kranti is the biggest patriotic hit ever seen in India. It was the second highest grossing Indian film ever behind Sholay (1975) at the time of its release. However, it did higher business than Sholay in its original/first run. It grossed ₹20 crore as compared to ₹15 crore of Sholay in the original run. Sholay did exceptionally well in re-runs earning more profit during the mean period.[7][10][9]

Kranti
Kranti.jpg
Kranti movie poster
Directed byManoj Kumar
Written bySalim–Javed
Manoj Kumar
Santosh Anand
Produced byManoj Kumar
StarringDilip Kumar
Manoj Kumar
Shashi Kapoor
Hema Malini
Shatrughan Sinha
Parveen Babi
Sarika
Nirupa Roy
Prem Chopra
CinematographyJoe D'Souza
Edited byManoj Kumar
Music byLaxmikant–Pyarelal
Release date
  • 6 February 1981 (1981-02-06)
Running time
188 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi[1]
Budget40 million[2]
Box office₹200 million[3]

At the time of release it was the fastest earner of all time setting first run records in practically all circuits barring Mumbai and South. It celebrated a silver jubilee in 26 centres and even in places like Mirzapur (UP) and Junagadh (Gujarat) where jubilees were very rare. There are hardly ten films in history that are estimated to have celebrated jubilees in over 25 centres. The craze of the film was such that in places like Delhi, Rajasthan, UP and Haryana there were shops selling Kranti T shirts, jackets, vests and even underwear.[7]

The collections in all major centres of UP did not see a drop even weeks after its release. The collections after ten weeks in places like Agra, Gorakhpur and Varanasi were still competing with new releases. Kranti grossed 1.25 crore nett in Delhi / UP in ten weeks and then went on to do over 3 crore nett in its full run and before Hum Aapke Hain Kaun..! released in 1994 (marking major changes in business of films), there were only three films in history to cross 3 crore nett in Delhi / UP. The film was finally declared a Golden Jubilee Hit.[6][7] Kranti is widely regarded as a cult film.[11][12]

SynopsisEdit

The film takes place in the 19th Century British India and is the story of the fight for independence from the British between 1825 and 1875. The film tells the story of men that lead the war against British Rule: Sanga (Dilip Kumar), Bharat (Manoj Kumar) known as Kranti, a prince (Shashi Kapoor) and a freedom fighter (Shatrughan Sinha). Sanga is an honest and dedicated employee in the kingdom of Ramgarh, owing allegiance and loyalty to no one except Raja Laxman Singh. When Laxman Singh conditionally permits the British to use the port for trading purposes, Sangha finds out that the British are taking out gold and jewellery and bringing in ammunition, and puts a stop to this. He goes to report this outrage to Laxman Singh, only to find him stabbed to death. Sanga is charged with treason and of killing Laxman Singh. Sentenced to death, he escapes and forms a group of revolutionaries who have only one goal - to drive the British out of India. This group multiplies into several armies, all united with one slogan - an Independent India, also known as Kranti. The film is known for a nude scene of Parveen Babi.

CastEdit

SoundtrackEdit

The music is scored by Laxmikant Pyarelal and lyrics written by Santosh Anand. The music was popular with some hit songs like "Zindagi Ki Na Toote Ladi" and "Chana Jor Garam". Laxmikant Pyarelal used famous singers Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Shailender Singh and Nitin Mukesh to sing for the actors.

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Lui Shamasha"Lata Mangeshkar, Nitin Mukesh07:46
2."Ab Ke Baras"Mahendra Kapoor06:32
3."Chana Jor Garam"Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Mohammed Rafi07:08
4."Durga Hai Meri Maa"Mahendra Kapoor, Minoo Purshottam03:58
5."Zindagi Ki Na Toote Ladi"Lata Mangeshkar, Nitin Mukesh07:03
6."Mara Thumka"Lata Mangeshkar04:56
7."Kranti Kranti (Part 1)"Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Nitin Mukesh, Shailendra Singh03:01
8."Kranti Kranti (Part 2)"Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Nitin Mukesh, Shailendra Singh03:16
Total length:43:40

Box office notesEdit

  • Net gross of approximately Rs.10-crore.
  • The top-grossing Indian film of 1981.
  • It ran for 67 weeks in theaters.
  • It was a Golden Jubilee HIT, and entailed good profits for all Indian distributors despite a heavy price tag (2 Crore) attached. It was among the costliest Indian movie ever at that time with many estimates of it being the costliest.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lal, Vinay; Nandy, Ashis (2006). Fingerprinting Popular Culture: The Mythic and the Iconic in Indian Cinema. Oxford University Press. p. 77. ISBN 0195679180.
  2. ^ Sethi, Sunil (15 January 1982). "Year 1981 was for Indian movies what 1977 had been for Indian politics". India Today. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  3. ^ "Box Office 1981". Box Office India. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013.
  4. ^ Chaudhuri, Diptakirti (1 October 2015). Written by Salim-Javed: The Story of Hindi Cinema's Greatest Screenwriters. Penguin UK. ISBN 9789352140084.
  5. ^ Khan, Mansoor (24 July 2014). "Dilip Kumar: Manoj Kumar is a brilliant director!". www.glamsham.com. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Dilip Kumar Death: From 'Devdas' to 'Mughal-e-Azam', iconic films of the 'Tragedy King'". Free Press Journal. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d "Rewind - Forty Years Of Historic Blockbuster KRANTI". boxofficeindia.com. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  8. ^ Feb 8, Roshmila BhattacharyaRoshmila Bhattacharya / Updated; 2018; Ist, 01:53. "This Week That Year: Whipping up a revolution with Manoj Kumar's Kranti". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 18 October 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ a b "Boxofficeindia.com". 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  10. ^ Mishra, Rashmi. "41 years of Sholay: 41 facts to know about Indian classic movie released on Independence Day! | India.com". www.india.com. Retrieved 20 October 2021.
  11. ^ Srivastava, Ratan (9 October 2021). "Kranti: All you should know about this epic classic movie". Bollywood News | Movie Reviews. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Kranti at 40: Celebrating the classic film with 20 fun facts". EasternEye. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  13. ^ Top Earners 1980-1989 Archived 14 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit