Kranti (transl. Revolution) is a 1981 Indian Hindi-language historical drama film, produced and directed by Manoj Kumar, with the story and screenplay written by Salim–Javed. It stars an ensemble cast, consisting of Dilip Kumar in the title role along with Manoj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi, Sarika, Prem Chopra, Madan Puri, Paintal and Pradeep Kumar. The film marked the return of Dilip Kumar after a five-year hiatus. This film celebrated golden jubilee in many centres across India. It ran for 67 weeks straight in the theatres including a theatre where it was housefull for 96 days. The film was declared a historic blockbuster, along with its soundtrack. It was one of the most expensive Indian films of the time and it went on to become the highest grossing Indian film of the 1980s decade by a distance, when adjusted for inflation. Kranti is the biggest patriotic hit ever seen in India. It was the second highest grossing Indian film ever behind Sholay (1975) at the time of its release. However, it did higher business than Sholay in its original/first run. It grossed ₹20 crore as compared to ₹15 crore of Sholay in the original run. Sholay did exceptionally well in re-runs earning more profit during the mean period.
|Directed by||Manoj Kumar|
|Produced by||Manoj Kumar|
|Edited by||Manoj Kumar|
|Box office||₹200 million|
At the time of release it was the fastest earner of all time setting first run records in practically all circuits barring Mumbai and South. It celebrated a silver jubilee in 26 centres and even in places like Mirzapur (UP) and Junagadh (Gujarat) where jubilees were very rare. There are hardly ten films in history that are estimated to have celebrated jubilees in over 25 centres. The craze of the film was such that in places like Delhi, Rajasthan, UP and Haryana there were shops selling Kranti T shirts, jackets, vests and even underwear.
The collections in all major centres of UP did not see a drop even weeks after its release. The collections after ten weeks in places like Agra, Gorakhpur and Varanasi were still competing with new releases. Kranti grossed 1.25 crore nett in Delhi / UP in ten weeks and then went on to do over 3 crore nett in its full run and before Hum Aapke Hain Kaun..! released in 1994 (marking major changes in business of films), there were only three films in history to cross 3 crore nett in Delhi / UP. The film was finally declared a Golden Jubilee Hit. Kranti is widely regarded as a cult film.
The film takes place in the 19th Century British India and is the story of the fight for independence from the British between 1825 and 1875. The film tells the story of men that lead the war against British Rule: Sanga (Dilip Kumar), Bharat (Manoj Kumar) known as Kranti, a prince (Shashi Kapoor) and a freedom fighter (Shatrughan Sinha). Sanga is an honest and dedicated employee in the kingdom of Ramgarh, owing allegiance and loyalty to no one except Raja Laxman Singh. When Laxman Singh conditionally permits the British to use the port for trading purposes, Sangha finds out that the British are taking out gold and jewellery and bringing in ammunition, and puts a stop to this. He goes to report this outrage to Laxman Singh, only to find him stabbed to death. Sanga is charged with treason and of killing Laxman Singh. Sentenced to death, he escapes and forms a group of revolutionaries who have only one goal - to drive the British out of India. This group multiplies into several armies, all united with one slogan - an Independent India, also known as Kranti. The film is known for a nude scene of Parveen Babi.
- Dilip Kumar .... Sanga
- Manoj Kumar .... Bharat
- Shashi Kapoor .... Shakti
- Hema Malini .... Rajkumari Meenakshi
- Shatrughan Sinha .... Karim Khan
- Parveen Babi .... Surili
- Sarika .... Sheetal
- Nirupa Roy .... Radha
- Prem Chopra .... Shambhu Singh
- Pradeep Kumar .... Shamsher Singh
- Kishore Kapoor .... Sir Thomas
- Madan Puri .... Sher Singh
- Tom Alter .... British Officer
- P. Jairaj .... Maharaj Laxman Singh
- Sudhir Dalvi .... Bhima, Sureeli's Father
- Manmohan .... Darmiyan Singh
- Shashikala .... Queen Charumati
- Dheeraj Kumar .... Prince
- Kunal Goswami .... Bharat & Meenakshi's Son.
- Preeti Ganguly .... Sureeli's Friend
- Bhagwan .... Allahrakha
- Paintal .... Bharat's Kranti Group Member
- Agha (actor) .... Sanga's Kranti Group Member
- Birbal .... Sanga's Kranti Group Member
- Gurbachan Singh .... British Indian Sepoy
The music is scored by Laxmikant Pyarelal and lyrics written by Santosh Anand. The music was popular with some hit songs like "Zindagi Ki Na Toote Ladi" and "Chana Jor Garam". Laxmikant Pyarelal used famous singers Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Shailender Singh and Nitin Mukesh to sing for the actors.
|1.||"Lui Shamasha"||Lata Mangeshkar, Nitin Mukesh||07:46|
|2.||"Ab Ke Baras"||Mahendra Kapoor||06:32|
|3.||"Chana Jor Garam"||Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Mohammed Rafi||07:08|
|4.||"Durga Hai Meri Maa"||Mahendra Kapoor, Minoo Purshottam||03:58|
|5.||"Zindagi Ki Na Toote Ladi"||Lata Mangeshkar, Nitin Mukesh||07:03|
|6.||"Mara Thumka"||Lata Mangeshkar||04:56|
|7.||"Kranti Kranti (Part 1)"||Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Nitin Mukesh, Shailendra Singh||03:01|
|8.||"Kranti Kranti (Part 2)"||Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Nitin Mukesh, Shailendra Singh||03:16|
Box office notesEdit
- Net gross of approximately Rs.10-crore.
- The top-grossing Indian film of 1981.
- It ran for 67 weeks in theaters.
- It was a Golden Jubilee HIT, and entailed good profits for all Indian distributors despite a heavy price tag (2 Crore) attached. It was among the costliest Indian movie ever at that time with many estimates of it being the costliest.
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