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Shashi Kapoor (born as Balbir Prithviraj Kapoor; 18 March 1938 – 4 December 2017[1]) was an Indian film actor and producer.[2] He appeared in 168 films which includes large number of Hindi films as well as in various English-language films, notably the films produced by Merchant-Ivory.[3] He was also a film director and assistant director in the Hindi film industry.[4]

Shashi Kapoor
Shashi Kapoor01.jpg
Born Balbir Prithviraj Kapoor
(1938-03-18)18 March 1938
Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India
(present-day Kolkata, West Bengal, India)
Died 4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 79)
Kokilaben Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Occupation Actor, director, producer
Years active 1941–1999 (retired)
Spouse(s) Jennifer Kendal
(1958–1984; her death)
Children Kunal Kapoor
Karan Kapoor
Sanjana Kapoor
Parent(s) Prithviraj Kapoor
Ramsarni Kapoor
Relatives See Kapoor family
Awards Padma Bhushan (2011)
Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2015)

Shashi Kapoor was a member of the Kapoor family, a film dynasty in India's Bollywood cinema. Kapoor was born in Calcutta[5] (now Kolkata) during the British Raj. He was the third and youngest son of Prithviraj Kapoor, the younger brother of Raj Kapoor and Shammi Kapoor, the widower of Jennifer Kendal (sister of actress Felicity Kendal), and the father of Karan Kapoor, Kunal Kapoor and Sanjana Kapoor.

In 2011, he was honoured with the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India for his contributions to Art-Cinema.[6] In 2015, he was awarded the 2014 Dadasaheb Phalke Award, making him the third member of his family to receive the highest award in Indian Cinema after Prithviraj Kapoor and Raj Kapoor.[7]

He was admitted for a reported chest infection[8] at Kokilaben Hospital, Mumbai on 3 December 2017[9][10][11] and died on 4 December 2017 due to prolonged liver cirrhosis.[12][11]

Contents

CareerEdit

Child actorEdit

Shashi Kapoor acted in plays, directed and produced by his father Prithviraj Kapoor, while traveling with Prithvi Theatres. He started acting in films as a child in the late 1940s under the name of Shashiraj as there was another actor by the same name who used to act in mythological films as a child artiste. His best-known performances as a child actor were in Aag (1948) and Awaara (1951), where he played the younger version of the characters played by his older brother Raj Kapoor and in Sangram (1950), where he played the younger version of Ashok Kumar and Dana Paani (1953) where he acted with Bharat Bhushan. He worked in four Hindi films as a child artiste from 1948 to 1954.

Early career (1960s)Edit

Kapoor got an opportunity to work as an assistant director in the film Post Box 999, the debut film of Sunil Dutt, and worked as an assistant director to Ravindra Dave in Guest House (1959), which was followed by movies such as Dulha Dulhan and Shriman Satyawadi, where Raj Kapoor was the lead hero.

Shashi Kapoor made his debut as a leading man in the 1961 film Dharmputra and went on to appear in 116 Hindi films, including 61 films as the solo lead hero and 55 multi star-cast films, 21 films as supporting actor and special appearances in 7 films. He was a very popular actor in Bollywood during the 60s, 70s and until the mid-80s. Kapoor's early films, Dharmputra, Prem Patra and Char Diwari, were in Hindi, which were not successful commercially. Since 1961, he started acting in English language films, which include The Householder and Shakespeare-Wallah. He was one of India's first actors to go international.[13] Actress Nanda, who was an established star at her time,[citation needed] signed 8 Hindi films with Kapoor, as she believed that he could deliver good performances.[citation needed] Their first two films as a pair were the critically acclaimed romantic film Char Diwari (1961) and Mehndi Lagi Mere Haath (1962).[14] In the 1960s, Kapoor acted in several romantic films opposite Nanda, including Mohabbat Isko Kahete Hain (1965), Jab Jab Phool Khile (1965), Neend Hamari Khwab Tumhare (1966), Raja Saab (1969) and Rootha Na Karo (1970).[15] In an interview in the 1990s, Kapoor declared that Nanda was his favorite actress and that he regarded her as one of his mentors.[16] In another interview, Nanda stated that Shashi Kapoor was her favorite actor.[citation needed]

1970s and 1980sEdit

Shashi Kapoor formed on screen pairs with Raakhee, Sharmila Tagore and Zeenat Aman from the late sixties to the mid eighties. He also acted opposite actresses Hema Malini, Parveen Babi, and Moushumi Chatterjee in many films. After their first movie together Sharmelee became a blockbuster, Raakhee was frequently paired with him, and they acted in hit films such as Jaanwar Aur Insaan (1972), Kabhi Kabhie (1976), Baseraa (1981), the critically acclaimed Trishna (1978), however, Doosara Aadmi (1977), Bandhan Kuchchey Dhaagon Ka (1983), Bandh Honth (1984), and Zameen Aasmaan (1985) were flops.[17] He starred with Sharmila Tagore in hits such as Waqt (1965), Aamne Samne (1967), Suhana Safar (1970), Aa Gale Lag Jaa (1973), Vachan (1974),[18] Paap Aur Punya (1974), Swati (1986), the critically acclaimed New Delhi Times (1985), which fetched Kapoor a National Film Award for Best Actor in 1986,[19] Other films with Sharmila, such as My Love (1970), Anari (1975), Gehri Chot (1983), Maa Beti (1986) and Ghar Bazar (1998) were not successful. With Zeenat Aman, he worked in hit films such as Chori Mera Kaam (1975), Deewaangee (1976), Roti Kapda Aur Makan (1974), Heeralal Pannalal (1978), Pakhandi (1984), Bhavani Junction (1985), Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978) and the pair witnessed flops such as Krodhi (1981), Vakil Babu (1982) and Bandhan Kuchchey Dhaagon Ka (1983). He did 10 films opposite Hema Malini. As a pair, Shashi and Hema Malini had 6 hits such as Abhinetri, Aap Beati, Trishul, Aandhi Toofan, Apna Khoon, Maan Gaye Ustaad and 4 flops - Jahan Pyar Mile, Naach Uthe Sansaar, Do Aur Do Paanch and Anjaam.

Kapoor's other successful movies include Haseena Maan Jayegi (1968) and Ek Shriman Ek Shrimati (1969), both with Babita, Kanyadan (1968) and Pyar Ka Mausam (1969), both opposite Asha Parekh, Chor Machaye Shor opposite Mumtaz, Abhinetri (1970), Aap Beati (1976) and Maan Gaye Ustaad (1981), with Hema Malini, Bezubaan with Reena Roy, Chakkar Pe Chakkar (1976), Kali Ghata (1980), Kalyug (1981), Vijeta (1982) and Pyaar Ki Jeet (1987) all with Rekha and Bepanaah (1985) with Rati Agnihotri. Other films include multi-starrers such as Dil Ne Pukara (1967), Trishul (1978), Neeyat (1980), Aandhi Toofan (1985), Naina (1973), Phaansi (1978), Salaakhen (1975), Fakira (1976), and Junoon (1978).[20] He also worked with Rajesh Khanna in Prem Kahani (1975).

Shashi Kapoor as a child artist had worked with Ashok Kumar in blockbusters such as Sangram (1950) and Samadhi (1950) where Ashok Kumar was the solo lead hero, which were huge hits at box office. He played Ashok Kumar's younger brother in Benazir where Ashok Kumar was the main male lead hero. Ashok Kumar played the supporting actor in 7 films with Shashi as the lead hero from 1975-1985 of which Chori Mera Kaam, Aap Baeti, Shankar Dada, Apna Khoon and Maan Gaye Ustaad became hits, while Hira Aur Paththar and Do Musafir became flops.

He did two double role films, both of which were box-office hits - Haseena Maan Jayegi and Shankar Dada. Shashi did a song number in Shankar Dada, a box-office hit, dressed up as a female.

From the 1970s to early 1980s, Kapoor starred alongside Pran in 9 films which include Biradari, Chori Mera Kaam, Phaansi, Shankar Dada, Chakkar Pe Chakkar, Rahu Ketu and Maan Gaye Ustaad.[21] Earlier, Shashi had worked as child artists with Pran in Sanskar. He made a popular pairing with Amitabh Bachchan and the two co-starred in a total of 12 films: Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974), Deewaar (1975), Kabhi Kabhie (1976), Trishul (1978), Kaala Patthar (1979), Suhaag (1979) and Namak Halaal (1982) were hits, while Immaan Dharam (1977), Do Aur Do Paanch (1980), Shaan (1980), Silsila (1981) and Akayla (1991) were flops.[22] He is particularly famous for his role in Deewaar (1975), a film written by Salim-Javed about two brothers on opposing sides of the law, with Kapoor playing a cop. One of his lines in the film, "Mere paas Maa hai" ("I have mother"), is a famous phrase that has become part of Indian popular culture.[23]

Shashi Kapoor was regularly cast with Sanjeev Kumar also in films such as Mukti (1977), Trishul (1978), Muqaddar (1978), Swayamvar (1980), Sawaal (1982) and Pakhandi (1984). After his wife's death in 1984, he started becoming overweight, but he was given his comeback role as character artiste by Rajesh Khanna in Alag Alag, a 1985 film.

He was also known internationally for starring in British and American films, notably Merchant Ivory productions run by Ismail Merchant and James Ivory, such as The Householder (1963), Shakespeare Wallah (1965) (opposite his sister-in-law Felicity Kendal), Bombay Talkie (1970) and Heat and Dust (1982), in which he co-starred with his wife Jennifer Kendal, The Deceivers (1988) and Side Streets (1998). He also starred in other British and American films, such as Pretty Polly (A Matter Of Innocence) (1967) opposite Hayley Mills, Siddhartha (1972), Sammy and Rosie Get Laid (1987) and Muhafiz (1994). James Ivory directed Kapoor in the first Merchant Ivory production The Householder, then in Shakespeare-Wallah, Bombay Talkie and Heat and Dust, while Ismail Merchant directed him in In Custody (1993).[24] He was the first Indian actor to work extensively in Hollywood films and British films.[citation needed]

In 1978, he set up his production house, Film Valas, which produced critically acclaimed films such as Junoon (1978), Kalyug (1981), 36 Chowringhee Lane (1981), Vijeta (1982) and Utsav (1984).[25] In 1991, he produced and directed a fantasy film titled Ajooba, which had his frequent co-star Amitabh Bachchan and nephew Rishi Kapoor in the lead.[26][27]

Shashi Kapoor was 2nd highest paid Hindi actor, sharing the spot with Dev Anand from 1970–75, and the 3rd third highest paid Hindi actor, sharing space with Vinod Khanna from 1976-82.The highest paid Indian actor was Rajesh Khanna from 1970-1987. Shashi was paid more than co-actors Vinod Khanna, Amitabh Bachchan, Jeetendra, Rishi Kapoor and Randhir Kapoor in multi-starrer films. However, Sanjeev Kumar, Pran and Dharmendra were paid at same rate as Shashi. Among all leading actors, only Rajesh Khanna was paid more than Shashi in the two films they acted together – Prem Kahani and Alag Alag.[28]

Shashi regarded Rajesh Khanna and Sanjeev Kumar as the most versatile actors of Hindi Cinema from among his contemporaries and he regarded these two along-with his seniors Pran and Ashok Kumar from 1930-2000 as the most versatile from Hindi Cinema.[29] He respected M G Ramachandran and Sivaji Ganesan among the Tamil film actors for their body of work. He believed Amitabh did mostly angry young man or multi-star films from 1975 to 1999 and turned versatile only after 2000.

He regarded Nanda, Pran, Dharmendra, Dev Anand, Ismail Merchant, Rajesh Khanna and Sanjeev Kumar as his closest friends from the industry since the beginning of his career and maintained cordial relations with Amitabh Bachchan, Yash Chopra, MGR, Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar and most of his co-stars.[30]

In the whole of the Kapoor clan, Shashi Kapoor has been the solo hero more times (61 films) and also as a lead protagonist in more Hindi films (116) than his nephews Rishi Kapoor, Randhir Kapoor and Rajiv and even more than his brothers Raj Kapoor, Shammi Kapoor and more than his grand-nephews and grand-nieces.[31]

Later career (1987–1998)Edit

He accepted very few roles as a character actor in films since 1987. He acted with Pierce Brosnan in The Deceivers (1988).[32] He also won a National (special jury) Award for his performance in the 1993 film In Custody and played the Rajah in the TV adaptation of Gulliver's Travels (1996).

In 1998, he retired from acting after his final film appearances in Jinnah and Side Streets. He was seen in the limelight at the Shashi Kapoor Film Festival held in Muscat, Oman (September 2007). At the 55th Annual Filmfare Awards in 2010, Shashi Kapoor received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award.[33]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Shashi Kapoor with daughter Sanjana in 2010

Kapoor attended Don Bosco High School in Matunga, Mumbai. He met English actress Jennifer Kendal in Calcutta in 1956 while both were working for their respective theatre groups. Shashi was both assistant stage manager as well as an actor for his father's theatre group, Prithvi Theatre. Geoffrey Kendal's Shakespearean group was also present at the same time in Calcutta and Jennifer was Geoffrey's daughter. After their subsequent meeting, the couple fell in love and after facing initial opposition from the Kendals and support from sister-in-law Geeta Bali, they got married in July 1958.[34] They acted in a number of films together, most notably in Merchant Ivory productions. They had three children: Kunal Kapoor, Karan Kapoor and Sanjana Kapoor. Jennifer and Shashi established Prithvi Theatre on 5 November 1978 in Mumbai.[35] Jennifer died of cancer in 1984 which shattered him. After losing her to cancer, Shashi Kapoor fell into a deep depression that he never recovered from.[36] The English actress Felicity Kendal is his sister-in-law.

Kapoor's children, for a short while, became Hindi film actors but their European looks and accented Hindi prevented them from having successful careers. His eldest son Kunal is married to director Ramesh Sippy's daughter. Kunal moved on to ad film direction and established his production house Adfilm-Valas which is today extremely successful.[37] Shashi's daughter Sanjana, is a theatre personality and married to wildlife conservationist Valmik Thapar.[38] They have a son named Hamir. Shashi's younger son Karan became successful in modeling and later settled down in London. He is an accomplished photographer.[39]

DeathEdit

Kapoor was admitted at the Kokilaben Hospital, Versova, Mumbai, on December 4, 2017, for a chest infection,[8] where he reportedly died due to liver cirrhosis[11][12] at the age of 79 at 5.20 pm, according to the Kokilaben Hospital as confirmed to the Press Trust of India (PTI).[11] His nephew Randhir Kapoor confirmed the news. Kapoor is survived by two sons, Kunal and Karan, and a daughter, Sanjana, who takes care of the Prithvi Theatre.[40]

LegacyEdit

Kapoor and fellow actor Sridevi who died on February 24, 2018, were honored in memoriam at 90th Academy Awards ceremony. [41]

AwardsEdit

Civilian AwardEdit

National Film AwardsEdit

 
Shashi Kapoor with son Kunal Kapoor and daughter Sanjana Kapoor receiving Dadasaheb Phalke Award from Union Minister Arun Jaitley in May 2015

Winner

Filmfare AwardsEdit

Bengal Film Journalists' Association AwardsEdit

Other awardsEdit

Honours and recognitionsEdit

He was honoured by Walk of the Stars as his handprint was preserved for posterity at Bandra bandstand in Mumbai in November 2013.

FilmographyEdit

ActorEdit

WorksEdit

  • Shashi Kapoor presents the Prithviwallahs, by Shashi Kapoor, Deepa Gahlot, Prithvi Theatre (Mumbai, India). Roli Books, 2004. ISBN 81-7436-348-3.

Further readingEdit

  • The Kapoors: The First Family of Indian Cinema, by Madhu Jain. Penguin, Viking, 2005. ISBN 0-670-05837-8.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Veteran actor Shashi Kapoor passes away at 79". BollywoodPapa. 2017-12-04. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  2. ^ "Shashi Kapoor: an actor, a gentleman and a man of integrity". 
  3. ^ "Shashi Kapoor: The charmer of Hindi films was also a vanguard of parallel cinema". 
  4. ^ "Shashi Kapoor Biography – Bollywood Actor". Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Team, Tellychakkar. "Surjit Saha to re-enter SAB TV's Badi Dooooor Se". Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Brajesh Mishra, Azim Premji, Montek in list of 128 Padma awardees". The Times Of India. India. 
  7. ^ "Actor Shashi Kapoor chosen for Dadasaheb Phalke Award for 2014". NetIndian. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Bollywood icon Shashi Kapoor passes at the age of 79. The funeral will be held on Tuesday morning". Times Now. December 4, 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-04. 
  9. ^ "Veteran actor Shashi Kapoor passes away at 79". Times of India. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Veteran Bollywood Actor Shashi Kapoor Passes Away At 79". Republic TV. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Remembering Shashi Kapoor: The Veteran, Versatile Bollywood Actor". NDTV. 4 December 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Shashi Kapoor was always the best man, never the groom - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 4 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  13. ^ "Best of Bollywood, South Cinema, TV and Celebs - MSN India". entertainment.in.msn.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  14. ^ Biography Archived 30 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "PHOTOS: Happy birthday Shashi Kapoor Photo Gallery, Picture News Gallery - The Indian Express". m.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "A quiet half century". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 16 July 2011. 
  17. ^ "Leading ladies of Shashi Kapoor - - Photo4 - India Today -". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  18. ^ [Sharmila Tagore and Shashi Kapoor – Their Movies Together][full citation needed]
  19. ^ "Best of Bollywood, South Cinema, TV and Celebs - MSN India". entertainment.in.msn.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  20. ^ "SHASHI KAPOOR: Film / Movie Information". Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  21. ^ "10ka20.com Is For Sale". www.10ka20.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  22. ^ "PHOTOS: Happy birthday Shashi Kapoor Photo Gallery, Picture News Gallery - The Indian Express". m.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  23. ^ "'Mere Paas Maa Hai': The iconic Deewar dialogue that makes Shashi Kapoor immortal". Deccan Chronicle. 4 December 2017. 
  24. ^ "Shashi: Badhiya Insaan Tha". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  25. ^ "Best of Bollywood, South Cinema, TV and Celebs - MSN India". entertainment.in.msn.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  27. ^ "PHOTOS: Happy birthday Shashi Kapoor Photo Gallery, Picture News Gallery - The Indian Express". m.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  28. ^ http://www.financialexpress.com/entertainment/who-was-shashi-kapoor-profile-story-bollywood-journey-top-hit-films-by-legendary-actor/960384/
  29. ^ https://www.lifeart4all.com/shashi-kapoor-the-legend/
  30. ^ http://www.magtheweekly.com/detail/815-star-of-the-week-shashi-kapoor
  31. ^ http://www.deccanherald.com/content/646309/ever-smiling-shashi-kapoor-dead.html
  32. ^ "James Bond wishes Shashi Kapoor". The Times Of India. 17 March 2011. 
  33. ^ http://www5.0zz0.com/2010/09/24/16/266784373.png
  34. ^ "rediff.com, Movies: Profiling Shashi Kapoor: the icon of suave". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  35. ^ "Shashi Kapoor-2". Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  36. ^ Chhabra, Aseem (2016). Shashi Kapoor: The Householder, the Star. New Delhi: Rupa. pp. 171–179. ISBN 978-8129141286. 
  37. ^ [Kunal Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor – Their Personal Relationship][full citation needed]
  38. ^ "Sanjana Kapoor – The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  39. ^ "Karan Kapoor - Lifestyle Advertising Editorial Video Photographer/Director". www.karankapoor.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017. 
  40. ^ "Shashi Kapoor dies at 79". Ind Today (Maxim News). Telangana, India. 4 December 2017. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. 
  41. ^ https://www.ndtv.com/entertainment/oscars-2018-a-tribute-to-sridevi-and-shashi-kapoor-from-hollywood-1819672
  42. ^ "Shashi Kapoor chosen for the prestigious Dada Saheb Phalke Award". IBNLive. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  43. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 2010-01-08. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  44. ^ "69th & 70th Annual Hero Honda BFJA Awards 2007". Bfjaawards.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  45. ^ "2011 Mohammed Rafi Awards". The Indian Express. India. 
  46. ^ "Hema Malini, Shashi Kapoor honored". Ibosnetwork.com. 9 January 2009. Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  47. ^ "Lifetime Achievement award at Mumbai Film Festival". Bollywood Hungama. 29 August 2009. Archived from the original on 23 November 2011. 
  48. ^ "Shashi Kapoor to be feted at MAMI". The Times of India. India. 28 August 2009. 

External linksEdit