Bharat Bhushan

Bharatbhushan Bhalla better known as Bharat Bhushan (14 June 1920 – 27 January 1992) was an Indian actor in Hindi language films, scriptwriter and producer, who is best remembered for playing Baiju Bawra in the 1952 film of the same name.[1] He was born in Meerut, and brought up in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh.

Bharat Bhushan
Actor Bharat Bhushan.jpg
Born
Bharatbhushan Bhalla

(1920-06-14)14 June 1920
Died27 January 1992(1992-01-27) (aged 71)
NationalityIndian
OccupationActor
Years active1941–1992
Known forBaiju Bawra
ChildrenAnuradha Bhushan
Aparajita Bhushan
AwardsFilmfare Best Actor Award (1955)

Personal lifeEdit

Bharat Bhushan was born as Bharatbhushan Bhalla on 14 June 1920 in a Vaishya (Baniya) family at Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

His father, Raibahadur Motilal Bhalla, was the government pleader of Meerut. He had one older brother. His mother died when he was two years old. The brothers left for Aligarh to stay with their grandfather after their mother's death. He did his studies and earned a graduate degree from Dharam Samaj College, Aligarh. His elder brother was film producer Rameshchandra Bhalla,[2] who owned the Ideal Studio at Lucknow. After studies, he took to acting against his father's wishes. He first went to Calcutta to join cinema and later established himself in Bombay.

He married into a prominent family in Meerut, Zamindar Raibahadur Budha Prakash's daughter Sarla. They had two daughters, Anuradha ( who had polio-associated complications) and Aparajita. Bhushan's wife Sarla died of labour complications after delivering their second child in the early 1960s, soon after the release of film Barsaat Ki Raat. In 1967, he married actress Ratna, his co-star from Barsaat Ki Raat . Ratna was a prominent actress who played the sister or friend of the heroine in many films. Among her notable TV appearances was the serial Trishna as mother of the four young girls. It was an adaptation of Pride and Prejudice.

In an interview, his daughter Aparajita had said that after the sudden demise of her husband, she turned to acting. Aparajita has done more than 50 films and TV serials. She played the role of Mandodari in Ramanand Sagar's famous serial Ramayan.

Bhushan owned a bungalow in Bandra suburb of Bombay. He was an avid reader and boasted of a fine collection of books, which he had to sell off like his cars and bungalows in bad times, after he turned co-producer at the instance of his brother. Only a few of his films were successes and unfortunately, the rest flopped.[3] He died after he escaped his financial crisis, on 27 January 1992.[4]

Professional lifeEdit

He made his debut with the Kidar Sharma hit Chitralekha (1941).[5] However, he struggled for over a decade to make a mark in Hindi movies till Baiju Bawra (1952), which gave him instant stardom and legendary status along with Mohammad Rafi, Meena Kumari and Naushad Ali. Though a very talented actor and a prominent star of the 1950s and 1960s in Hindi language films, he often took on roles of tragic musicians in the movies. Films in which he starred as lead actor include Basant Bahar. His pairing with Madhubala proved to be very popular as they worked together in successful films like Gateway of India (1957), Phagun (1958) and Barsaat Ki Raat (1960).[6]

 
Bhushan in Baiju Bawra (1952)

"He portrays historical and mythological characters the best in Hindi movies," states contemporary actor-producer Chandrashekar. He wrote scripts and stories for Barsat Ki Raat, Nayi Umar Ki Nayi Fasal, Basant Bahar, Dooj Ka Chand, etc. He was the producer of Dooj Ka Chand. His brother R. Chandra made many films such as Bebus, Minar, and Basant Bahar.

He was the recipient of the second Filmfare best actor award for the film Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in 1954. Most of the great songs of major singers of that period such as Rafi, Manna Dey, Talat, and Mukesh were pictured on him. He was the first chocolate-faced good-looking star of Hindi films. He was one of the few actors who had a good sense of music, so most music-based movies were made with him in lead roles in the 1950s and 1960s.

He acted in Hindi language movies until the 1990s. He is still loved and revered by the Indians for the great movies and great songs that he gave in spite of personal tragedies and stiff competition from his contemporaries. He is considered to be one of the greatest stars and legends of Hindi cinema.

FilmographyEdit

AccoladesEdit

Year Award Category Film Result
1955 Filmfare Awards Best Actor Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Won
1956 Mirza Ghalib Nominated

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gangadhar, V. (17 August 2007). "They now save for the rainy day". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  2. ^ "Vetran Bollywood Actor Bharat Bhushan Rich to Poor Story | जब टॉप के हीरो को बेचने पड़े बंगले, लग्जरी कारों में चलने वाला बस स्टैंड पर दिखने लगा, फिर एक वक्त की रोटी के लिए जूनियर आर्टिस्ट का काम करने को मजबूर हुआ...ये सब भाई के कारण हुआ - Dainik Bhaskar". Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Vetran Bollywood Actor Bharat Bhushan Rich to Poor Story | जब टॉप के हीरो को बेचने पड़े बंगले, लग्जरी कारों में चलने वाला बस स्टैंड पर दिखने लगा, फिर एक वक्त की रोटी के लिए जूनियर आर्टिस्ट का काम करने को मजबूर हुआ...ये सब भाई के कारण हुआ - Dainik Bhaskar". Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  4. ^ Sabharwal, Gopa (2007). India Since 1947: The Independent Years. India: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0143102748. Archived from the original on 12 April 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
  5. ^ Gulzar, p. 533
  6. ^ Raheja, Dinesh. "Bharat Bhushan, the tragic hero". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 25 June 2003. Retrieved 19 September 2021.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit