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Dharmputra is a 1961 Hindi film directed by Yash Chopra based on a novel of the same name by Acharya Chatursen. This is Yash's second directorial venture. It was the first Hindi film to depict the partition of India, and Hindu fundamentalism.[1] Produced by his elder brother B.R. Chopra, who was himself uprooted from Lahore, during the partition of India and established B.R. Films in Mumbai in 1956. The film dealt with issues of issue of religious bigotry, fanaticism and communalism amidst the backdrop of the partition.[2][3] Two years earlier, Yash Chopra had made his debut with Dhool Ka Phool (1959), steeped in Nehruvian secularism, wherein a Muslim brings up an "illegitimate" Hindu child and featured the classic song "Tu Hindu Banega Na Musalman Banega, Insaan Ki Aulaad Hai, Insaan Banega". The theme was reversed in this film as herein a Hindu family brings up an illegitimate Muslim child.[4]

Directed by Yash Chopra
Produced by B.R. Chopra
Written by B.R. Films Story Department (screenplay)
Akhtar-Ul-Iman (dialogue)
Based on Dharamputra
by Acharya Chatursen
Starring Mala Sinha
Shashi Kapoor
Music by N. Dutta
Sahir Ludhianvi (lyrics)
Cinematography Dharam Chopra
Edited by Pran Mehra
B.R. Films
Release date
  • 1961 (1961)
Country India
Language Hindi

This was Shashi Kapoor's first film as an adult actor playing the pivotal role of a Hindu fundamentalist.[5][6] Noted actor Rajendra Kumar made a special appearance for a song as did Shashikala.[3] At the 9th National Film Awards it was awarded the Best Feature Film in Hindi.[7]



The film opens in 1925, during the British rule in India and at the height of the Indian independence movement it is the tale of two Delhi families, that of Nawab Badruddin and Gulshan Rai. The two families are so close that they virtually share the same house. The Nawab's daughter, Husn Bano, has an affair with a young man named Javed and gets pregnant. When the Nawab attempts to arrange her marriage with Javed, he finds that Javed has disappeared. Amrit Rai and his wife Savitri assist Husn with the birth of a baby boy, Dilip, and even adopt him and give him their family name. Young Dilip is the apple of the Badruddin and the Rai households. Husn then gets married to another young man, Javed and moves to another location. In the meantime, while participating in a protest to force the British to leave India, the Nawab is killed. Years later, Husn Bano and Javed return to a warm welcome by the Rai family. Then she meets Dilip - not the Dilip she had left behind - this Dilip is fascist, a Muslim-hater, who has joined forces with other extremists, in order to force Muslims to leave India and even go to the extent of burning buildings and killing them. How can Husn and Dilip adapt to each other with so much hate and distrust between them?



The film's music was composed by N. Dutta with lyrics written by Sahir Ludhianvi. The film also features a patriotic song "Sare Jahan Se Accha", written by poet Muhammad Iqbal, in the opening title sequence, in the voices of Mohammed Rafi and Asha Bhosle.[8]

Track Song Performed By
1 "Main Jab Bhi Akeli Hoti Hoon" Asha Bhosle
2 "Aaj Ki Raat" Mahendra Kapoor
3 "Naina Kyon Bhar Aaye" Asha Bhosle
4 "Tumhari Aankhen" Mahendra Kapoor
5 "Jo Dil Deewana Machal Gaya" Mohammed Rafi, Chorus
6 "Yeh Kis Ka Lahu Hai Kaun Mara" Mahendra Kapoor, Chorus
7 "Jai Janani Jai Bharat Maa" Mahendra Kapoor, Chorus
8 "Chahe Yeh Mano Chahe Woh Mano" Mahendra Kapoor, Balbir, Chorus


The raw reconstruction of partition riots and sloganeering led to riot-like situations at theatres during screening the film,[9] and the film flopped at the box office.[10] After Dharmputra's debacle, few directors ventured into the communal theme in Hindi cinema that took it so bluntly, the next film which dealt with the issue was Garm Hava, by M.S. Sathyu, made in 1973.[6] The film's director Yash Chopra never made a political film again, and stuck to love stories till many decades later, when he touched the theme of religious harmony again with Veer Zaara (2004).[9][11]



  • Rachel Dwyer (2002). Yash Chopra: fifty years in Indian cinema. Lotus Collection. ISBN 8174362347. 

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