Akhtar ul Iman

Akhtar ul Iman (12 November 1915 – 9 March 1996) was a noted Urdu poet and screenwriter in Hindi cinema, who had a major influence on modern Urdu nazm.[1][2]

Akhtar ul Iman
اختر الایمان
Born12 November 1915
Qila Patthargarh, Najibabad, Bijnor district
Died9 March 1996(1996-03-09) (aged 80)
Resting placeBandra Qabristan, Mumbai
NationalityIndian
EducationMaster of Arts degree in Urdu Literature
Alma materZakir Husain Delhi College
Aligarh Muslim University
Occupationpoet, screenwriter
EmployerFreelance and B.R. Films assigned cine writer (1960–1980)
Known forUrdu Nazm, poet screenwriter and playwright
Spouse(s)Sultana Iman
ChildrenOne son and three daughters
Signature
AkhtarAutograph.jpg

He won the Filmfare Award for Best Dialogue in 1963 for Dharmputra and 1966 for Waqt. He was awarded the 1962 Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu, for his Poetry Collection, Yadein (Memories), by Sahitya Akademi, India's National Academy of Letters.[3]

Early life and educationEdit

Born on 12 November 1915 in Qila Patthargarh, Najibabad, in the Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh in 1915.[1][4] He was brought up in an orphanage.[5][6] He gained his initial education at Bijnor, where he came in contact with poet and scholar Khurshid ul Islam, who taught at Aligarh Muslim University and developed a long association with Ralph Russell. He graduated from the Zakir Husain College at University of Delhi[7] and completed his Masters in Urdu degree from Aligarh Muslim University.[5]

CareerEdit

He first joined All India Radio as a staff artist. Then Iman joined the Filmistan Studio as a dialogue writer in 1945.[8][4]

He preferred nazm over more popular ghazal as a mean of poetic expression. Akhtar ul Iman's language is "coarse and unpoetic". He uses "coarse" and mundane poetic expressions to make his message effective and realistic.[9]

He left behind a substantial legacy for new generation of poets to follow which explores new trends and themes in modern Urdu poetry giving a new direction to the modern and contemporary Urdu nazm with emphasis on philosophical humanism.[1][6]

WorksEdit

BooksEdit

Iss Aabad Kharabe Mein (Urdu)-published by Urdu Academy, Delhi, India. Autobiography of a famous Urdu writer of India.[6]

PoetryEdit

He has published eight collections:

  • Girdaab (1943)[10]
  • Aabjoo (1944-1945)
  • Tareek Sayyara (1946–47)
  • Yaden (1961)[3]
  • Bint-e-Lamhaat (1969)
  • Naya Ahang (1977)[6]
  • Sar-o-Samaan (1982)[4]
  • Zameen Zameen (1983-1990)
  • Kulliyaat-e-Akhter-ul-Iman (2000)[4]

Play

  • Sabrang (1948): a one-verse play.

Translation and compilation by othersEdit

  • Zamistan Sard Mehrika (Urdu)- Last Poetic Collection of an unforgettable Urdu poet. Compiled and edited by Sultana Iman and Bedar Bakht.
  • Query of the Road – Selected Poems of Akhtar-ul-Iman with Extensive Commentary by Baidar Bakht[4]

Indian cinemaEdit

His contribution to Hindi cinema is significant, keeping in mind the number of landmark and hit movies he has contributed as a script writer (dialogue, story and screenplay). His first landmark movie was Kanoon (1960 film), which became a big hit despite the fact that it had no songs or comedy sequences. Other important movies to which he contributed as a script writer were Dharmputra (1961) – for which he received a filmfare award – Gumrah, Waqt, Patther ke Sanam, and Daagh.[11]

The one movie which has his lyrics is Bikhare Moti.

AwardsEdit

Literary awards

and Numerous other literary awards.

FilmographyEdit

  • Vijay (1988) – writer
  • Chor Police (1983) – writer
  • Lahu Pukarega (1980) – director
  • Do Musafir (1978) – writer
  • Chandi Sona (1977) – writer[10]
  • Zameer (1975) – writer
  • 36 Ghante (1974) – writer
  • Roti (1974) – writer[10]
  • Naya Nasha (1973) – writer
  • Bada Kabutar (1973) – writer[10]
  • Daag (1973) – writer
  • Dhund (1973) – writer
  • Joshila (1973) – writer
  • Kunwara Badan (1973) – writer
  • Dastaan (1972) – writer
  • Joroo Ka Ghulam (1972) – writer
  • Aadmi Aur Insaan (1969) – writer[10]
  • Chirag (1969) – writer
  • Ittefaq (1969) – writer
  • Aadmi (1968) – writer
  • Hamraaz (1967) – writer
  • Patthar Ke Sanam (1967) – writer[11]
  • Gaban (1966) – writer
  • Mera Saaya (1966) – writer
  • Phool Aur Patthar (1966) – writer[10]
  • Bhoot Bungla (1965) – writer
  • Waqt (1965) – writer[11]
  • Shabnam (1964) – writer
  • Yaadein (1964) – writer
  • Aaj Aur Kal (1963) – writer
  • Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963) – writer
  • Gumrah (1963) – writer[11]
  • Neeli Aankhen (1962) – writer
  • Dharmputra (1961) – writer[11]
  • Flat No. 9 (1961) – writer
  • Barood (1960) – writer
  • Kalpana (1960) – writer
  • Kanoon (1960) – writer[11][10]
  • Nirdosh (1950) – writer
  • Actress (1948) – writer
  • Jharna (1948) – writer

DeathEdit

Akhtar ul Iman died on 9 March 1996 in Mumbai.[4]

Further readingEdit

  • Akhtar Ul Iman by Ghulam Rizvi 'gardish'. Sahitya Akademi Publications. ISBN 81-260-0920-9.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Amaresh Datta (1987). Akhtar ul Iman (profile). ISBN 9788126018031. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  2. ^ Akhtar ul-Iman An anthology of modern Urdu poetry, by Rafey Habib. Publisher: Modern Language Association (MLA), 2003. ISBN 0-87352-797-6. p. 109.
  3. ^ a b c "Sahitya Akademi Awards (1955-2007) – Urdu in 1962 for Akhtar ul Iman". Sahitya Akademi Award listings (1955-2007) website. 18 August 2008. Archived from the original on 16 September 2009. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Rauf Parekh (2 May 2016). "LITERARY NOTES: Remembering Krishan Chander and Akhtar ul Iman". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  5. ^ a b c "Akhtar ul Iman - Columbia University" (PDF). Columbia University website. Retrieved 14 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ a b c d Humair Ishtiaq (8 March 2009). "ARTICLE: A true symbolist (profile of Akhtar ul Iman)". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  7. ^ "Zakir Husain College: Our Famous Alumni". University of Delhi, Zakir Husain College website. 28 March 2009. Archived from the original on 10 December 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  8. ^ Rajadhyaksha 1999, p. 40.
  9. ^ Modern Indian Literature: An Anthology, by K. M. George, various, Sahitya Akademi
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i Profile of Akhtar ul Iman Bihar Urdu Youth Forum website, Retrieved 14 November 2021
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Remembering the life and works of Akhtar ul Iman The Hindu (newspaper), Published 18 October 2016, Retrieved 14 November 2021

Cited sourcesEdit

External linksEdit