Jandiala Sher Khan

Jandiala Sherkhan, or Jandiala Sher Khan (Urdu: جنڈيالہ شيرخان‎), is a town of Sheikhupura District in the Punjab, Pakistan. It is part of Sheikhupura Tehsil.[1] and is located at 31°49'15N 73°55'10E.[2] The town is notable for being the birthplace of famous poet Waris Shah, known as the Punjabi Shakespeare,[3] and contains his Mausoleum.[4]

جنڈيالہ شيرخان
Town
Jandiala Sherkhan Town
CountryPakistan
RegionPunjab
DistrictShaikhupura District
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Jandiala Sher khan was an important provincial town in the Mughal empire. Although the town was located on a floodplain and there were no nearby sources of water, requiring local residents to dig wells to irrigate their crops. During the reign of Emperor Akbar, a man of means known as Sher Khan settled here. Heeding the advice of a local dervish named Syed Ghaznavi, Sher Khan built a monumental step-well (known as a baoli) to provide easier access to the water table.[5] Sher Khan also built a caravansary-like structure over the stairs to the well, either serving as a type of inn or providing space for merchants to sell goods to travelers moving to and fro along the road between Lahore and Kashmir. Immediately to the southeast of the baoli he also endowed a small mosque.[5] The design of the step well is quintessentially Akbarian. The ground plan is conceived as a central domed chamber surrounded by eight smaller rooms, a motif known as hasht bihisht ("eight paradises"), a Mughal innovation derived from Timurid precedent.[5] Sher Khan's endowment of the baoli was immortalized by a plaque in Persian calligraphy that used to hang on the site, but was moved to the Lahore Museum for safekeeping in 1971. It is the place of the ex-governor Punjab Kaliningrad Khan also[5]

Arrival of Ahmed Shah AbdaliEdit

Abdul Karim, the author of Waquiyat Durrani writes: "Ahmad Shah Abdali was sleeping. Suddenly he was shaken out of slumber on seeing a dreadful dream. Without informing anybody else, he took along a special force of three hundred soldiers who were on guard duty and set out towards India. While departing he sent a message to Shah Wali Khan telling him that he was going to India for a crusade (Jehad) and urging the latter to join him soon with whatever forces be available."4 The minister using his own good sense issued some fifty or sixty commandments urging the military leaders to join the king along with troops because he had left for a Jehad. Shah Wali Khan along with his troops joined the king and said to him, "In such a haste and without equipment your incursion into the enemy territory is not unattended by risks. Kindly unravel the mystery." In response the king said, "In a dream I met the divine prophet Hazrat Mohammad Sahib – May he be blessed – who said to me, "I have blessed you with kingship. Get up and leave for the Punjab, where at Jandiala the Sikhs are harassing the Muslmans. When I received this command, I did not want to make any delay in carrying it out."[6]

During the Mughal EraEdit

Jandiala Sher Khan was another important town. In the Mughal period Sher Khan Pathan was accommodated here and Emperor Akbar gave this area to Sher Khan as a Jagir, due to a lot of trees of Jand in the town it was known as JandialaSherKhan. In 1893 this town was excluded from Hafizabad and included in Khanqa Dogran. In 1875 a primary school was built here both for boys and girls.[7]

Notable personalitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sheikhupura – Government of Pakistan
  2. ^ "redirect to /world/PK/04/Jandiala_Sherkhan.html".
  3. ^ "Dailytimes – Your Right To Know".
  4. ^ "Archnet". Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d orientalarchitecture.com. "Asian Historical Architecture: A Photographic Survey".
  6. ^ "Singh, K., Afghans or Pathans". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ Ahmed, Iram. "OLONIAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE DISTRICT OF SHEIKHUPURA, 1849–1947" (PDF). pu.edu.pk. Punjab University. Retrieved 11 May 2018.

Coordinates: 31°49′N 73°55′E / 31.817°N 73.917°E / 31.817; 73.917