Roti Kapda Aur Makaan
Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (English: Food, Clothing and Shelter) is a 1974 Bollywood film. It was written, produced, directed by and stars Manoj Kumar, alongside Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman and Moushumi Chatterjee in the main lead roles and had Amitabh Bachchan, Prem Nath, Dheeraj Kumar and Madan Puri in supporting roles. Laxmikant Pyarelal were the music directors. It was released on 18 October 1974 with films like Roti and Benaam.
|Roti Kapada Aur Makaan|
|Directed by||Manoj Kumar|
|Produced by||Manoj Kumar|
|Written by||Manoj Kumar|
|Cinematography||Nariman A. Irani|
|Edited by||Manoj Kumar|
|Distributed by||V.I.P. Films|
The title of the movie is based on the Hindi phrase referring to the bare necessities of life, which was popularized in the late 1960s by Indira Gandhi ahead of the 1967 general elections. It was the highest grossing Indian film of 1974 and one of the biggest blockbusters of Manoj Kumar. The Telugu movie Jeevana Poratam, starring Sobhan Babu, Rajinikanth, Kaikala Satyanarayana, Naresh, Vijayashanti, is a remake.
After the retirement of his dad (Krishan Dhawan), the responsibility is on Bharat (Manoj Kumar) to look after his Delhi-based family. He has two younger college-going brothers, Vijay (Amitabh Bachchan) and Deepak (Dheeraj Kumar) and a sister of marriagable age, Champa (Meena T.). Although Bharat is a college graduate, the only work he can find is as a low-paid singer, much to the frustration of his girlfriend, Sheetal (Zeenat Aman). Meanwhile, Vijay has turned to crime as a last resort to provide for the family, but after an argument with Bharat, he leaves home to join the army.
Sheetal starts working as a secretary for rich businessman Mohan Babu (Shashi Kapoor) and Mohan becomes attracted to her. She becomes attracted to Mohan but is more interested in his wealth and luxury. She loves Bharat but cannot contemplate a life in poverty. Bharat finally finds a job as a builder but starts to realise that Sheetal is slowly drifting away from him. Soon he loses his job after the government takes over the building site and his financial problems increase further. When Mohan proposes marriage to Sheetal, she accepts, leaving Bharat heartbroken. After losing his love, Bharat also loses his father, which devastates him. Frustrated, he burns his diploma on his father's funeral pyre.
Meanwhile, Champa has found a suitor, but Bharat has no money to pay for the wedding and it cannot go ahead. Depressed at the state of his life, Bharat soon finds salvation by helping a poor girl, Tulsi (Moushumi Chatterjee), who lives in poverty but gets by. He also makes friends with Sardar Harnam Singh (Prem Nath) who comes to his rescue when he attempts to save Tulsi from a gang of hoodlums. He then receives an offer from a corrupt businessman named Nekiram (Madan Puri) who persuades Bharat to do his illegal activities so he and his family will come out of poverty and be wealthy. The plot centers on whether Bharat agree to this or whether his moral nature stops him from turning to crime to provide for his family.
- Manoj Kumar ... Bharat
- Shashi Kapoor ... Mohan Babu
- Zeenat Aman ... Sheetal
- Moushmi Chatterjee ... Tulsi
- Amitabh Bachchan ... Vijay
- Dheeraj Kumar ... Deepak
- Prem Nath ... Harnam Singh (Tulsi's friend)
- Madan Puri ... Nekiram
- Aruna Irani ... Poonam (Nekiram's mistress)
- Krishan Dhawan ... Bharat's father
- Kamini Kaushal ... Bharat's mother
- Meena T ... Champa (Bharat's sister)
This was the first film in which Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi kapoor acted together. After Roti Kapda aur Makaan they made a further 11 movies, out of which 9 were commercially successful. Shashi Kapoor will then direct Amitabh Bachchan in his cult classic Ajooba.
The music of this album has been composed by Laxmikant–Pyarelal and features some popular songs like "Hay Hay Yeh Majboori", "Mehengai Mar Gayi" and "Main Na Bhoolunga".
|1.||"Hay Hay Yeh Majboori"||Lata Mangeshkar||04:16|
|2.||"Main Na Bhoolunga"||Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh||05:39|
|3.||"Aur Nahin Bas Aur Nahin"||Mahendra Kapoor||06:25|
|4.||"Mehngai Mar Gayi"||Narendra Chanchal, Lata Mangeskhar, Mukesh, Jani Babu Qawwal||08:51|
|5.||"Panditji Mere Marne Ke"||Lata Mangeshkar||06:10|
Awards and nominationsEdit
|Award||Category||Recipients and Nominees||Results|
|Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Manoj Kumar||Won|
|Best Male Playback Singer||Mahendra Kapoor for "Aur Nahin Bus Aur Nahin"|
|Best Lyricist||Santosh Anand for "Main Na Bhoolunga"|
|Best Film||Roti Kapada Aur Makaan||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Manoj Kumar|
|Best Supporting Actor||Prem Nath|
|Best Supporting Actress||Moushumi Chatterjee|
|Best Story||Manoj Kumar|
|Best Music Director||Laxmikant-Pyarelal|
|Best Lyricist||Santosh Anand for "Aur Nahin Bus Aur Nahin"|
|Best Male Playback Singer||Mukesh|
- "IndiaGlitz - Aamir UTV arm twist exhibitors forced Bombay Velvet to November 28 - Bollywood Movie News".
- India of My Dreams. Google Books. Retrieved 27 November 2011.