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Roti Kapada Aur Makaan (English: Food, Clothing and Shelter) is a 1974 Bollywood film. It was written, produced, directed by and stars Manoj Kumar, alongside Shashi Kapoor, Zeenat Aman and Moushumi Chatterjee in the main lead roles and had Amitabh Bachchan, Prem Nath, Dheeraj Kumar and Madan Puri in supporting roles. Laxmikant Pyarelal were the music directors. It was released on 18 October 1974 with films like Roti and Benaam.[1]

Roti Kapada Aur Makaan
Roti Kapda Aur Makaan.jpg
Directed byManoj Kumar
Produced byManoj Kumar
Written byManoj Kumar
StarringManoj Kumar
Shashi Kapoor
Zeenat Aman
Moushumi Chatterjee
Amitabh Bachchan
Music byLaxmikant-Pyarelal
CinematographyNariman A. Irani
Edited byManoj Kumar
Distributed byV.I.P. Films
Digital Entertainment
Eros Entertainment
Shiva Films
Spark Worldwide
Release date
  • 18 October 1974 (1974-10-18)
Running time
161 mins

The title of the movie is based on the Hindi phrase referring to the bare necessities of life, which was popularized in the late 1960s by Indira Gandhi ahead of the 1967 general elections.[2] It was the highest grossing Indian film of 1974 and one of the biggest blockbusters of Manoj Kumar. The Telugu movie Jeevana Poratam, starring Sobhan Babu, Rajinikanth, Kaikala Satyanarayana, Naresh, Vijayashanti, is a remake.



After the retirement of his dad (Krishan Dhawan), the responsibility is on Bharat (Manoj Kumar) to look after his Delhi-based family. He has two younger college-going brothers, Vijay (Amitabh Bachchan) and Deepak (Dheeraj Kumar) and a sister of marriagable age, Champa (Meena T.). Although Bharat is a college graduate, the only work he can find is as a low-paid singer, much to the frustration of his girlfriend, Sheetal (Zeenat Aman). Meanwhile, Vijay has turned to crime as a last resort to provide for the family, but after an argument with Bharat, he leaves home to join the army.

Sheetal starts working as a secretary for rich businessman Mohan Babu (Shashi Kapoor) and Mohan becomes attracted to her. She becomes attracted to Mohan but is more interested in his wealth and luxury. She loves Bharat but cannot contemplate a life in poverty. Bharat finally finds a job as a builder but starts to realise that Sheetal is slowly drifting away from him. Soon he loses his job after the government takes over the building site and his financial problems increase further. When Mohan proposes marriage to Sheetal, she accepts, leaving Bharat heartbroken. After losing his love, Bharat also loses his father, which devastates him. Frustrated, he burns his diploma on his father's funeral pyre.

Meanwhile, Champa has found a suitor, but Bharat has no money to pay for the wedding and it cannot go ahead. Depressed at the state of his life, Bharat soon finds salvation by helping a poor girl, Tulsi (Moushumi Chatterjee), who lives in poverty but gets by. He also makes friends with Sardar Harnam Singh (Prem Nath) who comes to his rescue when he attempts to save Tulsi from a gang of hoodlums. He then receives an offer from a corrupt businessman named Nekiram (Madan Puri) who persuades Bharat to do his illegal activities so he and his family will come out of poverty and be wealthy. The plot centers on whether Bharat agree to this or whether his moral nature stops him from turning to crime to provide for his family.


This was the first film in which Amitabh Bachchan and Shashi kapoor acted together. After Roti Kapda aur Makaan they made a further 11 movies, out of which 9 were commercially successful. Shashi Kapoor will then direct Amitabh Bachchan in his cult classic Ajooba.


The music of this album has been composed by Laxmikant–Pyarelal and features some popular songs like "Hay Hay Yeh Majboori", "Mehengai Mar Gayi" and "Main Na Bhoolunga".

Song Singer(s) Notes
'Hay Hay Yeh Majboori' Lata Mangeshkar Performed on-screen by Zeenat Aman.
'Main Na Bhoolunga' Mukesh and Lata Mangeshkar. There were three versions of this song in the film. It was performed on-screen by Shashi Kapoor, Manoj Kumar, and Zeenat Aman. The third version was sung solely by Lata Mangeshkar and can be found on the vinyl LP.
'Aur Nahin Bas Aur Nahin' Mahendra Kapoor Performed on-screen by Manoj Kumar. Mehendra Kapoor won the award for best singer for the song.[citation needed]
'Mehngai Mar Gayi' Lata Mangeshkar, Mukesh, Narendra Chanchal and Jani Babu Qawwal This song was the Top song in 1975 Binaca Geetmala Countdown show
'Panditji Mere Marne Ke' Lata Mangeshkar Performed on-screen by Aruna Irani.

Awards and nominationsEdit


  1. ^ "IndiaGlitz - Aamir UTV arm twist exhibitors forced Bombay Velvet to November 28 - Bollywood Movie News".
  2. ^ India of My Dreams. Google Books. Retrieved 27 November 2011.

External linksEdit