List of ethnolinguistic regions of South Asia

The following list is a list of ethnolinguistic regions of South Asia. An ethnolinguistic region indicates a region of people that are united by a common language and ethnicity. South Asia is the southern region of the Asian continent, consisting mostly of the Indian subcontinent and sub-Himalayan countries, including, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The population of South Asia is about 1.749 billion, putting it as the most populated region in the world.[1] The region is very linguistically diverse, with India alone having over 780 languages.[2]

South Asian Language Families

AssamEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Assam Assamese Assamese people

BalochistanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Balochistan Balochi Baloch people

BaltistanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Baltistan Balti Balti people

Bengal (Bangla)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bengal (Bangla) Bengali Bengalis

ChittagonianEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Chittagong Chittagonian dialect Chittagonians

SylhetEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sylhet Sylheti dialect Sylhetis

BhilistanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bhilistan Bhili Bhil people

BodolandEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Bodoland Bodo Bodo people

ChitralEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Chitral Khowar-Chitrali Kho people

Chittagong (Chattogram)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Chittagong (Chattogram) Chittagonian language Chittagonian people

GarhwalEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Garhwal Garhwali Garhwali people

GujaratEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Gujarat Gujarati Gujarati people

HazarajatEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Hazarajat Hazaragi Hazaras

Hindustani BeltEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Hindi-Urdu Desh (Hindustani Belt) Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) Hindustani people

SubregionsEdit

AwadhEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Awadh Awadhi dialect Awadhis

BagarEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bagar Bagri dialect Bagri people

BagelkhandEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bagelkhand Bagheli dialect Bagheli people

Bhojpur-PurvanchalEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bhojpur-Purvanchal Bhojpuri dialect Bhojpuri people

Braj (Brijbhoomi)Edit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Braj (Brijbhoomi) Braj Bhasha dialect Braji people

BundelkhandEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bundelkhand Bundeli dialect Bundeli people

ChhattisgarhEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarhi dialect Chhattisgarhi people

Chota NagpurEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Chota Nagpur Sadri (Nagpuri) dialect, Khortha, Kurmali Sadan people, Nagpuria people

DhundharEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Dhundhar Dhundari dialect Dhundari people

HadotiEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Hadoti Harauti dialect Harauti people

HaryanaEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Haryana Haryanvi dialect Haryanvi people

KannaujEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Kannauj Kannauji dialect Kannauji people

MagadhaEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Magadha Magahi dialect Magahi people

MalwaEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Malwa Malvi dialect Malvi people

MarwarEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Marwar Marwari dialect Marwari people

MewarEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Mewar Mewari dialect Mewari people

MewatEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Mewat Mewati dialect Mewati people

NimarEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Nimar Nimadi dialect Nimadi people

RohilkhandEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Rohilkhand Rohilkhandi dialect Rohilkhandi people

ShekhawatiEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Shekhawati Shekhawati dialect Shekhawati people

TharparkarEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Tharparkar Dhatki dialect Dhatki (Thari) people

Indus KohistanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Indus Kohistan (Abasin Kohistan) Indus Kohistani (Maiyã, Shuthun, Abasin Kohistani) Kohistani people

JammuEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Jammu Dogri Dogra

Kalasha DeshEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kalasha Desh Kalasha-mun Kalash people

KarnatakaEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Karnataka Kannada Kannada people

KashmirEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kashmir Kashmiri Kashmiris

KeralaEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kerala Malayalam Malayali

KonkanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Konkan/Goa Konkani Konkani people

KumaonEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kumaon Kumaoni Kumauni people

Kutch (Kachchh)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Kutch (Kachchh) Kutchi Kutchi people

LadakhEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Ladakh Ladakhi Ladakhi people

MaharashtraEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Maharashtra Marathi Marathi people

MithilaEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Mithila Maithili Maithils

SubregionsEdit

AngaEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Anga Angika

Note :- Some people consider Angika to be a dialect of Maithili while some others consider it to be a separate language.[3]

BajjikanchalEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Bajjikanchal[4] Bajjika

Note :- Some people consider Bajjika to be a dialect of Maithili while some others consider it to be a separate language.[5]

Kosi—SeemanchalEdit

Subregion Dialect Ethnolinguistic group
Kosi—Seemanchal Thēthi dialect

NuristanEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Nuristan Nuristani Nuristanis

OdishaEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Odisha Odia Odia people

Pashtunistan (Pakhtunkhwa)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Pashtunistan (Pakhtunkhwa) Pashto Pashtuns (Pathanis)

PunjabEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Punjab Punjabi and Punjabi dialects Punjabis

SindhEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sindh Sindhi Sindhis

SinhalaEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Sinhala (all regions of Sri Lanka
except the North and part of the East)
Sinhalese Sinhalese people

Tamil NaduEdit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Tamil Nadu, India and Northern Province, Sri Lanka Tamil Tamils

Telugu Desam (Telugu Nadu)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Telugu Desam-Telugu Nadu (Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) Telugu Telugu people

Tulu Nadu (Tulu Nad)Edit

Region Language Ethnolinguistic group
Tulu Nadu Tulu Tulu people

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects, the 2010 Revision". 2013-04-04. Archived from the original on 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  2. ^ "freedom@70: Seven decades after Independence, many small languages in India face extinction threat - The Economic Times". 2019-06-04. Archived from the original on 2019-06-04. Retrieved 2020-03-28.
  3. ^ Mithilesh Kumar Jha 2017, p. 163.
  4. ^ Abhishek Kashyap 2014, p. 1.
  5. ^ Mithilesh Kumar Jha 2017.