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Hindustani people or Hindoostani people was a word often used in British India and also in 20th Century in India for the group of people whose native language was a variety of Hindi or persons using Hindustani language — mainly residing in present day Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, parts of Haryana & Delhi.[1] in other words the Hindi belt.[2][3][4][5][6][7] The word Hindustani people seems to be of ethnolinguistic in origin rather than as an ethnic group but certain Indo-Aryan ethnic groups are identified as Hindustani people.[1]

Contents

Present CircumstancesEdit

Although, word Hindustani people, is historically important to understand complex history, culture, ethos & demography of India. In present day, use of the word Hindustani people has become of obsolete or scarce. However, whenever used, it is used, generally to denote persons, whose native language is variety of Hindi and are belonging to certain parts of North India ( i.e. Hindi belt ). In present day scenario, Hindustani people, are generally identified with Hindi speaking population of Hindi belt - Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand. But use of the word Hindustani people in general & media is becoming scarce.

Use of word in Songs, Films, Media & CultureEdit

The word Hindoostani people, is used in many patriotic songs and films, made during British rule in India and even after independence, where-in it implies to persons belonging to India or Hindoostan as a whole and not restricted to imply only persons of Hindi belt.

One famous film implying above definition, was Hum Hindustani made in 1960 and another was Hum Hindustani (Television Serial) directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee in 1986.

The word Hindustani people, is also, used in national sense, when used in broad sense with culture, heritage and customs of Hindustan.

SurnameEdit

Hindoostani & Hindustani is also found to be used by many people from North India, especially from Uttar Pradesh as their Surname. The surname is also found among persons of Indian origin, who had migrated out of India, during last two centuries.

One famous use of word Hindustani as Surname in media was in film Raja Hindustani, where lead role was known by this name.

ReferenceEdit

  1. ^ a b Hudson, John C., editor Goode’s World Atlas 20th Edition Chicago, Illinois, USA:2000—Rand McNally Map Page 203 Major Languages of India—map of the ethnolinguistic groups of India
  2. ^ Hidu writers constitute an overwhelming numbers of Hindustani people. Along with Urdu writers, they serve inhabitants of Bihar, U.P., Delhi, Madhya Bharat Marxist Cultural Movement in India: 1947-1958 by Sudhi Pradhan Page 40
  3. ^ In Hazaribagh, Hinudstani people are found but in west and south people are mainly aboriginal.The Indian encyclopaedia: biographical, historical, religious..,Volume 3,edited by Subodh Kapoor. Page 724
  4. ^ [1] The People of India by Herbert Risley, 1999.
  5. ^ HINDUSTANI SPEAKING-PEOPLE Annual report of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church Methodist Episcopal Church. Missionary Society Free eBook, 1857
  6. ^ [2] The Sikhs and Afghans, in connexion with the India and Persia, immediately after death of Rajit Singh By Shahāmat ʻAlī
  7. ^ The Orient and its people by Jeannette L. Hauser, Isiah L. Hauser published by I. L. Hauser & company, 1876. Page 50-57, Page 164