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|કચ્છી / ڪڇي/ کچھی|
|1,031,000 (in India) (2011)|
|Khojiki script, Devanagari script, Gujarati script, Sindhi alphabet|
Influences from other languagesEdit
Kutchi is considered a dialect of Sindhi, with which it is mutually intelligible. Over time, it has borrowed vocabulary from Gujarati. Most Kutchis living in India are bilingual or trilingual, due to exposure to closely related neighbouring languages such as Gujarati. Many Pakistanis are also bilingual or trilingual; many residents of Karachi speak Kutchi. It is a unique language in itself especially in the way it is spoken and has many common words from Marwari (Rajasthan) as well. It is spoken by the Kutchi people specifically, these are the Rajputs Jadeja, Bhanushalis, Lohanas, Brahmins (Rajgor), Meghwals, Visa Oswal and Dasa Osval (Oshwal) Jains, followers of Satpanth, Bhatias, Rabaris and various Muslim communities in the region, including the Muslim Kutchi Khatris, the Muslim Khojas,the Muslim Rajput-Rayma and Kutchi Memons.
By way of emigration during the British reign many members of Kutchi communities left India / Pakistan and settled in regions of East Africa such as Kenya, Uganda, Zaire/Congo, Tanzania, and even far south as South Africa. The landing point of entry into Africa was in Zanzibar which was a trading post of goods between Indian and East Africa in the early 1900s.
Common words and phrasesEdit
There are distinct regional accents and variations in grammar. As in many languages spoken along Asian trade routes, there is substantial borrowing from Persian and Arabic—words like "duniya" (world), and "nasib" (fate), are routinely used by many speakers of Kutchi. Many Kutchi speakers also speak Gujarati as a separate language, especially as it is the language in which Kutchi speakers customarily write. Kutchi speakers' Gujarati accent and usage tends towards standard forms that any Gujarati speaker would be able to understand.
The following words are commonly used by Hindu individuals descending from the Kutch rural area of Gujarat, India, who, especially if in east Africa, reject Kutchi. These are colloquial forms of general Gujarati phrases that are often used in daily conversation in villages, particularly of the Kutchi predominance and are Gujaratisized versions of Kutchi words. An example of such follows:
- Haaiyo hane/chhado hane (Gujarati Bas chhodo have : now drop it)
- Achanto/Vinanto ( Gujarati - Aavu(n)' chhu(n)' / Jaau(n)' chhu(n)' : I am coming / going)
- Kichadi Khayo taa? (Gujarati - Kichdi khaao chho? : Are you eating Kichdi?)
Kutchi language is also very close to Sindhi due to historical, cultural and geographic influences.
- Haaiyo hane/chhado hane (Sindhi Halo hane/chado hane : now drop it)
- Achanto/Vinanto (Sindhi - Achantho/Vinatho' : I am coming / going)
- Kichadi Khayo taa? (Sindhi - Kichadi khaaoo tha? : Are you eating Kichdi?)
Kutchi is normally written using a modified version of the Gujarati script. Many books and magazines are published in the language using the modified Gujarati script, including Vadhod ("Inquiry"). Kutchi is also written in the Devanagari script by some speakers.[dubious ] In earlier times it was written in Khojki script, which is now extinct. Dr Rajul Shah, an ayurvedic doctor, psychologist and a graphologist has created a script to use for the language.
There are examples of the Kutchi script in the Kutch Museum, though the script is believed to be now extinct.
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- "Gujarātī". Onmiglot.com. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kachchi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- http://www.kutchimaadu.com/general/kutchi-language/ kutchimaadu.com; retrieved August, 2019
- "Kutchi Language gets script – Kutchi Maadu". Kutchimaadu.com. Retrieved 2017-08-20.
- India, Press Trust Of (5 August 2009). "Kutchi language gets script". Business Standard. Retrieved 2017-08-20.