List of association football clubs with multiple consecutive promotions or relegations

This is a list of association football clubs with multiple consecutive promotions or relegations.

For an association football club to achieve three consecutive promotions is somewhat rare, to achieve subsequent further promotions even rarer. Many football league systems are organised in a pyramid system, allowing league champions and, in many cases, clubs placed immediately behind the champions to achieve promotion, either directly or through a play-off system. To achieve three or more promotions all as league champions, like the now defunct Gretna did from 2004 to 2007, or Chester did from 2010 to 2013 is exceptional.[citation needed]

It is comparably easier for a club to achieve three consecutive relegations, as no particular effort is required. In professional football and, to a lesser extent, in semi-professional and amateur football, this is often caused by financial trouble.

A club that achieves promotion, followed by immediate relegation and a subsequent repeat of this cycle is often described as a Yo-yo club.[1]

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ClubsEdit

The list is sorted by number of promotions or relegations followed by the alphabetical order of location:

PromotionsEdit

Clubs with three or more consecutive promotions:

Club Country No Leagues Ref
Iwaki FC Japan 5 2015: Fukushima Prefectural League Division 3 (IX) – 1st
2016: Fukushima Prefectural League Division 2 (VIII) – 1st
2017: Fukushima Prefectural League Division 1 (VII) – 1st
2018: Tohoku League Division 2 South (VI) – 1st
2019: Tohoku League Division 1 (V) – 1st
TV Herkenrath Germany 5 2010–11: Kreisliga C (XI) – 1st
2011–12: Kreisliga B (X) – 1st
2012–13: Kreisliga A (VIII) – 2nd
2013–14: Bezirksliga Mittelrhein 1 (VII) – 1st
2014–15: Landesliga Mittelrhein 1 (VI) – 2nd
SV Rödinghausen Germany 5 2009–10: Kreisliga A (IX) – 1st
2010–11: Bezirksliga Westfalen 1 (VIII) – 1st
2011–12: Landesliga Westfalen-Ost (VII) – 1st
2012–13: Westfalenliga 1 (VI) – 1st
2013–14: Oberliga Westfalen (V) – 2nd
[2]
Varesina Calcio Italy 5 2010–11: Terza Categoria Lombardy(IX) – 1st
2011–12: Seconda Categoria Lombardy (VIII) – 1st
2012–13: Prima Categoria Lombardy (VII) – 1st
2013–14: Promozione Lombardy(VI) – 1st
2014–15: Eccellenza Lombardy (V) – 1st
[3]
Dalkurd FF Sweden 5 2005: Division 6 Dalarna Mellersta (VIII) - 1st
2006: Division 5 Dalarna Södra (VII) - 1st
2007: Division 4 Dalarna (VI)- 1st
2008: Division 3 Södra Norrland (V) - 1st
2009: Division 2 Norra Svealand (IV)- 1st
[4]
FC Enikon Augsburg Germany 4 1990–91: A-Klasse Augsburg (VII) – 1st
1991–92: Bezirksliga Schwaben-Süd (VI) – 2nd
1992–93: Bezirksoberliga Schwaben (V) – 2nd
1993–94: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (IV) – 2nd
[5][6]
Truro City England 4 2005–06: South Western League (XI) - 1st
2006–07: Western League Division One (X) – 2nd
2007–08: Western League Premier Division (IX) – 1st
2008–09: Southern League Division One South & West (VIII) – 1st
[7][8][9][10]
Shaw Lane A.F.C. England 4 2011–12: Sheffield & Hallam County Senior League Division 1 (XII) - 2nd
2012–13: Sheffield & Hallam County Senior League Premier Division (XI) - 1st
2013–14: Northern Counties East League Division 1 (X) - 2nd
2014–15: Northern Counties East League Premier Division (IX) - 1st
South Shields F.C. England 3 2015–16: Northern Football League Division 2 (X) - 1st
2016–17: Northern Football League Division 1 (IX) - 1st
2017–18: Northern Premier League Division One North (VIII) - 1st
Kings Langley F.C. England 3 2013–14: Spartan South Midlands Football League Division One (VIII) - 2nd
2014–15: Spartan South Midlands Football League Premier Division (VII) - 1st
2015–16: Southern Football League Division One Central (VI) - 1st
Chester F.C. England 3 2010–11: Northern Premier League Division One North (VIII) - 1st
2011–12: Northern Premier League (VII) - 1st
2012–13: Conference North (VI) - 1st
F.C. United of Manchester England 3 2005–06: North West Counties Football League Division Two (X) - 1st
2006–07: North West Counties Football League Division One (IX) – 1st
2007–08: Northern Premier League Division One North (VIII) – 2nd (playoffs)
[11][12][13]
Gretna F.C. Scotland 3 2004–05: Scottish Third Division (IV) – 1st
2005–06: Scottish Second Division (III) – 1st
2006–07: Scottish First Division (II) – 1st
[14]
JK Dünamo Tallinn Estonia 3 2002: III Liiga North (IV) – 1st
2003: II Liiga North/East (III) – 1st
2004: Esiliiga (II) – 4th (playoffs)
TSV 1860 München II Germany 3 1994–95: Bezirksoberliga Oberbayern (VI) – 2nd
1995–96: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (V) – 1st
1996–97: Bayernliga (IV) – 1st
[5]
CSA Brazil 3 2016: Série D (IV) – 2nd
2017: Série C (III) – 1st
2018: Série B (II) - 2nd
Hanoi FC (Known as T&T Hanoi FC at the time) Vietnam 3 2006: Third League (IV) - 1st

2007: Second League (III) - 2nd

2008: V.League 2 (II) - 2nd

RelegationsEdit

Clubs with three or more consecutive relegations:

Club Country No Leagues Ref
FC Kempten Germany 4 2007–08: Bayernliga (IV) – 18th
2008–09: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (VI) – 14th
2009–10: Bezirksoberliga Schwaben (VII) – 17th
2010–11: Bezirksliga Schwaben-Süd (VIII) – 13th
[5][15]
SV Lohhof Germany 4 1999–2000: Regionalliga Süd (III) – 18th
2000–01: Bayernliga (IV) – 18th
2001–02: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (V) – 20th
2002–03: Bezirksoberliga Oberbayern (VI) – 18th
[5]
Tirsense Portugal 4 1995-96: Primeira Liga (I) – 18th
1996-97: Liga de Honra (II) – 18th
1997-98: Segunda Divisão (III) – 18th
1998-99: Terceira Divisão (IV) – 15th
SpVgg Au/Iller 1 Germany 3 2008–09: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (V) – 17th
2009–10: Verbandsliga Württemberg (VI) – 16th
2010–11: Landesliga Württemberg 2 (VII) – 16th
[5][15]
SpVgg Plattling Germany 3 1993–94: Bayernliga (III) – 18th
1994–95: Landesliga Bayern-Mitte (V) – 16th
1995–96: Bezirksoberliga Niederbayern (VI) – 16th
[5]
Bristol City F.C. England 3 1979-80: Football League First Division (I) - 20th
1980-81: Football League Second Division (II) - 21st
1981-82: Football League Third Division (III) - 23rd
Luton Town F.C. England 3 2006-07: Football League Championship (II) - 23rd
2007-08: Football League One (III) - 24th
2008-09: Football League Two (IV) - 24th
Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. England 3 1983-84: Football League First Division (I) - 22nd
1984-85: Football League Second Division (II) - 22nd
1985-86: Football League Third Division (III) - 23rd
Cracovia Poland 3 1969-70: I liga (I) - 14th
1970-71 II liga (II) - 16th
1971-72 III liga gr. II (Kraków) (III) - 13th
Ruch Chorzów Poland 3 2016-17 Ekstraklasa (I) - 16th
2017-18 - I liga (II) - 17th
2018-19 - II liga (III) - 17th
[16][17]

Promotions and relegationsEdit

Yo-yo clubs, meaning clubs that consecutively bounce between two leagues and have, in the process, switched leagues five or more times:

Club Country No Leagues Ref
BFC Südring Germany 10 1950–51: Oberliga Berlin (I) – 14th
1951–52: Amateurliga Berlin (II) – 2nd
1952–53: Oberliga Berlin (I) – 11th
1953–54: Amateurliga Berlin (II) – 1st
1954–55: Oberliga Berlin (I) – 11th
1955–56: Amateurliga Berlin (II) – 1st
1956–57: Oberliga Berlin (I) – 11th
1957–58: Amateurliga Berlin (II) – 2nd
1958–59: Oberliga Berlin (I) – 11th
1959–60: Amateurliga Berlin (II) – 2nd
[5][18]
Aris Limassol Cyprus 10 1996–97: Cypriot First Division (I) – 12th
1997–98: Cypriot Second Division (II)
1998–99: Cypriot First Division (I) – 14th
1999–2000: Cypriot Second Division (II)
2000–01: Cypriot First Division (I) – 14th
2001–02: Cypriot Second Division (II)
2002–03: Cypriot First Division (I) – 13th
2003–04: Cypriot Second Division (II)
2004–05: Cypriot First Division (I) – 14th
2005–06: Cypriot Second Division (II)
[1]
FC Kuressaare Estonia 9 2001: Meistriliiga (I) – 8th
2002: Esiliiga (II) – 2nd
2003: Meistriliiga (I) – 8th
2004: Esiliiga (II) – 5th
2005: Meistriliiga (I) – 9th
2006: Esiliiga (II) – 2nd
2007: Meistriliiga (I) – 9th
2008: Esiliiga (II) – 2nd
2009: Meistriliiga (I) – 8th
SK Brann Norway 8 1979: 1. divisjon (I) – 12th
1980: 2. divisjon (II)
1981: 1. divisjon (I) – 10th
1982: 2. divisjon (II)
1983: 1. divisjon (I) – 10th
1984: 2. divisjon (II)
1985: 1. divisjon (I) – 11th
1986: 2. divisjon (II)
[1][19]
Drogheda United Ireland 7 1993–94: Premier Division (I) – 12th
1994–95: First Division (II) – 2nd
1995–96: Premier Division (I) – 11th
1996–97: First Division (II) – 2nd
1997–98: Premier Division (I) – 12th
1998–99: First Division (II) – 1st
1999–2000: Premier Division (I) – 12th
[1]
Hong Kong FC Hong Kong 7 1972–73: Second Division League (II)
1973–74: First Division League (I) – 14th
1974–75: Second Division League (II)
1975–76: First Division League (I) – 12th
1976–77: Second Division League (II)
1977–78: First Division League (I) – 12th
1978–79: Second Division League (II)
[1]
Deportivo de La Coruña Spain 7 1961–62: Segunda División (II) – 1st
1962–63: La Liga (I) – 14th
1963–64: Segunda División (II) – 1st
1964–65: La Liga (I) – 16th
1965–66: Segunda División (II) – 1st
1966–67: La Liga (I) – 16th
1967–68: Segunda División (II) – 1st
[1]
Avaí Brazil 6 2014: Série B (II) – 4th
2015: Série A (I) – 17th
2016: Série B (II) – 2nd
2017: Série A (I) – 18th
2018: Série B (II) – 3rd
2019: Série A (I) – 20th
Valur Iceland 6 1999: Urvalsdeild (I) – 9th
2000: 1. deild (II) – 2nd
2001: Urvalsdeild (I) – 9th
2002: 1. deild (II) – 1st
2003: Urvalsdeild (I) – 10th
2004: 1. deild (II) – 1st
[20]
SV Linx Germany 6 2002–03: Verbandsliga Südbaden (V) – 1st
2003–04: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 16th
2004–05: Verbandsliga Südbaden (V) – 1st
2005–06: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 18th
2006–07: Verbandsliga Südbaden (V) – 1st
2007–08:Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 18th
[5]
TSG Weinheim Germany 6 1998–99: Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V) – 1st
1999–2000: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 15th
2000–01: Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V) – 1st
2001–02: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 15th
2002–03: Verbandsliga Nordbaden (V) – 1st
2003–04: Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) – 18th
[5]
Heart of Midlothian F.C. Scotland 5 1976–77: Scottish Premier Division (I) –9th
1977–78: Scottish First Division (II) – 2nd
1978–79: Scottish Premier Division (I) – 9th
1979–80: Scottish First Division (II) – 1st
1980–81: Scottish Premier Division (I) – 10th
1. FC Köln Germany 5 2001-02: Bundesliga (I)
2002-03: 2. Bundesliga (II)
2003-04: Bundesliga (I)
2004-05: 2. Bundesliga (II)
2005-06: Bundesliga (I)
[21]
Kuban Krasnodar Russia 5 2006: National League (II) - 2nd
2007: Premier League (I) - 15th
2008: National League (II) - 2nd
2009: Premier League (I) - 15th
2010: National League (II) - 1st
[22]
U.S. Cremonese Italy 5 1988-89: Serie B (II)
1989-90: Serie A (I)
1990-91: Serie B (II)
1991-92: Serie A (I)
1992-93: Serie B (II)
[23]
Odra Opole Poland 5 1983–1984: II liga group 1 (II) - 13th
1984–1985: III liga group. 5 (III) - 1st
1985–1986: II liga group 1 (II) - 14th
1986–1987: III liga group 5 (III) - 1st
1987–1988: II liga group 1 (II) - 13th (relegated after play-outs)
[24]

Promotions and/or relegationsEdit

Clubs with four or more consecutive promotions and/or relegations, spread over three or more divisions:

Club Country No Leagues Ref
Celta de Vigo Spain 9 1974-75: La Liga (I) 17th ↓
1975-76: Segunda División (II) 2nd ↑
1976-77: La Liga (I) 17th ↓
1977-78: Segunda División (II) 2nd ↑
1978-79: La Liga (I) 16th ↓
1979-80: Segunda División (II) 17th ↓
1980-81: Segunda División B Grupo I (III) 1st ↑
1981-82: Segunda División (II) 1st ↑
1982-83: La Liga (I) 17th ↓
[25]
UMF Sindri Höfn Iceland 8 1996: 3. deild (IV) ↑
1997: 2. deild (III) 10th ↓
1998: 3. deild (IV) ↑
1999: 2. deild (III) 2nd ↑
2000: 1. deild (II) 9th ↓
2001: 2. deild (III) 2nd ↑
2002: 1. deild (II) 10th ↓
2003: 2. deild (III) 9th ↓
[26][27]
Comercial (SP) Brazil 7 2009: Campeonato Paulista Série A2 (VI) – 18th ↓
2010: Campeonato Paulista Série A3 (VII) – 5th ↑
2011: Campeonato Paulista Série A2 (VI) – 4th ↑
2012: Campeonato Paulista (V) – 20th ↓
2013: Campeonato Paulista Série A2 (VI) – 4th ↑
2014: Campeonato Paulista (V) – 17th ↓
2015: Campeonato Paulista Série A2 (VI) – 17th ↓
FC Kempten Germany 7 2004–05: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (VI) – 2nd ↑
2005–06: Bayernliga (IV) – 16th ↓
2006–07: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (VI) – 1st ↑
2007–08: Bayernliga (IV) – 18th ↓
2008–09: Landesliga Bayern-Süd (VI) – 14th ↓
2009–10: Bezirksoberliga Schwaben (VII) – 17th ↓
2010–11: Bezirksliga Schwaben-Süd (VIII) – 13th ↓
[5][15]
Gazélec Ajaccio France 6 2010–11: Championnat de France amateur (IV) – 1st ↑
2011–12:Championnat National (III) – 3rd ↑
2012–13: Ligue 2 (II) – 20th ↓
2013–14: Championnat National (III) 3rd ↑
2014–15: Ligue 2 (II) – 2nd ↑
2015–16 Ligue 1 (I) - 19th ↓
[28][circular reference][29]
IF Brommapojkarna Sweden 6 2014: Allsvenskan (I) –16th ↓
2015: Superettan (II) – 16th ↓
2016: Division 1 Norra (III) – 1st ↑
2017: Superettan (II) – 1st ↑
2018: Allsvenskan (I) – 14th (Lost at Relegation playoffs) ↓
2019: Superettan (II) – 15th ↓
Tirsense Portugal 5 1995-96: Primeira Liga (I) – 18th ↓
1996-97: Liga de Honra (II) – 18th ↓
1997-98: Segunda Divisão (III) – 18th ↓
1998-99: Terceira Divisão (IV) – 15th ↓
1999-2000: Divisão de Honra da AF Porto (V) - 1st ↑
Gretna F.C. Scotland 4 2004–05: Scottish Third Division (IV) – 1st ↑
2005–06: Scottish Second Division (III) – 1st ↑
2006–07: Scottish First Division (II) – 1st ↑
2007–08: Scottish Premier League (I) – 12th ↓
[30]
Água Santa Brazil 4 2013: Campeonato Paulista Segunda Divisão (VIII) – 2nd ↑
2014: Campeonato Paulista Série A3 (VII) – 4th ↓
2015: Campeonato Paulista Série A2 (VI) – 4th ↑
2016: Campeonato Paulista (V) – 15th ↓
América (RN) Brazil 4 2004: Série B (II) – 19th ↓
2005: Série C (III) – 2nd ↑
2006: Série B (II) – 4th ↑
2007: Série A (I) – 20th ↓
CSA Brazil 4 2016: Série D (IV) – 2nd ↑
2017: Série C (III) – 1st ↑
2018: Série B (II) - 2nd ↑
2019: Série A (I) - 18th ↓
Vitória Brazil 4 2004: Série A (I) – 23rd ↓
2005: Série B (II) – 17th ↓
2006: Série C (III) – 2nd ↑
2007: Série B (II) – 4th ↑

NotesEdit

  • Club defunct.
  • 1 The club withdrew its team during the 2010–11 season and entered the tier nine Kreisliga Donau/Iller A 3 for the 2011–12 season.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Up and Down! RSSSF.com, accessed: 4 October 2011
  2. ^ SV Rödinghausen at Fussball.de (in German) accessed: 5 April 2015
  3. ^ "La partita perfetta della Varesina". La Giocata (in Italian). 7 October 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  4. ^ https://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalkurd_FF. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Das deutsche Fussball Archiv (in German) Historic German league tables, accessed: 3 October 2011
  6. ^ Website with tables and results from the Bavarian Oberliga to Bezirksliga (in German), accessed: 3 October 2011
  7. ^ South Western Tony Kempster
  8. ^ Western Division One Tony Kempster
  9. ^ Western Premier Tony Kempster
  10. ^ Southern Div One South & West Tony Kempster
  11. ^ North West Tony Kempster
  12. ^ Western Division One Tony Kempster
  13. ^ Northern Premier League Division One North Tony Kempster
  14. ^ Moffat, Colin (28 April 2007). "Gretna fairytale continues". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  15. ^ a b c Fussball.de - Ergebnisse Archived 7 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in German) Tables and results of all German football leagues
  16. ^ http://www.90minut.pl/skarb.php?id_klub=340&id_sezon=93
  17. ^ https://www.rmf24.pl/sport/news-ruch-chorzow-zalicza-trzeci-spadek-z-rzedu,nId,2984897
  18. ^ Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  19. ^ Norway - List of final tables RSSSF.com, accessed: 4 October 2011
  20. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=Valur
  21. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=1.%20FC%20K%F6ln
  22. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=Kuban%20Krasnodar
  23. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=Cremonese
  24. ^ http://www.mogiel.net/POL/history/history.php
  25. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=RC%20Celta%20de%20Vigo
  26. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=Sindri
  27. ^ http://rsssf.com/tablesi/ijs98.html
  28. ^ 2010–11 Championnat de France amateur
  29. ^ http://stattosoftware.com/football/teams.php?team=Gaz%E9lec%20Ajaccio%20FCO
  30. ^ Moffat, Colin (28 April 2007). "Gretna fairytale continues". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 4 October 2011.