TFF Second League

TFF 2. Lig (Turkish Football Federation Second League) or TFF 2. Lig (in Turkish), is the third level in the Turkish football league system. It was founded in the 2001–02 season with the name of Turkish Second League Category B as a continuation of the then second level division. In the 2005–06 season the name of the league was changed to Lig B. Since the 2007–08 season the league's current name is used along with sponsor names.

TFF Second League
TFF 2.Lig logo.png
Organising bodyTurkish Football Federation (TFF)
Founded2001; 20 years ago
CountryTurkey
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams36
Level on pyramid3
Promotion to1. Lig
Relegation to3. Lig
Domestic cup(s)Turkish Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Europa League
(via winning Turkish Cup)
Current championsKeçiörengücü (White Group),
Menemen Belediyespor (Red Group)
(2018–19)
TV partnersbeIN Sport Turkey
WebsiteTFF Second League
2019–20 TFF Second League

Turkish Second Football League (in Turkish: Türkiye İkinci Futbol Ligi or shortly İkinci Lig or 2. Lig) is a defunct football league in Turkey. It was the second level division in Turkish football since its foundation in 1963–64 until the formation of the new league system in 2001–02. The Second Football League was divided into two categories in the 2001–02 season: Category A and Category B. Since 2007–08 Category A has continued as the TFF First League and Category B has continued as the TFF Second League.

League statusEdit

In the 2009–10 season the league contained 55 clubs spread out over 4 groups of 11 or 12 teams. The league is played over two rounds. In the first round, ten teams in five groups play with other teams in their group, like a regular season. Top two teams of each group qualify to the "play-off group". They form a play-off league (consisting of ten teams) and play a regular season starting with zero points. The remaining eight teams in each group keep their points and they play again with each other. These new eight-teamed groups are called "classifying groups". The top two teams in each play-off group are promoted to the TFF First League. The three teams classified as third to fifth in each play-off group join the extra play-offs with top teams from each of the five classifying groups. These eight teams play a knockout competition (in a neutral venue) to determine the last team to be promoted. The bottom three teams of the classifying groups are relegated to the TFF Third League. The top four clubs from the Promotion Group of the TFF Third League are then promoted to the TFF Second League, while eight others play in a play-off.

In the 2010–11 season the league was played with 36 teams in two groups, white and red. The winners of each group are directly promoted to the 1. Lig (TFF First League). In each group 2nd through 5th teams compete in the play-off with the respective team in the other group to determine the finalists. The finalists play a single game to determine the third team to be promoted. The bottom three teams in each group are relegated to the 3. Lig (TFF Third League).

League historyEdit

1963–64 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

League was founded in 1963–64 as a single group with 13 teams.

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1963–64 Şekerspor İzmir Demirspor

1964–65 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1964–65 Vefa no relegation

1965–66 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1965–66 Eskişehirspor (final group champions)
Altınordu (Final group runners-up)
Yeşildirek (play-off loser)

1966–67 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1966–67 Mersin İdman Yurdu (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Bursaspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Beyoğluspor
White Group: Davutpaşa

1967–68 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1967–68 İstanbulspor (Red Group winner)
İzmirspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Petrol Ofisi Spor, Altındağ, Uşakspor
White Group: Kasımpaşa, Malatyaspor, Taksim

1968–69 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1968–69 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Samsunspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Sarıyer, Edirnespor, Karagümrük
White Group: Konyaspor, Beylerbeyi, Kastamonuspor

1969–70 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1969–70 Karşıyaka (Red Group winner)
Boluspor (White Group winner and champions of the league)
Red Group: Düzcespor
White Group: Ülküspor

1970–71 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1970–71 Adanaspor (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Giresunspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Beykoz, Nazillispor
White Group: Hacettepe, Galata

1971–72 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1971–72 PTT (Red Group winner)
Şekerspor (White Group winner and champions of the league)
Red Group: İzmirspor, Güneşspor
White Group: Toprak Ofisi, Tarsus İdman Yurdu

1972–73 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1972–73 Kayserispor (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Adana Demirspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: DÇ Karabükspor, Afyonspor
White Group: Feriköy, Karşıyaka

1973–74 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1973–74 Trabzonspor (Red Group winner)
Zonguldakspor (White Group winner and champions of the league)
Red Group: Bandırmaspor, PTT
White Group: Erzurumspor, Lüleburgazspor

1974–75 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1974–75 Orduspor (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Balıkesirspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: İstanbulspor
White Group: Uşakspor

1975–76 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1975–76 Mersin İdman Yurdu (Red Group winner)
Samsunspor (White Group winner and champions of the league)
Red Group: Hatayspor
White Group: Kütahyaspor

1976–77 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1976–77 Diyarbakırspor (Red Group winner)
MKE Ankaragücü (White Group winner and champions of the league)
Red Group: Malatyaspor
White Group: Çorumspor

1977–78 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1977–78 MKE Kırıkkalespor (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Göztepe (White Group winner)
Red Group: Giresunspor, Manisaspor
White Group: İskenderunspor, Altınordu

1978–79 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1978–79 Gaziantepspor (Red Group winner and champions of the league)
Çaykur Rizespor (White Group winner)
Kayserispor (Red Group runners-up and promotion play-off winner)
Red Group: Gençlerbirliği, Konyaspor
White Group: Beykoz

1979–80 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1979–80 Mersin İdmanyurdu (Group A winner)
Kocaelispor (Group B winner and champions of the league)
Boluspor (Group A runners-up and promotion play-off winner)
no relegation

1980–81 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1980–81 Göztepe (Group A winner)
Sakaryaspor (Group B winner)
Diyarbakırspor (Group C winner)
MKE Ankaragücü (Turkish Cup champions and Group B runners-up)
no relegation

1981–82 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1981–82 Sarıyer (Group A winner)
Antalyaspor (Group B winner)
Mersin İdman Yurdu (Group C winner)
Samsunspor (Group D winner)
Group A: Kırklarelispor
Group B: Ödemişspor
Group C: Elazığspor
Group D: Çorumspor

1982–83 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1982–83 Karagümrük (Group A winner)
Denizlispor (Group B winner)
Gençlerbirliği (Group C winner)
Orduspor (Group D winner)
Group A: Beylerbeyi, Davutpaşa, Yedikule, Feriköy, Eyüp
Group B: Uşakspor, Yeşilova, Çanakkalespor, Manisaspor, Tirespor
Group C: DÇ Karabükspor, K. Ereğlispor, Ank. Demir, Amasyaspor, Esk. Demir
Group D: Hatayspor, TİY Erkutspor, Sivasspor, Tokatspor, Erzincanspor

1983–84 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1983–84 Eskişehirspor (Group A winner)
Altay (Group B winner)
Malatyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Beykoz, İstanbulspor
Group B: Ispartaspor, Aydınspor
Group C: Kırşehirspor, Ceyhanspor

1984–85 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1984–85 Çaykur Rizespor (Group A winner)
Kayserispor (Group B winner and shampions of the league)
Samsunspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Elazığspor, Şanlıurfaspor
Group B: Kütahyaspor, Sitespor
Group C: Süleymaniye Sirkeci, Alibeyköyspor

1985–86 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1985–86 Diyarbakırspor (Group A winner)
Boluspor (Group B winner)
Antalyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Hopaspor, Sivasspor, Mardinspor, Giresunspor
Group B: Balıkesirspor, Vestel Manisa, Burdurspor, E.S. Alüminyumspor
Group C: Galata, Tekirdağspor, Lüleburgazspor, Gölcükgücü

1986–87 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1986–87 Adana Demirspor (Group A winner)
Karşıyaka (Group B winner)
Sakaryaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Reyhanlıspor, Osmaniyespor, Elazığspor
Group B: Sökespor, Kırşehirspor, Düzce Kervan Doğsan, Bandırmaspor
Group C: Anadolu, Vefa Simtel, Çanakkalespor, Silivrispor

1987–88 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1987–88 Adanaspor (Group A winner)
Kahramanmaraşspor (Group B winner)
Konyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: MKE Kırıkkalespor, Niğdespor, Bayburtspor
Group B: Tarsus İdman Yurdu, Uşakspor, Ünyespor
Group C: İzmirspor, Fatih Karagümrük, Kırklarelispor

1988–89 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1988–89 Gençlerbirliği (Group A winner)
No promotion in Group B (Bursaspor II won)
Zeytinburnuspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Mardinspor, Bitlisspor, Kayserispor
Group B: Zonguldakspor, Sönmez Filament, Yeni Afyonspor, Trabzonspor II
Group C: Babaeskispor, Çorluspor, Düzcespor, Uzunköprüspor

1989–90 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1989–90 Bakırköyspor (Group A winner)
Aydınspor (Group B winner)
Gaziantepspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Bartınspor, Çarşambaspor, Bulancakspor
Group B: Trakya Birlik Edirnespor, Menemenspor, Ispartaspor
Group C: İskenderunspor, Şanlıurfaspor, Erzincanspor

1990–91 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1990–91 Samsunspor (Group A winner)
Altay (Group B winner)
Adana Demirspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Giresunspor, Sümerbank Beykoz, Akçaabat Sebatspor
Group B: Kütahyaspor, Kuşadasıspor, Yeni Afyonspor
Group C: Nevşehirspor, Niğdespor, Polatlıspor

1991–92 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1991–92 Kocaelispor (Group A winner)
Karşıyaka (Group B winner and champions of the league)
Kayserispor (Group C winner)
Group A: Eskişehirspor, Fatih Karagümrük, Kasımpaşa
Group B: Bozüyükspor, Altınordu, Gönenspor
Group C: Hatayspor, Elazığspor, Şekerspor

1992–93 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1992–93 Samsunspor (promotion group first place)
Zeytinburnuspor (promotion group second place)
DÇ Karabükspor (promotion group third place)
Group 1: İnegölspor, Bandırmaspor, Küçükçekmecespor
Group 2: Manisaspor, Yeni Nazillispor, İzmirspor
Group 3: Keçiörengücü, Mudurnuspor
Group 4: Çaykur Rizespor, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Bafraspor
Group 5: Kahramanmaraşspor, Batman Belediyespor

1993–94 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1993–94 Petrolofisi (promotion group first place)
Denizlispor (promotion group second place)
Vanspor (promotion group third place)
Adana Demirspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 5th)
Antalyaspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 6th)
Group 1: Yalovaspor, Eyüpspor
Group 2: Sökespor, Ayvalıkgücü
Group 3: Yeni Yozgatspor, Kütahyaspor
Group 4: PTT, Ünyespor
Group 5: Muşspor, İskenderunspor

1994–95 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1994–95 Karşıyaka (promotion group first place)
İstanbulspor (promotion group second place)
Eskişehirspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Üsküdar Anadolu
Group 2: Muğlaspor, Manisaspor
Group 3: Ispartaspor, Tarsus İdman Yurdu
Group 4: Giresunspor, Erdemir Ereğlispor
Group 5: Yeni Sincanspor, Batman Belediyespor

1995–96 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1995–96 Çanakkale Dardanelspor (promotion group first place)
Sarıyer (promotion group second place)
Zeytinburnuspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 1 winner)
Group 1: Çorluspor, Lüleburgazspor
Group 2: Fethiyespor, Bergamaspor
Group 3: Beypazarı Belediyespor, Mersinspor
Group 4: Boluspor, Orduspor
Group 5: Petrol Ofisi, Kahramanmaraşspor

1996–97 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1996–97 KDÇ Karabükspor (promotion group first place)
Kayserispor (promotion group second place)
Şekerspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 4 winner)
Group 1: Nişantaşı, Anadoluhisarı İdman Yurdu
Group 2: Muğlaspor, Balıkesirspor
Group 3: İnegölspor, Alanyaspor
Group 4: Ünyespor
Group 5: İskenderunspor, Bingölspor

1997–98 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1997–98 Erzurumspor (promotion group first place)
Adanaspor (promotion group second place)
Sakaryaspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 5th)
Group 1: Kemerspor, Gaziosmanpaşaspor
Group 2: Turgutluspor, Afyonspor
Group 3: Düzcespor, Beylerbeyi
Group 4: Keçiörengücü, Çorumspor
Group 5: PTT, Siirt Köy Hizmetleri YSE Spor

1998–99 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1998–99 Vanspor (promotion group first place)
Denizlispor (promotion group second place)
Göztepe (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: Adana Demirspor, Kilimli Belediyespor
Group 2: Petrol Ofisi, Soma Linyitspor
Group 3: Zonguldakspor, Edirnespor
Group 4: Erzincanspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor
Group 5: Ankara Demirspor, Fırat Üniversitesi

1999–2000 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1999–00 Yimpaş Yozgatspor (promotion group first place)
Siirt JET-PA (promotion group second place)
Çaykur Rizespor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: Zeytinburnuspor
Group 2: Kuşadasıspor, Marmarisspor
Group 3: Pendikspor, Kasımpaşa
Group 4: Giresunspor, Orduspor
Group 5: Adıyamanspor, Malatya Belediyespor

2000–01 Turkish Second Football LeagueEdit

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
2000-01 Göztepe (promotion group first place)
Diyarbakırspor (promotion group second place)
Malatyaspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 5 winner)
Group 1: Bakırköyspor
Group 2: Yeni Salihlispor
Group 3: Çorluspor
Group 4: Düzcespor
Group 5: Ankara ASAŞ Spor

Source: Cem Pekin Archives[1] and TFF[2] and mackolik.com.[3]

Past promotion since 2001–02Edit

Regional Group System

Season A Group Leader B Group Leader C Group Leader
2002–03 Karşıyaka Türk Telekom Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Fatih Karagümrük Sarıyer Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor Orduspor Gaziantep Büyükşehir Belediyespor

Promotion–Classification Group System

Season Winners Runners-up Playoff Winners
2001–02 Manisaspor Mersin İdman Yurdu Adana Demirspor
2005–06 Kasımpaşa Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ Eskişehirspor
2006–07 Boluspor Kartalspor Giresunspor
2007–08 Adanaspor Kardemir Karabükspor Güngören Belediyespor
2008–09 Bucaspor Mersin İdman Yurdu Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor Akhisar Belediyespor TKİ Tavşanlı Linyitspor

Dual Group System

Season Red Group Winners White Group Winners Playoff Winners
2010–11 Elazığspor Göztepe Sakaryaspor
2011–12 1461 Trabzon Şanlıurfaspor Adana Demirspor
2012–13 Kahramanmaraşspor Balıkesirspor Fethiyespor
2013–14 Altınordu Giresunspor Alanyaspor
2014–15 Göztepe Yeni Malatyaspor 1461 Trabzon
2015–16 Ümraniyespor Manisaspor Bandırmaspor
2016–17 MKE Ankaragücü İstanbulspor Erzurum BB
2017–18 Hatayspor Altay Afjet Afyonspor
2018–19 Menemen Belediyespor Keçiörengücü Fatih Karagümrük

Past relegation since 2001–02Edit

Regional Group System

Season Group A Group B Group C
2002–03 Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Kütahyaspor Çubukspor, Tokatspor Hakkarispor, Silopi Cudispor
2003–04 Sidespor, Mustafakemalpaşaspor Amasyaspor, Gümüşhanespor Mezitlispor, Iğdırspor
2004–05 Göztepe, Çorluspor Bulancakspor, Şekerspor Erzincanspor, Karamanspor

Promotion–Classification Group System

Season Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5
2001–02 Zeytinburnuspor, Sapancaspor Ispartaspor, Yeni Turgutluspor Konya Mobellaspor, Kırklarelispor Boluspor, Artvin Hopaspor Vanspor, Ağrıspor
2005–06 Yıldırım Bosnaspor, Üsküdar Anadolu Aydınspor, Adanaspor (Adanaspor didn't field first two games and were officially relegated) Aksarayspor, Bursa Merinosspor Ankara Demirspor, Zonguldakspor Osmaniyespor, Batman Petrolspor
2006–07 Yalovaspor, Oyak Renault G.S.D. Nazilli Belediyespor, Muğlaspor Keçiörengücü, Darıca Gençlerbirliği Tokatspor, Ünyespor Siirtspor, Cizrespor
2007–08 İnegölspor, Fatih Karagümrük İzmirspor, Uşakspor Küçükköyspor, Tepecik Belediyespor Araklıspor, Erzincanspor Kahramanmaraşspor, Hatayspor
2008–09 Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Darıca Gençlerbirliği, Beylerbeyi Altınordu, Marmaris Belediyespor, Afyonkarahisarspor Kırıkkalespor, Maltepespor, Alibeyköyspor Pazarspor, Arsinspor, Yimpaş Yozgatspor GASKİ, Şanlıurfa Belediyespor, Malatya Belediyespor
2009–10 Yalovaspor, Beykoz 1908, Zeytinburnuspor Tepecikspor, İstanbulspor, Denizli Belediyespor Karsspor, Kırşehirspor, Erzurumspor (Erzurumspor didn't field first two games of 2nd stage and were officially relegated) Diyarbakır Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Kahramanmaraşspor, Malatyaspor

Dual Group System

Season Relegated teams from Red Group Relegated teams from White Group
2010–11 Türk Telekom (Withdrew from leagues after that season), Tarsus İdman Yurdu, Belediye Vanspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor Akçaabat Sebatspor, Hacettepe, Gebzespor
2011–12 Altınordu, Adıyamanspor, Mardinspor Diyarbakırspor, Çorumspor, Kocaelispor
2012–13 Ünyespor, Sakaryaspor Denizli Belediyespor, Çamlıdere Şekerspor
2013–14 Eyüpspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Bozüyükspor Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Çankırıspor
2014–15 Gölbaşıspor, Birlik Nakliyat Düzyurtspor, Altay Körfez İskenderunspor, Turgutluspor, Ofspor, TKİ Tavşanlı Linyitspor
2015–16 Kartalspor, Ankara Demirspor, Tarsus İdman Yurdu Bayrampaşaspor, Pazarspor, Orduspor
2016–17 Aydınspor, 1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor Anadolu Üsküdar 1908, Tepecikspor, Ofspor
2017–18 Bucaspor, Kocaeli Birlik, Mersin İdman Yurdu Nazilli Belediyespor, Karşıyaka, Silivrispor
2018–19 Fethiyespor, Tokatspor, Darıca Gençlerbirliği Bayrampaşaspor, Manisaspor, Gaziantepspor

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cem Pekin Archives provides information on all seasons of Turkish Second Football League between 1963–64 and 2000–01, and TFF Second League and TFF First League since 2001-02.
  2. ^ TFF (Turkish Football Federation) provides information on TFF Second League since 1990–91 (including Turkish Second Football League), and on TFF First League since 2001–02.
  3. ^ Maçkolik has included statistics for Turkish Third Football League in 2012. See mackolik.com.