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The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier in the English football league system.

EFL League One
EFL League One.svg
Founded 2004; 13 years ago (2004)
1992–2004 (as Division Two)
1958–1992 (as Division Three)
1921–1958 (as Division Three North/South)
1920–1921 (as Division Three)
Country  England
Number of teams 24
Level on pyramid 3
Promotion to Championship
Relegation to League Two
Domestic cup(s) FA Cup
League cup(s) EFL Cup
EFL Trophy
International cup(s) Europa League
(via FA Cup or EFL Cup)
Current champions Sheffield United
(1st)
TV partners Sky Sports
Channel 5 (highlights only)
Website efl.com/sky-bet-league-one/
2017–18 EFL League One

League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Second Division and prior to the advent of the Premier League, the Football League Third Division.

At present (2017–18 season), Oldham Athletic hold the longest tenure in League One, last being out of the division in the 1996–97 season when they were relegated from the First Division. There are currently seven former Premier League clubs competing in the League One, namely Blackpool, Bradford City, Charlton Athletic, Oldham Athletic, Portsmouth, Wigan Athletic, and former Premier League champions Blackburn Rovers.

Contents

StructureEdit

There are 24 clubs in League One. Each club plays every other club twice (once at home and once away). Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. At the end of the season a table of the final League standings is determined, based on the following criteria in this order: points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, an aggregate of the results between two or more clubs (ranked using the previous three criteria) and, finally, a series of one or more play-off matches.

At the end of each season the top two clubs, together with the winner of the play-offs between the clubs which finished in 3rd–6th position, are promoted to EFL Championship and are replaced by the three clubs that finished at the bottom of that division.

Similarly, the four clubs that finished at the bottom of EFL League One are relegated to EFL League Two and are replaced by the top three clubs and the club that won the 4th–7th place play-offs in that division.

Media coverageEdit

Sky Sports currently show live League One matches with highlights shown on Channel 5 on their programme called Football League Tonight, which also broadcasts highlights of EFL Championship and EFL League Two matches. Highlights of all games in the Football League are also available to view separately on the Sky Sports website. In Sweden, TV4 Sport has the rights of broadcasting from the league. A couple of league matches during the season of 09/10 including play-off matches and the play-off final to the Championship were shown. In Australia, Setanta Sports Australia broadcasts live Championship matches. In the USA and surrounding countries including Cuba, some EFL Championship, EFL League One and EFL League Two games are shown on beIN Sports.

Current membersEdit

Greater London League One football clubs
Greater Manchester League One football clubs

The following 24 clubs are competing in League One during the 2017–18 season.

Club Finishing position last season Location Stadium Capacity[1]
AFC Wimbledon 15th London (Kingston upon Thames) Kingsmeadow 4,850 (2,265 seated)
Blackburn Rovers 22nd in Championship (relegated) Blackburn Ewood Park 31,367
Blackpool 7th in League Two (promoted via play-offs) Blackpool Bloomfield Road 17,338
Bradford City 5th Bradford Valley Parade 25,136
Bristol Rovers 10th Bristol Memorial Stadium 12,300
Bury 19th Bury Gigg Lane 11,640
Charlton Athletic 13th London (Charlton) The Valley 27,111
Doncaster Rovers 3rd in League Two (promoted) Doncaster Keepmoat Stadium 15,231
Fleetwood Town 4th Fleetwood Highbury Stadium 5,311 (2,701 seated)
Gillingham 20th Gillingham Priestfield Stadium 11,582
Milton Keynes Dons 12th Milton Keynes Stadium mk 30,500
Northampton Town 16th Northampton Sixfields Stadium 7,750
Oldham Athletic 17th Oldham Boundary Park 13,500
Oxford United 8th Oxford Kassam Stadium 12,500
Peterborough United 11th Peterborough ABAX Stadium 15,314
Plymouth Argyle 2nd in League Two (promoted) Plymouth Home Park 17,441
Portsmouth 1st in League Two (promoted) Portsmouth Fratton Park 21,100
Rochdale 9th Rochdale Spotland 10,249
Rotherham United 24th in Championship (relegated) Rotherham New York Stadium 12,021
Scunthorpe United 3rd Scunthorpe Glanford Park 9,088
Shrewsbury Town 18th Shrewsbury New Meadow 9,875
Southend United 7th Southend-on-Sea Roots Hall 12,392
Walsall 14th Walsall Bescot Stadium 11,300
Wigan Athletic 23rd in Championship (relegated) Wigan DW Stadium 25,133

Teams promoted from League OneEdit

Play-off resultsEdit

Season Semi-final (1st Leg) Semi-final (2nd Leg) Final
2004–05 Sheffield Wednesday 1–0 Brentford
Hartlepool United 2–0 Tranmere Rovers
Brentford 1–2 Sheffield Wednesday
Tranmere Rovers 2–0 Hartlepool United
(Hartlepool won 6–5 on penalties, AET)
Sheffield Wednesday 4–2 Hartlepool United (AET)
2005–06 Barnsley 0–1 Huddersfield Town
Swansea City 1–1 Brentford
Huddersfield Town 1–3 Barnsley
Brentford 0–2 Swansea City
Barnsley 2–2 Swansea City
(Barnsley won 4–3 on penalties, AET)
2006–07 Yeovil Town 0–2 Nottingham Forest
Oldham Athletic 1–2 Blackpool
Nottingham Forest 2–5 Yeovil Town (AET)
Blackpool 3–1 Oldham Athletic
Blackpool 2–0 Yeovil Town
2007–08 Southend United 0–0 Doncaster Rovers
Leeds United 1–2 Carlisle United
Doncaster Rovers 5–1 Southend United
Carlisle United 0–2 Leeds United
Leeds United 0–1 Doncaster Rovers
2008–09 Scunthorpe United 1–1 Milton Keynes Dons
Millwall 1–0 Leeds United
Milton Keynes Dons 0–0 Scunthorpe United
(Scunthorpe won 7–6 on penalties, AET)
Leeds United 1–1 Millwall
Scunthorpe United 3–2 Millwall
2009–10 Swindon Town 2–1 Charlton Athletic
Huddersfield Town 0–0 Millwall
Charlton Athletic 2–1 Swindon Town
(Swindon won 5–4 on penalties, AET)
Millwall 2–0 Huddersfield Town
Millwall 1–0 Swindon Town
2010–11 Bournemouth 1–1 Huddersfield Town
Milton Keynes Dons 3–2 Peterborough United
Huddersfield Town 3–3 Bournemouth
(Huddersfield won 4–2 on penalties, AET)
Peterborough United 2–0 Milton Keynes Dons
Huddersfield Town 0–3 Peterborough United
2011–12 Stevenage 0–0 Sheffield United
Milton Keynes Dons 0–2 Huddersfield Town
Sheffield United 1–0 Stevenage
Huddersfield Town 1–2 Milton Keynes Dons
Huddersfield Town 0–0 Sheffield United
(Huddersfield won 8–7 on penalties, AET)
2012–13 Sheffield United 1–0 Yeovil Town
Swindon Town 1–1 Brentford
Yeovil Town 2–0 Sheffield United
Brentford 3–3 Swindon Town
(Brentford won 5–4 on penalties, AET)
Brentford 1–2 Yeovil Town
2013–14 Peterborough United 1–1 Leyton Orient
Preston North End 1–1 Rotherham United
Leyton Orient 2–1 Peterborough United
Rotherham United 3–1 Preston North End
Leyton Orient 2–2 Rotherham United
(Rotherham won 4–3 on penalties, AET)
2014–15 Chesterfield 0–1 Preston North End
Sheffield United 1–2 Swindon Town
Preston North End 3–0 Chesterfield
Swindon Town 5–5 Sheffield United
Preston North End 4–0 Swindon Town
2015–16 Barnsley 3–0 Walsall
Bradford City 1–3 Millwall
Walsall 1–3 Barnsley
Millwall 1–1 Bradford City
Barnsley 3–1 Millwall
2016–17 Millwall 0–0 Scunthorpe United

Bradford City 1–0 Fleetwood Town

Scunthorpe United 2–3 Millwall

Fleetwood Town 0–0 Bradford City

Bradford City 0–1 Millwall

Relegated teamsEdit

Top scorersEdit

Financial Fair PlayEdit

Starting from the 2012–13 season, a Financial Fair Play arrangement has been in place in all 3 divisions of the Football League, the intention being eventually to produce a league of financially self-sustaining clubs. In League One, this takes the form of a Salary Cost Management Protocol in which a maximum of 60% of a club's turnover may be spent on players' wages, with sanctions being applied in the form of transfer embargoes. [2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit