The TFF First League, officially known as Trendyol 1. Lig for sponsorship reasons, is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig. In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league. During the 2012–2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig. Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.
|Organising body||Turkish Football Federation (TFF)|
|Number of teams||18 (since 2023–24)|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Süper Lig|
|Relegation to||2. Lig|
|Domestic cup(s)||Turkish Cup|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Europa League|
(via winning Turkish Cup)
|Current champions||Samsunspor (7th title) |
|Most championships||Samsunspor (7 titles)|
|TV partners||beIN Sports, TRT|
|Current: 2023–24 TFF First League|
Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two-leg (home and away) basis.
In the 2022–23 season, the 3rd team will advance directly to the play-off final and the teams finishing 4th through 7th will compete in the play-off. The fourth-placed team will play against the seventh-placed team, while the fifth-placed team will play against the sixth-placed team in a one-game format, in the home grounds of the 4th and 5th teams. In the next round, the qualified teams will compete in a two-legged format to advance to the final. The final will be held in a neutral venue.
Current clubs Edit
|Adanaspor||Adana||New Adana Stadium||33,543|
|Altay||İzmir (Alsancak)||Alsancak Stadium||15,000|
|Ankara Keçiörengücü||Ankara (Keçiören)||Ankara Aktepe Stadium||4,883|
|Bandırmaspor||Balıkesir (Bandırma)||17 Eylül Stadium||12,725|
|Boluspor||Bolu||Bolu Atatürk Stadium||8,456|
|Bodrum||Bodrum||Bodrum İlçe Stadium||4,563|
|Çorum F.K.||Çorum||Çorum Şehir Stadium||15,000|
|Erzurumspor F.K.||Erzurum||Kazım Karabekir Stadium||21,374|
|Eyüpspor||Istanbul (Eyüp)||Eyüp Stadium||2,500|
|Gençlerbirliği||Ankara (Yenimahalle)||Ankara Eryaman Stadium||20,560|
|Giresunspor||Giresun||Çotanak Sports Complex||22,028|
|Göztepe||Izmir (Göztepe)||Gürsel Aksel Stadium||19,713|
|Manisa||Manisa||Manisa 19 Mayıs Stadium||16,597|
|Sakaryaspor||Adapazarı||New Sakarya Stadium||28,113|
|Şanlıurfaspor||Şanlıurfa||Şanlıurfa 11 Nisan Stadium||28,965|
|Tuzlaspor||Istanbul (Tuzla)||Sancaktepe Stadium||1,920|
|Ümraniyespor||Istanbul (Ümraniye)||Ümraniye Municipality City Stadium||3,513|
Winners and promoted clubs Edit
|Bold||Promoted to Süper Lig|
|2002–03||Konyaspor||Çaykur Rizespor||Akçaabat Sebatspor|
Play-off era Edit
Promoted clubs Edit
1 Third teams are play-off winners.
Relegated clubs Edit
See also Edit
- "Süper Lig ve 1. Lig'in İsim Sponsoru Trendyol Oldu". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 12 July 2023. Retrieved 13 July 2023.
- (in Turkish) Türk Telekom Lig A
- (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig becomes Bank Asya 1. Lig
- (in Turkish) Bank Asya withdraws as sponsor
- "1.Lig'in yeni adı PTT 1. Lig oldu - Spor Toto 1. Lig Haber Detay Sayfası TFF". www.tff.org.
- (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig
- "Spor Toto 1. Lig Play-Off Sistemi değiştirildi" [Play-Off Format of Spor Toto 1. Lig has been changed]. Turkish Football Federation (in Turkish). 21 July 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2023.
- Kayserispor switched names with Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–05 Süper Lig.
- (in Turkish) Turkish Football Federation