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List of French Open men's singles champions

The French Open is an annual tennis tournament held over two weeks in May and June. Established in 1891 and played since 1928 on outdoor red clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France,[1] the French Open is one of the four Grand Slam tournaments played each year, the other three being the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the US Open. Organised by the Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT), the French Open is the second of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the year to be played.[2] In 1968 it was the first Grand Slam tournament to open to non-amateur players.

French Open Men's Singles Champions
LocationParis[a]
France
VenueStade Roland Garros
Governing bodyFédération Française de Tennis (FFT)
Created1891 (established)
1925 (international)
Editions123 (2019)
Open Era: 1968 (50 editions)
SurfaceAlternate between sand and clay (1891–1907)
Clay (red) (1908–present)
TrophyCoupe des Mousquetaires
Websitewww.rolandgarros.com/en_FR/about/history/winners.html
Most titles
12: Rafael Nadal
Current champion
Rafael Nadal
(Twelfth title)

The winner of the men's singles event receives the Coupe des Mousquetaires, named after The Four Musketeers of French tennis: Jean Borotra, Jacques Brugnon, Henri Cochet, and René Lacoste.[3] The event was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of the First World War and was held unofficially under German occupation from 1941 to 1944, during the Second World War.[4]

Rafael Nadal has won the most French Open titles, with twelve (which is also a record for any player, male or female, in any one of the four major tournaments) and also holds the record for the most consecutive wins in the Open Era, with five from 2010 to 2014.[5] Max Decugis won eight French Championships prior to the Open Era.[6] Michael Chang became the youngest player to win the French Open when he took the title in 1989 at 17 years, 3 months and 20 days. In contrast, André Vacherot is the oldest champion, having won in 1901 at 40 years old. In the Open era, this record belongs to Andrés Gimeno, who was 34 years and 9 months old when he won in 1972.[7] French players have won the most French Open men's singles titles, with 38 victories, followed by Spanish (18) and Australian players (11). The current champion is Rafael Nadal who beat Dominic Thiem in the 2019 final to win his twelfth French Open title.

HistoryEdit

 
Rafael Nadal, who has won an all-time record twelve French Open titles. Nadal won four consecutive titles from 2005 - 2008 and an open era record of five consecutive titles from 2010 - 2014.

The French Open was established in 1891 and was originally known as the French Championships. The tournament was only open to French players or foreign players who were a member of a French club during the first 34 years of its existence.[8] The first winner of the Championship was the British player H. Briggs, a member of Club Stade Français which entitled him to compete.[9] Records show matches were played as the best-of-three sets format until 1902 or 1903, when best-of-five sets was adopted. French players were dominant in the early stages of the tournament, in particular Max Decugis, who won eight titles before the outbreak of the First World War.[10] Between 1924 and 1932 the title was won by a member of The Four Musketeers. The championship started to attract the best players after it became an international event in 1925, which was won by René Lacoste. France's victory in the 1927 Davis Cup increased interest in the tournament and required a new stadium to be built. Previously the tournament had alternated between Racing Club and La Faisanderie, before the Stade Roland Garros was built in 1928.[11] Henri Cochet won the first tournament at the new venue.[12]

Jack Crawford's victory in 1933 was the first time a foreign player had won the tournament since 1891. Following his victory, no French players won the title up until 1940, when the tournament was suspended following the outbreak of the Second World War. Don Budge's victory in 1938 was notable, as he won all of the Grand Slam tournaments during the year.[13] Though the event was suspended in 1940, it was held unofficially under the guise of the Tournoi de France. Bernard Destremau won the first two events, while Yvon Petra won three from 1942 to 1945. These results are not recognised by the FFT or other major international organisations and are considered unofficial.[4] Marcel Bernard won the first event after the end of the war in 1946; he was the only Frenchman to win the event before the advent of the Open era in 1968.[10]

No one player dominated the event during this period. Only five players, Frank Parker, Jaroslav Drobný, Tony Trabert, Nicola Pietrangeli and Roy Emerson, won multiple titles.[10] The tournament became an Open in 1968, as professional players were allowed to compete with amateurs, previously only amateurs could compete in the Grand Slam tournaments.[14] The tournament, won by Australian Ken Rosewall, was the first Grand Slam tournament to be played in the Open era.[15]

Swede Björn Borg won the majority of the tournaments in the early years of the Open era. He won consecutive titles in 1974 and 1975, before winning four successive titles from 1978 to 1981.[16] Yannick Noah became the first Frenchman to win the event since 1946, when he won in 1983.[17] Ivan Lendl won his first title in 1984, before losing the following year to Wilander in the final and won two consecutive titles in 1986 and 1987.[16] Michael Chang became the youngest man to win the French Open when he beat Stefan Edberg in 1989.[18]

American Jim Courier won consecutive titles in 1991 and 1992 before Spaniard Sergi Bruguera repeated the feat in 1993 and 1994.[19][20] Gustavo Kuerten won three titles in 1997, 2000 and 2001.[16] 2005 marked Rafael Nadal's first French Open; he won four consecutive titles from 2005 to 2008.[21] Nadal was beaten in the round of 16 of the 2009 tournament by Robin Söderling who lost to Roger Federer in the final.[22] Nadal regained the title in 2010 and defended his crowns in 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014. In the 2015 event, he was knocked out in the quarter-finals by Novak Djokovic, who eventually lost in the final to Stan Wawrinka.[23]

ChampionsEdit

Regular competition
Not considered to be a Grand Slam event. A French club members only tournament called the French Championships †
Disputed champions: Not considered to be a Grand Slam event. Not sanctioned or recognised by the FFT ††[f][24]
See Tournoi de France

French ChampionshipsEdit

 
The Four Musketeers” won a total of eight titles from 1925 to 1932. Since 1981, the French Open's trophy has been named in their honor.
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final
1891   BRI[i] H. Briggs †   FRA P. Baigneres 6–3, 6–4[d]
1892   FRA Jean Schopfer †   USA Francis L. Fassitt 6–2, 1–6, 6–2
1893   FRA Laurent Riboulet †   FRA Jean Schopfer 6–3, 6–3
1894   FRA André Vacherot †   FRA Gérard Brosselin 1–6, 6–3, 6–3
1895   FRA André Vacherot †   FRA Laurent Riboulet 9–7, 6–2
1896   FRA André Vacherot †   FRA Gérard Brosselin 6–1, 7–5
1897   FRA Paul Aymé †   BRI Francky Wardan 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1898   FRA Paul Aymé †   FRA Paul Lebreton 5–7, 6–1, 6–2
1899   FRA Paul Aymé †   FRA Paul Lebreton 9–7, 3–6, 6–3
1900   FRA Paul Aymé †   FRA André Prévost 6–3, 6–0
1901   FRA André Vacherot †   FRA Paul Lebreton
1902   FRA Michel Vacherot †   FRA Max Decugis 6–4, 6–2
1903   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA André Vacherot 6–3, 6–2
1904   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA André Vacherot 6–1, 9–7, 6–8, 6–1
1905   FRA Maurice Germot †   FRA André Vacherot
1906   FRA Maurice Germot †   FRA Max Decugis 5–7, 6–3, 6–4, 1–6, 6–3
1907   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA Robert Wallet
1908   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA Maurice Germot 6–2, 6–1, 3–6, 10–8
1909   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA Maurice Germot 3–6, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1910   FRA Maurice Germot †   FRA François Blanchy 6–1, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3
1911   FRA André Gobert †   FRA Maurice Germot 6–1, 8–6, 7–5
1912   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA André Gobert
1913   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA Georges Gault
1914   FRA Max Decugis †   FRA Jean Samazeuilh 3–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4[25][d]
1915 No competition (due to World War I)[b]
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920   FRA André Gobert †   FRA Max Decugis 6–3, 3–6, 1–6, 6–2, 6–3
1921   FRA Jean Samazeuilh †   FRA André Gobert 6–3, 6–3, 2–6, 7–5
1922   FRA Henri Cochet †   FRA Jean Samazeuilh 8–6, 6–3, 7–5
1923   FRA François Blanchy †   FRA Max Decugis 1–6, 6–2, 6–0, 6–2
1924   FRA Jean Borotra †   FRA René Lacoste 7–5, 6–4, 0–6, 5–7, 6–2
Grand Slam event (1925–1939)
1925   FRA René Lacoste   FRA Jean Borotra 7–5, 6–1, 6–4 [25]
1926   FRA Henri Cochet   FRA René Lacoste 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1927   FRA René Lacoste   USA William Tilden 6–4, 4–6, 5–7, 6–3, 11–9
1928   FRA Henri Cochet   FRA René Lacoste 5–7, 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
1929   FRA René Lacoste   FRA Jean Borotra 6–3, 2–6, 6–0, 2–6, 8–6
1930   FRA Henri Cochet   USA William Tilden 3–6, 8–6, 6–3, 6–1
1931   FRA Jean Borotra   FRA Christian Boussus 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 6–4
1932   FRA Henri Cochet   ITA Giorgio de Stefani 6–0, 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
1933   AUS Jack Crawford   FRA Henri Cochet 8–6, 6–1, 6–3
1934   GER Gottfried von Cramm   AUS Jack Crawford 6–4, 7–9, 3–6, 7–5, 6–3
1935   GBR Fred Perry   GER Gottfried von Cramm 6–3, 3–6, 6–1, 6–3
1936   GER Gottfried von Cramm   GBR Fred Perry 6–0, 2–6, 6–2, 2–6, 6–0
1937   GER Henner Henkel   GBR Bunny Austin 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
1938   USA Donald Budge   TCH Roderich Menzel 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1939   USA Donald McNeill   USA Bobby Riggs 7–5, 6–0, 6–3
1940 No competition (due to World War II)[f]
Tournoi de France (1941–1945)
1941[f]   FRA Bernard Destremau ††   FRA Robert Ramillon 6–4, 2–6, 6–3, 6–4
1942   FRA Bernard Destremau ††   FRA Marcel Bernard
1943   FRA Yvon Petra ††   FRA Henri Cochet
1944   FRA Yvon Petra ††   FRA Henri Cochet
1945   FRA Yvon Petra ††   FRA Bernard Destremau 7–5, 6–4, 6–2
Grand Slam event (from 1946)
1946   FRA Marcel Bernard   TCH Jaroslav Drobný 3–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–3
1947   HUN József Asbóth   RSA Eric Sturgess 8–6, 7–5, 6–4
1948   USA Frank Parker   TCH Jaroslav Drobný 6–4, 7–5, 5–7, 8–6
1949   USA Frank Parker   USA Budge Patty 6–3, 1–6, 6–1, 6–4
1950   USA Budge Patty   EGY Jaroslav Drobný 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 5–7, 7–5
1951   EGY Jaroslav Drobný   RSA Eric Sturgess 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1952   EGY Jaroslav Drobný   AUS Frank Sedgman 6–2, 6–0, 3–6, 6–4
1953   AUS Ken Rosewall   USA Vic Seixas 6–3, 6–4, 1–6, 6–2
1954   USA Tony Trabert   USA Arthur Larsen 6–4, 7–5, 6–1
1955   USA Tony Trabert   SWE Sven Davidson 2–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–2
1956   AUS Lew Hoad   SWE Sven Davidson 6–4, 8–6, 6–3
1957   SWE Sven Davidson   USA Herbert Flam 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1958   AUS Mervyn Rose   CHI Luis Ayala 6–3, 6–4, 6–4
1959   ITA Nicola Pietrangeli   RSA Ian Vermaak 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 6–1
1960   ITA Nicola Pietrangeli   CHI Luis Ayala 3–6, 6–3, 6–4, 4–6, 6–3
1961   ESP Manuel Santana   ITA Nicola Pietrangeli 4–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–0, 6–2
1962   AUS Rod Laver   AUS Roy Emerson 3–6, 2–6, 6–3, 9–7, 6–2
1963   AUS Roy Emerson   FRA Pierre Darmon 3–6, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4
1964   ESP Manuel Santana   ITA Nicola Pietrangeli 6–3, 6–1, 4–6, 7–5
1965   AUS Fred Stolle   AUS Tony Roche 3–6, 6–0, 6–2, 6–3
1966   AUS Tony Roche   HUN István Gulyás 6–1, 6–4, 7–5
1967   AUS Roy Emerson   AUS Tony Roche 6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 6–2

French OpenEdit

 
Björn Borg won six titles and won four straight from 1978 to 1981.
 
Rafael Nadal took four straight titles from 2005 to 2008, another five straight titles from 2010 to 2014, and another three from 2017 to 2019, making it twelve titles in all. Nadal has a 93–2 win-loss record at the event.[27]
 
Gustavo Kuerten won all three Grand Slam trophies at the French Open
Year[c] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final
1968   AUS Ken Rosewall   AUS Rod Laver 6–3, 6–1, 2–6, 6–2
1969   AUS Rod Laver   AUS Ken Rosewall 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
1970   TCH Jan Kodeš   YUG Željko Franulović 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
1971   TCH Jan Kodeš   ROM Ilie Năstase 8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
1972   ESP Andrés Gimeno   FRA Patrick Proisy 4–6, 6–3, 6–1, 6–1
1973   ROM Ilie Năstase   YUG Nikola Pilić 6–3, 6–3, 6–0
1974   SWE Björn Borg   ESP Manuel Orantes 2–6, 6–7(4–7)[g], 6–0, 6–1, 6–1
1975   SWE Björn Borg   ARG Guillermo Vilas 6–2, 6–3, 6–4
1976   ITA Adriano Panatta   USA Harold Solomon 6–1, 6–4, 4–6, 7–6(7–3)
1977   ARG Guillermo Vilas   USA Brian Gottfried 6–0, 6–3, 6–0
1978   SWE Björn Borg   ARG Guillermo Vilas 6–1, 6–1, 6–3
1979   SWE Björn Borg   PAR Víctor Pecci 6–3, 6–1, 6–7(6–8), 6–4
1980   SWE Björn Borg   USA Vitas Gerulaitis 6–4, 6–1, 6–2
1981   SWE Björn Borg   TCH Ivan Lendl 6–1, 4–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–1
1982   SWE Mats Wilander   ARG Guillermo Vilas 1–6, 7–6(8–6), 6–0, 6–4
1983   FRA Yannick Noah   SWE Mats Wilander 6–2, 7–5, 7–6(7–3)
1984   TCH Ivan Lendl   USA John McEnroe 3–6, 2–6, 6–4, 7–5, 7–5
1985   SWE Mats Wilander   TCH Ivan Lendl 3–6, 6–4, 6–2, 6–2
1986   TCH Ivan Lendl   SWE Mikael Pernfors 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1987   TCH Ivan Lendl   SWE Mats Wilander 7–5, 6–2, 3–6, 7–6(7–3)
1988   SWE Mats Wilander   FRA Henri Leconte 7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1989   USA Michael Chang   SWE Stefan Edberg 6–1, 3–6, 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1990   ECU Andrés Gómez   USA Andre Agassi 6–3, 2–6, 6–4, 6–4
1991   USA Jim Courier   USA Andre Agassi 3–6, 6–4, 2–6, 6–1, 6–4
1992   USA Jim Courier   TCH Petr Korda 7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1993   ESP Sergi Bruguera   USA Jim Courier 6–4, 2–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
1994   ESP Sergi Bruguera   ESP Alberto Berasategui 6–3, 7–5, 2–6, 6–1
1995   AUT Thomas Muster   USA Michael Chang 7–5, 6–2, 6–4
1996   RUS Yevgeny Kafelnikov   GER Michael Stich 7–6(7–4), 7–5, 7–6(7–4)
1997   BRA Gustavo Kuerten   ESP Sergi Bruguera 6–3, 6–4, 6–2
1998   ESP Carlos Moyá   ESP Àlex Corretja 6–3, 7–5, 6–3
1999   USA Andre Agassi   UKR Andrei Medvedev 1–6, 2–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
2000   BRA Gustavo Kuerten   SWE Magnus Norman 6–2, 6–3, 2–6, 7–6(8–6)
2001   BRA Gustavo Kuerten   ESP Àlex Corretja 6–7(3–7), 7–5, 6–2, 6–0
2002   ESP Albert Costa   ESP Juan Carlos Ferrero 6–1, 6–0, 4–6, 6–3
2003   ESP Juan Carlos Ferrero   NED Martin Verkerk 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
2004   ARG Gastón Gaudio   ARG Guillermo Coria 0–6, 3–6, 6–4, 6–1, 8–6
2005   ESP Rafael Nadal   ARG Mariano Puerta 6–7(6–8), 6–3, 6–1, 7–5
2006   ESP Rafael Nadal    SUI Roger Federer 1–6, 6–1, 6–4, 7–6(7–4)
2007   ESP Rafael Nadal    SUI Roger Federer 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
2008   ESP Rafael Nadal    SUI Roger Federer 6–1, 6–3, 6–0
2009    SUI Roger Federer   SWE Robin Söderling 6–1, 7–6(7–1), 6–4
2010   ESP Rafael Nadal   SWE Robin Söderling 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
2011   ESP Rafael Nadal    SUI Roger Federer 7–5, 7–6(7–3), 5–7, 6–1
2012   ESP Rafael Nadal   SRB Novak Djokovic 6–4, 6–3, 2–6, 7–5
2013   ESP Rafael Nadal   ESP David Ferrer 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
2014   ESP Rafael Nadal   SRB Novak Djokovic 3–6, 7–5, 6–2, 6–4
2015    SUI Stan Wawrinka   SRB Novak Djokovic 4–6, 6–4, 6–3, 6–4
2016   SRB Novak Djokovic   GBR Andy Murray 3–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–4
2017   ESP Rafael Nadal    SUI Stan Wawrinka 6–2, 6–3, 6–1
2018   ESP Rafael Nadal   AUT Dominic Thiem 6–4, 6–3, 6–2
2019   ESP Rafael Nadal   AUT Dominic Thiem 6–3, 5–7, 6–1, 6–1

StatisticsEdit

Multiple championsEdit

Competitions prior to 1925 opened only to French tennis club members and French nationals
Player Amateur Era Open Era All-time Years
  Rafael Nadal (ESP) 0 12 12 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019
  Max Decugis (FRA) 8 0 8 1903, 1904, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1912, 1913, 1914
  Björn Borg (SWE) 0 6 6 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
  Henri Cochet (FRA) 5 0 5 1922, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932
  André Vacherot (FRA) 4 0 4 1894, 1895, 1896, 1901
  Paul Aymé (FRA) 4 0 4 1897, 1898, 1899, 1900
  Maurice Germot (FRA) 3 0 3 1905, 1906, 1910
  René Lacoste (FRA) 3 0 3 1925, 1927, 1929
  Mats Wilander (SWE) 0 3 3 1982, 1985, 1988
  Ivan Lendl (TCH) 0 3 3 1984, 1986, 1987
  Gustavo Kuerten (BRA) 0 3 3 1997, 2000, 2001
  André Gobert (FRA) 2 0 2 1911, 1920
  Jean Borotra (FRA) 2 0 2 1924, 1931
  Gottfried von Cramm (GER) 2 0 2 1934, 1936
  Frank Parker (USA) 2 0 2 1948, 1949
  Jaroslav Drobný (EGY) 2 0 2 1951, 1952
  Ken Rosewall (AUS) 1 1 2 1953, 1968
  Tony Trabert (USA) 2 0 2 1954, 1955
  Nicola Pietrangeli (ITA) 2 0 2 1959, 1960
  Manuel Santana (ESP) 2 0 2 1961, 1964
  Rod Laver (AUS) 1 1 2 1962, 1969
  Roy Emerson (AUS) 2 0 2 1963, 1967
  Jan Kodeš (TCH) 0 2 2 1970, 1971
  Jim Courier (USA) 0 2 2 1991, 1992
  Sergi Bruguera (ESP) 0 2 2 1993, 1994

Champions by countryEdit

Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
  France (FRA) 37 (9)* 1 38 (10)* 1892 1983
  Spain (ESP) 2 18 20 1961 2019
  Australia (AUS) 9 2 11 1933 1969
  United States (USA) 7 4 11 1938 1999
  Sweden (SWE) 1 9 10 1957 1988
  Czechoslovakia (TCH)[h] 0 5 5 1970 1987
  Germany (GER) 3 0 3 1934 1937
  Italy (ITA) 2 1 3 1959 1976
  Brazil (BRA) 0 3 3 1997 2001
  Great Britain (GBR) 2 (1)** 0 2 (1)** 1891 1935
  Egypt (EGY) 2 0 2 1951 1952
  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 2 1977 2004
   Switzerland (SUI) 0 2 2 2009 2015
  Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 1947 1947
  Romania (ROU) 0 1 1 1973 1973
  Ecuador (ECU) 0 1 1 1990 1990
  Austria (AUT) 0 1 1 1995 1995
  Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 1996 1996
  Serbia (SRB) 0 1 1 2016 2016
* 28 victories came while the tournament was still called the French Championships and was open only to French club members.
** 1 victory came while the tournament was still called the French Championships and was open only to French club members.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In 1909 the tournament was held at the Société Athlétique de la Villa Primrose in Bordeaux.
  2. ^ The tournament was not held from 1915 to 1919 because of World War I.[26]
  • c Each year is linked to an article about that particular event's draw with the exception of the pre-1925 years and 1951.
  • d The dash means that the result or score is unknown because there are no available sources for this information Pre-1914.[25]
  • f The tournament was not officially held from 1940 to 1945 because of World War II. The champions listed are disputed, but are listed by a few sources, which means they are not included in the statistics charts because the tournament does not consider them champions. They are listed here as a historical note.[28][26][29]
  • g Set score in parentheses indicates a tiebreaker score.
  • h Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), does not include the totals of Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  • i One win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801–1922), plus one win by a player from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1922–present).

FootnotesEdit

General

  • "Past Winners". Roland Garros. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  • "French Open Men's champions". SuperSport. Retrieved 15 July 2015.

Specific

  1. ^ "The Origins of the Tournament". Roland Garros. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Grand Slam Overview". International Tennis Federation (ITF). Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  3. ^ Bowers, Chris (27 February 2009). "The New Musketeers". Davis Cup. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  4. ^ a b Fetter, Henry D. (6 June 2011). "The French Open During World War II: A Hidden History". The Atlantic. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  5. ^ Newbery, Piers (8 June 2014). "Rafael Nadal beats Novak Djokovic to win ninth French Open title". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  6. ^ Clarey, Christopher (22 May 2014). "A Century Ago, a French Title Collection to Rival Rafael Nadal". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  7. ^ Lynch, Steven (29 May 2015). "Rafael Nadal the youngest French Open winner?". ESPN. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  8. ^ "French Open History". Tennis. Tennis Media Company. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  9. ^ Gillmeister 1998, p. 225.
  10. ^ a b c "Roland Garros past single winners". CNN. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  11. ^ Lewis, Gabrielle (23 May 2002). "French Open History". BBC Sport. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Henri Cochet is dead; French Tennis Leader". The New York Times. 3 April 1987. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  13. ^ Gray, Michael (28 January 2000). "Donald Budge". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  14. ^ Ford, Bonnie D. (12 October 2008). "Reform to an Open status altered the course of tennis history". ESPN. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  15. ^ Henderson, Jon (15 June 2008). "Now I'd choose tennis". The Observer. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  16. ^ a b c "Rafael Nadal, Bjorn Borg, Ivan Lendl and the seven kings of clay". Sky Sports. 22 May 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  17. ^ Gross, Jane (6 June 1983). "Noah captures French crown". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  18. ^ Gittings, Paul (8 June 2012). "Chang's 'underhand' tactics stunned Lendl and made Tennis history". CNN. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  19. ^ "Topics of The Times – An American in Paris". The New York Times. 10 June 1992. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  20. ^ Roberts, John (6 June 1994). "Bruguera towers above tired Berasategui". The Independent. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  21. ^ Newberry, Piers (8 June 2008). "Nadal storms to fourth French win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  22. ^ Ornstein, David (7 June 2009). "Federer claims historic Paris win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  23. ^ "Novak Djokovic beats Andy Murray to win first French Open title". BBC Sport. 5 June 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  24. ^ The Encyclopedia Of Tennis: 100 Years Of Great Players And Events; by Max Robertson and Jack Kramer. 1974 edition, page 375. Source for finalists and scores
  25. ^ a b c "French Open Men's Singles". Grand Slam History. Retrieved 2009-11-04.
  26. ^ a b "Past Winners and Draws". fft.fr. Fédération Française de Tennis. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  27. ^ "Superb Soderling Sends Nadal Crashing Out". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour. 2009-05-31. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
  28. ^ "French Open Singles Champions". USA Today. 10-06-2001. Retrieved 10-07-2012. Check date values in: |accessdate=, |date= (help)
  29. ^ "Event Guide / History / Past Winners 1891 – 2011". rolandgarros.com. IBM, Fédération Française de Tennis. Retrieved 2016-03-05.

ReferencesEdit