List of US Open men's singles champions

The US Open men's singles championship is an annual tennis tournament that is part of the US Open[c][d] and was established in 1881. It is played on outdoor hard courts[e] at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, New York City, United States.[6][1]

US Open Men's Singles Champions
LocationFlushing Meadows, Queens
New York City
United States
VenueUSTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center
Governing bodyUSTA
Created1881; 139 years ago (1881)
Editions139 (2019)
Open Era: 1968 (51 editions)
SurfaceGrass (1881–1974)
Clay[a] (1975–1977)
Hard[b] (1978–present)
Prize moneyTotal: US$57,238,700 (2019)
Winner: US$3,850,000 (2019)
TrophyUS Open Trophy
WebsiteOfficial website
Most titles
Amateur era7: Richard Sears
7: William Larned
7: Bill Tilden
Open era5: Jimmy Connors
5: Pete Sampras
5: Roger Federer
Most consecutive titles
Amateur era7: Richard Sears
Open era5: Roger Federer

The US Open is played during a two-week period in late August and early September, and has been chronologically the last of the four Grand Slam tournaments of the tennis season since 1987.[3] Newport (1881–1914), Forest Hills (1915–1920, 1924–1977), and Philadelphia (1921–1923) held the event before it settled in 1978 at the USTA National Tennis Center, now the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center, in New York City.[2] The inaugural tournament, in 1881, was reserved for United States National Lawn Tennis Association (USNLTA) club members, before the championships opened to international competitors in 1882.[1] The USTA is the national body that organizes this event.

HistoryEdit

The men's singles' rules have undergone several changes since the first edition. From 1884 to 1911, the event started with a knockout phase, the All-Comers singles, whose winner faced the defending champion in a challenge round. The All-Comers winner was awarded the title six times (1888, 1893, 1898, 1901, 1904, 1907) in the absence of the previous year's champion. The challenge round system was abolished with the 1912 edition.[7] Since 1881, all matches but the All-Comers final and the challenge round were played as the best-of-three sets, before the event switched to best-of-five for all rounds in 1886. Best-two-out-of-three-sets matches were reintroduced for early rounds in 1917, from 1943 to 1945, and from 1975 to 1978.[7] Before 1884, the winner of the next game at five-games–all took the set in every match except the All-Comers final and the challenge round, which were won by the player who had at least six games and at least two games more than his opponent. This advantage format was introduced for the final sets of early rounds in 1884, and used for all sets in all rounds from 1887 to 1969.[7] The tie-break system was introduced in 1970 for all sets, in its best-of-nine points sudden death version until 1974, and in its best-of-13 points lingering death version since 1975.[7][4][8] In addition, the US Open is the only slam to have a fifth set tie-break, which has never occurred in the final since the tie-break was instituted.[9]

The court surface changed twice, from grass (1881–1974), to Har-Tru clay (1975–1977), to DecoTurf hard courts, since 1978.[10] The only man to win on all three surfaces, which are grass, Har-Tru clay, and DecoTurf hard was Jimmy Connors.

The champion receives a full-size replica of the event's trophy engraved with his name.[11] In 2010, the winner received prize money of US$1,700,000.[12] A bonus pool of $1,000,000 is also to US Open champions who have clinched the first place of the US Open Series.[13]

In the U.S. National Championships, Richard Sears (1881–1887), William Larned (1901–1902, 1907–1911) and Bill Tilden (1920–1925, 1929) hold the record for most titles in the men's singles, with seven victories each. Four of Sears' wins and all of Larned's, came within the challenge round format, and they won respectively only thrice and twice after going through a complete draw. Sears also holds the all-time record for most consecutive titles, with seven from (1881 to 1887); the first win came when the event was closed to foreign participants. Without the challenge round, the record stands at six, and is held by Tilden (1920–1925).[3]

During the US Open, since the inclusion of the professional tennis players, Jimmy Connors (1974, 1976, 1978, 1982–1983), Pete Sampras (1990, 1993, 1995–1996, 2002), and Roger Federer (2004–2008) have won the most championships, with five titles. Federer has had the most consecutive wins, with five (2004–2008).[3]

ChampionsEdit

Key
Regular competition
USNLTA clubs members only event *
All Comers' winner, Challenge round winner ‡
Defending champion, Challenge round winner †
All Comers' winner, no Challenge round ◊

U.S. National ChampionshipsEdit

 
William Larned took seven titles at the event, an all-time record.
 
Tilden won six consecutive U.S. singles titles in the 1920s and seven in total, equaling Larned's record.
Year Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][2]
1881   USA Richard Sears *   GBR William Glyn 6–0, 6–3, 6–2
1882   USA Richard Sears   USA Clarence Clark 6–1, 6–4, 6–0
1883   USA Richard Sears   USA James Dwight 6–2, 6–0, 9–7
1884   USA Richard Sears †   USA Howard Taylor 6–0, 1–6, 6–0, 6–2
1885   USA Richard Sears †   USA Godfrey Brinley 6–3, 4–6, 6–0, 6–3
1886   USA Richard Sears †   USA Robert Livingston Beeckman 4–6, 6–1, 6–3, 6–4
1887   USA Richard Sears †   USA Henry Slocum 6–1, 6–3, 6–2
1888   USA Henry Slocum ◊   USA Howard Taylor 6–4, 6–1, 6–0
1889   USA Henry Slocum †   USA Quincy Shaw 6–3, 6–1, 4–6, 6–2
1890   USA Oliver Campbell ‡   USA Henry Slocum 6–2, 4–6, 6–3, 6–1
1891   USA Oliver Campbell †   USA Clarence Hobart 2–6, 7–5, 7–9, 6–1, 6–2
1892   USA Oliver Campbell †   USA Frederick Hovey 7–5, 3–6, 6–3, 7–5
1893   USA Robert Wrenn ◊   USA Frederick Hovey 6–4, 3–6, 6–4, 6–4
1894   USA Robert Wrenn †   GBR Manliffe Goodbody 6–8, 6–1, 6–4, 6–4
1895   USA Frederick Hovey ‡   USA Robert Wrenn 6–3, 6–2, 6–4
1896   USA Robert Wrenn ‡   USA Frederick Hovey 7–5, 3–6, 6–0, 1–6, 6–1
1897   USA Robert Wrenn †   GBR Wilberforce Eaves 4–6, 8–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–2
1898   USA Malcolm Whitman ◊   USA Dwight Davis 3–6, 6–2, 6–2, 6–1
1899   USA Malcolm Whitman †   USA Jahial Parmly Paret 6–1, 6–2, 3–6, 7–5
1900   USA Malcolm Whitman †   USA William Larned 6–4, 1–6, 6–2, 6–2
1901   USA William Larned ◊   USA Beals Wright 6–2, 6–8, 6–4, 6–4
1902   USA William Larned †   GBR Reginald Doherty 4–6, 6–2, 6–4, 8–6
1903   GBR Laurence Doherty ‡   USA William Larned 6–0, 6–3, 10–8
1904   USA Holcombe Ward ◊   USA William Clothier 10–8, 6–4, 9–7
1905   USA Beals Wright ‡   USA Holcombe Ward 6–2, 6–1, 11–9
1906   USA William Clothier ‡   USA Beals Wright 6–3, 6–0, 6–4
1907   USA William Larned ◊   USA Robert LeRoy 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
1908   USA William Larned †   USA Beals Wright 6–1, 6–2, 8–6
1909   USA William Larned †   USA William Clothier 6–1, 6–2, 5–7, 1–6, 6–1
1910   USA William Larned †   USA Tom Bundy 6–1, 5–7, 6–0, 6–8, 6–1
1911   USA William Larned †   USA Maurice McLoughlin 6–4, 6–4, 6–2
1912   USA Maurice McLoughlin   USA Wallace Johnson 3–6, 2–6, 6–2, 6–4, 6–2
1913   USA Maurice McLoughlin   USA Richard Norris Williams 6–4, 5–7, 6–3, 6–1
1914   USA Richard Norris Williams   USA Maurice McLoughlin 6–3, 8–6, 10–8
1915   USA Bill Johnston   USA Maurice McLoughlin 1–6, 6–0, 7–5, 10–8
1916   USA Richard Norris Williams   USA Bill Johnston 4–6, 6–4, 0–6, 6–2, 6–4
1917   USA Robert Lindley Murray[f]   USA Nathaniel Niles 5–7, 8–6, 6–3, 6–3
1918   USA Robert Lindley Murray   USA Bill Tilden 6–3, 6–1, 7–5
1919   USA Bill Johnston   USA Bill Tilden 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
1920   USA Bill Tilden   USA Bill Johnston 6–1, 1–6, 7–5, 5–7, 6–3
1921   USA Bill Tilden   USA Wallace Johnson 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
1922   USA Bill Tilden   USA Bill Johnston 4–6, 3–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–4
1923   USA Bill Tilden   USA Bill Johnston 6–4, 6–1, 6–4
1924   USA Bill Tilden   USA Bill Johnston 6–1, 9–7, 6–2
1925   USA Bill Tilden   USA Bill Johnston 4–6, 11–9, 6–3, 4–6, 6–3
1926   FRA René Lacoste   FRA Jean Borotra 6–4, 6–0, 6–4
1927   FRA René Lacoste   USA Bill Tilden 11–9, 6–3, 11–9
1928   FRA Henri Cochet   USA Francis Hunter 4–6, 6–4, 3–6, 7–5, 6–3
1929   USA Bill Tilden   USA Francis Hunter 3–6, 6–3, 4–6, 6–2, 6–4
1930   USA John Doeg   USA Frank Shields 10–8, 1–6, 6–4, 16–14
1931   USA Ellsworth Vines   USA George Lott 7–9, 6–3, 9–7, 7–5
1932   USA Ellsworth Vines   FRA Henri Cochet 6–4, 6–4, 6–4
1933   GBR Fred Perry   AUS Jack Crawford 6–3, 11–13, 4–6, 6–0, 6–1
1934   GBR Fred Perry   USA Wilmer Allison 6–4, 6–3, 3–6, 1–6, 8–6
1935   USA Wilmer Allison   USA Sidney Wood 6–2, 6–2, 6–3
1936   GBR Fred Perry   USA Don Budge 2–6, 6–2, 8–6, 1–6, 10–8
1937   USA Don Budge   GER Gottfried von Cramm 6–1, 7–9, 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
1938   USA Don Budge   USA Gene Mako 6–3, 6–8, 6–2, 6–1
1939   USA Bobby Riggs   USA Welby Van Horn 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
1940   USA Don McNeill   USA Bobby Riggs 4–6, 6–8, 6–3, 6–3, 7–5
1941   USA Bobby Riggs   USA Frank Kovacs 5–7, 6–1, 6–3, 6–3
1942   USA Ted Schroeder   USA Frank Parker 8–6, 7–5, 3–6, 4–6, 6–2
1943   USA Joseph Hunt   USA Jack Kramer 6–3, 6–8, 10–8, 6–0
1944   USA Frank Parker   USA Bill Talbert 6–4, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1945   USA Frank Parker   USA Bill Talbert 14–12, 6–1, 6–2
1946   USA Jack Kramer   USA Tom Brown 9–7, 6–3, 6–0
1947   USA Jack Kramer   USA Frank Parker 4–6, 2–6, 6–1, 6–0, 6–3
1948   USA Pancho Gonzales   RSA Eric Sturgess 6–2, 6–3, 14–12
1949   USA Pancho Gonzales   USA Ted Schroeder 16–18, 2–6, 6–1, 6–2, 6–4
1950   USA Arthur Larsen   USA Herbert Flam 6–3, 4–6, 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
1951   AUS Frank Sedgman   USA Vic Seixas 6–4, 6–1, 6–1
1952   AUS Frank Sedgman   USA Gardnar Mulloy 6–1, 6–2, 6–3
1953   USA Tony Trabert   USA Vic Seixas 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
1954   USA Vic Seixas   AUS Rex Hartwig 3–6, 6–2, 6–4, 6–4
1955   USA Tony Trabert   AUS Ken Rosewall 9–7, 6–3, 6–3
1956   AUS Ken Rosewall   AUS Lew Hoad 4–6, 6–2, 6–3, 6–3
1957   AUS Malcolm Anderson   AUS Ashley Cooper 10–8, 7–5, 6–4
1958   AUS Ashley Cooper   AUS Malcolm Anderson 6–2, 3–6, 4–6, 10–8, 8–6
1959   AUS Neale Fraser   USA Alex Olmedo 6–3, 5–7, 6–2, 6–4
1960   AUS Neale Fraser   AUS Rod Laver 6–4, 6–4, 9–7
1961   AUS Roy Emerson   AUS Rod Laver 7–5, 6–3, 6–2
1962   AUS Rod Laver   AUS Roy Emerson 6–2, 6–4, 5–7, 6–4
1963   MEX Rafael Osuna   USA Frank Froehling 7–5, 6–4, 6–2
1964   AUS Roy Emerson   AUS Fred Stolle 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
1965   ESP Manuel Santana   RSA Cliff Drysdale 6–2, 7–9, 7–5, 6–1
1966   AUS Fred Stolle   AUS John Newcombe 4–6, 12–10, 6–3, 6–4
1967   AUS John Newcombe   USA Clark Graebner 6–4, 6–4, 8–6

US OpenEdit

 
Jimmy Connors won the US Open five times.
 
John McEnroe won four of his seven Majors in New York City.
 
Pete Sampras took five titles in New York City.
 
Swiss Roger Federer won an Open Era record five consecutive titles at the US Open between 2004 and 2008.
Year[d] Country Champion Country Runner-up Score in the final[3][2]
1968   USA Arthur Ashe[b]   NED Tom Okker 14–12, 5–7, 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1969   AUS Rod Laver   AUS Tony Roche 7–9, 6–1, 6–2, 6–2
1970   AUS Ken Rosewall   AUS Tony Roche 2–6, 6–4, 7–6(5–2), 6–3[g]
1971   USA Stan Smith   TCH Jan Kodeš 3–6, 6–3, 6–2, 7–6(5–3)
1972   ROM Ilie Năstase   USA Arthur Ashe 3–6, 6–3, 6–7(1–5), 6–4, 6–3
1973   AUS John Newcombe   TCH Jan Kodeš 6–4, 1–6, 4–6, 6–2, 6–3
1974   USA Jimmy Connors   AUS Ken Rosewall 6–1, 6–0, 6–1
1975   ESP Manuel Orantes   USA Jimmy Connors 6–4, 6–3, 6–3
1976   USA Jimmy Connors   SWE Björn Borg 6–4, 3–6, 7–6(11–9), 6–4
1977   ARG Guillermo Vilas   USA Jimmy Connors 2–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4), 6–0
1978   USA Jimmy Connors   SWE Björn Borg 6–4, 6–2, 6–2
1979   USA John McEnroe   USA Vitas Gerulaitis 7–5, 6–3, 6–3
1980   USA John McEnroe   SWE Björn Borg 7–6(7–4), 6–1, 6–7(5–7), 5–7, 6–4
1981   USA John McEnroe   SWE Björn Borg 4–6, 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1982   USA Jimmy Connors   TCH Ivan Lendl 6–3, 6–2, 4–6, 6–4
1983   USA Jimmy Connors   TCH Ivan Lendl 6–3, 6–7(2–7), 7–5, 6–0
1984   USA John McEnroe   TCH Ivan Lendl 6–3, 6–4, 6–1
1985   TCH Ivan Lendl   USA John McEnroe 7–6(7–1), 6–3, 6–4
1986   TCH Ivan Lendl   TCH Miloslav Mečíř 6–4, 6–2, 6–0
1987   TCH Ivan Lendl   SWE Mats Wilander 6–7(7–9), 6–0, 7–6(7–4), 6–4
1988   SWE Mats Wilander   TCH Ivan Lendl 6–4, 4–6, 6–3, 5–7, 6–4
1989   FRG Boris Becker   TCH Ivan Lendl 7–6(7–2), 1–6, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
1990   USA Pete Sampras   USA Andre Agassi 6–4, 6–3, 6–2
1991   SWE Stefan Edberg   USA Jim Courier 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
1992   SWE Stefan Edberg   USA Pete Sampras 3–6, 6–4, 7–6(7–5), 6–2
1993   USA Pete Sampras   FRA Cédric Pioline 6–4, 6–4, 6–3
1994   USA Andre Agassi   GER Michael Stich 6–1, 7–6(7–5), 7–5
1995   USA Pete Sampras   USA Andre Agassi 6–4, 6–3, 4–6, 7–5
1996   USA Pete Sampras   USA Michael Chang 6–1, 6–4, 7–6(7–3)
1997   AUS Patrick Rafter   GBR Greg Rusedski 6–3, 6–2, 4–6, 7–5
1998   AUS Patrick Rafter   AUS Mark Philippoussis 6–3, 3–6, 6–2, 6–0
1999   USA Andre Agassi   USA Todd Martin 6–4, 6–7(5–7), 6–7(2–7), 6–3, 6–2
2000   RUS Marat Safin   USA Pete Sampras 6–4, 6–3, 6–3
2001   AUS Lleyton Hewitt   USA Pete Sampras 7–6(7–4), 6–1, 6–1
2002   USA Pete Sampras   USA Andre Agassi 6–3, 6–4, 5–7, 6–4
2003   USA Andy Roddick   ESP Juan Carlos Ferrero 6–3, 7–6(7–2), 6–3
2004    SUI Roger Federer   AUS Lleyton Hewitt 6–0, 7–6(7–3), 6–0
2005    SUI Roger Federer   USA Andre Agassi 6–3, 2–6, 7–6(7–1), 6–1
2006    SUI Roger Federer   USA Andy Roddick 6–2, 4–6, 7–5, 6–1
2007    SUI Roger Federer   SRB Novak Djokovic 7–6(7–4), 7–6(7–2), 6–4
2008    SUI Roger Federer   GBR Andy Murray 6–2, 7–5, 6–2
2009   ARG Juan Martín del Potro    SUI Roger Federer 3–6, 7–6(7–5), 4–6, 7–6(7–4), 6–2
2010   ESP Rafael Nadal   SRB Novak Djokovic 6–4, 5–7, 6–4, 6–2
2011   SRB Novak Djokovic   ESP Rafael Nadal 6–2, 6–4, 6–7(3–7), 6–1
2012   GBR Andy Murray   SRB Novak Djokovic 7–6(12–10), 7–5, 2–6, 3–6, 6–2
2013   ESP Rafael Nadal   SRB Novak Djokovic 6–2, 3–6, 6–4, 6–1
2014   CRO Marin Čilić   JPN Kei Nishikori 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
2015   SRB Novak Djokovic    SUI Roger Federer 6–4, 5–7, 6–4, 6–4
2016    SUI Stan Wawrinka   SRB Novak Djokovic 6–7(1–7), 6–4, 7–5, 6–3
2017   ESP Rafael Nadal   RSA Kevin Anderson 6–3, 6–3, 6–4
2018   SRB Novak Djokovic   ARG Juan Martín del Potro 6–3, 7–6(7–4), 6–3
2019   ESP Rafael Nadal   RUS Daniil Medvedev 7–5, 6–3, 5–7, 4–6, 6–4

StatisticsEdit

Multiple championsEdit

Event only for USNLTA club members only*
Title defended in the challenge round
Player Amateur era Open era All-time Years
  William Larned (USA) 7 0 7 1901, 1902, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1911
  Richard Sears (USA) 7 0 7 1881*, 1882, 1883, 1884, 1885, 1886, 1887
  Bill Tilden (USA) 7 0 7 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1929
  Jimmy Connors (USA) 0 5 5 1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, 1983
  Pete Sampras (USA) 0 5 5 1990, 1993, 1995, 1996, 2002
  Roger Federer (SUI) 0 5 5 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
  John McEnroe (USA) 0 4 4 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984
  Rafael Nadal (ESP) 0 4 4 2010, 2013, 2017, 2019
  Robert Wrenn (USA) 4 0 4 1893, 1894, 1896, 1897
  Oliver Campbell (USA) 3 0 3 1890, 1891, 1892
  Novak Djokovic (SRB) 0 3 3 2011, 2015, 2018
  Ivan Lendl (TCH) 0 3 3 1985, 1986, 1987
  Fred Perry (GBR) 3 0 3 1933, 1934, 1936
  Malcolm Whitman (USA) 3 0 3 1898, 1899, 1900
  Andre Agassi (USA) 0 2 2 1994, 1999
  Don Budge (USA) 2 0 2 1937, 1938
  Stefan Edberg (SWE) 0 2 2 1991, 1992
  Roy Emerson (AUS) 2 0 2 1961, 1964
  Neale Fraser (AUS) 2 0 2 1959, 1960
  Pancho Gonzales (USA) 2 0 2 1948, 1949
  Bill Johnston (USA) 2 0 2 1915, 1919
  Jack Kramer (USA) 2 0 2 1946, 1947
  René Lacoste (FRA) 2 0 2 1926, 1927
  Rod Laver (AUS) 1 1 2 1962, 1969
  Maurice McLoughlin (USA) 2 0 2 1912, 1913
  Robert Lindley Murray (USA) 2 0 2 1917, 1918
  John Newcombe (AUS) 1 1 2 1967, 1973
  Frank Parker (USA) 2 0 2 1944, 1945
  Patrick Rafter (AUS) 0 2 2 1997, 1998
  Bobby Riggs (USA) 2 0 2 1939, 1941
  Ken Rosewall (AUS) 1 1 2 1956, 1970
  Frank Sedgman (AUS) 2 0 2 1951, 1952
  Henry Slocum (USA) 2 0 2 1888, 1889
  Tony Trabert (USA) 2 0 2 1953, 1955
  Ellsworth Vines (USA) 2 0 2 1931, 1932
  Richard Norris Williams (USA) 2 0 2 1914, 1916

Champions by countryEdit

Former country ¤
Country Amateur Era Open Era All-time First title Last title
  United States (USA) 66 19 85 1881 2003
  Australia (AUS) 12 6 18 1951 2001
  Spain (ESP) 1 5 6 1965 2019
   Switzerland (SUI) 0 6 6 2004 2016
  Great Britain (GBR) 4 1 5 1903 2012
  Czechoslovakia (TCH) ¤[h] 0 3 3 1985 1987
  France (FRA) 3 0 3 1926 1928
  Serbia (SRB) 0 3 3 2011 2018
  Sweden (SWE) 0 3 3 1988 1992
  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 2 1977 2009
  Croatia (CRO) 0 1 1 2014 2014
  Germany (GER)[i] 0 1 1 1989 1989
  Mexico (MEX) 1 0 1 1963 1963
  Romania (ROU) 0 1 1 1972 1972
  Russia (RUS) 0 1 1 2000 2000

See alsoEdit

US Open other competitions

Grand Slam men's singles

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Played on HarTru surface.
  2. ^ Played on DecoTurf surface.
  3. ^ Known as the U.S. National Championships during the Amateur Era.[1][2]
  4. ^ The tournament entered the Open Era with the 1968 edition, allowing professional players to compete alongside amateurs.[3][4]
  5. ^ The US Open specifically uses DecoTurf hard courts, categorized as a "Medium" speed surface by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).[5]
  6. ^ The 1917 U.S. National Championships, taking place during World War I, were held as a National Patriotic Tournament awarding no prize to the winner.[14]
  7. ^ In 1970, 1971 and 1972 tiebreaks were "five point tiebreaks".
  8. ^ Czechoslovakia (TCH, 1918–1992), evolved into Czech Republic (CZE, 1992–present) and Slovakia (SVK, 1992–present).
  9. ^ One win by a player from West Germany (FRG, 1949–1990).

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "History > Men's Singles Championships". usopen.org. IBM, United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  • "US National/US Open Championships" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "History of the U.S. National Championships/US Open". usopen.org. IBM, United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2009-07-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
  2. ^ a b c d "US National/US Open Championships" (PDF). usta.com. United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "History > Men's Singles Championships". usopen.org. IBM, United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2009-06-09. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  4. ^ a b "History > Year-by-Year History". usopen.org. IBM, United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  5. ^ "List of Classified Court Surfaces". itftennis.com. ITF Licensing. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  6. ^ "Tournament profile – US Open". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
  7. ^ a b c d Axthelm, Pete; Talbert, William F. (1967). Tennis observed: The USLTA men's singles champions, 1881–1966. Barre Publishers.
  8. ^ "Breaking with tradition". The Age. The Age Company Ltd. 2004-01-25. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  9. ^ "Haas advocates 5th-set tiebreak". ESPN.com. ESPN. 2009-06-27. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  10. ^ Adams, Susan B. (1998-08-30). "The U.S. Open: A Celebration – A Retrospective: The Men; Twin Pillars of Fire and Ice". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  11. ^ Fendrich, Howard (2008-10-09). "Federer feels 'much better ... than I ever have'". USA Today. Associated Press (AP). Retrieved 2009-06-24.
  12. ^ "2009 Prize Money". usopen.org. IBM, United States Tennis Association. Archived from the original on 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
  13. ^ "Olympus US Open Series at a glance". usopenseries.com. United States Tennis Association. 2009-05-26. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
  14. ^ Williams, Paul B.; Grupp, George W.; Ferris, John A. (1921). United States Lawn Tennis Association and the World War. United States National Lawn Tennis Association, Robert Hamilton company. OCLC 07888301. Retrieved 2009-09-25.

External linksEdit