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June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the second month to have the length of 30 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June (meteorological summer begins on 1 June). In the Southern hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.[citation needed]

At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.[citation needed]

Contents

Etymology and HistoryEdit

 
Flaming June (1895) by Lord Leighton

The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones", as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named.[1]

In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter's wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15.[2] Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.[3]

Certain meteor showers take place in June. The Arietids takes place May 22 to July 2 each year, and peaks on June 7. The Beta Taurids June 5 to July 18. The June Bootids take place roughly between 26 June and 2 July each year.

Ancient Roman observancesEdit

Under the calendar of ancient Rome, the festival of Ludi Fabarici took place on May 29 - June 1, Kalendae Fabariae took place on June 1, the Festival to Bellona took place on June 3, Ludi Piscatorii took place on June 7, and Vestalia took place from June 7-June 15. A Rosalia was held on June 20. The Secular Games were held roughly every 100 years in either May or June. These dates does not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

Events in JuneEdit

 
June, from the Très riches heures du duc de Berry
 
Trooping the Colour is celebrated in June in London

Month-long observancesEdit

Non-Gregorian observances, 2017Edit

(Please note that all Baha'i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin on sundown prior to the date listed, and end on the sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)

Movable observances, 2017Edit

Movable Western Christian observances, 2017Edit

Movable Eastern Christian observances, 2017Edit

First Friday: June 2Edit

First Saturday: June 3Edit

First Sunday: June 4Edit

First Monday: June 5Edit

First Wednesday: June 7Edit

Second Thursday: June 8Edit

Second Saturday: June 10Edit

Second Sunday: June 11Edit

Third Week: June 11–17Edit

Monday after the second Saturday: June 12Edit

Second Monday: June 12Edit

Third Friday: June 16Edit

Third Saturday: June 17Edit

Third Sunday: June 18Edit

  • Father's Day (Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Macau, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, People's Republic of China, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe).
  • Father's Day (United States)

Solstice: June 21Edit

Summer Solstice in the Northern HemisphereEdit

Winter Solstice in the Southern HemisphereEdit

Friday following Third Sunday: June 23Edit

Saturday between June 20–25: June 24Edit

Saturday nearest Summer Solstice: June 24Edit

Last Saturday: June 24Edit

Monday Nearest to June 24: June 25Edit

Last Thursday: June 29Edit

Last Sunday: June 30Edit


Fixed Gregorian observancesEdit

June symbolsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ovid, Fasti VI.1–88; H.H. Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Cornell University Press, 1981), p. 126.
  2. ^ Scullard, Festivals and Ceremonies, p. 126.
  3. ^ Karen K. Hersch, The Roman Wedding: Ritual and Meaning in Antiquity (Cambridge University Press, 2010), p. 47.
  4. ^ admin (December 16, 2016). "Nirjala Ekadashi 2017". ekadashivrat.com. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-01-02. Retrieved 2017-01-01. 
  6. ^ "Amavasya 2017 Date and Time – Amavasi Calendar in 2017 - The No moon Day in Hindu Calendar 2017". www.hindu-blog.com. 
  7. ^ "Matariki - the Māori New Year - Ministry for Culture and Heritage". www.mch.govt.nz. 
  8. ^ "Greater Victoria - Bike To Work BC". www.biketowork.ca. 
  9. ^ AnydayGuide. "Armenia. List of Holidays".