American Meteorological Society
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (May 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
The American Meteorological Society (AMS) is the premier scientific and professional organization in the United States promoting and disseminating information about the atmospheric, oceanic, and hydrologic sciences. Its mission is to advance the atmospheric and related sciences, technologies, applications, and services for the benefit of society.
|Founder||Charles Franklin Brooks|
|Headquarters||Boston, Massachusetts, United States|
|Primarily United States|
|Keith L. Seitter|
|Subsidiaries||Local and student chapters|
|Affiliations||American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Institute of Physics, American Society of Association Executives, Bookbuilders of Boston, Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives, Commission on Professionals in Science and Technology, Intelligent Transportation Society of America, Renewable Natural Resources Foundation, Society for Scholarly Publishing|
Founded in 1919 by Charles Franklin Brooks, the American Meteorological Society has a membership of more than 13,000 weather, water, and climate scientists, professionals, researchers, educators, students, and enthusiasts.
AMS offers numerous programs and services in the sphere of water, weather and climate sciences. It publishes eleven atmospheric and related oceanic and hydrologic journals (in print and online), sponsors as many as twelve conferences annually, and administers professional certification programs and awards. The AMS Policy and Education programs promote scientific knowledge and work to increase public understanding of science. There is also an extensive network of local and student AMS chapters.
AMS headquarters is located at 45 Beacon Street adjacent to the Boston Common in Boston, Massachusetts. The headquarters building was designed by Charles Bulfinch as the third Harrison Gray Otis House in 1806 and was purchased and renovated by AMS in 1958, with staff moving into the building in 1960. In 2012, AMS purchased the building next door at 44 Beacon Street, also designed by Bulfinch. AMS also maintains an office in Washington, D.C. at 1200 New York Avenue NW inside the AAAS headquarters.
AMS maintains professional certification programs: the Certified Broadcast Meteorologist (CBM) sets a professional standard in broadcast meteorology and the Certified Consulting Meteorologist (CCM) establishes high standards of technical competence, character, and experience for consultants who provide advice in meteorology to the public. The AMS Seal of Approval was launched in 1957 to recognize on-air meteorologists for their sound delivery of weather information to the general public. Many seal holders are still active, though the original Seal was succeeded by the CBM. Those looking for an expert can consult the listings of all AMS Certified individuals.
AMS recognizes excellent work with over 30 different awards ranging from outstanding research contributions in specific fields to awards for excellence in teaching or broadcasting, outstanding books, exceptional service in forecasting, and more including its highest honor: the Carl-Gustaf Rossby Medal.
AMS also awards more than $100,000 annually in undergraduate and graduate level scholarships and fellowships.
AMS publishes eleven peer reviewed scientific journals, as well as books, and monographs, accounting for more than 34,000 pages each year. AMS journals are consistently ranked at or near the top of their fields for impact factor.
- Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS)
- Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences (JAS)
- Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (JAMC)
- Journal of Physical Oceanography (JPO)
- Monthly Weather Review (MWR)
- Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology (JTECH)
- Weather and Forecasting (WAF)
- Journal of Climate (JCLI)
- Journal of Hydrometeorology (JHM)
- Weather, Climate, and Society (WCAS)
- Earth Interactions (EI) (co-published with AGU & AAG)
- Meteorological Monographs
AMS is a member of Crossref, Portico, CHORUS, and CLOCKSS.
The AMS claims their Policy Program works to increase public understanding of the role of scientific information in societal advancement and helps policy-makers ground their decisions in the best available scientific knowledge. It carries out research, holds periodic briefings that allow experts to inform policy makers directly on established scientific understanding and the latest policy-relevant research, and hosts an annual Summer Policy Colloquium to introduce Earth scientists to the federal policy process. The Congressional Science Fellowship places an AMS scientist on the staff of a member of Congress for one full year.
AMS issues and periodically updates four different types of statements on topics that fall within the scope of AMS expertise:
- Information statements aim to provide a trustworthy, objective and scientifically up-to-date explanation of scientific issues of concern to the public at large. They deal with subjects such as climate change and drought.
- Policy statements are aimed at officials of government or international bodies and may articulate the state of scientific understanding, raise awareness of a scientific issue, or make policy recommendations based on the professional and scientific expertise and perspectives of the AMS (examples: Weather, Water, and Climate Priorities; Geoengineering the Climate System; Space Weather)
- Professional guidance statements alert AMS members to urgent or important AMS, professional or scientific matters. (examples: Strengthening Social Sciences in the Weather–Climate Enterprise; Green Meetings)
- Best Practice statements inform AMS members and the public about AMS endorsed best practices across the weather, water, and climate enterprise and promote scientifically-based standards and practices. (example: Best Practices for Publicly Sharing Weather Information Via Social Media)
Meetings and eventsEdit
AMS organizes a large number national and international meetings, specialized conferences and workshops. Annually, more than 6,000 people attend AMS meetings covering science, technology and applications in the atmospheric and related oceanographic and hydrologic sciences. In addition to the AMS Annual Meeting, the 97th of which was held in Seattle in 2017, a number of specialty meetings are held each year. AMS records oral presentations given at its meetings and posts them online for anyone to view free of charge.
Over thirty conferences and symposia are held concurrently during the AMS Annual Meeting, during which more than 2000 Oral Presentations are given, and more than 1000 Posters are presented. The AMS Annual Meeting also features an exhibits program, where companies and organizations participate.
The AMS Education Program offers training, workshops, and undergraduate course curriculum to educate the next generation and increase scientific literacy. It claims to have trained over 100,000 teachers.
AMS partners with NOAA, NASA the NSF and the U.S. Navy to offer a suite of teacher professional development programs, including three DataStreme courses, Project ATMOSPHERE, and the Maury Project. Textbooks and Investigations Manuals used in AMS DataStreme and Undergraduate Courses are dynamic eBooks with web-based features. Many AMS members contribute to the creation and editing of course materials.
The American Meteorological Society has more than 13,000 individual members in nearly 100 countries. Membership was initially limited to professionals or scholars in the atmospheric or related sciences, but today an array of membership categories accommodate a wide range of people including students, teachers, corporations and weather enthusiasts.
The following AMS members served as presidents of the society during the listed periods:
- Robert DeCourcy Ward, 1920–21
- Robert Frederic Stupart, 1922–23
- Willis Isbister Milham, 1924–25
- Charles Frederick Marvin, 1926–27
- William Jackson Humphreys, 1928–29
- John M. Patterson, 1930–31
- Herbert Harvey Kimball, 1932–33
- Isaac Monroe Cline, 1934–35
- Joseph Burton Kincer, 1936–37
- Willis Ray Gregg, 1938
- Robert Elmer Horton, 1938–39
- Francis Wilton Reichelderfer, 1940–41
- Bernhard Haurwitz, 1943
- Edward Hall Bowie, 1942–43
- Carl-Gustaf Arvid Rossby, 1944–45
- Henry Garrett Houghton, 1946–47
- Howard T. Orville, 1948–49
- Donald Norton Yates, 1950–51
- Horace Robert Byers, 1952–53
- Arthur Francis Merewether, 1954–55
- Robert D. Fletcher, 1956–57
- Sverre Petterssen, 1958–59
- Thomas F. Malone, 1960–61
- Morris Neiburger, 1962–63
- Philip Duncan Thompson, 1964–65
- Louis Joseph Battan, 1966–67
- Verner Edward Suomi, 1968
- George S. Benton, 1969
- Eugene Bollay, 1970
- Alfred Kimball Blackadar, 1971
- Richard J. Reed, 1972
- William Welch Kellogg, 1973
- David Simonds Johnson, 1974
- David Atlas, 1975
- Charles Luther Hosler, 1976
- Werner A. Baum, 1977
- George P. Cressman, 1978
- Chester Whittier Newton, 1979
- Robert M. White, 1980
- Robert Guthrie Fleagle, 1981
- Richard E. Hallgren, 1982
- Earl George Droessler, 1983
- Eugene W. Bierly, 1984
- Clifford J. Murino, 1985
- Joseph Smagorinsky, 1986
- Albert J. Kaehn, Jr., 1987
- Roscoe R. Braham, 1988
- Joanne Simpson, 1989
- James R. Mahoney, 1990
- William D. Bonner, 1991
- Donald R. Johnson, 1992
- Robert T. Ryan, 1993
- Warren M. Washington, 1994
- David D. Houghton, 1995
- Paul D. Try, 1996
- Ronald D. McPherson, 1997
- Eugene M. Rasmusson, 1998
- George L. Frederick, Jr., 1999
- James F. Kimpel, 2000
- Robert J. Serafin, 2001
- Richard D. Rosen, 2002
- Elbert W. Friday, Jr., 2003
- Susan K. Avery, 2004
- Walter Andrew Lyons, 2005
- Franco Einaudi, 2006
- Richard A. Anthes, 2007
- Walter F. Dabberdt, 2008
- Thomas R. Karl, 2009
- Margaret Anne LeMone, 2010
- Jonathan T. Malay, 2011
- Louis W. Uccellini, 2012
- J. Marshall Shepherd, 2013
- William B. Gail, 2014
- Alexander E. MacDonald, 2015
- Matthew J. Parker, 2016–17
- "Home - American Meteorological Society". www.ametsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "History of the House at 45 Beacon Street - American Meteorological Society". www.ametsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "AMS Professional Certification Programs - American Meteorological Society". www.ametsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "Awards & Honors - American Meteorological Society". www.ametsoc.org. Retrieved 2017-06-20.
- "AMS Glossary". Glossary.ametsoc.org. 2015-07-28. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
- AMS Past Presidents, American Meteorological Society, retrieved 2013-03-28.