American Institute of Physics

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science and the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies. The AIP is made up of various member societies. Its corporate headquarters are at the American Center for Physics in College Park, Maryland, but the institute also has offices in Melville, New York, and Beijing.[1]

American Institute of Physics
Type501(c)(3) not-for-profit membership corporation[1]
PurposePromoting the advancement and diffusion of the knowledge of physics and its application to human welfare.[1]
HeadquartersAmerican Center for Physics (ACP)
  • College Park, Maryland
120,000 scientists, engineers, educators, and students[1]
Michael H. Moloney
75 million USD[2] Edit this at Wikidata

Historical overview


The AIP was founded in 1931 as a response to lack of funding for the sciences during the Great Depression.[3] The AIP was founded in 1931 at a joint meeting between four physics societies: the American Physical Society, the Optical Society of America, the Acoustical Society of America, and the Society of Rheology. These were soon joined by the American Association of Physics Teachers, for a total of five societies.[4] It formally incorporated in 1932 consisting of five original "member societies", and a total of four thousand members. As soon as the AIP was established it began publishing scientific journals.[5] By 1943, the AIP published eight journals: Physical Review, Reviews of Modern Physics, Journal of the Optical Society of America, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, American Journal of Physics, Review of Scientific Instruments, Journal of Applied Physics, and Journal of Chemical Physics.[4]

A new set of member societies was added beginning in the mid-1960s.[5]

The organization restructured in 2013, creating a new subsidiary, AIP Publishing LLC, to manage physical publications of its journals with a smaller board.[6]

Member societies

The American Center for Physics, in College Park, Maryland

Affiliated societies


List of publications


The AIP has a subsidiary called AIP Publishing (wholly owned non-profit) dedicated to scholarly publishing by the AIP and its member societies, as well on behalf of other partners.[7]

AIP style


AIP created a manual of style first introduced in 1951, called AIP style, which also includes the AIP citation format.[8] It is the most commonly used style and citation format in physics publications.[9][10][11]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d "About AIP". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  2. ^ "Organization and Governance". AIP | American Institute of Physics. n.d. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
  3. ^ "History of AIP". American Institute of Physics. July 2010.
  4. ^ a b Barton, Henry A.; Burnham, George H. (1943). "The American Institute of Physics". Science. 97 (2512). American Association for the Advancement of Science: 172–176. ISSN 0036-8075. JSTOR 1669465. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  5. ^ a b Harry Lustig (May 1999). "TO ADVANCE AND DIFFUSE THE KNOWLEDGE OF PHYSICS: An account of the one-hundred year history of the American Physical Society" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  6. ^ Michael Lucibella (May 1, 2013). "AIP Reorganizes its Publishing Operations". American Physical Society. Retrieved May 26, 2024.
  7. ^ About AIP Publishing
  8. ^ AIP Style Manual - Prepared under the Direction of the AIP Publication Board (PDF) (4th ed.). American Institute of Physics. 1990. ISBN 978-0-88318-642-8. OCLC 471598204.
  9. ^ Lipson, Charles (2006). Cite Right. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-48475-4. OCLC 62533865.
  10. ^ "Citation and style manuals - American Institute of Physics (AIP)". Virginia Tech. Retrieved October 25, 2023.
  11. ^ "Science & Engineering Citation Style Guide: American Institute of Physics (AIP)". USC Libraries. Retrieved October 26, 2023.

Archival collections


Niels Bohr Library & Archives