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The Feast of Saints Peter and Paul or Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul is a liturgical feast in honour of the martyrdom in Rome of the apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, which is observed on 29 June. The celebration is of ancient origin, the date selected being the anniversary of either their death or the translation of their relics.[2]

Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
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Official nameFeast of Saints Peter and Paul, Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul
Observed byEastern Orthodox Church
Catholic Church
Lutheran Church
Oriental Orthodoxy
Rome[1]
Ticino, Switzerland
Malta
CelebrationsMass
Date29 June
Next time29 June 2020 (2020-06-29)
FrequencyAnnual

Western ChristianityEdit

For Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic Christians this feast also marks the end of the Apostles' Fast (which began on the Monday following All Saints' Sunday, i.e., the second Monday after Pentecost). It is considered a day of recommended attendance, whereon one should attend the All-Night Vigil (or at least Vespers) on the eve, and the Divine Liturgy on the morning of the feast (there are, however, no "Days of Obligation" in the Eastern Church). For those who follow the traditional Julian calendar, 29 June falls on the Gregorian calendar date of 12 July.

In the Russian Orthodox tradition, Macarius of Unzhacarm's Miracle of the Muzhar is said to have occurred during the Apostles' Fast and the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul that followed it.

Western Christian traditionEdit

In the General Roman Calendar, the celebration is a solemnity. In earlier editions, it was ranked as a Double (Tridentine Calendar), Double of the First Class (e.g., General Roman Calendar of 1954), or First-Class Feast (General Roman Calendar of 1960). Prior to the liturgical reforms of Pope Pius XII, this feast was followed by a common octave.

It is a holy day of obligation in the Latin Church, although individual conferences of bishops can suppress the obligation.[3] In England, Scotland and Wales the feast is observed as a holy day of obligation while in the United States and Canada, it is not. In Malta it is a public holiday and in Maltese known as L-Imnarja.

In 1577 Jan Rubens named his son Peter Paul, because he was born during the office of vespers of this day.[4]

On this feast, newly created metropolitan archbishops receive from the pope the primary symbol of their office, the pallium.

The Lutheran Churches celebrate 29 June as the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul; it holds the rank of a Lesser Festival.[5]

The Voice of the Martyrs, an NGO that aids persecuted Christians, has designated 29 June as the "Day of the Christian Martyr", in honour of the marytrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, as well as all martyrs for the Christian faith.[6]

Oriental Orthodox traditionEdit

The Coptic Orthodox Church and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church are also celebrated on the day 5 Epip which is also the end of the fast of the apostles.[7]

Spiritual Christian traditionEdit

Although the Canadian Doukhobors, a Spiritual Christian denomination, do not venerate saints, the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul has traditionally been a day of celebration for them. Since 1895, it has acquired a new significance as a commemoration of the "Burning of the Arms", the Doukhobors' destruction of their weapons, as a symbol of their refusal to participate in government-sponsored killing.[8] It is celebrated now by their descendants as simply "Peter's Day" (Russian: Petro den.), sometimes referred to as the "Doukhobor Peace Day".[9][10]

In Southeastern Italy region called Puglia the celebration of the Saints is connected to folkloristic Taranta dance. The belief talks about people dancing after a spider's bite. The spider breed is Tarantula.

People after had bitten starts a liberatory and compulsive dance, and ask to the Saints to be setted free from the sin and the curse. The main city where this happen is Galatina, where the basilica of Saint Peter and Paul is located.

Public holidayEdit

The feast is observed in Rome because St. Paul and St. Peter are patron saints of the Eternal City. It is also a public holiday of the Canton of Ticino, Switzerland, as well as parts of the Swiss cantons of Lucerne and Graubünden. It is a public holiday in Peru, in Malta, and in various municipalities of the Philippines.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Festa di San Pietro e Paolo a Roma". www.regioni-italiane.com.
  2. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XI (Robert Appleton Company, New York, 1911), s.v. "St. Paul", accessed 4 June 2007.
  3. ^ Codex Iuris Canonici (1983), canon 1246.
  4. ^ Historische levensbeschryving van P.P. Rubens Door Jean Francois Marie Michel p.14
  5. ^ "Feasts and Festivals". Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  6. ^ "The Day of the Christian Martyr - 29 June 2019". Release International. 29 June 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  7. ^ https://st-takla.org/Full-Free-Coptic-Books/Synaxarium-or-Synaxarion/11-Abeeb/05-Abeeb.html
  8. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J. "Historic 1895 Burning of Guns: descriptions, selections and translations". Spirit-Wrestlers.com. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  9. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J. The Doukhobor Peace Day, May 4, 2002
  10. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J., with Andrei Conovaloff. "Historic 1895 Burning of Guns descriptions, selections and translations". Spirit Wrestlers. Spirit Wrestlers Publishing. Retrieved 20 May 2018.

External linksEdit