Chinsurah (also known as Hooghly-Chinsura or Hooghly) is a city in the state of West Bengal, India. It lies on the Hooghly River, 35 km north of Kolkata (Calcutta). It is located in the district of Hugli and is home to the district headquarters. Chuchura houses the Commissioner of the Burdwan Range. It forms a part of the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA) region. The District Court building of Chinsurah is the longest building in West Bengal.
|City of Kolkata Metropolliton Region|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||712101 712102 712103 712105 712106|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Hooghly|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Chunchura|
Hooghly-Chuchura was a municipality formed by the merging of two towns, Hugli and Chinsura, in 1865. The names are spelled in other ways including Hooghly, Hugli, Hughli, Ugulim (in Portuguese), Chinsura, Chunchura, Chuchro and Chinsurah.
The Grand Trunk Road (G.T.Road)passes through the town. Chuchura and Hugli are historic stations on the Howrah-Burdwan main line of the Eastern Railway. Ferry services on the River Hugli serves as a link with the district of North 24 Parganas.
Hugli-Chuchura is located at  This city is situated on the flood plain on the right bank of river Bhagirathi-Hooghly..
The Portuguese founded the town of Hooghly-Chuchura in 1579, but the district has thousands of years of heritage in the form of the great kingdom of Bhurshut. The city flourished as a trading port and some religious structures were built. One such structure is a Christian church dedicated to a statue of Mary, brought by the Portuguese.
In the 17th century, political disorder struck the city and the Mughal governor of Bengal expelled the Portuguese. The fleeing Portuguese lost the statue in the river, but local people later found it on the river bank. The arrested Portuguese were taken to Delhi, where a death sentence of trampling by elephants was decreed. When the emperor Shah Jahan heard this he ordered the priests released and granted a piece of land on the bank of the river Hooghly, where the statue of Mary was reestablished. There the Portuguese constructed a church to house the statue, which still receives pilgrims today. The church was renovated in the 1980s and has been declared as a basilica by the authority of Rome.
In 1759 the garrison of Chinsura, on its march to Chandernagore, attacked a British force under Colonel Forde. The Battle of Chinsurah lasted less than half an hour and ended with the rout of the Dutch attackers. In 1795, during the Napoleonic wars, a British garrison occupied the settlement. The peace of 1814 restored Hughli to the Dutch. However, in 1825, the Dutch ceded many of their possession in India to the British, in exchange for the British possessions in Sumatra.
Both Chinsurah and Hooghly played a role in the Bengal renaissance and the Indian independence movement. "Vande Mataram", India's national song, was composed by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay at Joraghat in Chinsurah, who had been an alumnus of the Hooghly Collegiate School . Nazrul Islam's revolutionary songs were penned while he was imprisoned by the British in Hooghly Jail.
Hugli Chinsurah has three railway stations- Chinsurah (CNS) and Hooghly on the Howrah railway-line and Hooghly Ghat (HYG) on the Sealdah railway line. The Chinsurah railway station is well connected to Howrah, Bandel, Burdwan, and other cities. A few passenger and express trains stop at the Chinsurah station. The Hooghly Ghat station is situated just beside the Jubilee bridge, which plays as a connector between the eastern and the western side of the Ganges.
Transportation within Chinsurah is mainly by bus, auto and rickshaw. Buses from the stand go to towns such as Memari, Tarakeswar, Serampore, Chandannagar, Arambagh, Bankura, Digha. Apart from being connected by railway services, Chinsurah is well-connected to Naihati by ferry services, which is a delightful experience.
As per 2011 Census of India Hugli-Chinsurah had a total population of 179,931 of which 90,217 (50%) were males and 89,714 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 12,604. The total number of literates in Hugli-Chinsurah was 152,333 (91.04% of the population over 6 years).
The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).
As of 2001[update] India census, Hugli-Chinsurah had a population of 170,201. Males constitute 51.06% of the population and females 48.94%. Hugli-Chinsurah has an average literacy rate of 82.55%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 87.93%, and female literacy is 76.95%.
Temples, churches, and attractionsEdit
- Bandel Church (bacillica ground)
- Hooghly Imambara
- Ghorir More (Edwardian clock tower)
- Hooghly Collegiate School (Estd.1812), a heritage building.
- Temple of Shandeshwar
- Diocese church
- Dutch cemetery
- Chinsurah Maidan (maath ground)
- Rup Nagar (maath)
- Temple of Mahishmardini
- District Court building
- Ghats on the Ganges (130)
- Anna Maria Sulivan Monument (ground fad centre)
- Kazi Nazrul Karagar (jail)
- Jail khana maath (maath dual ground)
- Hooghly Mohosin College
- Hooghly Branch School
- Armenian Church
- Bankim Bhawan (Jora Ghat)
- Grihigita sangha(Chincurah Station Road)
|Sri Aurobindo Vidyamandir, Chandernagore
The famous Chinsurah Court building is known to be the longest building in West Bengal.
Durga Puja, Eid, Jagadhatri Puja, Maharam, Kartick Puja, Kali Puja & Deepawali, Saraswati Puja, Lakshmi Puja, Navabarsho (Bengali New Year), Basanti Puja, Manasa Puja, Christmas et cetera are the main festivals celebrated here.
- State Bank Of India
- State Bank of India Agricultural Divisional Branch, ADB
- Bank Of India
- Indian Bank
- Allahabad Bank
- Punjab National Bank
- United Bank Of India
- UCO Bank
- Syndicate Bank
- Bank Of Baroda
- Indian Overseas Bank
- Axis Bank
- HDFC Bank
- The Hooghly Cooperative Credit Bank Ltd
- Hooghly District Central Cooperative Bank
- Canara Bank
- Union Bank
- Oriental Bank of Commerce
- Bandhan Bank
- ICICI Bank
The town was home to Jyotish Chandra Ghosh (Mastar mashay), hailed as a guru by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Notable figures associated with the town include Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee, Bhudev Mukhopadhyay, Akshay Chandra Sarkar, Dr. Murarimohan Mukherjee and mathematician Narayan Chandra Ghosh.
- "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 7 March 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
- "Yahoo maps location of Hugli-Chuchura". Yahoo maps. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
- "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- "Official website of Hooghly Collegiate School". Hooghly Collegiate School.[permanent dead link]
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Dey, S.C., "Hooghly Past and Present", The Calcutta Review, Vol.96, No.191, (January 1893), pp.22-42; No.192, (April 1893), 276-288; Vol.97, No.193, (July 1893), pp.71-81; No.194, (October 1893), 340-366;Vol.98, No.195, (January 1894), pp.152-170; Vol.99, No.197, (July 1894), pp.153-164; Vol.104, No.208, (April 1897), pp.355-373.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hugli-Chuchura.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Hugli (town).|
- Akhtaruzzaman, Md (2012). "Hughli, City". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Chakrabarti, Prafulla (2012). "Chinsura". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- Hooghly-Chinsurah Information