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Bhadreswar /bəˈdrɛswər/ is a city and a municipality in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It has a police station in Chandannagore subdivision.[1] It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[2]

Bhadreswar
Kolkata Metropolitan Region
Bhadreswar is located in West Bengal
Bhadreswar
Bhadreswar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35Coordinates: 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Region Greater Kolkata
Government
 • Type Representative Democracy
 • Body Bhadreswar Municipality
Area
 • Total 8.28 km2 (3.20 sq mi)
Elevation 2 m (7 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 101,477
 • Density 12,000/km2 (32,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 712124
Lok Sabha constituency Hooghly
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chandannagar

Contents

GeographyEdit

Bhadreswar is located at 22°49′N 88°21′E / 22.82°N 88.35°E / 22.82; 88.35. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 feet).It is situated by the River Hooghly.It is one of the beautiful places in Hooghly district.

Police stationEdit

Bhadreswar police station has jurisdiction over Bhadreswar and Champdani municipal areas and parts of Singur CD Block.[3][4]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

As per 2011 Census of India Bhadreswar had a total population of 101,477 of which 53,330 (53%) were males and 48,147 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 9,580. The total number of literates in Bhadreswar was 79,498 (86.51% of the population over 6 years).[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Bhadreswar had a population of 105,944. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Bhadreswar has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 59% of the males and 41% of the females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

MigrantsEdit

Jute mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area. The proportion of migrants in the population was 80% in Bhadreswar.[7]

According to a study carried out by Vidyasagar University, "Most of these industrial units were located in riverine towns. A few of these were old towns inhabited previously by middle class Bengali 'babus' while others were new towns grown out of agricultural lands... Agriculture in Bengal was more remunerative than work in the jute mills but what the jute mills paid was enough to attract labour from Bihar, Orissa, U.P. first and then from C.P. or even Madras...The industrial 'mohallas' remained as 'ghettos'. There was little or no interconnection or social and cultural contact between local Bengali population and the mill hands. Both lived in their own worlds."[8]

Kolkata Urban AgglomerationEdit

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).[9]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

Victoria Jute Mills at Telenipara, Bhadreswar was established in 1885 and employs about 5,000 people. The mill is passing through a rough phase, closing down and opening off and on with militant labour in a volatile environment.[10][11][12][13]

TransportEdit

The State Highway 6 (West Bengal)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through Bhadreswar.[14]

Bhadreswar is a station on the Howrah-Bardhaman main line.[15]It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

EducationEdit

Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established at Bhadreswar in 1986.[16][17] Bhadreswar has multiple high-schools within town limits, the most prominent being Digra Mallickhati Deshbandhu Vidyapit and Rabindra Smriti (S) Vidyaniketan, Prominent girl's schools in the area include Saradapally Kanya Vidyapith.

Recently, private schools have also started increasing in number and student capacity in the town, with Durgamoyee Academy opening one more branch near Bhadreswar Station.

Tourist SpotEdit

The Banabithi Park located near the DVC channel, in Natunpara, Bhardeswar.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ District-wise list of statutory towns Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  7. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  8. ^ Basu, Nirban. "Industrialisation and Emergence of Labour Force in Bengal during The Colonial Period: Its Socio-Economic Impact" (PDF). Vidyasagar University Journal of History, Vol 1, 2012-13. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Saugata Roy speaks on the problems faced by jute mills in West Bengal". Lok Sabha, 7 May 2015. All India Trinamool Congress. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "Victoria Jute Mill". Fact Sheet. indiamart. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  12. ^ "Jute mill CEO manages to escape as mob of labourers attack home". The Times of India, 9 November 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Six jute mills close in week in West Bengal". PTI. Business Standard, 21 June 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  15. ^ "37815 Howrah Bardhaman Jn Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". KSMV. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "Kabi Sukanta Mahavidyalaya". Minglebox. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 

External linksEdit