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Champdani is a city and a municipality, near the River Ganges, in Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is under Bhadreswar police station in Chandannagore subdivision. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).[1] This town is famous for six factories, viz.the GIS Cotton Mill, Dalhousie Jute Mill, North Brook jute Mill, Angus jute Mill, Lagan engineering, and Braithwate Ltd (Ministry of Railways)

Champdani
Kolkata Metropolitan Region
Champdani is located in West Bengal
Champdani
Champdani
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°48′07″N 88°20′46″E / 22.802°N 88.346°E / 22.802; 88.346Coordinates: 22°48′07″N 88°20′46″E / 22.802°N 88.346°E / 22.802; 88.346
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Region Greater Kolkata
Government
 • Type Representative Democracy
 • Body Champdany Municipality
Area
 • Total 6.59 km2 (2.54 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 110,983
 • Density 17,000/km2 (44,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official English, Bengali
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 712222
Lok Sabha constituency Sreerampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Champdani

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
Cities and towns in the Chandannagore subdivision and Polba Dadpur and Dhaniakhali CD Blocks of Chinsurah subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal corporation/ municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

LocationEdit

Champdani is located at 22°48′N 88°22′E / 22.8°N 88.37°E / 22.8; 88.37. It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet).

Champdani is bounded by the Ganga River in the east, farming area in the west (like Singur area), Bhadreshwar is in the north side, and Baidyabati in south side.

UrbanisationEdit

In Chandannagore subdivision 58.52% of the population is rural and the urban population is 41.48%. Chandannagore subdivision has 1 municipal corporation, 3 municipalities and 7 census towns. The single municipal corporation is Chandernagore Municipal Corporation. The municipalities are Tarakeswar Municipality, Bhadreswar Municipality and Champdany Municipality.[2]Of the three CD Blocks in Chandannagore subdivision, Tarakeswar CD Block is wholly rural, Haripal CD Block is predominantly rural with just 1 census town, and Singur CD Block is slightly less rural with 6 census towns. Polba Dadpur and Dhaniakhali CD Blocks of Chinsurah subdivision (included in the map alongside) are wholly rural.[3]The municipal areas are industrialised. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

As of 2011 census of India,[4] Champdani had a population of 110,983. Males constitute 53.42% of the population and females 46.57%. Champdani has an average literacy rate of 82.39%, higher than the national average of 74%; with male literacy of 88% and female literacy of 75.91%. 10.45% of the population is under 6 years of age.

MigrantsEdit

Jute mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Orissa, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area. The proportion of migrants in the population was 80% in Bhadreswar.[5]

According to a study carried out by Vidyasagar University, "Most of these industrial units were located in riverine towns. A few of these were old towns inhabited previously by middle class Bengali 'babus' while others were new towns grown out of agricultural lands... Agriculture in Bengal was more remunerative than work in the jute mills but what the jute mills paid was enough to attract labour from Bihar, Orissa, U.P. first and then from C.P. or even Madras...The industrial 'mohallas' remained as 'ghettos'. There was little or no interconnection or social and cultural contact between local Bengali population and the mill hands. Both lived in their own worlds."[6]

Kolkata Urban AgglomerationEdit

The following Municipalities and Census Towns in Hooghly district were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Bansberia (M), Hugli-Chinsurah (M), Bara Khejuria (Out Growth), Shankhanagar (CT), Amodghata (CT), Chak Bansberia (CT), Naldanga (CT), Kodalia (CT), Kulihanda (CT), Simla (CT), Dharmapur (CT), Bhadreswar (M), Champdani (M), Chandannagar (M Corp.), Baidyabati (M), Serampore (M), Rishra (M), Rishra (CT), Bamunari (CT), Dakshin Rajyadharpur (CT), Nabagram Colony (CT), Konnagar (M), Uttarpara Kotrung (M), Raghunathpur (PS-Dankuni) (CT), Kanaipur (CT) and Keota (CT).[7]

EconomyEdit

Banks and Financial HousesEdit

There are few Banks and financial houses that serve the people living in Champdani and nearby areas. While State Bank of India is the busiest of all, other banks like Bank Of India, Allahabad Bank, Axis Bank also have their presence here.

IndustryEdit

Champdani is in the heart of the jute mills area of Hooghly district and given below is a glimpse of how the jute mills in the area function.

Northbrook Jute Mill at Champdani, which was closed on 15 June 2014, after murder of its CEO, H.K.Maheswari, in broad daylight, reopened on 1 July 2014. It employs about 4,000 workers. Northbrook Jute Co. was incorporated on 27 January 1908.[8][9]

Dalhousie Jute Mill at Champdani (PO Baidyabati) was closed on 1 June 2017. The mill employed around 5,000 workers and produced around 120 tonnes per day. The mill had been opened in 1905 and was upgrading – replacing old machinery with modern ones requiring less manpower. The workers had been protesting against this and production had been suspended since 29 April 2017. In 2002, Suresh Kumar Prasad, the chief personnel manager, had been shot dead as a sequel to a labour dispute.[10][11][12]

Angus Jute Mill at Angus, Champdani, closed down on 28 October 2014 following a dispute regarding transfer of 15 workers from one department to another. The mill employed around 4,500 workers. Several years earlier, on 1 November 1983, the workers of the mill, owned by Kolkata's Thomas Duff and company, killed their manager, Amal Bose, for delay in payment of wages.[13][14]

Amongst the other well-known industrial units in Champdani are:

Lagan Engineering is a jute machinery manufacturing company set up in 1955 in Angus in Champdani. The machinery it has manufactured has been functioning well in numerous jute mills. It has been modernising to keep abreast with the latest technological developments. It was initially set up by the Northern Ireland-based-James Mackie & Sons, run for a short period by the Government of India, which subsequently divested its shares to Murlidhar Ratanlal Exports Ltd.[15]

Shyama Industries jute machinery manufacturing and supplier of jute machinery manufacturer of jute machinery was established at Angus in 1991.[16]

Braithwaite’s Angus Works was set up at Champdani in 1960 for manufacturing cranes, foundry products and machinery components etc. In 2010, the administrative control of Braithwaite & Co. was taken over by the Ministry of Railways.[17]

The militancy that affects jute mill workers, does not seem to affect other industries, who also want to stay aloof from what is happening in the jute industry.[14]

TransportEdit

Champdani is well connected to the nearby city Kolkata by various means of transportation. The most common transport link is through the Howrah-Bandel Line of the suburban railway system which is also the efficient of all. Frequency of each sub urban train is of 5–10 minutes depending on the time of the day. The railway station provides basic amenities to the commuters such as drinking water and overhead sheds. It is also well connected to other cities by roadways and frequent buses and autorickshaws are available for commuters. Champdani Ferry Ghat links to Nawabganj Ferry Ghat at North Barrackpur across the Hooghly. Cycle rickshaws are also in numbers to cover shorter distances. Though there are shortages of hired cabs but that hardly effects the transport communications.

Culture and festivalsEdit

Almost 70% of the population consists of Hindus.Being a place with six huge factories, people from various parts of the country also came and got settled here. While majority of migrants are from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh & also Bengali family, a decent number of people can be found from other parts of the country too. Though the population is diversified in nature but still there are no instance of communal violence. People are very hospitable and live in peace and harmony. As majority of the city population belong to Hindu faith, Chat Puja is the most visible of all festivals. Other notable festivals are Diwali/Kalipuja,Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja, Dol jatra/Holi, Rakhi, Eid and Christmas.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] Top Cities India
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.1, 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  3. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  4. ^ [2] Champdani Census Report
  5. ^ Goswami, Onkar, Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The fall from Grace in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol II, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 90, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  6. ^ Basu, Nirban. "Industrialisation and Emergence of Labour Force in Bengal during The Colonial Period: Its Socio-Economic Impact" (PDF). Vidyasagar University Journal of History, Vol 1, 2012-13. Retrieved 16 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  8. ^ Singh, Shiv Sahay (1 July 2014). "Northbrook Jute Mill to reopen today". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Northbrook Jute Co. Ltd". As 9 February 2017. Zauba Corp. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Jute Mill Shut". The Telegraph, 2 June 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Labour dispute behind Dalhousie murder". The Times of India, 16 May 2002. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Champdany Municipality, Hooghly". History. Champdany Municipality. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  13. ^ "Jute mill shut, 4,500 workers loose jobs". The Times of India, 28 October 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Calcutta:Murder in the Mill". Sumanta Sen. India Today, 30 November 1983. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  15. ^ "Lagan Engineering". Market Leader in Jute Machinery Manufacturing. Lagan Engineering. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  16. ^ "Shyama Industries". tradeindia.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Braithwaite – Engineering Excellence on the Move". Braithwaite & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 26 June 2017.