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Naihati is a neighbourhood in Kolkata and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated in the region of Greater Kolkata and therefore is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Sampreeti Bridge and Jubilee Bridge
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Body||Naihati Municipality|
|• Chairman||Ashok Kumar Chatterjee|
|• Total||11.55 km2 (4.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||19,000/km2 (49,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barrackpore|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Naihati|
Naihati Municipality is one of the oldest in the whole country and was established in 1869. It is the birthplace of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, the author of India's national song Vande Mataram; and of the political artist Chittaprosad. It is also the birthplace of the famous Quantum Chemist Dr. Debashis Mukherjee, the developer of multireference coupled cluster theory.
|Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Naihati is located at  It has an average elevation of 15 metres (49 feet)..
Naihati is bounded by Garifa, Halisahar and Balibhara on the north, Rampur, Rajendrapur, Mamudpur and Dogachhia on the east, Bhatpara and Madral on the south, and the Hooghly on the west. Although not specifically spelled out, it is evident that localities such as Garifa, Kultala, Bibeksarani, Bijaynagar, Nimbagan and Fingapara are neighbourhoods in Naihati, though some consider them to a part of Naihati.
96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside) live in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.
For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.
All places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map.
Naihati has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743165 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. Other post offices with the same PIN are Naihati Anandabazar and Puranandapally. Some regions of Garifa post office(743166)also is inside Naihati.
Being situated in the tropics, the climate of Naihati is primarily hot and humid summers and cool and dry winters. The rain bearing clouds from the Bay of Bengal brings torrential rain in the monsoon. In the summer temperature goes as high as 40 degree Celsius and in the winter it may reach 8 degree Celsius.
Vidyadhar Bhattacharya - a Bengali Brahmin who designed the city of Jaipur hailed from Naihati.
Haraprasad Shastri- Noted historian and linguist, a descendant of Vidyadhar, was also born here nearly a century and half later.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee - 'Sahitya samrat' one of the greatest Bengali novelist of all time, was also born in Naihati. He was a prolific author of novels, and authored Vande Mataram, which had great impact on the Indian revolutionaries and later became the national song of India.
Panchanan Ghoshal - criminologist, writer
Shyamal Mitra - singer
Samaresh Bose.- writer
Keshab Chandra Sen - social reformer
|Population of Naihati|
As per the 2011 Census of India, Naihati had a total population of 217,900, of which 109,849 (50%) were males and 108,051 (50%) were females. Population below 6 years was 19,761. The total number of literates in Naihati was 173,397 (87.51% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001 India census, Naihati had a population of 215,432. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Naihati has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 70%. In Naihati, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Migrants and refugeesEdit
The Jute Mills drew in a large labour force from the neighbouring states of Bihar and Odisha, as well as eastern Uttar Pradesh, quite often forming an overwhelming majority of the population in the area, living in shanty towns and bustees dotting the mill area.
According to a study carried out by Vidyasagar University, "Most of these industrial units were located in riverine towns. A few of these were old towns inhabited previously by middle class Bengali 'babus' while others were new towns grown out of agricultural lands... Agriculture in Bengal was more remunerative than work in the jute mills but what the jute mills paid was enough to attract labour from Bihar, Orissa, U.P. first and then from C.P. or even Madras...The industrial 'mohallas' remained as 'ghettos'. There was little or no interconnection or social and cultural contact between local Bengali population and the mill hands. Both lived in their own worlds."
With the partition of India there was a massive influx of refugees from East Pakistan into Kolkata and its peripheral areas. Of over a million refugees who entered West Bengal in 1950 alone settled mostly in squatter colonies between Naihati and Sonarpur on the east bank of the Hooghly and between Mogra and Uluberia on the west bank.
Kolkata Urban AgglomerationEdit
The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).
As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Naihati municipal city covered an area of 11.55 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 237.81 km of roads and open drains. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 stadium, 2 cinema/theatres and 5 public libraries. Amongst the commodities manufactured was bori. It had 8 bank branches.
According to the Barrackpore administration, amongst the educational facilities at Naihati are 3 colleges and 10 high schools. Amongst the other facilities are 9 markets, 1 post office, 4 sub post offices, 2 ferry ghats, one municipal park, municipal lodges, 2 cinema halls (Naihati cinema hall-closed and under litigation, Kalyani cinema hall), 3 public halls (Oikatan auditorium, Railway hall and Railway Banquet Hall), 14 play grounds and 1 burning ghat (Ramghat :electric and conventional burning ghat).
Naihati had a vibrant industrial area. "Once upon a time, mill sirens would keep the time in Naihati. Sirens at six o’clock, at nine o’clock, at eleven o’clock… Pulse of the factories would impart a collective sense of time, a sense of discipline, a united communal life. Even before the break of dawn tea shops in factory premises and even in far off places, would open shutters. Lines of pedestrians and cyclists would be seen going to work. Night shift workers would come out in hordes to make way for the morning shift." Most of the factories in Naihati-Garifa area have closed down. Workers and employees are in an unbearable state, and the socio-cultural environment of a much larger area has been vitiated. A brief about the past industries follows.
- Jenson & Nicholson was established in India in 1922 by its parent company Berger-Jenson & Nicholson, UK. The first factory of Jenson & Nicholson at Naihati went into production in 1925. The company produces paints, pigments, varnishes and allied products. The foreign holdings in the company were bought over by S.P.Sinha in 1964. The Naihati paint factory was modernised in the late 1980s. Bijay Chandra Srivastava has been managing director from 2014.
- Gouripore Jute Mill at Naihati was once upon a time considered by many as the best jute mill in the World. The fairy-tale jute mill environment of the colonial era has been succinctly described by Soumitra Das in The Telegraph, "The mill had its own train and its engine was a museum piece. It carried coal to the power house. The Gouripur mill had its own water filter plant and captive electricity and water supply system...The mill opened in 1862...Gouripore Jute Mills originally belonged to the Inchcape Group under Barry & Co. Later, in 1948, following amalgamation in 1948, MacNeill & Barry owned three jute mills — Gouripore, Nuddea and Ganges Manufacturing at Bansberia. Naihati bustled with activity owing to the presence of Jenson Nicholson, Gouripur Electric Supply and Containers and Closures alongside what was the largest and best jute mill of those times." The Scottish owners left, Gouripore Jute Mill changed hands and was closed in 1998.
- Nuddea Jute Mills at Naihati became a part of the MacNeill & Barry group in 1948. It has been going through a lot of turmoil from the 1980s and was also referred to BIFR. The mill seems to be out of operation, but the picture is hazy.
For Naihati Jute Mill at Hazinagar see Halisahar
Amongst the other closed factories are Gouripore Thermal Power Station, Containers and Closures Limited and Indian Paper Pulp (IPP or more popular as kagaj kal). Recently an industrial hub has come up besides the Kalyani highway as Rishi Bankim industrial hub where new small scale industries are coming up very fast.
Naihati, Battala area is also notable for fish farming, rearing of sweet water fish seeds of various genus like Rohu, Katla, Koi, Magur, Pabda, Silver Carp, Common Carp and many more. It was started under a training programme by Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), now known as Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), located at Kalyani. It is an initiative of the Indian Government, handled by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
This initiative by the then Indian government, and numerous renowned scientists and under their supervision, it was possible to bring a control over the production and preservation of various breeds of sweet water fishes.
The season starts from end of April, and continues till the monsoon lasts.
Naihati Junction railway station is 38 km from Sealdah on the Sealdah-Ranaghat Line and 16 km from Barrackpore. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system. It is connected to Bandel on the Howrah-Bardhaman main line. The journey takes about 20 minutes. There is a station at Garifa also.
In 1857, the Eastern Bengal Railway (EBR) was formed to lay the tracks along the east bank of the Hooghly River to Kushtia and then extended to Goalundo Ghat. The Jubilee Bridge linking Bandel and Naihati was opened on 21 February 1887, so that up country freight traffic could run through to Kolkata port. Sampreeti Bridge replaced the Jubilee Bridge in 2017.
Around a total of 32 lakh people from all around the city commute to Kolkata daily for work. In the Sealdah-Krishnanagar section there are 34 trains that carry commuters from 30 railway stations. In the Sealdah-Shantipur section 32 trains carry commuters from 29 stations.
Public bus serviceEdit
The road transport is chiefly via the well known 85 route (name of the bus route) which operates between Barrackpore and Kanchrapara. There are also some other bus routes like Naihati to Habra, Naihati to Barasat(87A/DN5), Naihati to Technopolis. A new state and also a private bus has started from Naihati to Digha, from Kanthalpara railway bridge.
- West Bengal Transport Corporation Bus
- D2 - Habra — Naihati [Frequent] via Ashoknagar, Chowrangee, Awalsiddhi, Saheb Colony, Mamudpur [First Car - 5.00AM & Last Car - 7.30AM]
- D7 Naihati – Bongaon
- Privately operated
- DN Series
- DN5-Barasat - Naihati
- JM series
- JM8 Naihati – Salt Lake Technopolis
Rishi Bankim Chandra College for Women was initially started as the morning section for women in Rishi Bankim Chandra College. The college was rechristened in 1984 as Rishi Bankim Chandra College for Women.
There are many Bengali medium schools as well as English medium schools in Naihati. Prominent Bengali medium schools include Naihati Narendra Vidyaniketan,Garifa High School, Naihati Mahendra High School, Naihati Katyayani Girls' High School, Naihati Adarsha Vidyaniketan, Nahati Prafulla Sen's Girls High School, Bijaynagar High School (Boys' High), Naihati Deshbandhu High School, Hindi medium school Gauripur Hindi High school, Vidya Vikash High School, Sarswati Balika Vidyalay. St. Luke's Day School is the only English medium co-ed ICSE/ISC school in Naihati, affiliated to Indian School Certificate Examinations, New Delhi. Apex Blind School is at Rajendrapur. The notable primary school "Garifa Keshab Primary School" was founded in 2019 and is celebrating 100th year of imparting primary education in year 2019. This primary school started the co-education System in 1934.
Organizations, health servicesEdit
Naihati has a large number of cultural and social organizations. Bankim Bhavan Gaveshana Kendra was founded by Prof. Satyajit Chaudhury in the year 1999 at the ancestral house of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhya and the center is maintained by the Dept. of Higher Education, Govt. of West Bengal. Naihati is one of the centres of Group Theatre activities of West Bengal. Semonti Natya Sangastha is a premiere group theatre drama club of West Bengal which apart from staging dramas for seniors, produces child-drama on regular basis to encourage children to take part and carry the cultural legacy in future. Yatrik, Saptarshi, Bankim Smriti Sangha, Samoy 1400, Arjun smriti sangha are the leading and prominent drama clubs of West Bengal. Amra Kajan Club is famous for its annual blood donation camp and the Mini Mime Mime Club is famous for Dance Drama Mime & Play. National Park Unnayini Sangsad is an old and reputed non political organization run mainly by the residents of National Park area of Naihati. It looks after the social welfare of the area as well as promotes the cultural practice.Naihati has a legacy of science club movement. The early science club movement was started here by Lekhar Chestai, NISC etc.
The central health facility is called Naihati State General Hospital. It is supplemented by a number of private clinics and nursing homes, run by highly qualified medical practitioners.
Naihati is famous for its Kali Puja & Durga puja, chhat puja etc. Although, family-based pujas were more dominant a few decades ago, today it has become a community-centric affair. Famous Rather Mela in front of Bankim Chandra's ancestral house is organised every year. Recently Naihati Utsab is organised in Railway Ground every year from 24 to 31 December.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Naihati.|
- Naihati Municipality
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Kolkata/Northern fringes travel guide from Wikivoyage