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North Dumdum is a city and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and also a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

North Dumdum
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
North Dumdum is located in Kolkata
North Dumdum
North Dumdum
Location in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
North Dumdum is located in West Bengal
North Dumdum
North Dumdum
North Dumdum (West Bengal)
North Dumdum is located in India
North Dumdum
North Dumdum
North Dumdum (India)
Coordinates: 22°39′07″N 88°25′09″E / 22.6520800°N 88.4190700°E / 22.6520800; 88.4190700Coordinates: 22°39′07″N 88°25′09″E / 22.6520800°N 88.4190700°E / 22.6520800; 88.4190700
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Metro StationJessore Road(under construction) and Biman Bandar(under construction)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyNorth Dumdum Municipality
 • ChairmanJoydeb Karmakar[1]
Area
 • Total26.45 km2 (10.21 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total249,142
 • Density9,400/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700049, 700050, 700052, 700065
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDum Dum Uttar
Websitenorth24parganas.nic.in

HistoryEdit

North Dum Dum municipality, established in 1870, comprised villages known as Birati, Nimta, Kadihati, Jangalpur Patna, Gouripur and a large area of what is now Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport. In 1998, Bisharpara gram panchayat and half of Sultanpur gram panchayat were merged with the municipality.[2]

With the partition of Bengal in 1947, "millions of refugees poured in from erstwhile East Pakistan."[3] In the initial stages bulk of the refugees were non-agriculturists. A few of them made their own arrangements, but "it was squatters who made the East Bengali refugees famous or infamous." Squatting (jabardakhal in Bengali) ranged from the forcible occupation of barracks to the collective take-over of private, government and waste land. By 1949, there were 65 refugee colonies in the Dum Dum and Panihati zone. The squatters were in a way “self-settlers” in the absence of adequate official arrangements for rehabilitation. Within a very short time the refugees (quite often with government/ administrative support) not only found a place to stay but developed a society with markets, schools, temples and sometimes even colleges, hospitals and recreational centres.[4][5]

GeographyEdit

 
Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
 
Map of Municipal Corporations and Municipalities. Click for a larger view

LocationEdit

North Dum Dum is located at 22°39′07″N 88°25′09″E / 22.6520800°N 88.4190700°E / 22.6520800; 88.4190700.

North Dumdum is bounded by Panihati (municipality), Teghari, Muragachha, Chandpur (all three census towns in Barrackpore II CD Block) and New Barrackpore (municipality) on the north, Barasat II CD Block and Rajarhat CD Block on the east, Dum Dum (municipality) and South Dumdum (municipality) on the south, and Panihati (municipality) on the west. Although not spelled out explicitly such localities as Nimta, Birati and Durganagar are neighbourhoods in North Dumdum municipal area.[6] In this Google map [2], published in the website of North Dum municipality, the outline of the limits of the municipal area is shown. On expanding the map, one can view the neighbourhoods and other location in North Dumdum municipality.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[7]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police stationEdit

Nimta police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over North Dumdum municipal area.[8][9] Airport police station and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport police station partly covers an area shown in census maps as part of North Dumdum municipality, have been placed under Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate from 2012, along with the entire airport and neighbourhoods through which Kazi Nazrul Islam Sarani passes.[10]

Post OfficesEdit

North Dum Dum is a vast locality with many Postal Index Numbers:

Nimta has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700049 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. The only other post offices with the same PIN is Udaipur.[11]

Nilachal has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700134 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. [12]

Birati has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 700051 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. The only other post offices with the same PIN is Sultanpur.[13]

Kolkata Airport has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700052 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. The only other post office with the same PIN is Kendriya Vihar.[14]

Durganagar has a non-delivery sub post office, with PIN 700065 in the Kolkata North Division of Kolkata district in Calcutta region. [15]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of North Dumdum 
CensusPop.
19019,916
19118,865−10.6%
19218,224−7.2%
19314,535−44.9%
19415,97431.7%
195112,156103.5%
196138,140213.8%
197163,87367.5%
198196,41851.0%
1991149,96555.5%
2001220,04246.7%
2011249,14213.2%
Source:[16]


As per the 2011 Census of India, North Dum Dum had a total population of 249,142, of which 126,279 (51%) were males and 122,863 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 18,411. The total number of literates in New Barrackpore was 209,964 (91.00% of the population over 6 years).[17]

As of 2001 India census,[18] North Dumdum had a population of 220,032. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. North Dumdum has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 79%. In North Dumdum, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban AgglomerationEdit

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[19]

InfrastructureEdit

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, North Dumdum municipal city covered an area of 26.45 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had both open and closed drains. Amongst the educational facilities It had 56 primary schools and 18 secondary schools. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 auditorium/ community hall and 3 public libraries. It had 9 bank branches.[20]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

EconomyEdit

KMDAEdit

North Dumdum municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[21][22]

EducationEdit

The following institutions are located in Dum Dum:

  • Mrinalini Datta Mahavidyapith was established by Birati Shiksha Sansad at Birati in 1964. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, Sanskrit, history, political science, philosophy, education, sociology, geography, journalism & mass communication, economics, anthropology, physics, mathematics, computer science, botany, zoology, accountancy and BBA. It also offers general courses in arts, science and commerce, and post graduation in Bengali. It caters to the needs of 18,000 students from Birati and the surrounding areas.[23][24]
  • Nimta High School at Nimta is a boys only higher secondary school.[25]It was established in 1875.
  • Shyamaprasad Nagar High School at Nimta is a co-educational higher secondary school.[26]
  • Nimta Jibantosh Memorial Girls High School is a girls only, higher secondary school.[27][28]
  • Nimta Ishan Chandra Balika Vidyalaya is a girls only high school.[29]
  • Rishi Aurobindo Memorial Academy at P.K.Guha Road (near Airport Gate No. 1), is an English-medium co-educational ICSE school.[30]
  • St. Stephen’s School, at R.B.C. Road, is a co-educational English-medium school, that has produced toppers in both ICSE and ISC examination. Managed by the Barracpore Diocesan Education Society, it was established in 1971. It is the main school with 18 branches.[31]
  • Indira Gandhi Memorial High School, at P.K.Guha Road, is an English-medium coeducational school affiliated to the CBSE. It was established in 1996 and has facilities for teaching in Classes Nursery to XII.[32][33]

See also - Dum Dum and South Dumdum for more schools in the Dum Dum area.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "North Dum Dum Municipality".
  2. ^ "North Dum Dum municipality". About us. NDM. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  3. ^ Chatterjee, Monideep, "Town Planning in Calcutta: Past, Present and Future", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 142, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  4. ^ Chatterjee, Nilanjana, "The East Bengal Refugees: A Lesson in Survival", in "Calcutta, The Living City" Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 72-75, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  5. ^ Sen, Uditi. "The Myths Refugees Live By Memory and History of the Making of Bengali Refugee Identity". 2014, Page 48. Modern Asian Studies, 48, doi:10.1017/S0026749X12000613. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore II CD Block on Page 379. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate & Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". West Bengal Police, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 31 December 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  11. ^ "Nimta PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  12. ^ "Nilachal PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Birati PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Kolkata Airport PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Durganagar PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  17. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  18. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  19. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  23. ^ "Mrinalini Datta Mahavidyapith". MDM. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  24. ^ "Mrinalini Datta Mahavidyapith". College Admission. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  25. ^ "West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education". WBCHSE. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  26. ^ "West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education". WBCHSE. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  27. ^ "West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education". WBCHSE. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  28. ^ "When the tough get going". The Telegraph, 25 August 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  29. ^ "Affiliated Schools: North 24 Parganas". No. B1 347. West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  30. ^ "Rishi Aurobindo Memorial Academy". Sulekha.com. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  31. ^ "St. Stephen's School". SSC. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  32. ^ "Indira Gandhi Memorial High School". IGMHS. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  33. ^ "Indira Gandhi Memorial High School". ICBSE. Retrieved 29 July 2018.