Kolkata Suburban Railway
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is a or suburban rail system serving the Kolkata metropolitan area and its surroundings in India. There are six main lines and nineteen branch lines. The suburban railway operates more than 1,500 services, carrying 3.5 million people daily and 1.2 billion people every year. It runs from 03:00 am until 02:00 am and the fares range from ₹5 (7.0¢ US) to ₹35 (49¢ US). The system uses 25 kV 50 Hz AC power supply and runs on 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge track. It also has interchange stations with the Kolkata Metro at various locations.
|Area served||Kolkata Metropolitan Area,Howrah,Hoogly,North 24 Parganas,South 24 Parganas,East Medinipur,West Medinipur,Purba Bardhaman]|
|Locale||Kolkata Metropolitan Area, West Bengal, India|
|Transit type||Suburban Rail|
|Number of lines||Eastern line: 14 |
South Eastern line: 4
Circular line: 1
South lines: 4
Chord link line: 1
|Number of stations|
|Daily ridership||3.5 million (2017–18)|
|Annual ridership||1.2 billion|
|Headquarters||Howrah (SER) & (ER)|
|Website||South Eastern Railway|
|Began operation||15 August 1854|
|Number of vehicles||200+|
|Train length||9 or 12 coaches|
|System length||1,501 km (933 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||25,000 V AC overhead catenary|
|Average speed||45 km/h (28 mph)|
|Top speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is part of the second passenger railway constructed in British India during the mid 19th century. The first train ran between Howrah and Hooghly stations. A hundred years after the initial run, Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) services began. It is the largest suburban railway network in India by track length and the number of stations with 458 stations and a track length of 1,501 km (933 mi).
The system is operated by two zones of Indian Railways; the Eastern Railway zone and the South Eastern Railway zone. These zones are further divided into the Howrah and Sealdah divisions for the Eastern Railway and the Kharagpur division for the South Eastern Railway. Howrah, Sealdah and Kolkata railway stations are the three major terminals serving the network in the city.
The Kolkata Suburban Railway is an offshoot of the second passenger railway to be built by the British in India. The first train ran between Howrah and Hooghly stations on 15 August 1854 and was operated by the East Indian Railway (EIR). Regular services on the 38.6 km (24.0 mi) line were introduced on the same day, with stops at Bally, Serampore and Chandannagore stations. The broad gauge Sheoraphuli–Tarakeswar branch line was opened by the Tarkessur Railway Company on 1 January 1885.
In 1951, all the railway companies, zone and divisions were integrated and re-categorised. This led to the formation of the Eastern Railway (ER) and South Eastern Railway (SER) zones. These zones of Indian Railways currently operate the Kolkata Suburban Railway.
Eastern Railway zoneEdit
The Eastern Railway zone was formed on 14 April, 1952, by the amalgamation of the East Indian Railway Company and the entire Bengal – Nagpur Railway (later it formed the SER). It has four divisions; Howrah and Sealdah divisions operate the system. The Sealdah division was part of the Eastern Bengal Railway before the recategorisation. Howrah division is the oldest in the ER zone.
On 1 February, 1957, the EMU services were introduced on the Howrah – Bandel section of the Howrah division. In 1963, services were gradually extended to Barddhaman and on the Sealdah Division of Eastern Railway were introduced on the Sealdah – Ranaghat route. In 1968, the Howrah – Barddhaman main and chord line was totally converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC power supply from a 3000 V DC power supply. Howrah–Sheoraphuli–Tarakeswar line was electrified in 1957–58.
South Eastern Railway zoneEdit
The Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) Company was incorporated in 1887 to take over from the Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway (NCR) and to convert the line to broad gauge. The work was completed in 1888. The extension of the main line from Nagpur to Asansol was completed by 1891. Later, it formed the Eastern Railway zone. On 1 August, 1955, the former Bengal Nagpur Railway portion was separated and a new zone, the South Eastern Railway (SER), came into existence. The SER comprises four divisions, and Kharagpur is the only division to operate the suburban railway.
In the SER zone, EMU service made its maiden run on 1 May, 1968 between Howrah – Mecheda of the Kharagpur division, and on 1 February, 1969, EMU services were extended to Kharagpur. Gradually the services were extended to eight other lines by 2003. The system under this zone was completely electrified by 1968.
Kolkata is the smallest of India's six A-1 cities in terms of area. However, the Kolkata Suburban Railway is the largest suburban railway network in India by track length and number of stations. The overall track length is 1,501 km (933 mi) and has 458 stations. The system is operated by two zonal divisions (under Indian Railways), Eastern Railways (ER) and South Eastern Railways (SER). The fast commuter rail corridors on Eastern Railway as well as South Eastern Railway are shared with long-distance and freight trains, while inner suburban services operate on exclusive parallel tracks. SER operates the South Eastern Line and ER operates the Eastern Line, Circular Line, Chord link Line as well as the Sealdah South lines.
Junction stations are marked in bold
South Eastern lineEdit
The South Eastern line in Kolkata consists of three major corridors, which divide into two branches as they run into the suburban satellite towns. Two corridors—one local and the other through—follow the South Eastern Railway and run from Howrah Junction to Midnapore, a distance of 128 km (80 mi). The mainline bifurcates (splits) into two branch lines—the Panskura–Haldia line at Panskura Junction 69 km (43 mi) to the south-east—and the Santragachi–Amta line at Santragachi Junction 45 km (28 mi) to the north. These corridors constitute the 'main' South Eastern line. The South Eastern line also includes two branch lines, 5 km (3.1 mi) and 94 km (58 mi), connecting Santragachi with Shalimar and Tamluk to Digha, respectively.
The South Eastern line has one interchange station with the Eastern Line at Howrah Junction. Rolling stock consists of a fleet of AC as well as dual-powered AC/DC EMUs. The major car sheds on this line are at Tikiapara and Panskura.
On 6 September 2009, then Railway Minister, Mamata Banerjee announced the introduction of Ladies Special local trains, namely Matribhumi (i.e. motherland), in the Kolkata suburban section. The first local Matribhumi Special local ran from Howrah to Kharagpur.
The Eastern line in Kolkata, the largest network of the Kolkata Suburban Railway, consists of two divisions—Howrah and Sealdah divisions (named after their respective terminals)—which serve both sides of the Hooghly River.
In the Howrah division of the Eastern line, there are five corridors, which also bifurcates and runs into the northwestern suburbs. The first two corridors are the 107 km (66 mi) Howrah–Bardhaman main line and the 94 km (58 mi) chord line. On these two corridors, the Howrah–Tarakeswar branch line bifurcates at Seoraphuli Junction and terminates at Tarakeswar with a length of 39 km (24 mi) crossing over the chord line at Kamarkundu. Kamarkundu now this line has been extended to Goghat from Tarakeswar as Tarakeswar - Bishnupur branch, under Tarakeswar - Bishnupur rail project. The Bandel–Katwa line bifurcates at Bandel Jn with a length of 105 km (65 mi); the Bardhaman–Katwa branch line bifurcates at Bardhaman Jn with a length of 53 km (33 mi).
On the other side of the river, the Sealdah division of the Eastern line has seven corridors, splitting into branch lines to serve the northeastern suburbs. The Sealdah–Gede line, considered to be mainline, terminates in Gede, a small town on the India–Bangladesh Border with a length of 116 km (72 mi). On this corridor, the first branch line bifurcates from Dum Dum Junction terminating at Bangaon Junction with a length of 70 km (43 mi). The second branch line bifurcates at Ranaghat Junction terminating at Bangaon Junction with a length of 33 km (21 mi). The third branch line bifurcates at Ranaghat Junction terminating at Krishnanagar City Junction passing through Kalinarayanpur Junction and Shantipur with a length of 35 km (22 mi) or by bypassing Shantipur, passing only through Kalinarayanpur with a length of 26 km (16 mi). And also there is an extension of the third branch line which starts from Krishnanagar City Junction to Lalgola with a line length of 127 km (79 mi). The fourth branch line bifurcates at Kalyani Junction terminating at Kalyani Simanta with a line length of 5 km (3.1 mi). The fifth branch line bifurcates at Barasat Junction terminating at Hasnabad with a line length of 53 km (33 mi). The Eastern line also includes a connection from Bandel Junction to Naihati Junction with a length of 8 km (5.0 mi) which is an important link between the Howrah and Sealdah divisions.
The major car sheds (depots) on this line are at Howrah Jn and Bandel on the Howrah division and at Narkeldanga, Barasat and Ranaghat in the Sealdah division.
Sealdah division's first Matribhumi local started in October 2018; it was the first all-women passenger train in Indian Railway history. It had female motormen, guards, and security personnel. On 24 August 2015, train services were halted between the Barasat and Bangaon line after a protest by a group of passengers obstructed movement of the trains. They demanded that male passengers be allowed to travel on the Matribhumi ladies special trains. This occurred when Eastern Railway withdrew the decision to allow male passengers to travel on Matribhumi local.
The Circular Railway corridor encircles the inner city neighbourhoods of Kolkata. At a length of 42 km (26 mi) with 20 stations, this line is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway's Sealdah Division. From Dum Dum Junction to Tala, the line is double-tracked, while from Tala to Majerhat, the line is single-tracked. Running by the side of the Hooghly River from Tala to Majerhat, it joins and runs parallel to the Sealdah South tracks after Majerhat and elevates at Park Circus in order to bypass Sealdah (which is a terminal station). After bypassing Sealdah, it rejoins the mainline at Bidhannagar Road and again terminating at Dum Dum Jn. The line is also known as Chakra Rail.
The circular line is a point of interest for tourists. As it runs under Howrah Bridge, Vidyasagar Setu and runs parallel to the Hooghly River, connecting multiple tourist places and ghats it provides access to a scenic view for daily commuters and visitors.
Sealdah South linesEdit
The Sealdah South line is an important link to Sundarbans in West Bengal from Kolkata. It is also part of the Eastern Railway. This line has four corridors, and bifurcates as branch lines linking the southern suburbs to Kolkata. The main line starts at Sealdah terminating at Namkhana railway station with a length of 108 km (67 mi). The mainline is double-tracked until Lakshmikantapur railway station and single-tracked from Lakshmikantapur to Namkhana. The first branch line of this corridor starts at Ballygunge Junction terminating at Budge Budge railway station with a length of 19 km (12 mi). A second branch line starts at Sonarpur Junction terminating at Canning with a length of 28 km (17 mi). The third branch line starts at Baruipur Junction railway station terminating at Diamond Harbour railway station with the length of 35 km (22 mi). This line has a sole depot at Sonarpur.
The Chord link line connects Sealdah to Dankuni Junction on the Howrah–Barddhaman Chord. This line plays an important role in connecting the Sealdah Division's mainline with the Howrah–Bardhaman chord, which is primarily used by freight and passenger trains heading towards North India. The Howrah–Bardhaman chord is part of the Howrah–Delhi mainline and the Grand Chord). The Chord link crosses the Hooghly River on the Vivekananda Setu road-rail bridge.
This corridor has a famous tourist spot, the Dakshineswar Kali Temple, where Ramakrishna Paramhansa served as a priest. It also includes the road-cum-rail bridge, Vivekananda Setu, also known as the Bally Bridge.
It has three interchange stations. Interchange is possible at Dum Dum Junction for the Eastern line (Sealdah–Gede mainline), at Dankuni Junction for the Eastern line (Howrah–Barddhaman Chord) and at Bally Halt (lying above Bally station) for the Eastern Line (Howrah–Barddhaman mainline). The extension of the Kolkata Metro Line 1 runs parallel to this line, and will have interchange facilities at Dum Dum, Baranagar and Dakshineswhar stations.
A new line is under construction between Amta and Bagnan with a length of 16 km (9.9 mi) under the jurisdiction of the South Eastern Railway sanctioned in 2010–11. Another new line is in progress between the Dakshinbari and Tarakeswar with joint work by the ER and SER.
On the southern part of the Eastern Railways side, there is an expansion of the line between Canning and Jharkhali with a length of 42 km (26 mi). The second expansion is at Kakdwip railway station and Budhakhali with a length of 5 km (3.1 mi). It extends to Sagar Island on the Hooghly River delta. The island can only be reached by boat; expansion of this line is a boon for the people of island providing better connectivity. The third expansion is at Namkhana and Bakkhali with a length of 31 km (19 mi), and a fourth expansion between Kulpi railway station and Bahrarat with a length of 38 km (24 mi).
Services and securityEdit
Three types of local train services are operated. They are normal locals, trains which stop at every station; galloping locals, these trains have limited stops and skip the smaller stations; and women-only trains known as Matribhoomi local.
The Railway Protection Force (RPF) and Government Railway Police (GRP) are responsible for the security of Kolkata Suburban Railway. The major stations in Kolkata also have closed-circuit cameras.
There are three travel classes:
- Class L: These compartments are exclusively reserved for women. Men are not allowed in them. The second compartment from both ends is for ladies.
- Vendor: These are for vendors to transport heavy goods and luggage. The compartments have seats along the walls and are made to haul goods. The third compartment from both ends is for vendors.
During 2010–11, there was an average of 1,275 trains per day. The average passenger capacity per rake was 6,207. in 2014–15, the average number of trains was 1,511 with an average passenger capacity per rake of 4,141. In the last five years, there was an increase of three percent in the average number of trains per day and reduction of eright percent in the average number of passengers per rake. The number of passengers carried in 2013–14 was 1,150,000,000 and in 2014–15 was 1,120,000,000—a reduction of three percent in total trips. The daily ridership as of 2017–18 is 3,500,000.
Fares and ticketingEdit
In the 2013 Railway Budget, the Railway Board increased the Kolkata suburban ticket fare by eight paise per kilometre, although the railway ministry has hiked it by two paise per kilometre. The number of slabs has also been reduced to four—₹5 (7.0¢ US), ₹10 (14¢ US), ₹15 (21¢ US) and ₹20 (28¢ US)—from the eight slabs earlier. Also, ticket denominations have been rounded off to multiples of ₹5 (7.0¢ US). As per the revised slab, a person travelling up to 20 km (12 mi) will have to pay ₹5 (7.0¢ US), between 21 km (13 mi) and 45 km (28 mi) ₹10 (14¢ US), between 46 km (29 mi) and 70 km (43 mi) ₹15 (21¢ US), and between 71 km (44 mi) and 100 km (62 mi) ₹20 (28¢ US). One can buy a monthly, quarterly or season ticket if commuting regularly on a particular route. This allows unlimited rides on that route. Season tickets are the most cost-effective and time-efficient option for regular commuters.
Kolkata Suburban Railway uses a proof-of-payment fare collection system. Tickets can be bought for a single journey (one way) or a return journey. Travelling without a valid ticket is an offence and if caught can result in a penalty. As per the Indian Railway Report, in 2016–17, the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway generated ₹539.8 million (US$7.6 million) through penalties imposed on ticketless and irregular travelers, an increase from 2013 to 2014 with ₹112 million (US$1.6 million).
Offline tickets can be bought from the unreserved ticket counters present at every station and Cash/Smart Card operated Ticket Vending Machines (CoTVM) and Automatic Ticket Vending Machines (ATVM) installed in most of the stations. One can issue online tickets using the UTSOnMobile app.
Some routes do not have any regular EMU services and therefore bypass the Kolkata Suburban Railway Network. To connect people on these routes, passenger trains run to help transport people from small towns and villages to the Kolkata Metropolitan Area and vice versa. There are two routes that bypass the Kolkata Suburban Railway and are not connected to any other network. The first route is from Tamluk to Digha, which is under the jurisdiction of South Eastern Railway with a length of 94 km (58 mi). The second route is from Krishnanagar City Junction to Lalgola, which is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway with a length of 128 km (80 mi).
The Howrah division of Eastern Railways has a rolling stock of 12-coach EMUs made by Jessop, ICF and Titagarh Wagons. BEML EMU's have been purchased and are in use. A few Unique BEML stainless steel EMUs are also in service. A small fleet of 12-coach Siemens EMUs are also in service. MEMU Rakes from the Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala (RCF) and Diesel multiple units (DEMUs)) from the ICF are in service. Howrah division has 61 12-car rakes. The Sealdah division has rolling stock including nine and 12-coach EMUs, also made by Jessop, ICF and Titagarh Wagons. A small fleet of Siemens 12-coach EMUs is also in service. BEML EMU's have been purchased and are in use and a small number of unique BEML stainless steel EMUs are also in service. DEMU trains made by ICF and MEMU from Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala (RCF) are in service. The number of 9-car and 12-car EMU rakes Sealdah division are 49 and 66 respectively. There are 2 Mainline Electric Multiple Unit (MEMU) rakes also.
The South Eastern Railways uses 12-coach EMUs made by Jessop, Siemens, Titagarh Wagons and ICF. BEML EMUs have been purchased and are in use. A few unique BEML stainless steel EMUs are also in service. SER was the first Division in West Bengal to use the ICF Medha 3-phase rakes. DEMU rakes from ICF and MEMU from RCF are in service. In February 2018, SER launched Medha ICF Rakes on the Howrah–Kharagpur route and on 15 April 2018, Eastern Railway also started using them on the Howrah–Bandel Route. SER has 30 12-car EMU rakes.
Every division of the Kolkata Suburban Railway are rapidly replacing their old Jessop and ICF EMUs with the latest Medha 3-phase EMU rakes made by ICF with Bombardier Transportation. Almost all the EMU Units used by the Kolkata Suburban Railway are equipped with a GPS-based passenger information system. Some EMUs, which were previously in service with the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway, were later shifted to Kolkata for service.
Electrification and gaugeEdit
The Howrah to Bardhaman section of Eastern Railway, got equipped with 3000 V DC electrification by 1958. Following the research and trials by SNCF in Europe, Indian Railways decided to adopt 25 kV AC system as a standard in 1957, as it was found more economical, and by 1968 the mainlines of both zones were electrified with 25 kV AC traction. Branch lines and other lines were gradually electrified later. On 5 January 2015, the Kalinarayanpur to Krishnagar City Junction route via Shantipur was totally converted into electrified broad gauge from meter gauge with three phases, Phase-I was from Krishnanagar City Junction to Shantipur Junction which was commissioned on 7 February 2012; Phase II was from Shantipur Junction to Phulia which was commissioned on 30 January 2014; and the last, Phase III, for Phulia to Kalinarayanpur was commissioned and later EMU services begun. On 12 January 2018, the Barddhaman to Katwa line was totally converted to electrified broad gauge from narrow gauge with two phases—Phase-I Barddhaman to Balgona and Phase-II Balgona To Katwa began to be converted beginning on 30 May 2012. Currently, the network has a 25 kV overhead catenary electrification system, with 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) Indian broad gauge tracks.
Signalling and telecommunicationEdit
An Electronic Interlocking signalling system is most widely used, replacing the old lever frames/panel interlockings system. To increase sectional capacity and efficiency, automatic signalling is being used. This is controlled by AC/DC track circuits, axle counters etc. The axle counter system is used to detect the presence of a train in an absolute block section, point zone area of a station and level crossings.
An optical fibre communication system is the backbone of the telecommunications network. The telecommunications facility is an omnibus circuit between stations and the central control hub at Sealdah and Howrah. For ground based mobile communication, Mobile Train Radio Communication (MTRC) is used.
Two local trains (Sealdah–Shantipur EMU local and Shantipur–Sealdah EMU local) collided on the same track at Phulia railway station on 7 January 2012. One person was killed and several were injured. Three coaches of both trains derailed.
On 12 December 2013, an accident was averted as two trains arrived on the same line at Sealdah Station. The driver of the Sealdah–Lalgola passenger train which left from platform seven had overshot the starter signal and entered the down main line but stopped because of the Bangaon–Sealdah local, which was coming from the opposite direction. This was reported to the control room and the passenger train was hauled back to platform seven of Sealdah Station.
Fourteen passengers were injured when an explosion took place inside a compartment of the Sealdah–Krishnanagar local train early on the morning of 12 May 2015. The blast took place just after a person boarded the train at Titagarh station, which is 21 km (13 mi) from Sealdah. Train services along the Sealdah Section were normal. However, two trains were cancelled as train movement was affected following the incident.
On 17 November 2015, a 40-year-old man, who had boarded the Howrah–Bandel Matribhumi special local for women only, fell off the train and died between Uttarpara and Hind Motor stations. This incident occurred when the man boarded the train. Some female commuters surrounded and abused him. He was eventually forced to get off the train. When the man realized a station was approaching, he ran to grab the handle but missed it and fell from the train to his death.
On 19 July 2017, a train from Sonarpur Jn to Sealdah (South) Station broke the buffer and hit the wall of platform number 13 in Sealdah (South) Station. This incident happened in the morning around 10:25 am (IST).
On 4 September 2018, Majerhat Bridge which was 40 years old, collapsed on the rail line between Majerhat and New Alipore at around 4:45 pm (IST), which results in the death of 3 people while injuring at least 25 others. After the collapse, Eastern Railways suspended train services via Majerhat railway station on the Kolkata Circular Railway and Sealdah-Budge Budge lines temporarily.
On 28 September 2018, one woman was killed while another woman sustained serious injuries after a slab of a foot over-bridge (FOB) at Baruipur railway station in South 24 Parganas fell on them from a height of 30 ft (9.1 m). This incident happened at night. According to locals and daily passengers, the foot over-bridge was in bad condition due to lack of maintenance.
There was a stampede on a foot over-bridge at Santragachi railway station in West Bengal on 23 October 2018. Two people died and twelve others were injured, including two children and two women. This incident occurred because of the arrival of two trains at the same time. People rushed to board the trains and that created a stampede-like situation on the bridge.
On 2 October 2019, A local train coming from Masagram was derailed, when it was entering on Platform no.6 of Howrah railway station, No casualties were reported. This incident has happened around 8:10 pm (IST).
On 15 March 2020, A massive fire broke out in the Salimpur slum area which lies near the Dhakuria railway station track at around 8:30 am. No Casualties has been reported, After this Incident Sealdah South lines were suspended temporarily.
- "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: IR History: Early Days – 1". www.irfca.org. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
- "Historical perspective – the first journey". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- "BNR history" (PDF). ser.indianrailways.gov.in. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- "Sealdah Division – an overview". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- "Eastern Railway – A brief profile". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 11 May 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- "Welcome to Howrah Division". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 18 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- Multiple Units (EMU/DMU) and other self-propelled vehicles, irfca.org,28 November 2018
- History of EMU on Eastern Railway and South Eastern Railway, South Eastern Railway, 27 November 2018
- History of Electrification, core.indianrailways.gov.in, 29 November 2018
- "Important Landmarks of Indian Railways Electrification". core.indianrailways.gov.in. 12 May 2020. Archived from the original on 18 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- Rao, M.A. (1988). Indian Railways, New Delhi: National Book Trust, p. 28
- "SER observes golden jubilee celebrations for successful completion of 50 years of EMU services". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 2 May 2018. Archived from the original on 25 February 2019. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- "Basic Statistics of Kolkata". kmcgov.in. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
- Kulkarni, Sonal (11 December 2018). "Suburban rail systems in India: Can Bengaluru take a leaf from their books?". Citizen Matters. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
- "10 Suburban Rail Service of India's Major Cities". Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- Survey on Kolkata Suburban Railway Archived 22 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine, indiansss.org, 1 January 2013
- "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Route Map – Suburban Sections (1)". www.irfca.org. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "The system map of Sealdah Division of Eastern Railway". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "The system map of Howrah Division of Eastern Railway". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 18 July 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "System Map". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 20 August 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "Kolkata Local Train Map". erail.in. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Carriage and Wagon – Howrah Division" (PDF). May 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
- "Execution of work for extension of EMU car shed ~ at Panskura & development of infrastructure for maintenance of 3 phase emu rakes at Tikiapara emu car shed and up-gradation of sick line at Haldia". www.tendertiger.co.in. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Mamata language gift at iftar". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Aboard Matribhoomi Local, 'Manned' Entirely by Women". The Wire. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
- "TRS Overview". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 2 July 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- Gupta, Jayanta (6 October 2018). "First all-women train chugs out of Sealdah | Kolkata News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- Sen, Priyadarshini (19 November 2018). "How women who 'man' Kolkata's Matribhoomi local train defy patriarchy". Business Standard India. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Train Service in Barasat-Bangaon Section Hit After Protest". NDTV.com. 24 August 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Running Across The 'City Of Joy', Chakra Rail Is A Joyride For Daily Commuters & Visitors". indiatimes.com. 30 December 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- Tanya. "Have You Been On Kolkata's Circular Railway Yet? | LBB". LBB, Kolkata. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "Roadmap". www.dakshineswarkalitemple.org. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Bally Bridge". expedia.co.in. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Mamata lays foundation for Dum Dum-Dakshineswar Metro – Indian Express". archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Upcoming projects in South Eastern Railway as per CAO (Con)'s MCDO". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2020.[permanent dead link]
- Gupta, Jayanta (23 June 2011). "Land reclaim for Sagar port soon". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
- New Projects, Eastern Railway, 29 November 2018
- "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Railway Operations – I". www.irfca.org. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
- "Railway Protection Force". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2020.[permanent dead link]
- "Role of Signal and Telecommunication Department". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 5 May 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- Explanatory Note and Faretable, indianrailways.gov.in, 1 January 2013
- "Utilisation of suburban railways" (PDF). indianrailways.gov.in. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- CAG report on Suburban Rail Performance,cag.gov.in, 30 November 2018
- "Budget bypasses Kolkata suburban rail network | Kolkata News – Times of India". The Times of India. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Suburban Fare Chart -Indian Railways". erail.in. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- Report of Indian Railway, Indian Railways, 6 April 2017
- "Citizen's charter for passenger services". South Eastern Railway. 6 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "UTS mobile ticketing". utsonmobile. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- "Indian Railways Launches 'utsonmobile' App for Paperless Unreserved Ticket Booking". The Better India. 11 February 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- "M/SER releases new public time table October – 2015 issue". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 29 September 2015. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "New time table for eastern zone published". er.indianrailways.gov.in. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Rail & Metro Product Brochure BEML" (PDF). bemlindia.in. October 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
- Jayanta (19 January 2017). "A touch of Mumbai on Bengal's local trains". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Mumbai-like EMU rake chugs out of Howrah station | Kolkata News – Times of India". The Times of India. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Jessop & Co Ltd". www.jessop.co.in. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Railways to replace all general class passenger trains with self-propelled carriages to raise speed". The Financial Express. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Electrical Assets" (PDF). Eastern Railway. 1 November 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "SER to run GPS based 3-Phase Indigenous EMU Train with CCTV in Ladies' Compartment in Suburban Section – RailNews Media India Ltd". Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- MP, Team (1 January 2019). "SER starts 12 rake service in all EMU trains". www.millenniumpost.in. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
- "Death of a superstar". mid-day. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- "Local train with inbuilt GPS system flagged off from Howrah station". The Statesman. 23 March 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
- Gupta, Jayanta (18 December 2018). "South Eastern Railway celebrates 60 years of 25 kV AC traction in India | Kolkata News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- "Project Summary". www.cspm.gov.in. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- "Railway Budget 2013: Full text". zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Mamata rolls out rly sops for Nadia". The Times of India. 24 August 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- "Outcome Performance Budget 2016–17" (PDF). indianrailways.gov.in. February 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- Acharya, Ram Chandra. "Indian Railways – Where commuter is the king!" (PDF). ejrcf.or.jp. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- "Vision Statement of S&T". ser.indianrailways.gov.in. 30 October 2019. Archived from the original on 14 April 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "Telecom Assets (as on April'2020)" (PDF). er.indianrailways. April 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "One dead, six injured in train collision". NDTV.com. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Accident averted as trains come on same line in Sealdah". India Today. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- Ghosh, Dwaipayan; Chakraborty, Sanjib (13 May 2015). "Kolkata: Blast in local train, 18 injured". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Kolkata: Man pushed to death from woman special train". The Times Of India. 18 November 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- "Two rail officials suspended after local train mishap at Sealdah station". The Indian Express. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- PTI, PTI (4 September 2018). "Bridge in busy Kolkata locality collapses, one killed – Times of India". The Times of India. PTI. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "Slab falls off railway station FOB, kills Puja shopper". The Times of India. 29 September 2018. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- Oct 24 (24 October 2018). "Kolkata bridge stampede: 2 dead, 14 injured in stampede at Santragachi railway bridge in Kolkata". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- Coach of Local Train Derails at Howrah Station, The New Indian Express, Retrieved 03 October 2020
- Kolkata Massive Fire Breaks Out, India TV, Retrieved 03 October 2020
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kolkata Suburban Railway.|