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Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Ballygunge Circular Road
|Kolkata Suburban Railway||Ballygunge Junction|
|Metro Station||Jatin Das Park, Kalighat, VIP Bazaar(under construction) and Hemanta Mukherjee(under construction)|
|Municipal Corporation||Kolkata Municipal Corporation|
|KMC wards||65, 68, 69, 85, 86, 90|
|• Total||For population see linked KMC ward pages|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Area code(s)||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kolkata Dakshin|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ballygunge, Rashbehari|
The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Ballygunge was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch. Beltala was a village in Dihi Mohanpur (later Monoharpukur).
Ballygunge grew up around a market for sand (bali in Bengali) and had garden-houses of 18th century Europeans. Amongst the prominent residents were George Mandeville, the zamindar/ collector, and Colonel Gilbert Ironside, a friend of Warren Hastings. In 1840, Emily Eden called Ballugunge 'our Eltham or Lewisham'. It also emerged as a citadel of the educated Bengali middle class after the suburban railway opened up the area.
Entally, Manicktala, Beliaghata, Ultadanga, Chitpur, Cossipore, parts of Beniapukur, Ballygunge, Watgunge and Ekbalpur, and parts of Garden Reach and Tollygunge were added to Kolkata Municipal Corporation in 1888. Garden Reach was later taken out.
When the Bengal Renaissance started taking roots in 19th century Calcutta, it was initially limited to the predominantly Hindu 'Indian town' stretching north and north-east from the fringes of Burrabazar, with a somewhat later extension south and south-east of the 'European town' to Bhowanipore, and some decades later to Ballygunge, which was then developing as a suburb.
In the first half of the 20th century, “in the milieu of relative urban prosperity... Calcutta’s rich citizens – those connected with jute, coal, tea, other industries, trade, money-lending and rentier income from urban property – did fabulously well for themselves.” Large chunks of Ballygunge, Sunny Park, Rainey Park and Southern Avenue were developed during the 1930s and 1940s. Many of the mansions in Ballygunge, Bhowanipore and Alipore were built by the city’s Bengali and new Marwari elite who wanted to move from the “dirtier sections of north Calcutta to the more fashionable areas in the south”.
Ballygunge is flanked by Park Circus in the north, Kasba and the Eastern Railway south suburban line in the east, Dhakuria and the Lakes (now called Rabindra Sarobar) in the south, and the localities of Bhowanipore and Lansdowne in the west.
Karaya Women police station, has jurisdiction over all police districts under the jurisdiction of the South-east division, i.e. Topsia, Beniapukur, Ballygunge, Gariahat, Lake, Karaya, Rabindra Sarobar and Tiljala.
As of 2018, the price of residential property in Ballygunge is amongst the neighbourhoods with high prices in Kolkata, and the price has more than doubled in the last decade.
Gariahat market, spread along Rashbehari Avenue, Gariahat Road and the lanes in the area, is one of the largest and busiest markets in Kolkata. The shops sell variety of saris, clothes, jewellery, electronic goods, furniture and what not. The makeshift shops along the footpaths, popular as hawkers, sell everything – crockery, cutlery, decorative items and utilities. It has numerous eateries and street food joints. Modern malls have also come up. Gariahat market is also well known for selling fish which is a staple for the Bengali community living in Calcutta.
Ballygunge is home to some of the following educational institutions in Kolkata:
- Army Public School, Kolkata, Ballygunge Maidan Camp
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Ballygunge, Kolkata, Ballygunge Maidan Camp
- Ballygunge Government High School, Beltala
- Basanti Devi College, 147B Rash Behari Avenue, Kolkata
- Jagadbandhu Institution, 25, Fern Road, Kolkata.
- Kamala Girls' High School, Lake Road (Kavi Bharati Sarani)
- Modern High School for Girls, Syed Amir Ali Avenue
- Patha Bhavan, Swinhoe Street, Ekdalia Road, Palm Avenue, Ballygunge Place and Merlin Park
- South Point School, Mandeville Gardens ane Ballygunge Place
- St. Lawrence High School, Ballygunge Circular Road
People from BallygungeEdit
- Jyoti Basu, politician
- Buddhadeva Bose, writer
- Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, politician
- Debabrata Biswas, Rabindra Sangeet singer
- Sachin Dev Burman, singer
- Sarat Chandra Chatterjee, novelist
- Aroup Chatterjee, (born 1958) – British Indian atheist physician, author of Mother Teresa: The Untold Story
- Somnath Chatterjee, politician
- Jibanananda Das, poet
- Barun De, historian
- Swarnakumari Devi, poet, musician, and social worker
- Aroti Dutt, social worker
- Gurusaday Dutt, civil servant
- Ghanshyam Das Birla, industrialist
- Sunil Gangopadhyay, writer
- Anup Ghoshal, singer
- Buddhadeb Guha, novelist and poet
- Indrajit Gupta, politician
- Satyendra Chandra Mitra, politician
- Suchitra Mitra, singer
- Hemanta Mukherjee, singer
- Mani Shankar Mukherjee, writer
- Pranab Mukherjee, politician
- Subrata Mukherjee, former Mayor of Kolkata
- Subhas Mukhopadhyay, physician
- Prof. Meghnad Saha, physicist
- Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, Bengali novelist and legal scholar
- P. C. Sorcar, Jr., magician
- Suchitra Sen, film actress lived on Ballygunge Circular Road.
- Ruma Guha Thakurta, singer
- Satyajit Ray, film-maker
- Satyendranath Tagore, civil servant
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ballygunge.|
- "District Census Handbook Kolkata, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 6-10: The History. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
- Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, pages 103-4 and 221, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
- Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 14-15, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
- Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 15-20, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
- Bagchi, Amiya Kumar, Wealth and Work in Calcutta, 1860-1921, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 213, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
- Sarkar, Sumit, "Calcutta and the 'Bengal Renaissance'", in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 100, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
- Goswami, Omkar, “Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The Fall from Grace”, “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 93, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
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