Open main menu

Ballygunge is a locality of South Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.

Ballygunge
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Ballygunge Circular Road
Ballygunge Circular Road
Ballygunge is located in Kolkata
Ballygunge
Ballygunge
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°31′44″N 88°21′43″E / 22.529°N 88.362°E / 22.529; 88.362Coordinates: 22°31′44″N 88°21′43″E / 22.529°N 88.362°E / 22.529; 88.362
Country India
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
DistrictKolkata
Kolkata Suburban RailwayBallygunge Junction
Metro StationJatin Das Park, Kalighat, VIP Bazaar(under construction) and Hemanta Mukherjee(under construction)
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC wards65, 68, 69, 85, 86, 90
Population
 • TotalFor population see linked KMC ward pages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code(s)+91 33
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBallygunge, Rashbehari

Along with Alipore, Ballygunge features amongst the top two most wealthy neighbourhoods of Kolkata and also boasts of being one of the most affluent localities in the entire nation.[citation needed]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Ballygunge was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch. Beltala was a village in Dihi Mohanpur (later Monoharpukur).[1][2][3]

Ballygunge grew up around a market for sand (bali in Bengali) and had garden-houses of 18th century Europeans. Amongst the prominent residents were George Mandeville, the zamindar/ collector, and Colonel Gilbert Ironside, a friend of Warren Hastings. In 1840, Emily Eden called Ballugunge 'our Eltham or Lewisham'. It also emerged as a citadel of the educated Bengali middle class after the suburban railway opened up the area.[4]

In 1888, Ballygunge and Tollygunge had a combined thana (police station).[4]

Entally, Manicktala, Beliaghata, Ultadanga, Chitpur, Cossipore, parts of Beniapukur, Ballygunge, Watgunge and Ekbalpur, and parts of Garden Reach and Tollygunge were added to Kolkata Municipal Corporation in 1888. Garden Reach was later taken out.[5]

When the Bengal Renaissance started taking roots in 19th century Calcutta, it was initially limited to the predominantly Hindu 'Indian town' stretching north and north-east from the fringes of Burrabazar, with a somewhat later extension south and south-east of the 'European town' to Bhowanipore, and some decades later to Ballygunge, which was then developing as a suburb.[6]

In the first half of the 20th century, “in the milieu of relative urban prosperity... Calcutta’s rich citizens – those connected with jute, coal, tea, other industries, trade, money-lending and rentier income from urban property – did fabulously well for themselves.” Large chunks of Ballygunge, Sunny Park, Rainey Park and Southern Avenue were developed during the 1930s and 1940s. Many of the mansions in Ballygunge, Bhowanipore and Alipore were built by the city’s Bengali and new Marwari elite who wanted to move from the “dirtier sections of north Calcutta to the more fashionable areas in the south”.[7]

GeographyEdit

 

LocationEdit

Ballygunge is flanked by Park Circus in the north, Kasba and the Eastern Railway south suburban line in the east, Dhakuria and the Lakes (now called Rabindra Sarobar) in the south, and the localities of Bhowanipore and Lansdowne in the west.

Police districtsEdit

The following police stations in the Ballygunge area, which are part of the South-east division of Kolkata Police, cover four police districts in the area:[8]

Rabindra Sarobar police station is a new police station being set up in the Rabindra Sarobar area.[9][10]

Karaya Women police station, has jurisdiction over all police districts under the jurisdiction of the South-east division, i.e. Topsia, Beniapukur, Ballygunge, Gariahat, Lake, Karaya, Rabindra Sarobar and Tiljala.[8]

EconomyEdit

Residential propertyEdit

As of 2018, the price of residential property in Ballygunge is amongst the neighbourhoods with high prices in Kolkata, and the price has more than doubled in the last decade.[11]

Gariahat MarketEdit

Gariahat market, spread along Rashbehari Avenue, Gariahat Road and the lanes in the area, is one of the largest and busiest markets in Kolkata. The shops sell variety of saris, clothes, jewellery, electronic goods, furniture and what not. The makeshift shops along the footpaths, popular as hawkers, sell everything – crockery, cutlery, decorative items and utilities. It has numerous eateries and street food joints. Modern malls have also come up.[12] Gariahat market is also well known for selling fish which is a staple for the Bengali community living in Calcutta.[13]

EducationEdit

Ballygunge is home to some of the following educational institutions in Kolkata:

  1. Army Public School, Kolkata, Ballygunge Maidan Camp
  2. Kendriya Vidyalaya Ballygunge, Kolkata, Ballygunge Maidan Camp
  3. Ballygunge Government High School, Beltala
  4. Basanti Devi College, 147B Rash Behari Avenue, Kolkata
  5. Jagadbandhu Institution, 25, Fern Road, Kolkata.
  6. Kamala Girls' High School, Lake Road (Kavi Bharati Sarani)
  7. Modern High School for Girls, Syed Amir Ali Avenue
  8. Patha Bhavan, Swinhoe Street, Ekdalia Road, Palm Avenue, Ballygunge Place and Merlin Park
  9. South Point School, Mandeville Gardens ane Ballygunge Place
  10. St. Lawrence High School, Ballygunge Circular Road

People from BallygungeEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Kolkata, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 6-10: The History. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  2. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, pages 103-4 and 221, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  3. ^ Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 14-15, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  4. ^ a b Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 15-20, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  5. ^ Bagchi, Amiya Kumar, Wealth and Work in Calcutta, 1860-1921, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, p. 213, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-563696-3.
  6. ^ Sarkar, Sumit, "Calcutta and the 'Bengal Renaissance'", in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 100, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  7. ^ Goswami, Omkar, “Calcutta’s Economy 1918-1970 The Fall from Grace”, “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Page 93, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 0-19-563697-X
  8. ^ a b "Kolkata Police". South-east Division. KP. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Police station for Sarobar". The Telegraph, 18 February 2016. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Kolkata likely to get nine new police stations soon". The Times of India, 20 November 2017. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Property Rates in Kolkata". magicbricks. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Gariahat Market of Kolkata – A Shopaholics Dream Come True". Kolkata oh! Calcutta. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Conduct a new tour". Gariahat Fish Market. The Telegraph, 16 September 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2018.

External linksEdit

  Kolkata/South travel guide from Wikivoyage

External video
  Gariahat Shopping (video with Hindi commentary)