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Barun De (30 October 1932 – 16 July 2013) was an Indian historian. He served as the first professor of social and economic history of the Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta, founder-director of the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta and the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata and as the honorary state editor for the West Bengal District Gazetteers. He was chairman of the West Bengal Heritage Commission.
|Born||30 October 1932|
|Died||16 July 2013 (aged 80)|
Early life and educationEdit
De was born into a Brahmo family. His father, Basanta Kumar De, was a high ranking official of the Bengal Nagpur Railways. His grandfather was Brajendranath De, ICS. He studied at St. Xavier's Collegiate School, Calcutta. He completed his higher studies at Presidency College, Calcutta, where he was a student of Professor Susobhan Chandra Sarkar and later at St. Catherine's Society, Oxford. He completed his D.Phil. thesis on "Henry Dundas and the Government of India, 1784-1801" under the supervision of Dr. C.C. Davies. on a Beit studentship at Nuffield College, Oxford. As the holder of this scholarship he taught students of the college. He was awarded the Curzon Memorial Prize for his essay "Macaulay and India". In addition to his academic work, he was secretary, treasurer and president of the Oxford India Majlis.
De held various positions at various times, including a senior professorship at the Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta, the founder-directorship of the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta and the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, a membership, held for three terms, of the Indian Council of Historical Research, New Delhi, and the role of honorary state editor of the West Bengal District Gazetteers. He taught and worked abroad, among other places, at Duke University as a visiting associate professor, the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla, as a senior fellow, Fondation Maison des sciences de l'homme, Paris as a directeur, University of Sydney and University of Milan as a visiting professor, and the University of World Economy and Diplomacy, Tashkent as the India Chair (in the rank of minister-counsellor) for three years, with attachment to the Indian Embassy of Uzbekistan,. He was secretary, sectional president and general president of the Indian History Congress.
In 2004, he was appointed to a membership of the NCERT textbook review committee. In his post-retirement years, he was chairman of the West Bengal State Archives, Calcutta, a vice president of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, and a member of the Heritage Conservation Committee of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, in which capacity he was among several people who prepared a list of heritage buildings of West Bengal. The Times of India has described him as "a pioneer of the heritage movement of West Bengal", From 2008-2011 he was honorary chairman of the West Bengal Heritage Commission, of which he was a member from 2001-2008.
He was appointed as a Tagore National Fellow, which he held at the Victoria Memorial Hall, Calcutta.
De's research spanned from early- to late-modern periods of Indian history. In the earlier part of his career he wrote on Henry Dundas and the conquest of India, while later on he addressed the Marxist critique of the colonial context of the Bengal renaissance. He was also concerned with the national movement: his popular textbook book, Freedom Struggle, co-authored with Bipan Chandra and Amalesh Tripathi, was censored by the new Central government that came to power in India in 1977. It has been translated into Bengali by Brajadulal Chattopadhyaya. In 1975 he edited a thick volume in honour of Prof. Susobhan Sarkar in which he wrote the main essay on his teacher which reveals his preference for objectivity and critical analysis. He was the editor of 24 Parganas and Darjeeling District Gazetteers. He contributed to the editing of the Jalpaiguri District Gazetteers.
De was well known for his criticism of the emergency of 1975-77.
- D.Litt. (Honouris Causa), North Bengal University, 2000.
- Banga Samman, 2008-09
Death and legacyEdit
The Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Calcutta has instituted a Barun De Memorial Lecture. Barun De Auditorium of Jadunath Bhavan Museum and Resource Centre, the museum of the Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta, is named after him.
- Secularism at Bay: Uzbekistan at the Turn of the Century (New Delhi, 2006)
- (ed.) State, Development and Political Culture: Bangladesh and India, (New Delhi, 1997) (co-edited with Ranabir Samaddar)
- (ed.) Mukti Sangrame Banglar Chatra-Samaj (Students of Bengal in the Struggle of Liberation) (in Bengali), (Calcutta: Paschim Banga Itihas Samsad, 1992)
- (ed.) West Bengal District Gazetteers, 24 Parganas, (Calcutta, 1983)
- (ed.) West Bengal District Gazetteers, Jalpaiguri, (Calcutta, 1981) (co-edited with Abani Mohan Kusari).
- (ed.) West Bengal District Gazetteers, Darjeeling, (Calcutta, 1980)
- The Dialectics Between Response to Exogenous and Autochthonous Innovation in India in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, with Special Reference to Modern Bengal, (Tokyo: United Nations University, 1979)
- (ed.) Perspectives in Social Sciences, 1: Historical Dimensions (New Delhi, 1977)
- "A Biographical Perspective on the Political and Economic Ideas of Rammohun Ray", in V.C.Joshi, (ed.), Rammohun Roy and the Process of Modernisation in India, New Delhi, 1975
- (ed.) Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, (Calcutta: Jadavpur Session, 1974)
- (ed.) Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, (Aligarh: Aligarh Session, 1975)
- (et al. eds.) Essays in Honour of Professor Sushobhan Chandra Sarkar (New Delhi, 1975)
- Freedom Struggle (New Delhi, 1972), (co-authored with Bipan Chandra and Amalesh Tripathi)
- "Historian Barun De dead". 18 July 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "Historian and Administrator" - Aniruddha Ray Retrieved 2015-03-03
- Lives Less Forgotten: Basanta Kumar De
- Sabyasachi Bhattacharya, 'Obituary' in the Victoria Memorial Newsletter, 2014
- Mukherjee, Rudrangshu (18 July 2013). "Clio's Disciple". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Historian Barun De dead" - The Statesman, 18 July 2013 Retrieved 2015-03-05.
- Gandhi, Gopal Krishna (2015). "State of Abounding Grace". Retrieved 15 August 2016.
- "The Times of India" - Staff Reporter Retrieved 2015-02-27.
- "Professor Barun De (1932-2013)" - Sabyasachi Bhattacharya Indian Historical Review. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- "Historian Barun De dies at 80" - Business Standard Retrieved 2015-03-06.
- India Today, 2004
- "Heritage Conservation Committee" p. 3. Retrieved 2015-03-23
- "A Conversationalist Intellectual - Sugata Bose" Retrieved 2015-03-27.
- "Censorship of Historical Thought: A World Guide" - Antoon de Baets Retrieved 2015-02-21.
- "Historian Barun De passes away - Panchanan Chattopadhyay". Mainstreamweekly. Retrieved 2015-03-23.
- Irfan Habib, "Professor Barun De (1932-2013)" in Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Volume 73, 2012, p. 1554
- Irfan Habib, "Professor Barun De (1932-2013)" in Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Volume 73, 2012, pp. 1553-1555
- Abani Mohan Kusari, West Bengal District GazetteersL Jalpaiguri, Gazetteer of India, Calcutta, Barun De, Honourary State Editor, West Bengal District Gazetteers, Calcutta, 1981 in Michael Lampert, Discipline and Debate: The Language of Violence in Tibetan Buddhist Monastery, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012.
- Irfan Habib, "Professor Barun De (1932-2013)" in Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Vol. 73, 2012, p. 1554
- Akanksha Sharma, 'Barun De, The Renowned Historian and Academician Passed Away at 80' in Jagran Josh, 17 July 2013
- "Historian Barun De passes away". Hindustan Times. 18 July 2013. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Barun De Memorial Lecture Retrieved 2015-02-27.
- Barun De Auditorium, CSSSC
- "Secularism at Bay: Uzbekistan at the Turn of the Century" - Barun De Retrieved 2015-02-17.
- The Dialectics Between Response to Exogenous and Autochthonous Innovation in India in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, with Special Reference to Modern Bengal - Barun De Retrieved 2018-01-12.
- Amiya P. Sen, "Rammohan Roy", in Mahendra Prasad Singh and Himanshu Roy, Indian Political Thought: Themes and Thinkers, (Delhi, Pearson, 2011), p. 68
- "Peasant Labour and Colonial Capital: Rural Bengal since 1770" - Sugata Bose 2015-02-19.
- "Freedom Struggle" - Bipan Chandra, Amalesh Tripathi and Barun De Retrieved 2015-02-18.