Sealdah–Bangaon line

The Sealdah–Bangaon line connects Sealdah with the border town of Bangaon in the Indian state of West Bengal. It branches off from the Sealdah–Ranaghat line at Dum Dum Junction. There are two branch lines in this section, namely the Barasat–Hasnabad line which branches off at Barasat Junction and the Bangaon–Ranaghat line which connects it with Ranaghat Junction. From Bangaon the line extends into Bangladesh. This line has change-over facilities with both the Kolkata Metro and the Kolkata Circular Railway at Dum Dum Junction and with the Kolkata Metro at Dum Dum Cantonment. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system and is under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Railway.

Sealdah–Bangaon line
(incl. Barasat–Hasnabad & Ranaghat–Bangaon branch lines)
KolkataLocalTrain.JPG
A local train at the Hridaypur railway station
Overview
StatusOperational
OwnerIndian Railways
LocaleWest Bengal
TerminiSealdah
Bangaon
Stations24
WebsiteEastern Railway
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemKolkata Suburban Railway
ServicesSealdah–Bangaon, Barasat–Hasnabad & Ranaghat–Bangaon
Operator(s)Eastern Railway
Depot(s)Sealdah
Barasat
Daily ridership0.5 million
History
Opened1884; 137 years ago (1884)
Technical
Line lengthSealdah–Bongaon: 77 km (48 mi)

Barasat–Hasnabad: 52 km (32 mi)

Ranaghat–Bangaon: 33 km (21 mi)
Number of tracks2
CharacterAt grade
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Old gaugeBarasat–Basirhat Light Railway 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge
Electrification25 kV overhead line
Operating speedup to 100 km per hour
Route map

km
km
Benapole
Petrapole Goods
Bagdah (planned)
77
Bangaon
Chandabazar (planned)
Poramaheshtala (planned)
Satberia
28
72
Bibhuti Bhushan Halt
Gopalnagar
23
Akaipur
19
67
Chandpara
Majhergram
15
Gangnapur
11
63
Thakurnagar
Naba Raynagar
6
Coopers Halt
58
Gobardanga
Ranaghat
0
Machhalandapur
54
Swarupnagar (planned)
Hingalganj (planned)
75
Hasnabad
73
Taki Road
71
Nimdanri
Sanhati Halt
50
69
Madhyampur
67
Matania Anantapur
Habra
45
65
Basirhat
63
Bhyabla Halt
Ashoknagar Road
41
58
Champapukur
56
Ghora Ras Ghona
54
Malatipur
49
Kankra Mirzanagar
Guma
38
46
Harua Road
43
Bhasila
Bira
34
41
Lebutala
37
Beliaghata Road
Duttapukur
30
35
Sondalia
32
Bahira Kalibari
Bamangachhi
27
29
Karea Kadambagachhi
26
Kazipara
23
Barasat
21
Hridaypur
19
Madhyamgram
Noai Canal
17
New Barrackpur
15
Bisharpara Kodaliya
14
Birati
12
Durganagar
14
Biman Bandar
12
Jessore Road
line closed
10
Dum Dum Cantonment
7
Dum Dum Kolkata Metro
Patipukur
Kolkata
4
Bidhannagar Road
Sealdah North & Main
0
Sir Gurudas
Banerjee Halt
Sealdah South
0
Park Circus
3
km
km
Source: Indian Railway Time Table[full citation needed]

HistoryEdit

The Bengal Central Railway Company constructed two broad gauge lines: one connecting Ranaghat and Bangaon (21 miles (34 km)) in 1882 and the other connecting Dum Dum with Khulna (now in Bangladesh), via Bangaon (108 miles (174 km)) which opened in stages and was completed in 1884. These lines were merged with Eastern Bengal Railway in 1904.[1] After partition of India in 1947, Petrapole railway station became the terminus on the Indian side while the Benapole railway station became the terminus in the Bangladeshi side of the line. The Barisal Express, launched in 1884, from Sealdah to Khulna continued post-partition until rail services between the two countries were suspended due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.[2] Freight services between the two countries were restored for a brief period of two years in 1972 but closed again due to a lack of goods.[3] India and Bangladesh signed an agreement on July 2000 to resume freight services and the first freight train ran across the link on 21 January 2001.[3] The Bandhan Express was introduced on this line on November 2017. It is a weekly service and traces the old route of the Barisal Express except for having its terminus in the Kolkata railway station instead of Sealdah railway station.[4]

Barasat–Basirhat Light RailwayEdit

The Barasat–Basirhat Light Railway was a 26 miles (42 km) long 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway that was constructed by the Martin's Light Railways in 1905 between Barasat and Basirhat. It was further extended via Taki to Hasnabad (Chingrighata) in 1909. A 16.62 miles (26.75 km) long extension was built from Beliaghata Bridge on the Barasat–Basirhat line to Patipukur in 1910. This was further extended to Belgachia in 1914 and was known as the Shyambazar Branch.[5] The line closed down in 1955 due to continuous losses.[citation needed]

The Barasat-Hasnabad line was converted into a 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge and was built in a new alignment between 1957 and 1962. The Shyambazar branch line was abandoned.[6][7]

Dum Dum Cantonment–Biman Bandar branch lineEdit

The Dum Dum Cantonment–Biman Bandar branch line was built by the Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways and was inaugurated on July 2006. Due to losses and poor patronage owing to the location of the station and odd timings of the services, the services on the line were closed down in 2016. The line was further dismantled in 2020 to make way for the Line 4 of the Kolkata Metro.[8]

ElectrificationEdit

The Sealdah–Bangaon line was electrified in 1963–64. The Barasat–Hasnabad branch line was electrified in 2002-03 [9]

PassengersEdit

Sealdah station handles 1.5 million passengers arriving or departing in 704 trains daily (including EMU locals), and a good proportion of that uses this line.[10]

Car shedEdit

There is a large EMU car shed beside the Narkeldanga Canal, near Sealdah, which has a lot of space to accommodate locomotives. Barasat also has an EMU car shed which forms a part of that station's overall structure, having been designed to accommodate trains for rail engine and car maintenance.[11]

TracksEdit

The Sealdah–Bangaon line presently has two tracks; though at some stations, an additional platform and track has been built to originate and halt certain local trains. Doubling of the Barasat–Hasnabad branch line is underway. The Ranaghat–Bangaon branch line is currently a single track line.[citation needed]

BorderEdit

Though Bangaon is the last station on this particular route, the line extends up to the Indo-Bangladesh border and beyond that.[12][13]

Petrapole, which is on the Indian side of the international border, has a land customs station and handles about more than half of the $4 billion trade between India and Bangladesh. With the remote possibility of improvements in the extremely narrow roads leading to the Indo-Bangladesh border, because of land acquisition problems, the principal focus is now on improving the railway system.[14]

TrainsEdit

The only and the most important train from that uses this track is the Bandhan Express which runs from Kolkata to Khulna. Apart from that a lot of local trains ply on this route which are:[15][16]

  • The Sealdah–Bangaon Local
  • The Sealdah–Thakurnagar Local
  • The Sealdah–Gobardanga Local
  • The Sealdah–Habra Local
  • The Sealdah–Duttapukur Local
  • The Sealdah–Barasat Local
  • The Sealdah–Madhyamgram Local
  • The Sealdah–Dum Dum Cantonment Local
  • The Sealdah–Hasnabad Local
  • The Sealdah–Basirhat Local

StationsEdit

The railway stations on this route are:

Station No Railway Station
1 Sealdah
2 Bidhannagar Road
3 Dum Dum Junction
4 Dum Dum Cantonment
5 Durganagar
6 Birati
7 Bisharpara Kodaliya
8 New Barrackpur
9 Madhyamgram
10 Hridaypur
11 Barasat Junction
12 Bamangachhi
13 Duttapukur
14 Bira
15 Guma
16 Ashoknagar Road
17 Habra
18 Sanhati Halt
19 Machlandapur
20 Gobardanga
21 Thakurnagar
22 Chandpara
23 Bibhuti Bhushan Halt
24 Bangaon Junction

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bengal Central Railway". fibis. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Thapliyal, Sangeeta. "India-Bangladesh Transportation Links: A Move for Closer Cooperation". Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b "India, Bangladesh reintroduce rail link". Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  4. ^ "Prime Minister of India & Prime Minister of Bangladesh Jointly along with Chief Minister, West Bengal Flag off New Cross-Border Train between India & Bangladesh, "Kolkata-Khulna Bandhan Express" from Kolkata through Video Confencing. Two Rail Bridges in Bangladesh and International Rail Passenger Terminus at Kolkata Station also Inaugurated". Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  5. ^ "" Administration Report on the Railways in India – corrected up to 31st March 1918"; Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta; page 212". Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  6. ^ Moonis Raza & Yash Aggarwal (1986). Transport Geography of India: Commodity Flow and the Regional Structure of Indian Economy. page 60. Concept Publishing Company, A-15/16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi – 110059. ISBN 81-7022-089-0. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  7. ^ "Non-IR Railways in India". IRFCA. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  8. ^ "Defunct Circular Rail track dismantled". Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  9. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Few Toilets at Howrah, Sealdah". The Times of India. 28 November 2001. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Bongaon a green fresh border". Travel template. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  13. ^ "Capexil plea to convert Petrapole LCS into port". The Hindu Business Line. 26 March 2004. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  14. ^ Pratim Ranjan Bose and Abhisek Law (3 April 2013). "Customs wants better rail link through Petrapole". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  15. ^ "Trains from Dum Dum to Bangaon". India Rail Info.
  16. ^ "Trains from Dum Dum to Dum Dum Cantonment". erail.in.

External linksEdit