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Howrah district (/ˈhrə/) is a district of the West Bengal state in eastern India. Howrah district is one of the highly urbanized area of West Bengal. The urbanized sectors gradually increase the slum populations. The Howrah city called “Glasgow” of India and "Sheffield of India". Howrah is the second largest city and second smallest district after Kolkata. It has thousands of years of rich heritage in the form of the great Bengali kingdom of Bhurshut. The district is named after its headquarters, the city of Howrah.[1]

Howrah district
Location of Howrah district in West Bengal
Location of Howrah district in West Bengal
StateWest Bengal
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesHowrah, Uluberia, Serampore - partly
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesBally, Howrah Uttar, Howrah Madhya, Shibpur, Howrah Dakshin, Sankrail, Panchla, Uluberia Purba, Uluberia Uttar, Uluberia Dakshin, Shyampur, Bagnan, Amta, Udaynarayanpur, Jagatballavpur, Domjur
 • Total1,467 km2 (566 sq mi)
 • Total4,850,029
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)
 • Literacy83.31 %
 • Sex ratio935
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 16 , NH 2
Average annual precipitation1461 mm



The Howrah district lies between 22°48′ N and 22°12′ N latitudes and between 88°23′ E and 87°50′ E longitudes.[2] The district is bounded by the Hooghly River and the North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas districts on the east, on the north by the Hooghly district (Arambagh and Shrirampur sub-divisions), and on the south by Midnapore East district (Tamluk sub-division). On the west Howrah district is bordered by the Ghatal sub-division of Midnapore West district, and partly by the Arambagh sub-division of Hooghly district to the north-west, and the Tamluk sub-division of Midnapore East district to the south-west.

Boundaries of the district are naturally determined by Rupnarayan River on west and south-west, and by Bhagirathi-Hooghly river on east and south-east side. On north side, the boundary is an artificial one except for Bally Canal on north-east and Damodar River on north-west.[3]

Annual normal rainfall is 1461 millimetre per year. Annual maximum temperature varies between 32-39 °C, whereas minimum temperature varies between 8-10 °C.


Religion in Howrah district (2011)[4]

  Hinduism (72.90%)
  Islam (26.20%)
  Jainism (0.20%)
  Other (0.33%)
  Atheist (0.38%)

According to the 2011 census Howrah district has a population of 4,841,638,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Singapore[6] or the US state of Alabama.[7] This gives it a ranking of 23rd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 3,300 inhabitants per square kilometre (8,500/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.31%.[5] Haora has a sex ratio of 935 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 83.85%.[5]

Total area in Howrah District is 1467 km2. Total population is 4,273,099 as per census 2001 records. 57.91% of the population live in Howrah Sadar subdivision and rest 42.09% live in Uluberia subdivision. Population Density: 2913 per km2.


Howrah District is split into the Howrah Sadar subdivision and the Uluberia subdivision. The Howrah Sadar subdivision has 1 municipal corporation and 5 community development (CD) blocks. The Uluberia subdivision has 1 municipality and 9 community development blocks.

Each block consists of a rural area divided into gram panchayats along with census towns.[8] The district has 11 police stations, 157 gram panchayats,[9] and 50 census towns.

Area Subdivision Type Notes
Howrah Municipal Corporation Howrah Sadar Municipal Corporation includes the merged Bally Municipality and total number of wards is sixty six now [10]
Bally Jagachha Howrah Sadar CD Block consists of rural area with 8 gram panchayats and six census towns: Bally (different from Bally municipality), Chakapara, Chamrail, Eksara, Khalia and Jagadishpur Durgapur-Avoynagar1, Durgapur-Avoynagar2, Nischinda
Domjur Howrah Sadar CD Block consists of rural area with 18 gram panchayats and sixteen census towns: Domjur, Dakshin Jhapardaha, Khantora, Bhandardaha, Makardaha, Kantlia, Tentulkuli, Salap, Bankra, Nibra, Ankurhati, Bipra Noapara, Kalara, Kesabpur, Natibpur, and Mahiari
Panchla Howrah Sadar CD Block consists of rural area with 11 gram panchayats and seven census towns: Bikihakola, Beldubi, Deulpur, Gangadharpur, Jujersha, Jala-Biswanathpur, Banaharishpur, Chara-Panchla, Panchla, Subharara and Sahapur
Sankrail Howrah Sadar CD Block consists of rural area with 16 gram panchayats and fourteen census towns: Argari, Dhuilya, Andul, Ramchandrapur, Podara, Panchpara, Hatgachha, Jhorhat, Banipur, Mashila, Sankrail, Manikpur, Nalpur, Raghudebbati and Sarenga
Jagatballavpur Howrah Sadar CD Block consists of rural area with 14 gram panchayats and two census town: Mansinhapur and Munsirhat
Uluberia Municipality Uluberia Municipality
Amta I Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 13 gram panchayats
Amta II Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 14 gram panchayats
Bagnan I Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area with 10 gram panchayats and two census towns: Khalor and Bagnan
Bagnan II Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area with 7 gram panchayats and one census town: Naupala
Uluberia I Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 9 gram panchayats.The most important village is Bar-Mongrajpur under Hatgacha-1 G.P.
Uluberia II Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area with 8 gram panchayats and three census towns: Santoshpur, Balaram Pota and Uttar Pirpur
Shyampur I Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 10 gram panchayats
Shyampur II Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 8 gram panchayats
Udaynarayanpur Uluberia CD Block CD block consists of rural area only with 11 gram panchayats

Assembly constituenciesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Howrah Archived 7 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Geographical location of Howrah district and its headquarters". Archived from the original on 23 December 2008.
  3. ^ "Howrah, the second largest city of West Bengal and twin of Kolkata is said to have a rich history that dates back to 500 years". Archived from the original on 20 December 2007.
  4. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Census. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alabama 4,779,736
  8. ^ "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 19 March 2008. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2008.
  10. ^ "HMC".
  11. ^ "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2008.

External linksEdit