Tamluk (/ˈtæmlʊk/) is a town and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Purba Medinipur district. Though there is some controversy, scholars have generally agreed that present-day Tamluk is the site of the ancient city variously known as Tamralipta or Tamralipti, where Hien Chang, a Chinese traveller, visited the town, is now located on the banks of Rupnarayan River, close to the Bay of Bengal.
Tamralipta, Tamolika, Tamralipti, Tamoluk
|Coordinates: 22°18′N 87°55′E / 22.3°N 87.92°ECoordinates: 22°18′N 87°55′E / 22.3°N 87.92°E|
|• Total||17.86 km2 (6.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Density||3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
721636 721627 721648 721649
|Vehicle registration||WB 29-xxxx, WB 30-xxxx|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Tamluk|
This ancient kingdom and port city was bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the south, Rupnarayan River in the east and Subarnarekha River in the west. The Rupnarayana is the joint flow of the rivers Dwarakeswar and Silai. The Bay of Bengal and these great rivers with their numerous branches created a prosperous and easy water navigational system fostering commerce, culture and early contacts with the people outside the region. At the same time, these rivers helped to develop the agriculture in this region.
Archaeological remains show continuous settlement from about the 3rd century BC. It was known as Tramralipta (in the Puranas and the Mahabharata), Tamralipta (in the Mahabharata), Tamalika (in historical documents), Tamalitti (in foreigners' descriptions), or Tamoluk (in the British Raj). It was a seaport, now buried under river silt. For this reason, Tamluk has many ponds and lakes remaining today.
In the Mahabharata (Bhishma Parba/Nabam Adhyay), while describing the names of the holiest rivers and kingdoms of India, Sanjay took the name of "Tramralipta" to Dhritarashtra.
Tamluk was also known as Bhivas, in religious texts, and Madhya Desh, as the Middle State of Utkal/Kalinga and Banga.
According to Jain sources, Tamralipti was the capital of the tamralipti janapada and was long known as a port.
Tamluk police station has jurisdiction over Tamluk (municipality) and Tamluk CD Block. Tamluk police station covers an area of 214.14 km2 with a population of 352,748.
According to 2011 Indian Census, Tamluk had a total population of 65,306, of which 33,260 were males and 32,046 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 6,180. The total number of literates in Tamluk was 53,318, which constituted 81.6% of the population with male literacy of 85.0% and female literacy of 78.1%. The effective literacy rate of population (7 years and above) of Tamluk was 90.2%, of which male literacy rate was 94.0% and female literacy rate was 86.2%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 4,441 and 201 respectively. Tamluk had 14489 households in 2011.
Tamluk has two railway stations - Tamluk Junction and Sahid Matangini.
- Sudhir Memorial Institute Tamluk :- It is an CBSE English - Medium School in Tamluk. It is a Sister Institute of Sudhir Memorial Institute Madhyamgram.
- Matangini Mission School, Tamluk :- It is a Bengali & English - Medium School in Tamluk.
- Tamluk Hamilton High School :- A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE, WBCHSE, and WBSCTE), established on 1852.
- Rajkumari Santanamoyee Girls' High School :- A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Tamluk High School :- A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Demari High School :- A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Tamralipta Vidyapith School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Ratnali Adarsha Valika Vidyalaya : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Radhaballavpur Bhima Charan Basu Vidyapith : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Kulberia Bhimdeb Adarsha Vidyapith :A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Bhander Beria Debendra High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Kakgechia Satyanarayan High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Jogikhop Girl High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Banhichar High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Kelomal Santoshini High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE and WBCHSE).
- Nakibasan High School : A school under West Bengal board (WBBSE)
- Tamralipta Public School, an ICSE affiliated school upto standard 12th
- Daharpur Tapashili High School (WBBSE and WBCHSE)
- Salgechia High School (WBBSE and WBCHSE)
- Tamralipta Mahavidyalaya was established in 1948. It is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers courses in arts, science, commerce and education.
- Shahid Matangini Hazra Government College for Women was established at Nimtouri, Tamluk in 2015
- Tamralipto Government Medical College and Hospital, established in 2022. It is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences
The Town has recently seen an increase in the number of private Nursing Homes, serving people of the town and mostly of the rural areas in and around Tamluk.
Tamluk also is a growing medical Hub, with chambers of many reputated doctors, that have brought top level diagnosis and facilities to the people of Tamluk and rural villages beside Tamluk.
Some of the most advanced Nursing Homes in Tamluk are
- Mas Clinic and Hospital
- APJ Abdul Kalam Super speciality Hospital
- TUI - Tamluk Urology Institute
- Balaji Nursing Home
- Paradise Nursing Home
Along with Nursing homes, top notch diagnostic centres have also developed in the Town, that brings in advance level diagnosis to the rural people
Some of them to be noted are
Landmarks and tourist placesEdit
- Rupnarayan river bank: The bank of river Rupnarayan is famous for picnic.
- Devi Barghobhima: Nearly 1150-year-old Temple of Kali named as Devi Bargobhima. This temple is a part of 51 Shakti Peethas. Puranas say that the small finger of left feet of Sati/Parvati fell here when Lord Vishnu cut the sacred Body of Goddess Sati into several pieces to pacify Lord Shiva.
- Tamluk Rajbari: Located on the outskirts of town, the old ruined royal abode of the Bhanj dynasty (Mayur/Peacock), is a tourist destination.
- Rakhit Bati: It is another place to visit in Tamluk. In the beginning of 19th century it was a secret centre of the then revolutionary party Anusilan Samiti & Gupta samiti. The historian late Shri Tailakyanath Rakhit rebuilt this building.
- Geonkhali: At geonkhali river Rupnarayan joins Hooghly river.
- Khudiram Bose, young revolutionary and martyr
- Matangini Hazra, Indian independence movement revolutionary and martyr
- Satish Chandra Samanta, Indian independence movement activist and leader of Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar
- Ajoy Mukherjee, former chief minister of West Bengal.
- Sushil Kumar Dhara, Co founder of Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar of British India & after independence he also served the state government as `Industry and Commerce Minister'.
- Paresh Maity, artist.
- Mani Lal Bhaumik, Indian American physicist and best-selling author
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- ^ Schmiedchen, Annette (2019). "Medieval Endowment Cultures in Western India: Buddhist and Muslim Encounters – Some Preliminary Observations". Mondes de l'Asie du Sud et de l'Asie Centrale: 7.
- ^ Paine, Lincoln (6 February 2014). The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World. Atlantic Books. p. 265. ISBN 978-1-78239-357-3.
- ^ Ramachandran 1951, p. 226-239. sfn error: no target: CITEREFRamachandran1951 (help)
- ^ Bhaumick 2001, p. 7-8. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBhaumick2001 (help)
- ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purba Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- ^ "Tamluk PS". Purba Medinipur District Police. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
- ^ "Tamralipta Mahaviyalaya". TM. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- ^ Shashwati Pandit (2 February 2021), Bargabhima temple: seeking an unknown mystery (PDF), IIJCRT
- ^ ".:: Dr. Mani Lal Bhaumik ::". www.midnapore.in. Retrieved 16 July 2021.