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Halisahar
City
Halisahar railway station
Halisahar railway station
Halisahar is located in West Bengal
Halisahar
Halisahar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°56′49″N 88°25′06″E / 22.946944°N 88.418389°E / 22.946944; 88.418389Coordinates: 22°56′49″N 88°25′06″E / 22.946944°N 88.418389°E / 22.946944; 88.418389
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Named for Big havellis found in the town.
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Halisahar Municipality
 • Municipality Chairman Ansuman Roy[1]
Area
 • Total 8.29 km2 (3.20 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 124,939
 • Density 15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743134 (Halisahar)
Telephone code +9133
Lok Sabha constituency Barrackpore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bijpur
Website halisaharmunicipality.org

Halisahar is a city with a municipality in Barrackpore subdivision[2]of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Halisahar is believed to have existed from the early middle ages. It was earlier named Kumarhatta. In the 13th century, during the reign of Baktiyar Khilji it was known as Haveli Shahar (City of Palaces). In the 16th century, Abul Fazal’s Ain-i-Akbari mentioned it as 'Halisahar'. The municipality was established in 1903.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

GeographyEdit

 
Cities and towns in the northern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood, OG: outgrowth
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

LocationEdit

With a total area of 8.29 km2 (3.20 sq mi) Halisahar forms a small part of the state of West Bengal. There is a significant difference in elevation across different localities of Halisahar. There are significantly large numbers of ponds in Halisahar. Most of them are shallow. Moreover, it is adjacent to the river Ganga and therefore, Halisahar is abundant with water resources. Halisahar falls under the earthquake zone 3.[4]

Halisahar is bounded by Char Nandanbati, Char Kancharpara and Kalyani, in Nadia district, on the north, Kanchrapara and Nanna on the east, Balibhara and Naihati on the south and the Hooghly on the west.[5][6]

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2 The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[7]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Police stationEdit

Bijpur police station under Barrackpore Police Commissionerate has jurisdiction over Kanchrapara and Halisahar municipal areas.[8][9]

Post OfficeEdit

Halisahar has a delivery sub post office, with PIN 743134 in the North Presidency Division of North 24 Parganas district in Calcutta region. No other post office has the same PIN.[10]

ClimateEdit

The main seasons are summer, rainy season, a short autumn, and winter. The summer in the delta region is noted for excessive humidity, with the highest day temperature ranging from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F). In early summer brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi or Norwesters, often occur. Halisahar receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in the northwest direction. Winter(December–January) is mild with average minimum temperatures of 19 °C (66.2 °F). A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level.

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Population of Halisahar 
CensusPop.
191113,423
192173,418447.0%
193116,770-77.2%
194125,80453.9%
195134,66634.3%
196151,42348.3%
197168,90634.0%
198199,36644.2%
1991117,53918.3%
2001130,62111.1%
2011124,939-4.3%
Source: [11]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Halisahar had a total population of 124,939, of which 65,467 (52%) were males and 59,472 (48%) were females. Population below 6 years was 11,138. The total number of literates in Halisahar was 100,560 (88.36% of the population over 6 years).[12]

As of 2001 India census,[13]Halisahar had a population of 124,479. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Halisahar has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 70%. In Halisahar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of the population is Bengali; Bihari and Odias are large minorities.'Halisahar the city of dreams' is a facebook group,where people of Halisahar are connected each other's .

Kolkata Urban AgglomerationEdit

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[14]

InfrastructureEdit

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Halisahar municipal city covered an area of 8.29 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 163.7 kms of roads and open drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 1 charitable medical facility and 66 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities It had 64 primary schools, 1 middle school, 4 secondary schools, 6 senior secondary schools and 7 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 1 stadium, 1 auditorium/ community hall, 1 cinema/theatre and 3 public libraries. Amongst the commodities manufactured were jute and paper. It had 6 bank branches.[15]

According to the Barrackpore administration, amongst the educational facilities available at Halisahar are 59 primary schools, 4 secondary schools, 6 higher secondary schools and 5 private medium English-medium schools. Amongst the other facilities available are 6 markets, 2 ferry ghats {Dunlop Sahaganj Ghat and Paper Mill Ghat), 1 cinema hall (Charu Chitramandir), 1 open stage (Halisahar Lok Sanskriti Bhaban), 3 libraries, 10 play grounds, 1 electric crematorium, 1 burning ghat, 3 Muslim burial grounds and 2 parks (Hali Craig Park and Nutan Bazar Park). There are water connections in 13,880 houses, and 1,875 street taps.[16]

See also Cities and towns in Barrackpore subdivision

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

Industrialisation started in the Halisahar area in the early years of the twentieth century with the setting up of jute mills and pulp and paper mills on the banks of the Hooghly river. The fortunes of the jute industry have declined but two mills are still functional in Halisahar. Naihati Jute Mills set up its first factory at Hazinagar in 1905. It was taken over by the Bhagat family in 1958. J.K.Bhagat has been at the helm of affairs for the last 45 years. Hukumchand Jute Mill was established at Hazinagar in 1919 and is still functioning.[16][17][18][19][20][21]

KMDAEdit

Halisahar municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[22][23]

TransportEdit

State Highway 1 passes through Halisahar.[24]

Halisahar railway station on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line is 42 km from Sealdah railway station.[25][24]It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

CommutersEdit

Around a total of 32 lakh people from all around the city commute to Kolkata daily for work. In the Sealdah-Krishnanagar section there are 34 trains that carry commuters from 30 railway stations. In the Sealdah-Shantipur section 32 trains carry commuters from 29 stations.[26]

HealthcareEdit

The Municipal Maternity-cum-Child Welfare Hopital functions with 10 beds.[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Halisahar Municipality Website". halisaharmunicipality.org. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "District-wise list of statutory towns". Wbcensus.gov.in. 27 September 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Halisahar Municiplity". About us. HM. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  4. ^ File:India earthquake zone map en.svg
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Barrackpore I CD Block on Page 365. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 21 June 2018. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Nadia, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Chakdah CD Block on Page 511. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  9. ^ "Barrackpore Police Commissionerate". List of Police Stations with telephone numbers. West Bengal Police. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  10. ^ "Halisahar PIN Code". pincodezip.in. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018. 
  12. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  13. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. 
  14. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  15. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  16. ^ a b "Halisahar Municipality". Barrackpore administration. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  17. ^ "Hlisahar… my beautiful home town". My Halisahar. Retrieved 25 June 2018. 
  18. ^ "Clashes in North 24 Parganas". The Indian Express, 21 October 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2018. 
  19. ^ "The Naihati Jute Mills Co". Indiamart. Retrieved 25 June 2018. 
  20. ^ "The Naihati Jute Mill Co. Ltd". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 25 June 2018. 
  21. ^ "Hooghly Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. - unit: Hukumchand Jute Mill". HIPL. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  22. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  23. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018. 
  24. ^ a b Google maps
  25. ^ "31311 Sealdah-Kalyani Simanta Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 24 June 2018. 
  26. ^ Dey, Teesta. "The Suburban Railway Network of Kolkata: A Geographical Apprisal" (PDF). eTraverse, the Indian journal of spatial science, 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2018. 
  27. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 June 2018. 

External linksEdit