Eliud Kipchoge (born 5 November 1984) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who competes in the marathon and formerly the 5000 metres. He won the Olympic marathon in 2016 and is the current marathon world record holder with a time of 2:01:39 hours. Kipchoge's world record run at the 2018 Berlin Marathon broke the previous world record by 1 minute and 18 seconds. This is the greatest improvement in a marathon world record time since 1967.
Kipchoge at the 2015 Berlin Marathon
|Born||5 November 1984|
Kapsisiywa, Nandi District, Kenya
|Height||1.66 m (5 ft 5 in)|
|Weight||56 kg (123 lb)|
|Coached by||Patrick Sang|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||Marathon: 2:01:39 WR|
Kipchoge won his first individual world championship title in 2003 by winning the junior race at the IAAF World Cross Country Championships and setting a world junior record over 5000 m on the track. At the age of eighteen, he became the senior 5000 m world champion at the 2003 World Championships in Athletics with a championships record, then followed with an Olympic bronze for Kenya in 2004 and a bronze at the 2006 IAAF World Indoor Championships. A five-time World Championship 5000 m finalist, Kipchoge took silver medals at the 2007 World Championships, 2008 Summer Olympics and 2010 Commonwealth Games.
He switched to road running in 2012 and made the second-fastest ever half marathon debut with 59:25 minutes. On his marathon debut he won the 2013 Hamburg Marathon in a course record time. His first victory at a World Marathon Major came at the Chicago Marathon in 2014, and he went on to become series champion for 2016, 2017, and 2018. He won the London Marathon a record 4 times. Described as "the greatest marathoner of the modern era", Kipchoge has won 12 of the 13 marathons he has entered, his only loss being a second place behind Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich at the 2013 Berlin Marathon, where Kipsang broke the world record.
Early life and personal lifeEdit
Kipchoge was born on 5 November 1984 in Kapsisiywa, Nandi District of Kenya. Kipchoge graduated from Kaptel Secondary School in 1999 but did not run seriously then. He did run two miles to school on a daily basis. Kipchoge was raised by a single mother (a teacher), and only knew his father from pictures. He is the youngest of four children. He met his trainer Patrick Sang (a former Olympic medalist in the steeplechase) in 2001 at the age of 16.
In 2002, he won at the Kenyan trials for the 2002 IAAF World Cross Country Championships junior race. At the World Cross Country Championships, held in Dublin, Kipchoge finished fifth in the individual race and was part of the Kenyan junior team that won gold. Kipchoge also won the 5000 metres race at the Kenyan trial for the 2002 World Junior Championships in Athletics, but fell ill and missed the championships. At the 2003 IAAF World Cross Country Championships he won the junior race.
He set a world junior record in the 5000 m at the 2003 Bislett Games, running a time of 12:52.61 minutes. This stood as the world and African junior record until 2012, when it was improved to 12:47.53 minutes by Hagos Gebrhiwet of Ethiopia.
In July he participated in the Golden League 2004 Roma Meeting. In the 5000 m event, he dipped first among the starters with 12:46.53, which made him the sixth-fastest ever in the event.
Kipchoge won a gold medal at the 5000 m final at the 2003 World Championships, outsprinting both future world record holder Kenenisa Bekele and runner-up Hicham El Guerrouj (the world record holder in the 1500 metres and mile) by four hundredths of a second (12:52.79 vs. 12:52.83).
World Championship and Olympic medalsEdit
The IAAF on 22 Aug, 2016 referring to his Olympic marathon gold.'
In 2004, Kipchoge won a bronze medal at the 5000 m final at the 2004 Athens Olympics, behind El Guerrouj and Kenenisa Bekele. He also won the Trofeo Alasport cross country race earlier that season.
Kipchoge won the bronze in the 3000 metres indoor at the 2006 World Championships in Moscow. At the end of the year, he ran at the San Silvestre Vallecana New Year's Eve 10 km road race and he just held off Zersenay Tadese to win in a time of 26:54 minutes. This was better than the world record, but the time was assisted by the downhill course.
During the 2008 Olympics held in Beijing, China, Kipchoge won a silver medal in the 5000m event with a time of 13:02.80; although better than the previous Olympic record of 13:05.59, it was not enough to match Kenenisa Bekele's pace, who won the gold medal for this race. He failed to reach the podium at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, finishing in fifth place and he also finished ninth in the 3000 m at the 2009 IAAF World Athletics Final. On the circuit, he won the Great Yorkshire Run 10K and Campaccio Cross Country that year. As the prerace favorite, during the 2016 Summer Olympics, Kipchoge gained a gold medal in the marathon event. On the last day of the Rio Olympics on 21 August 2016 he won in a time of 2:08:44. The runner up was Feyisa Lilesa (Ethiopia) 2:09:54 and the bronze medal went to Galen Rupp (USA), doing his second marathon, crossing the finish line in 2:10:05. When the halfway point after 21.0975 km was reached, 37 men were within 10 seconds of the lead runner. The participants field diminished to 3 lead runners shortly before 34 km. Kipchoge made his final move on silver medal winner Lilesa around 36 km into the race. He covered the first half of the race in 1:05:55, while doing the second half in 1:02:49, that amounts to a difference of more than 3 minutes, a negative split. The winning gap between Kipchoge and Lilesa by 70 seconds is the largest victory margin since the 1972 Olympic marathon. Kipchoge's winning time of 2:08:44 is his slowest marathon time (as of Apr 2019). One hundred fifty-five runners started the race, which amounted to the largest field in Olympic history; 139 of them finished the race. With this win, Kipchoge became the second Kenyan male after Sammy Wanjiru in Beijing 2008 to win an Olympic marathon gold medal. At the same Olympics, the women's marathon was won by Jemima Sumgong in turn she became the first female Kenyan winner.
Kipchoge then went on to enter the Carlsbad 5000 in CA, USA. The Carlsbad 5 km road race is the venue for the world best times for a 5k road race for men and women respectively. The fastest to cover the track was Sammy Kipketer in 2000, with 12:59.5 min. Kipchoge made a world best attempt and although he won the race, weather affected his chances and he finished in 13:11, the fourth-fastest ever for the course up to that point in time.
In the first athletics final of the 2010 Commonwealth Games, he attempted to win the 5000 m Commonwealth title. Ugandan runner Moses Kipsiro held a slender lead over him in the final stages of the race and Kipchoge ended up in second place, taking the silver medal some seven hundredths of a second behind. He flew back to Europe immediately after to take part in the Belgrade Race through History the following day. His shoe fell off in the first kilometre and, after putting it back on, he made up much ground on the field to eventually take second place two seconds behind Josphat Menjo.
At the start of 2011, he won the short race at the Great Edinburgh Cross Country, ahead of Asbel Kiprop. He attempted to retain his title at the Carlsbad 5000 in April but came a close second behind Dejen Gebremeskel. In May he raced the 3000 metres (finished third) in Doha, with a time of 7:27.66 and ranked him as the 12th-fastest at the distance up to this point. Kipchoge was chosen to represent Kenya at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and reached the 5000 m final for the fifth consecutive time, although he only managed seventh place on this occasion.
2012 onwards – Move to road eventsEdit
Kipchoge returned to the Edinburgh Cross Country in 2012, but this time he finished third behind Asbel Kiprop and Britain's Jonathan Hay. He was also third at the Carlsbad 5000 in March. He attempted to gain a place on the 10,000 m Olympic team at the Prefontaine Classic, but fell back in the late stages of the Kenyan trial race, finishing seventh. A seventh-place finish in the Kenyan 5000 m trial race meant he would not make a third consecutive Olympic team.
He made his half marathon debut in the Lille Half Marathon. The run was won by a new course record time of 59:05 (previously 59:36 by ilahun Regassa set in 2008) from Ezekiel Chebii (former pb 59:22), trailed by Bernard Koech 59:10, and Kipchoge earned a third place with 59:25. His time of 59:25 became the second fastest Half Marathon debut, only second to Moses Mosop's 59:20 in Milan in 2010.
Kipchoge opened his 2013 season with a win at the Barcelona Half Marathon in a time of one hour and four seconds. Making his marathon debut in April, he demonstrated a smooth transition to the longer distance by taking the Hamburg Marathon title with a run of 2:05:30 hours—beating the field by over two minutes and setting a new course record. In August 2013, he won the Half Marathon of Klagenfurt in 1:01:02 minutes.
Then, he raced in the Berlin Marathon and he finished second in 2:04:05, the fifth-fastest time in history, in his second ever marathon, behind Wilson Kipsang, who set a new marathon world record with 2:03:23. Third place went to Geoffrey Kipsang of Kenya with 2:06:26.
Kipchoge won the Berlin Marathon in 2015. His win and then-personal-best time (2:04:00) occurred even though his shoes malfunctioned, causing his insoles to flap out of both shoes from 10 km onward; rather than risk time lost from an adjustment, he finished the race with bloodied, blistered feet.
In April 2016, Kipchoge won the London Marathon for the second consecutive year in a time of 2:03:05. His performance broke the course record in London, and became the second-fastest marathon time in history, missing Dennis Kimetto's world record by 8 seconds.
On 6 May 2017, Kipchoge, along with Zersenay Tadese (world record holder in the half marathon) and Lelisa Desisa (2 time Boston Marathon winner), attempted the first sub-two-hour assisted marathon, in the Nike Breaking2 project on the Monza Formula 1 racetrack near Milan, Italy. All 3 runners ran a test 2 months before the attempt. The target time was 1 hour for a half Marathon. Kipchoge finished first in 59:17. The course was measured with 2400 m. During the 2 hour attempt, the runners were paced by a lead car and 30 supporting pacers joining in stages (both considered illegal under IAAF rules). The race started at 5:45h local time on the 2.4 km track. Kipchoge finished in 2:00:25, while the other two had to slow and finished far behind. The runners planned even 14:13 5k splits to break 2 hours. His 5k splits were: 14:14, 14:07, 14:13, 14:15, 14:14, 14:17, 14:17, 14:27, and 6:20 to finish. The 5k split times from 25k and further would be world records: 25k in 1:11:03, 30k in 1:25:20, 35k in 1:39:37, 40k in 1:54:04.
On 24 September 2017, he won the Berlin Marathon in a time of 2:03:32. In rainy conditions, he finished 14 seconds ahead of Guye Adola who ran his first marathon. Adola set the fastest marathon debut ever. Former marathon world record holder Wilson Kipsang and 2016 winner Kenenisa Bekele failed to finish.
It was a performance so far superior to anything we've seen before that comparing it to another marathon feels inadequate. This was Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game in basketball, Usain Bolt's 9.58 in the 100-meter dash.Kipchoge's splits – 1:01:06 for the first half, a ridiculous 1:00:33 for his second half – sound made up. But they were real, and they were spectacular."
Kipchoge won the 2018 London Marathon against a field that included Mo Farah (4 time Olympic gold medalist), who finished third with a time of 2:06:32 in his second marathon, Kenenisa Bekele (3 time Olympic gold medalist + World Record holder 5000 m and 10000 m), and defending champion Daniel Wanjiru.
On 16 September 2018, Kipchoge won the Berlin Marathon in a time of 2:01:39, breaking the previous world record by 1 minute and 18 seconds (2:02:57 set by fellow countryman Dennis Kimetto at the Berlin Marathon in 2014). In statements before the race, he said, he planned to run a new personal best. He finished 4:43 min ahead of second placed fellow Kenyan Amos Kipruto. The World Record holder from 2013, Wilson Kipsang of Kenya, came in third in 2:06:48. From 2003 onwards, all previous 6 world records in the men's marathon were set at the Berlin marathon. Kipchoge began the race with three pacemakers dedicated to him. After 5 km in the run, the gap between him and the Kipsang group was 9 seconds. After 15 km in the race, two of the pacemakers were unable to continue pacing him. The remaining pacemaker dropped out after 25 kilometres, leaving Kipchoge to cover the final 17 km alone. Kipchoge had planned to run with a pacemaker though 30 km (rather than 25 km); this adversity "was unfortunate," he reflected post-race, "but I had to believe". Kipchoge accelerated, covering the second half (1:00:33) of the race faster than the first half (1:01:06). In sunny weather conditions, the temperature was 14 °C (57 °F) during the start and 18 °C (64 °F) when Kipchoge crossed the finish line.
Before the run, Kipchoge stated, he aims for a personal best. The prize money he made for his Berlin run was €120,000, consisting of €30,000 for finishing in less than 2:04 hours, €40,000 for the win and a further €50,000 for setting a new world record. The world record set during this run was the 8th world record in 20 years in the men's marathon at the Berlin marathon.
The pace during the run averaged to 2:53/km (4:38/mile). The second half of the race in 1:00:33 is faster than all but three American half-marathon times, and the last 10 km was covered in 28:33.
|42.195 km||1:00:33||2:01:39||New WR|
It was the most evenly paced marathon ever recorded, with the fastest 5 km interval covered in 14:18 and the slowest in 14:37, a difference of 19 seconds. His split times during his world record were as follows:
|25k||14:28||1:12:24||(WR 1:11:18, Dennis Kipruto Kimetto)|
|30k||14:21||1:26:45||(WR 1:27:13, Eliud Kipchoge/Stanley Biwott)|
|35k||14:16||1:41:01||(WR 1:41:47, Dennis Kipruto Kimetto)|
|40k||14:31||1:55:32||(WR 1:56:29, Dennis Kipruto Kimetto)|
Following his performances in the 2018 season, Kipchoge received various accolades and recognitions. He was named IAAF World Athlete of the Year together with Caterine Ibargüen, who received the female World Athlete of the Year award. On 11 January 2019, Kipchoge was also named the 2018 Sportsman of the Year at the Kenyan Sports Personality of the Year Awards in Mombasa, Kenya, beating fellow contenders for the coveted trophy, athlete Hellen Obiri, Boxer Fatuma Zarika and rugby star Janet Okelo.
Kipchoge won the 2019 London Marathon in a time of 2:02:37, the second fastest marathon of all time, behind his 2018 Berlin Marathon win. His fourth win in London marks a new course record, beating his own 2016 London Marathon record by 28 seconds. The lead runner passed the half marathon mark in 1:01:37. Mosinet Geremew (Ethopia) finished as the runner up in 2:02:55 and Mule Wasihun (Ethopia) came in third place in 2:03:16. The British runner Mo Farah (4 time Olympic Gold medalist), a pre-race favorite, finished 5th.
In May 2019, a few days after his London Marathon win, Eliud Kipchoge announced another take on the sub-two-hour marathon for the fall 2019 timeframe.
|2002||World Cross Country Championships||Dublin, Ireland||5th||Junior race||23:39|
|1st||Junior team||18 pts|
|2003||World Cross Country Championships||Lausanne, Switzerland||1st||Junior race||22:47|
|1st||Junior team||15 pts|
|World Championships||Paris, France||1st||5000 m||12:52.79|
|2004||World Cross Country Championships||Brussels, Belgium||4th||Long race||36:34|
|Olympic Games||Athens, Greece||3rd||5000 m||13:15.10|
|2005||World Cross Country Championships||Saint-Étienne, France||5th||Long race||35:37|
|World Championships||Helsinki, Finland||4th||5000 m||13:33.04|
|2006||World Indoor Championships||Moscow, Russia||3rd||3000 m||7:42.58|
|2007||World Championships||Osaka, Japan||2nd||5000 m||13:46.00|
|2008||Olympic Games||Beijing, China||2nd||5000 m||13:02.80|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||5th||5000 m||13:18.95|
|2010||Commonwealth Games||New Delhi, India||1st||5000 m||13:31.32|
|2011||World Championships||Daegu, South Korea||7th||5000 m||13:27.27|
|2012||World Half Marathon Championships||Kavarna, Bulgaria||6th||Half marathon||1:01:52|
|2016||Olympic Games||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||1st||Marathon||2:08:44|
|2013 Hamburg Marathon||1st||2:05:30||Hamburg||2013 Apr 21||Marathon debut, course record|
|2013 Berlin Marathon||2nd||2:04:05||Berlin||2013 Sep 29||1st Wilson Kipsang (2:03:23 WR)|
|2014 Rotterdam Marathon||1st||2:05:00||Rotterdam||2014 Apr 13|
|2014 Chicago Marathon||1st||2:04:11||Chicago||2014 Oct 12|
|2015 London Marathon||1st||2:04:42||London||2015 Apr 26|
|2015 Berlin Marathon||1st||2:04:00||Berlin||2015 Sep 27|
|2016 London Marathon||1st||2:03:05||London||2016 Apr 24||former course record|
|2016 Summer Olympics||1st||2:08:44||Rio de Janeiro||2016 Aug 21|
|2017 Breaking2||1st||2:00:25||Monza||2017 May 6||An experimental run over the Marathon distance.*|
|2017 Berlin Marathon||1st||2:03:32||Berlin||2017 Sep 24|
|2018 London Marathon||1st||2:04:17||London||2018 Apr 22|
|2018 Berlin Marathon||1st||2:01:39||Berlin||2018 Sep 16||World record|
|2019 London Marathon||1st||2:02:37||London||2019 Apr 28||Course Record, 2nd best performance of all time|
- * Not eligible for record purposes. Kipchoge was the fastest runner out of 3.
|World Marathon Majors||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019|
|New York City Marathon||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- Kenyan Cross Country Championships
- Senior race: 2004, 2005
- Junior race: 2002, 2003
- Kenyan Junior Championships
- 5000 m: 2002
- Kenyan Olympic Trials
- 5000 m: 2004
- 1500 m
- FBK Games: 2004
- 3000 m
- Qatar Athletic Super Grand Prix: 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009
- Memorial Van Damme: 2004
- British Grand Prix: 2006
- BW-Bank-Meeting: 2006
- Sparkassen Cup: 2006, 2010
- Two miles
- 5000 m
- Notturna di Milano: 2003, 2009
- DN Galan: 2003
- Golden Gala: 2004
- Memorial Van Damme: 2005, 2008
- Ostrava Golden Spike: 2008
- Qatar Athletic Super Grand Prix: 2010
- 5K run
- Carlsbad 5000: 2010
- 4 miles
- 4 Mile of Groningen: 2005, 2006, 2007
- 10K run
- Half marathon
- Cross country
|1500 m||3:36.25||18 February 2006||Birmingham, United Kingdom||National Indoor Arena|
|3000 m||7:29.37||5 February 2011||Stuttgart, Germany||Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Halle|
|Two miles||8:07.39||18 February 2012||Birmingham, United Kingdom||National Indoor Arena|
|5000 m||12:55.72||11 February 2011||Düsseldorf, Germany||Arena-Sportpark|
|1500 m||3:33.20||31 May 2004||Hengelo, Netherlands||FBK Games|
|Mile run||3:50.40||30 July 2004||London, United Kingdom||London Grand Prix|
|3000 m||7:27.66||6 May 2011||Doha, Qatar||Qatar Athletic Super Grand Prix|
|Two miles||8:07.68||4 June 2005||Eugene, United States||Prefontaine Classic|
|5000 m||12:46.53||2 July 2004||Rome, Italy||Golden Gala|
|10,000 m||26:49.02||26 May 2007||Hengelo, Netherlands||FBK Games|
|10 km (road race)||28:11||27 Sep 2009||Utrecht, Netherlands||Utrechtse Singelloop|
|10 km (road race)[a]||26:54||31 Dec 2006||Madrid, Spain||San Silvestre Vallecana|
|Half marathon||59:25||1 September 2012||Lille, France||Lille Half Marathon|
|30K run||1:27:13||24 April 2016||London, United Kingdom||London Marathon|
|Marathon||2:01:39 WR||16 September 2018||Berlin, Germany||Berlin Marathon|
- List of Olympic medalists in athletics (men)
- List of World Championships in Athletics medalists (men)
- List of Commonwealth Games medallists in athletics (men)
- List of winners of the Chicago Marathon
- List of winners of the London Marathon
- List of winners of the Rotterdam Marathon
- List of 2004 Summer Olympics medal winners
- List of 2008 Summer Olympics medal winners
- List of 2016 Summer Olympics medal winners
- List of African Olympic medalists
- List of middle-distance runners
- 5000 metres at the Olympics
- Kenya at the World Championships in Athletics
- Competition record
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Hicham El Guerrouj
| Men's 3000 m best year performance
Isaac Kiprono Songok
Dennis Kipruto Kimetto
| Men's marathon world record holder
16 September 2018 – present
Mutaz Essa Barshim
| Men's Track & Field News Athlete of the Year