Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Eastern Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people in the 2019 census, Kenya is the 29th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third-largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Kenya's geography, climate and population varies widely ranging from cold snow-capped mountain tops (Batian, Nelion and Point Lenana on Mount Kenya) with vast surrounding forests, wildlife and fertile agricultural regions to temperate climates in western and rift valley counties and dry less fertile arid and semi-arid areas and absolute deserts (Chalbi Desert and Nyiri Desert).
According to archaeological dating of associated artifacts and skeletal material, the Cushites first settled in the lowlands of Kenya between 3,200 and 1,300 BC, a phase referred to as the Lowland Savanna Pastoral Neolithic. Nilotic-speaking pastoralists (ancestral to Kenya's Nilotic speakers) started migrating from present-day South Sudan into Kenya around 500 BC.Bantu people settled at the coast and in the interior of Kenya between 250 BC and 500 AD.European contact began in 1500 AD with the Portuguese Empire, though effective colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the European exploration of the interior. Modern-day Kenya emerged from a protectorate established by the British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent Kenya Colony, which began in 1920. Numerous disputes between the UK and the colony led to the Mau Mau revolution, which began in 1952, and the subsequent declaration of independence in 1963. After independence, Kenya remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The current constitution was adopted in 2010 to replace the 1963 independence constitution.
Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenya is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, COMESA, International Criminal Court, and other international organisations. With a GNI of 1,460, Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy. Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Agriculture is the largest sector: tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export. The service industry is also a major economic driver, particularly tourism. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc, though some international trade organisations categorise it as part of the Greater Horn of Africa. Africa is Kenya's largest export market, followed by the European Union. (Full article...)
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Machakos is a town in Kenya, 64 kilometres southeast of Nairobi. It is the capital of the Machakos County, Kenya. Machakos Town is a major urban centre, and also a satellite town due to its proximity to Nairobi. Its population is rapidly growing and is 150,041 as of 2009. People who live here are mostly the Akambas though it is a cosmopolitan town. Machakos is surrounded by hilly terrain, with a high number of family farms. (Read more...)
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This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.
Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa, after Kilimanjaro. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199 metres or 17,057 feet), Nelion (5,188 m or 17,021 ft) and Point Lenana (4,985 m or 16,355 ft). Mount Kenya is located in the former Eastern and Central provinces of Kenya, now Meru, Embu, Laikipia, Kirinyaga, Nyeri and Tharaka Nithi counties, about 90 kilometres (55+7⁄8 miles) north of the equator, around 150 km (90 mi) north-northeast of the capital Nairobi. Mount Kenya is the source of the name of the Republic of Kenya.
Mount Kenya is a volcano
created approximately 3 million years after the opening of the East African Rift
. Before glaciation, it was 7,000 m (23,000 ft) high. It was covered by an ice cap
for thousands of years. This has resulted in very eroded
slopes and numerous valleys radiating from the peak. There are currently 11 small glaciers
, which are shrinking rapidly, and may be gone forever by 2050. The forested slopes are an important source of water for much of Kenya. (Full article...
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(born 1972) is a Kenyan-born American visual artist
, known primarily for her painting, sculpture, film, and performance work. Born in Kenya, she has lived and established her career in New York
for more than twenty years. Mutu's work has directed the female body as subject through collage painting
, immersive installation
, and live and video performance all the while exploring questions of self-image
, gender constructs
, cultural trauma, and environmental destruction
, as well as notions of beauty and power. (Full article...
In the news
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The following are images from various Kenya-related articles on Wikipedia.
Did you know ...
- ...that in March 2013, Kenya was officially administratively divided into 47 semi autonomous counties?
- ...that Kenya has 42 ethnic groups and no single ethnic group in Kenya makes even a quarter of Kenya's total population of 44,354,000 as of 2013?
- ...that Kenya's national language is Swahili?
- ...that Kenya's official name in Swahili is Jamhuri ya Kenya?
- ...that Lake Turkana in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the world?
- ...that Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it? Kenya also has all five of the big five game i.e. lion, leopard, buffalo, African elephant and rhino.
- ...that Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria? It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's second-largest freshwater lake with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
- ...that Mount Kenya is the second-tallest mountain in Africa? It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
- ...that a third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya?
- ...that telling time in the Swahili language is different from English? For example, when saying 7 am one says Saa Moja which literally means 1 hour because in Swahili it was decided to use sunrise as a guide to tell time.
Topics in Kenya
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