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The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM), originally known as the World Marathon Majors (WMM), is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006. It comprises six annual races for the cities of Tokyo (starting in 2013),[1][2] Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New York City (except 2012), a biennial race, the IAAF World Championships Marathon, and a quadrennial race, the Olympic Games Marathon.[3]

World Marathon Majors
Worldmarathonmajorslogo.png
Sport Marathon running
Founded 2006
No. of teams individual sport
Official website www.worldmarathonmajors.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

Each World Marathon Majors series originally spanned two full calendar years; the second year of a series overlapped with the first year of the next. Starting in 2015, each series began with a defined city race and ended with the following race in the same city. So, series IX started in February 2015 at the 2015 Tokyo Marathon and ended there in February 2016 at the 2016 Tokyo Marathon. Series X started at the 2016 Boston Marathon and finished at the 2017 Boston Marathon. Series XI started at the 2017 London Marathon and finished at the 2018 London Marathon.

It began being sponsored by Abbott in 2015.[4] On April 26, 2017 Dalian Wanda Group Co., Ltd., one of the leading Chinese private conglomerates, announced a ten-year strategic partnership aimed at the continued growth and development of marathon events worldwide.

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.

At the end of each of the first 10 WMM series the leading man and woman each won $500,000, making a total prize of one million U.S. dollars. Beginning with Series XI, the prize structure was revised so that for men and women first place became $250,000, second place $50,000 and third place $25,000. In the wheelchair division the prize money for men and women is $50,000 (first), $25,000 (second) and $10,000 (third).

Scoring systemEdit

Athletes who competed in the marathons originally received points for finishing in any of the top five places (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 15 pts; 3rd place: 10 pts; 4th place: 5 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). Their four highest ranks over the two-year period were counted; if an athlete scored points in more than this number, the athlete's four best races were scored. To be eligible for the jackpot, an athlete had to compete in at least one qualifying race in each calendar year of the series.

In 2015, the scoring was revised (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 16 pts; 3rd place: 9 pts; 4th place: 4 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). The two highest ranks during the scoring period would be counted, with only the best two if more than that number.

For the first three series if there were equal top scores at the end of the competition the tiebreakers were head-to-head competition and, if necessary, a majority vote of the five WMM race directors. This happened in the 2007–08 women's competition.

Beginning in 2009–10 season, following best head-to-head record, the following tie-breakers were implemented, in descending order: the person who achieved his or her points in the fewest races, the person who won the most qualifying races during the period, the person with the fastest average time in their scoring races, and a majority vote of the six race directors. If the final circumstance is necessary, the race directors could award the title jointly.

Major marathonsEdit

The competition will begin its twelfth edition in September 2018, and features the following events:[5]

  • Tokyo Marathon in Tokyo, Japan. The marathon takes place in late February and joined the World Marathon Majors in 2013 as the sixth race.
  • Boston Marathon in Boston, United States. The oldest annual marathon in the world and, one of the five original marathons included in this series, the marathon takes place on the regional holiday Patriots' Day, i.e., the third Monday in April.
  • London Marathon in London, United Kingdom. The London Marathon takes place annually in late April and is one of the five founding marathons for the World Marathon Majors in 2006.
  • Berlin Marathon in Berlin, Germany. The race occurs in late September, and is one of the five founding marathons to begin the World Marathon Majors in 2006.
  • Chicago Marathon in Chicago, United States. As one of the five marathons to join at the time the World Marathon Majors was founded, the Chicago Marathon takes place annually in early October.
  • New York City Marathon in New York City, United States. The NYC Marathon occurs on the first Sunday in November. It was originally a part of the World Marathon Majors founding group, and has participated since the start in 2006. In 2012, the NYC Marathon was cancelled in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy[6] and was not an active part of the World Marathon Majors for the year 2012.
  • IAAF World Championships, alternating, in odd-numbered years. The World Championships take place in each odd-numbered year and is counted as a World Marathon Major for AWMM scoring.
  • Olympic Games, at four-year intervals, in leap years. The Olympic Games marathon is counted as a World Marathon Major for AWMM scoring.

Major champions (city races)Edit

Men'sEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2006 Not held   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Felix Limo   Haile Gebrselassie   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Marilson Gomes dos Santos
2007 Wasn't part of WMM   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Martin Lel   Haile Gebrselassie   Patrick Ivuti   Martin Lel
2008 Wasn't part of WMM   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Martin Lel   Haile Gebrselassie   Evans Cheruiyot   Marilson Gomes dos Santos
2009 Wasn't part of WMM   Deriba Merga   Samuel Wanjiru   Haile Gebrselassie   Samuel Wanjiru   Meb Keflezighi
2010 Wasn't part of WMM   Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot   Tsegaye Kebede   Patrick Musyoki   Samuel Wanjiru   Gebregziabher Gebremariam
2011 Wasn't part of WMM   Geoffrey Mutai   Emmanuel Mutai   Patrick Musyoki   Moses Mosop   Geoffrey Mutai
2012 Wasn't part of WMM   Wesley Korir   Wilson Kipsang   Geoffrey Mutai   Tsegaye Kebede Cancelled
2013   Dennis Kimetto   Lelisa Desisa   Tsegaye Kebede   Wilson Kipsang   Dennis Kimetto   Geoffrey Mutai
2014   Dickson Chumba   Meb Keflezighi   Wilson Kipsang   Dennis Kimetto   Eliud Kipchoge   Wilson Kipsang
2015   Endeshaw Negesse   Lelisa Desisa   Eliud Kipchoge   Eliud Kipchoge   Dickson Chumba   Stanley Biwott
2016   Feyisa Lilesa   Lemi Berhanu Hayle   Eliud Kipchoge   Kenenisa Bekele   Abel Kirui   Ghirmay Ghebreslassie
2017   Wilson Kipsang   Geoffrey Kirui   Daniel Wanjiru   Eliud Kipchoge   Galen Rupp   Geoffrey Kamworor
2018   Dickson Chumba   Yuki Kawauchi   Eliud Kipchoge September 16, 2018 October 7, 2018 November 4, 2018

Women'sEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2006 Not held   Rita Jeptoo   Deena Kastor   Gete Wami   Berhane Adere   Jelena Prokopcuka
2007 Wasn't part of WMM   Lidiya Grigoryeva   Zhou Chunxiu   Gete Wami   Berhane Adere   Paula Radcliffe
2008 Wasn't part of WMM   Dire Tune   Irina Mikitenko   Irina Mikitenko   Lidiya Grigoryeva   Paula Radcliffe
2009 Wasn't part of WMM   Salina Kosgei   Irina Mikitenko   Atsede Habtamu   Irina Mikitenko   Derartu Tulu
2010 Wasn't part of WMM   Teyba Erkesso   Aselefech Mergia   Aberu Kebede   Atsede Baysa   Edna Kiplagat
2011 Wasn't part of WMM   Caroline Kilel   Mary Keitany   Florence Kiplagat   Ejegayehu Dibaba   Firehiwot Dado
2012 Wasn't part of WMM   Sharon Cherop   Mary Keitany   Aberu Kebede   Atsede Baysa Cancelled
2013   Aberu Kebede   Rita Jeptoo   Priscah Jeptoo   Florence Kiplagat   Rita Jeptoo   Priscah Jeptoo
2014   Tirfi Tsegaye   Bizunesh Deba   Edna Kiplagat   Tirfi Tsegaye   Mare Dibaba   Mary Keitany
2015   Birhane Dibaba   Caroline Rotich   Tigist Tufa   Gladys Cherono   Florence Kiplagat   Mary Keitany
2016   Helah Kiprop   Atsede Baysa   Jemima Sumgong   Aberu Kebede   Florence Kiplagat   Mary Keitany
2017   Sarah Chepchirchir   Edna Kiplagat   Mary Keitany   Gladys Cherono   Tirunesh Dibaba   Shalane Flanagan
2018   Birhane Dibaba   Desiree Linden   Vivian Cheruiyot September 16, 2018 October 7, 2018 November 4, 2018

Men's wheelchairEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Wasn't part of WMM   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug
2017   Sho Watanabe   Marcel Hug   David Weir   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug
2018   Hiroyuki Yamamoto   Marcel Hug   David Weir September 16, 2018 October 7, 2018 November 4, 2018

Women's wheelchairEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Wasn't part of WMM   Tatyana McFadden   Tatyana McFadden   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Tatyana McFadden
2017   Amanda McGrory   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Manuela Schar
2018   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Madison de Rozario September 16, 2018 October 7, 2018 November 4, 2018

Winners by seasonEdit

The winners by season listed below.[7]

Men's series winnersEdit

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Kenya 80 pts [8]
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Martin Lel   Kenya 76 pts [9]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Samuel Wanjiru   Kenya 80 pts [10]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Samuel Wanjiru (2)   Kenya 75 pts Second win [10]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Emmanuel Mutai   Kenya 70 pts [11]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Geoffrey Mutai   Kenya 75 pts [11]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Tsegaye Kebede   Ethiopia 75 pts [12]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Wilson Kipsang   Kenya 76 pts [13]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Eliud Kipchoge   Kenya 50 pts [7]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Eliud Kipchoge (2)   Kenya 50 pts Second win [7]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Eliud Kipchoge (3)   Kenya 50 pts Third win [14]

Women's series winnersEdit

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Gete Wami   Ethiopia 80 pts
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Irina Mikitenko   Germany 65 pts Tied with Gete Wami originally but deemed winner by a vote of WMM race directors [9]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Irina Mikitenko (2)   Germany 90 pts Second win [9]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Irina Mikitenko (3)   Germany 55 pts Third win; named on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [9]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Edna Kiplagat   Kenya 60 pts Awarded win on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [15]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Mary Keitany   Kenya 65 pts [11]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Priscah Jeptoo   Kenya 75 pts [12]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Edna Kiplagat (2)   Kenya 65 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [7]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Mary Keitany (2)   Kenya 41 pts Tied with Mare Dibaba and Helah Kiprop; deemed winner by vote of WMM race directors [7]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Edna Kiplagat (3)   Kenya 41 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [7]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Mary Keitany (3)   Kenya 41 pts Awarded first due to better head-to-head record against Tirunesh Dibaba [14]
Notes
  • Liliya Shobukhova (Russia) was the original winner in 2009–10 and 2010–11 (series IV and V), but she was disqualified from competition for a doping violation in April 2014 and all her results from 9 October 2009 have been annulled.[7][16]
  • Rita Jeptoo (Kenya) won four races in the 2013–14 series but gave positive A and B samples in an out-of-competition test in September 2014. Her standings and the final results of the 2013–14 series have been determined at the completion of the due legal process and the outcome of an appeal. As a result, the Series VIII title has been awarded to Edna Kiplagat.[7]
  • Edna Kiplagat (Kenya) was crowned women's Series X champion of the 2016–17 season following the doping investigation and legal process against Jemima Sumgong (Kenya), who won two races in 2016 but gave a positive sample in an out-of-competition test in February 2017.[7]

Wheelchair series winnersEdit

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.[7]

Majors milestonesEdit

Six star finishersEdit

Six star finishers are marathoners who have completed all 6 of the World Marathon Majors. In 2016 following the Tokyo Marathon a Six Star Finisher Medal was introduced[17] Over 1000 people from over 30 countries have become 6 star finishers.[18]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McCracken, Amanda. "World Marathon Majors 2014 Season Kicks Off in Japan". Running Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Belson, Ken. "Tokyo Will Be Added as Sixth Major Marathon". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  3. ^ How It Works. World Marathon Majors. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  4. ^ "ABBOTT CELEBRATES THE POWER OF HEALTH AND ACHIEVEMENT AS FIRST-EVER TITLE SPONSOR OF WORLD MARATHON MAJORS". World Marathon Majors. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Series Leader Boards. World Marathon Majors. Retrieved on 2018-04-16.
  6. ^ Belson, Ken. "After Days of Pressure, Marathon Is Off". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/previous-champions/
  8. ^ Ekstrom, Sharon. "UP CLOSE & PERSONAL --". Marathon Guide. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d Musumba, Chris. "Wanjiru on course to win World Marathon Majors". The East African. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Larkin, Duncan. "Wanjiru and Shobukhova Win World Marathon Majors". Competitor. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Komen, Jonathan (15 April 2014). "Hunt on for WMM cash: Kenya dominate quest for Marathon Majors jackpot". The Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Lotsbom, Chris. "Man Among Boys Geoffrey Mutai Wins 2013 ING NYC Marathon, Kebede Wins $500,000 World Marathon Majors Title". Letsrun.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "Wilson Kipsang Wins 2013-2014 World Marathon Majors Series Title". World Marathon Majors. 
  14. ^ a b https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/leaderboard/
  15. ^ World Marathon Majors statement
  16. ^ http://www.athleticsweekly.com/featured/liliya-shobukhova-to-be-stripped-of-world-marathon-majors-titles-30415
  17. ^ http://running.competitor.com/2016/02/news/the-crown-jewel-of-race-medals-world-marathon-majors-debuts-six-star-finisher-medal_146296
  18. ^ https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/marathon-stars/six-star-finishers/

External linksEdit