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World Marathon Majors

The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM) is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006. It comprises six annual races for the cities of Tokyo (starting in 2013),[1][2] Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago and New York City (except 2012), a biennial race, the IAAF World Championships Marathon, and a quadrennial race, the Olympic Games Marathon.[3]

World Marathon Majors
Worldmarathonmajorslogo.png
SportMarathon running
Founded2006
No. of teamsindividual sport
Official websitewww.worldmarathonmajors.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

Each World Marathon Majors series originally spanned two full calendar years; the second year of a series overlapped with the first year of the next. Starting in 2015, each series began with a defined city race and ended with the following race in the same city. So, series IX started in February 2015 at the 2015 Tokyo Marathon and ended there in February 2016 at the 2016 Tokyo Marathon. Series X started at the 2016 Boston Marathon and finished at the 2017 Boston Marathon. Series XI started at the 2017 London Marathon and finished at the 2018 London Marathon.

It began being sponsored by Abbott in 2015.[4] On April 26, 2017 Dalian Wanda Group Co., Ltd., one of the leading Chinese private conglomerates, announced a ten-year strategic partnership aimed at the continued growth and development of marathon events worldwide.

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.

At the end of each of the first 10 WMM series the leading man and woman each won $500,000, making a total prize of one million U.S. dollars. Beginning with Series XI, the prize structure was revised so that for men and women first place became $250,000, second place $50,000 and third place $25,000. In the wheelchair division the prize money for men and women is $50,000 (first), $25,000 (second) and $10,000 (third).

Scoring systemEdit

Athletes who competed in the marathons originally received points for finishing in any of the top five places (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 15 pts; 3rd place: 10 pts; 4th place: 5 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). Their four highest ranks over the two-year period were counted; if an athlete scored points in more than this number, the athlete's four best races were scored. To be eligible for the jackpot, an athlete had to compete in at least one qualifying race in each calendar year of the series.

In 2015, the scoring was revised (1st place: 25 points; 2nd place: 16 pts; 3rd place: 9 pts; 4th place: 4 pts; 5th place: 1 pts). The two highest ranks during the scoring period would be counted, with only the best two if more than that number.

For the first three series if there were equal top scores at the end of the competition the tiebreakers were head-to-head competition and, if necessary, a majority vote of the five WMM race directors. This happened in the 2007–08 women's competition.

Beginning in 2009–10 season, following best head-to-head record, the following tie-breakers were implemented, in descending order: the person who achieved his or her points in the fewest races, the person who won the most qualifying races during the period, the person with the fastest average time in their scoring races, and a majority vote of the six race directors. If the final circumstance is necessary, the race directors could award the title jointly.

Major marathonsEdit

The following marathons have been part of the series in each year:

Year   Tokyo   Boston   London   Berlin   Chicago   New York IAAF World Champs   Olympics
2006 Not held 17 April 23 April 24 September 22 October 5 November Not held Not held
2007 Was not part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October 4 November 25 August (Osaka) (women) Not held
2008 Was not part of WMM 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held 24 August (Beijing) (women)
2009 Was not part of WMM 20 April 26 April 20 September 11 October 1 November 22 August (Berlin) (women) Not held
2010 Was not part of WMM 19 April 25 April 26 September 10 October 7 November Not held Not held
2011 Was not part of WMM 18 April 17 April 25 September 9 October 6 November 4 September (Daegu) (women) Not held
2012 Was not part of WMM 16 April 22 April 30 September 7 October Cancelled (Hurricane Sandy)[5] Not held 12 August (London) (women)
2013 24 February 15 April 21 April 29 September 13 October 3 November 17 August (Moscow) (women) Not held
2014 23 February 21 April 13 April 28 September 12 October 2 November Not held Not held
2015 22 February 20 April 26 April 27 September 11 October 1 November 22 August (Beijing) (women) Not held
2016 28 February 18 April 24 April 25 September 9 October 6 November Not held 21 August (Rio de Janeiro) (women)
2017 28 February 17 April 23 April 24 September 8 October 5 November 6 August (London) (women) Not held
2018 25 February 16 April 22 April 16 September 7 October 4 November Not held Not held

Major champions (city races)Edit

Men'sEdit

Year Tokyo Boston London Berlin Chicago New York
2006 Not held   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (1/5)   Felix Limo   Haile Gebrselassie (1/4)   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (2/5)   Marilson Gomes dos Santos (1/2)
2007 Was not part of WMM   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (3/5)   Martin Lel (1/3)   Haile Gebrselassie (2/4)   Patrick Ivuti   Martin Lel (2/3)
2008 Was not part of WMM   Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot (4/5)   Martin Lel (3/3)   Haile Gebrselassie (3/4)   Evans Cheruiyot   Marilson Gomes dos Santos (2/2)
2009 Was not part of WMM   Deriba Merga   Samuel Wanjiru (1/3)   Haile Gebrselassie (4/4)   Samuel Wanjiru (2/3)   Meb Keflezighi (1/2)
2010 Was not part of WMM   Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot (5/5)   Tsegaye Kebede (1/3)   Patrick Musyoki (2/2)   Samuel Wanjiru (3/3)   Gebregziabher Gebremariam
2011 Was not part of WMM   Geoffrey Mutai (1/4)   Emmanuel Mutai   Patrick Musyoki (2/2)   Moses Mosop   Geoffrey Mutai (2/4)
2012 Was not part of WMM   Wesley Korir   Wilson Kipsang (1/5)   Geoffrey Mutai (3/4)   Tsegaye Kebede (2/3) Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013   Dennis Kimetto (1/3)   Lelisa Desisa (1/3)   Tsegaye Kebede (3/3)   Wilson Kipsang (2/5)   Dennis Kimetto (2/3)   Geoffrey Mutai (4/4)
2014   Dickson Chumba (1/3)   Meb Keflezighi (2/2)   Wilson Kipsang (3/5)   Dennis Kimetto (3/3)   Eliud Kipchoge (1/7)   Wilson Kipsang (4/5)
2015   Endeshaw Negesse   Lelisa Desisa (2/3)   Eliud Kipchoge (2/7)   Eliud Kipchoge (3/7)   Dickson Chumba (2/3)   Stanley Biwott
2016   Feyisa Lilesa   Lemi Berhanu Hayle   Eliud Kipchoge (4/7)   Kenenisa Bekele   Abel Kirui   Ghirmay Ghebreslassie
2017   Wilson Kipsang (5/5)   Geoffrey Kirui   Daniel Wanjiru   Eliud Kipchoge (5/7)   Galen Rupp   Geoffrey Kamworor
2018   Dickson Chumba (3/3)   Yuki Kawauchi   Eliud Kipchoge (6/7)   Eliud Kipchoge (7/7)   Mo Farah   Lelisa Desisa (3/3)

Women'sEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2006 Not held   Rita Jeptoo   Deena Kastor   Gete Wami   Berhane Adere   Jelena Prokopcuka
2007 Was not part of WMM   Lidiya Grigoryeva   Zhou Chunxiu   Gete Wami   Berhane Adere   Paula Radcliffe
2008 Was not part of WMM   Dire Tune   Irina Mikitenko   Irina Mikitenko   Lidiya Grigoryeva   Paula Radcliffe
2009 Was not part of WMM   Salina Kosgei   Irina Mikitenko   Atsede Habtamu   Irina Mikitenko   Derartu Tulu
2010 Was not part of WMM   Teyba Erkesso   Aselefech Mergia   Aberu Kebede   Atsede Baysa   Edna Kiplagat
2011 Was not part of WMM   Caroline Kilel   Mary Keitany   Florence Kiplagat   Ejegayehu Dibaba   Firehiwot Dado
2012 Was not part of WMM   Sharon Cherop   Mary Keitany   Aberu Kebede   Atsede Baysa Cancelled due to Hurricane Sandy
2013   Aberu Kebede   Rita Jeptoo   Priscah Jeptoo   Florence Kiplagat   Rita Jeptoo   Priscah Jeptoo
2014   Tirfi Tsegaye   Bizunesh Deba   Edna Kiplagat   Tirfi Tsegaye   Mare Dibaba   Mary Keitany
2015   Birhane Dibaba   Caroline Rotich   Tigist Tufa   Gladys Cherono   Florence Kiplagat   Mary Keitany
2016   Helah Kiprop   Atsede Baysa   Jemima Sumgong   Aberu Kebede   Florence Kiplagat   Mary Keitany
2017   Sarah Chepchirchir   Edna Kiplagat   Mary Keitany   Gladys Cherono   Tirunesh Dibaba   Shalane Flanagan
2018   Birhane Dibaba   Desiree Linden   Vivian Cheruiyot   Gladys Cherono   Brigid Kosgei   Mary Keitany

Men's wheelchairEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug
2017   Sho Watanabe   Marcel Hug   David Weir   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug   Marcel Hug
2018   Hiroyuki Yamamoto   Marcel Hug   David Weir   Brent Lakatos   Daniel Romanchuk   Daniel Romanchuk

Women's wheelchairEdit

Year Tokyo Marathon Boston Marathon London Marathon Berlin Marathon Chicago Marathon New York City Marathon
2016 Was not part of WMM   Tatyana McFadden   Tatyana McFadden   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Tatyana McFadden
2017   Amanda McGrory   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Manuela Schar
2018   Manuela Schar   Tatyana McFadden   Madison de Rozario   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar   Manuela Schar

Winners by seasonEdit

The winners by season listed below.[6]

Men's series winnersEdit

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Robert Kipkoech Cheruiyot   Kenya 80 pts [7]
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Martin Lel   Kenya 76 pts [8]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Samuel Wanjiru   Kenya 80 pts [9]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Samuel Wanjiru (2)   Kenya 75 pts Second win [9]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Emmanuel Mutai   Kenya 70 pts [10]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Geoffrey Mutai   Kenya 75 pts [10]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Tsegaye Kebede   Ethiopia 75 pts [11]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Wilson Kipsang   Kenya 76 pts [12]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Eliud Kipchoge   Kenya 50 pts [6]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Eliud Kipchoge (2)   Kenya 50 pts Second win [6]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Eliud Kipchoge (3)   Kenya 50 pts Third win [13]

Women's series winnersEdit

Seasons No. Start event Final event Winner Country Points Notes Refs
2006–07 I 2006 Boston 2007 New York City Gete Wami   Ethiopia 80 pts
2007–08 II 2007 Boston 2008 New York City Irina Mikitenko   Germany 65 pts Tied with Gete Wami originally but deemed winner by a vote of WMM race directors [8]
2008–09 III 2008 Boston 2009 New York City Irina Mikitenko (2)   Germany 90 pts Second win [8]
2009–10 IV 2009 Boston 2010 New York City Irina Mikitenko (3)   Germany 55 pts Third win; named on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [8]
2010–11 V 2010 Boston 2011 New York City Edna Kiplagat   Kenya 60 pts Awarded win on August 6, 2015 (see notes) [14]
2011–12 VI 2011 Boston 2012 Chicago Mary Keitany   Kenya 65 pts [10]
2012–13 VII 2012 Boston 2013 New York City Priscah Jeptoo   Kenya 75 pts [11]
2013–14 VIII 2013 Tokyo 2014 New York City Edna Kiplagat (2)   Kenya 65 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [6]
2015–16 IX 2015 Tokyo 2016 Tokyo Mary Keitany (2)   Kenya 41 pts Tied with Mare Dibaba and Helah Kiprop; deemed winner by vote of WMM race directors [6]
2016–17 X 2016 Boston 2017 Boston Edna Kiplagat (3)   Kenya 41 pts Awarded after doping case of original winner (see notes) [6]
2017–18 XI 2017 London 2018 London Mary Keitany (3)   Kenya 41 pts Awarded first due to better head-to-head record against Tirunesh Dibaba [13]
Notes
  • Liliya Shobukhova (Russia) was the original winner in 2009–10 and 2010–11 (series IV and V), but she was disqualified from competition for a doping violation in April 2014 and all her results from 9 October 2009 have been annulled.[6][15]
  • Rita Jeptoo (Kenya) won four races in the 2013–14 series but gave positive A and B samples in an out-of-competition test in September 2014. Her standings and the final results of the 2013–14 series have been determined at the completion of the due legal process and the outcome of an appeal. As a result, the Series VIII title has been awarded to Edna Kiplagat.[6]
  • Edna Kiplagat (Kenya) was crowned women's Series X champion of the 2016–17 season following the doping investigation and legal process against Jemima Sumgong (Kenya), who won two races in 2016 but gave a positive sample in an out-of-competition test in February 2017.[6]

Wheelchair series winnersEdit

Beginning with Series X at the 2016 Boston Marathon wheelchair competitions were added for men and women.[6]

Majors milestonesEdit

Six star finishersEdit

Six star finishers are marathoners who have completed all 6 of the World Marathon Majors. In 2016 following the Tokyo Marathon a Six Star Finisher Medal was introduced[16] In July 2018 a “Reach for the Stars” campaign was launched wherein a runner could claim a star for each WMM race completed. The system allows runners to create a profile, search for their ‘stars’ and add them to their page. [17]

Following the WMM Series XI in April 2018, the verified total of Six Star Finishers was 3,786.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McCracken, Amanda. "World Marathon Majors 2014 Season Kicks Off in Japan". Running Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  2. ^ Belson, Ken. "Tokyo Will Be Added as Sixth Major Marathon". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. ^ How It Works. World Marathon Majors. Retrieved on 2011-11-07.
  4. ^ "ABBOTT CELEBRATES THE POWER OF HEALTH AND ACHIEVEMENT AS FIRST-EVER TITLE SPONSOR OF WORLD MARATHON MAJORS". World Marathon Majors. Retrieved 10 November 2015.
  5. ^ Belson, Ken. "After Days of Pressure, Marathon Is Off". New York Times. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/previous-champions/
  7. ^ Ekstrom, Sharon. "UP CLOSE & PERSONAL --". Marathon Guide. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  8. ^ a b c d Musumba, Chris. "Wanjiru on course to win World Marathon Majors". The East African. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  9. ^ a b Larkin, Duncan. "Wanjiru and Shobukhova Win World Marathon Majors". Competitor. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  10. ^ a b c Komen, Jonathan (15 April 2014). "Hunt on for WMM cash: Kenya dominate quest for Marathon Majors jackpot". The Standard. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  11. ^ a b Lotsbom, Chris. "Man Among Boys Geoffrey Mutai Wins 2013 ING NYC Marathon, Kebede Wins $500,000 World Marathon Majors Title". Letsrun.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  12. ^ "Wilson Kipsang Wins 2013-2014 World Marathon Majors Series Title". World Marathon Majors. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  13. ^ a b https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/champions/leaderboard/
  14. ^ World Marathon Majors statement
  15. ^ http://www.athleticsweekly.com/featured/liliya-shobukhova-to-be-stripped-of-world-marathon-majors-titles-30415
  16. ^ http://running.competitor.com/2016/02/news/the-crown-jewel-of-race-medals-world-marathon-majors-debuts-six-star-finisher-medal_146296
  17. ^ https://www.worldmarathonmajors.com/news-media/latest-news/runners-invited-to-reachforthestars/

External linksEdit