Eduardo Gomes International Airport
Manaus International Airport – Eduardo Gomes (IATA: MAO, ICAO: SBEG) is the major international airport in Northern Brazil, located in the city of Manaus and the busiest in the number of international passengers in this region. In cargo transport, it is the third-busiest in Brazil, behind only the airports of Guarulhos and Viracopos.
Manaus International Airport – Eduardo Gomes
Aeroporto Internacional de Manaus – Eduardo Gomes
|Serves||Manaus metropolitan area|
|Location||Manaus, AM, Brazil|
|Opened||March 26, 1976|
|Focus city for||Azul Brazilian Airlines|
|Time zone||Time in Brazil (UTC−04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||80 m / 264 ft|
It is named after Brazilian politician and military figure Air Marshal Eduardo Gomes (1896–1981). It is located in the west of Manaus, 8 miles (13 km) from the historic center.
Manaus International Airport replaced Ponta Pelada Airport as the main public airport of Manaus in 1976. Ponta Pelada was then given the name Manaus Air Force Base and began handling exclusively military operations.
The construction of the airport began in 1972 and it was officially inaugurated on 31 March 1976 by a domestic flight operated by a Boeing 727-100 of Cruzeiro do Sul air services and the crew commanded by captain Netto, first officer Alves and second officer Rodrigues. It was then the most modern airport in Brazil and the first one to operate with jet bridges. Though originally planned to be named Supersonic Airport of Manaus, it had its official name changed to Eduardo Gomes by the law 5.967 of 11 December 1973.
The airport has two passenger terminal buildings. Passenger Terminal 1 receives domestic and international flights and Passenger Terminal 2, opened on 12 March 1985, receives general aviation and some regional flights. Furthermore, the airport has three cargo terminals, opened in 1976, 1980 and 2004. They have a total area of 49,000 square metres (530,000 sq ft) and can process up to 12,000 t/month of cargo. Cargo Terminals 1 and 2 handle goods for export and Cargo Terminal 3 for import.
On 31 August 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL793.5 million (USD316.1 million; EUR292.2 million) investment plan to upgrade Eduardo Gomes International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which will be held in Brazil, Manaus being one of the venue cities. The investment was invested as follows:
- Enlargement of apron and existing runway. Construction of second runway. Value BRL600.0. Completion: July 2013
- Enlargement and renovation of the passenger terminal. Value BRL193.5. Completion: December 2013
Even though the World Cup started in June 2014, the airport's refurbishment was not completed in time for the event; however, the works being held at the airport did not interfere in the airport's activities throughout the World Cup.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Azul Brazilian Airlines||Belém, Boa Vista, Campinas, Fortaleza, Parintins, Porto Velho, Recife, Santarém, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Tabatinga, Tefé|
|Copa Airlines||Panama City–Tocumen|
|Gol Transportes Aéreos||Belém, Belo Horizonte, Boa Vista, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Brasília, Campo Grande, Cruzeiro do Sul, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Orlando (from 21 December 2019), Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Santarém, São Luís, São Paulo–Guarulhos|
|Gol Transportes Aéreos |
operated by TwoFlex
|LATAM Brasil||Belém, Boa Vista, Brasília, Fortaleza, Miami, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, São Paulo–Guarulhos|
|MAP Linhas Aéreas||Altamira, Belém, Carauari, Eirunepé, Lábrea, Parintins, Santarém, Tefé|
|Rimaa||Charter: Lábrea, Porto Velho|
|Total Linhas Aéreasa||Charter: Carauari, Coari, Porto Urucu|
a.^ Air taxi company and airline operating regular charter flights.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- 21 April 1983: three Libyan Air Force Il-76TDs landed at Manaus after one of the Il-76s developed some technical problems while crossing the Atlantic Ocean. The aircraft were then searched by the Brazilian authorities: instead of medical supplies – as quoted in the transport documentation—the crate of the first of 17 Aero L-39 Albatros light training and attack aircraft bound for Nicaragua together with arms and parachutes, to support the country's war against U.S.-backed Contras were found. The cargo was impounded, while the transports were permitted to return to Libya.
- 6 March 1991: a TABA Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante flying to Manaus was hijacked near São Gabriel da Cachoeira by 3 persons.
- 15 December 1994: a TABA Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante en route from Carauari and Tefé to Manaus was hijacked by two Colombian citizens. The passengers were released in the proximity of Tabatinga and the aircraft was flown to Colombia. The crew was released at the Brazilian Embassy in Bogotá.
- 14 May 2004: Rico Linhas Aéreas flight 4815 operated by the Embraer EMB 120ER Brasília registration PT-WRO, en route from São Paulo de Olivença and Tefé to Manaus crashed in the forest at about 18 nm from Manaus. All 33 passengers and crew died.
The airport is located 14 km (9 mi) north of downtown Manaus.
- "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Archived from the original on 23 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "Airport Official Website" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Lista de aeródromos públicos" (in Portuguese). ANAC.
- "Base Aérea de Manaus e 1°/9° GAv completam 39 anos de apoio à Amazônia" (in Portuguese). Força Aérea Brasileira. 14 April 2009. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Histórico" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Aeroporto Internacional Eduardo Gomes-Manaus" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Cindacta IV" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Air Force: Departamento de Controle do Espaço Aéreo DECEA. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (31 August 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4.
- "Manaus ganha voo direto da Gol para Orlando" (in Portuguese). UOL. 12 September 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
- Cooper, Tom (1 September 2003). "Central and Latin America Database: Nicaragua 1980–1988". Air Combat Information Group. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- "Incident description 6 March 1991". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Incident description 15 December 1994". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 15 July 2011.
- "Accident description PT-WRO". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
Media related to Eduardo Gomes-Manaus International Airport at Wikimedia Commons