The Ilyushin Il-76 (Russian: Илью́шин Ил-76; NATO reporting name: Candid) is a multi-purpose four-engine turbofan strategic airlifter designed by the Soviet Union's Ilyushin design bureau. It was first planned as a commercial freighter in 1967, as a replacement for the Antonov An-12. It was designed to deliver heavy machinery to remote, poorly served areas. Military versions of the Il-76 have been widely used in Europe, Asia and Africa, including use as an aerial refueling tanker or command center.
|A Russian Air Force Il-76MD|
|Role||Strategic and tactical airlifter|
|National origin||Soviet Union / Russia|
|Built by||Tashkent Aviation Production Association |
|First flight||25 March 1971|
|Status||In production, in service|
|Primary users||Russian Air Force|
Ukrainian Air Force
Indian Air Force
Libyan Air Force
|Variants||Ilyushin Il-78 |
The Il-76 has seen extensive service as a commercial freighter for ramp-delivered cargo, especially for outsized or heavy items unable to be otherwise carried. It has also been used as an emergency response transport for civilian evacuations as well as for humanitarian aid and disaster relief around the world. Because of its ability to operate from unpaved runways, it has been useful in undeveloped areas. Specialized models have also been produced for aerial firefighting and zero-G training.
- 1 Design and development
- 2 Operational history
- 3 Variants
- 4 Operators
- 5 Accidents
- 6 Aircraft on display
- 7 Specifications (Il-76TD-90)
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Design and developmentEdit
The aircraft was first conceived by Ilyushin in 1967 to meet a requirement for a freighter able to carry a payload of 40 tons (88,000 lb) over a range of 5,000 km (2,700 nmi; 3,100 mi) in less than six hours, able to operate from short and unprepared airstrips, and capable of coping with the worst weather conditions likely to be experienced in Siberia and the Soviet Union's Arctic regions. It was intended to replace the Antonov An-12. Another intended version was a double-decked 250-passenger airliner but that project was cancelled. The Il-76 first flew in March 1971 .
Production of Il-76s was allocated to the Tashkent Aviation Production Association in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, then a republic of the Soviet Union. Some 860 of the basic transport variants were manufactured. In the 1990s, modernized variants also equipped with Soloviev D-30 turbofan engines were developed (MF, TF), with a cargo compartment 20 m (66 ft) long by 3.4 m (11 ft) wide by 3.4 m (11 ft) tall; these larger variants were not produced in significant quantity due to the financial difficulties being experienced by the Russian Air Force, which was the primary operator of the type. The prototype of the Il-76MF, conducted its first flight on 1 August 1995.
From 2004 onwards, a number of aircraft in commercial service were modernized to the Il-76TD-90VD version; this involved the adoption of the newly developed PS-90 engine to comply with European noise limitations. In 2005, the People's Republic of China placed an order for 34 new Il-76MDs and four Il-78 tankers. In June 2013, Russian military export agency Rosoboronexport announced an order by China for 12 Il-76MD aircraft.
The Il-76 has also been modified into an airborne refuelling tanker, designated the Il-78, around 50 aircraft having been produced. A variant of the Il-76 also serves as a firefighting waterbomber. Its airframe was used as a base for the Beriev A-50 'Mainstay' AEW&C (airborne early warning and control) aircraft; around 25 aircraft were made. Another application for the type was found in Antarctic support flights and for conducting simulated weightlessness training for cosmonauts (akin to the "Vomit Comet" used by NASA). Beriev and NPO Almaz also developed an airborne laser flying laboratory designated A-60, of which two were built, much of this project's details remaining classified.
It was announced in 2010 that the production of a modernized Il-76, the Il-76MD-90A (also known as project Il-476 during the design stage), would begin; a proposed new production line would be located in Aviastar's facility in Ulyanovsk, Russia, and be operated in cooperation with the Tashkent works. At that point, the construction of two Il-76MD-90A prototypes had begun at the Ulyanovsk facility. The 1st Il-76MD-90A was rolled out at Aviastar's Ulyanovsk plant on 16 June 2014. On 29 April 2015, it was reported that the Russian Air Force received the first Il-76MD-90A built at the Ulyanovsk plant "Aviastar-SP" from the 2012 contract for 39 aircraft. The Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) received its first serial production Ilyushin Il-76MD-90A airlifter on 2 April 2019.
Between 1979 and 1991, the Soviet Air Force Il-76s made 14,700 flights into Afghanistan, transporting 786,200 servicemen, and 315,800 tons of freight. The Il-76 carried 89% of Soviet troops and 74% of the freight that was airlifted. As Afghan rebels were unable to shoot down high-flying Il-76s, their tactics were to try and damage it on takeoff or landing. Il-76s were often hit by shoulder-launched Stinger and Strela heat-seeking missiles and large-calibre machine gun fire, but because the strong airframes were able to take substantial damage and still remain operational, the aircraft had a remarkably low attrition rate during this period of conflict. Building on that experience, the bulk of the Canadian Forces equipment into Afghanistan was flown in using civilian Il-76s. In 2006, the Russian Air Force had about 200 Il-76s. Civilian users in Russia have 108.
In 2004, a Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) Il-76 carried out a flight mission in Afghanistan, and later in 2011, PLAAF Il-76s were sent to Libya to evacuate Chinese citizens. The two missions were the reported first steps of PLAAF developing long-range transportation capacity.
Syrian Air Force Il-76s, operating as civil Syrianair aircraft, have been reportedly used to ship weapons, money and other cargo from Russia and Iran to Syria, according to a defected Syrian military pilot. Since the start of the war, in April 2011 (and up to July 2012), around 20 military flights have been conducted to and from Tehran, via Iraqi airspace. Further information exposes that since around 2012, Syrian Il-76s have regularly flown to Moscow's Vnukovo Airport to fetch shipments of Syrian banknotes that have been useful to Bashar al-Assad's government to survive Western sanctions.
On 14 June 2014, a Ukrainian Air Force Il-76 was shot down by ground fire from pro-Russian separatists while on approach to landing at Luhansk, resulting in the deaths of 40 soldiers and nine crew members on board.
All Il-76 transport aircraft in service with the RF Aerospace Forces will receive anti-missile systems. The aircraft reconfiguration started in the spring of 2019.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Prototypes and developmental variantsEdit
- Il-76TD-90 / Il-76MD-90
- Engine upgrades to Perm PS-90s.
- Il-76 firebomber
- Firefighting aircraft to drop exploding capsules filled with fire retardant.
- SAR version of Il-76MF
- Early development of convertible passenger/cargo aircraft, (project only, designation re-used later)
- proposed Beriev A-50 with Perm PS-90 engines.
- Beriev A-60
- Airborne laser weapon testbed. (Il-76 version 1A)
Special purpose / research variantsEdit
- with reinforced wing (at least 3 aircraft) to be used as test-bed aeroplane for engine prototypes flight testing in Gromov Flight Research Institute.
- prototype Il-76PP.
- Telemetry and communications relay aircraft, for use during trial programmes (prototype).
- Telemetry and communications relay aircraft, for use during trial programmes (prototype).
- Izdeliye-976 ("SKIP") – (СКИП – Самолетный Контрольно-Измерительный Пункт, Airborne Check-Measure-and-Control Center)
- Il-76/A-50 based Range Control and Missile tracking platform. Initially built to support Raduga Kh-55 cruise missile tests.
- Special mission aircraft for unknown duties.
- ELINT electronic intelligence aircraft, or Il-76-11
- Il-76-Tu160 tailplane transporter
- One-off temporary conversion to support Tu-160 emergency modification programme.
- ('D' for "Desantnyi", Десантный – "Paratrooper transport") has a gun turret in the tail for defensive purposes.
- Zero-g cosmonaut trainer (dlya podgotovki kosmonavtov), for Yuri Gagarin Cosmonauts Training Center.
- Engine testbed, (ooniversahl'naya letayuschchaya laboratoriya).
- Military transport version, (modifitseerovannyy – modified).
- Improved military transport version, (modifitseerovannyy Dahl'ny – modified, long-range).
- Il-76MD Skal'pel-MT
- Mobile Hospital
- Il-76M / Il-76MD
- Built without military equipment but designated as Ms and MDs (Gordon – 'Falsies')
- An Il-76MD with quieter and more economical Aviadvigatel PS-90 high-bypass turbofan engines.
- Stretched military version with a 6.6 m longer fuselage, PS-90 engines, maximum takeoff weight of 210 tonnes and a lift capability of 60 tonnes. First flew in 1995, not built in series so far, just built for Jordan.
- ECM aircraft, major problems with ECM equipment on the Izdeliye-176 only.
- Modernized Il-76MD for the Russian Air Force.
- An upgraded version with a new glass cockpit, upgraded avionics, new internal wing structure and Aviadvigatel PS-90 engines. It was also known as Il-476 while in development.
- Built as military aircraft but given civilian designations. (Gordon – 'Falsie')
- Ilyushin Il-78/Il-78M/Il-78MD-90A
- Aerial refuelling tanker.
- Il-78 MKI
- A customized version of the Il-78 developed for the Indian Air Force.
- Airborne Command Post/communications relay aircraft, (alternative designation – Il-76VKP-'version65S').
- Maritime Search and Rescue aircraft, (alternative designation – Il-76PS-poiskovo-spasahtel'nyy), not produced.
- Beriev A-50/Beriev A-50M/Beriev A-50I/Beriev A-50E
- Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft. Beriev given control over the program.
- Beriev A-100
- An AEW&C version of the Il-76MD-90A.
- Initial Commercial freighter. (two prototypes and 12 production) equipped with Soloviev D-30 Turbofan engines.
- Il-76MD to Il-76TD conversions
- Complete removal of military equipment, identified by crude cover over OBIGGS inlet in Starboard Sponson.
- Il-76P / Il-76TP / Il-76TDP / Il-76MDP
- Firefighting aircraft. The Il-76 waterbomber is a VAP-2 1.5 hour install/removal tanking kit conversion. The Il-76 can carry up to 13,000 U.S. gallons (49,000 liters) of water; 3.5 times the capacity of the C-130 Hercules. Since this kit can be installed on any Il-76, the designation Il-76TP, Il-76TDP are also used when those versions of the Il-76 are converted into waterbombers. The Il-76P was first unveiled in 1990.
- ('T' for Transport, Транспортный) unarmed civil cargo transport version. NATO code-name "Candid-A". It first flew on November 4, 1978.
- The civil equivalent of the Il-76MD, first flew in 1982, equipped with Soloviev D-30 Turbofan engines.
- An Il-76TD with Aviadvigatel PS-90 engines and a partial glass cockpit. It was developed specially for Volga-Dnepr cargo company, which operates four aircraft as of 2012.
- Civilian mobile Hospital, similar to Il-76MD Skal'pel-MT.
- Civil transport stretched version with Aviadvigatel PS-90 engines. It is the civil version of the Il-76MF (none produced).
- Beriev A-50E/I
- For the Indian Air Force. Hosts Israeli Phalcon radar for AEW&C and Aviadvigatel PS-90 engines.
- Il-76MD tanker
- Iraqi Air Force tanker conversions.
- Domestic Chinese airborne early warning and control conversion of Il-76, developed after A-50I was cancelled and currently in service with the armed forces of China.
- CFTE engine testbed
- The China Flight Test Establishment (CFTE) currently operates a flying testbed converted from a Russian-made Il-76MD jet transport aircraft to serve as a flying testbed for future engine development programmes. The first engine to be tested on the aircraft is the WS-10A "Taihang" turbofan, currently being developed as the powerplant for China's indigenous J-10 and J-11 fighter aircraft. Il-76MD #76456, acquired by the AVIC 1 from Russia in the 1990s, is currently based at CFTE's flight test facility at Yanliang, Shaanxi Province.
- Iraqi development with a radar mounted in the cargo hold enabling it to serve as AEW&C, used in the Iran–Iraq War.
- Iraqi development (with French assistance) with fibreglass-reinforced plastic radome over the antenna of the Thomson-CSF Tiger G surveillance radar with a maximum detection range of 350 km (189 nmi, 217.5 mi). One was destroyed on the ground during the 1991 Persian Gulf War; two others were flown to Iran where they remained. At least one went into service with the IRIAF. One aircraft crashed following a midair collision with a HESA Saeqeh fighter, during the annual Iranian military parade in Teheran. It can be distinguished from the Beriev A-50 by having the Il-76 navigator windows in the nose, which the A-50 does not.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Military and civil operators in 38 countries have operated 850+ Il-76 in large numbers. While Russia is the largest military operator of the Il-76, followed by Ukraine and India, Belarus' TransAVIAexport Airlines is the largest civilian operator.
- The Algerian Air Force operates 17 Il-76 aircraft, including three Il-76MD, eight Il-76TD, and six Il-78 Midas.
- Air Highnesses owned and operated Il-76T (EK-76300) on behalf of Aéro-Service.
- The Armenian Air Force operates three Il-76s.
- Dvin Airlines has operated an Il-76TD.
- Yerevan-Avia has operated two Il-76 (EK86724 and EK86817).
- Azal Avia Cargo operates one Il-76TD.
- Azerbaijan Air Force
- Azerbaijan Airlines operates one Il-76M.
- Silk Way Airlines operates seven, including five Il-76TD and two Il-76TD-90.
- The Belarusian Air Force inherited a number of Il-76 aircraft from the Soviet Air Force. Four in service.
- Belavia operated the Il-76 before its closure in 1999.
- TransAVIAexport Airlines operates six Il-76TD's.
- Gomelavia operates five Il-76TD.
- Faso Airways operates a single Il-76TD.
- Imtrec Aviation has operated a Laotian registered Il-76.
- The People's Liberation Army Air Force operates 17 Il-76 aircraft, including three kJ-2000 AEW&C versions and some Il-78 tankers, with a further 30 due for delivery. However, the deal for new IL-476 is canceled, instead China received ten refurbished IL-76 from Russia and developed its own transport the Xian Y-20.
- The Republic of the Congo operates an Il-76.
- Cubana used to operate two Il-76s.
- Sun Way has operated the Il-76TD.
- The Indian Air Force operates 24 Il-76s, including 17 Il-76MDs, six Il-78MKIs, and three Beriev A-50 for AEW&C.
- The Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force operates 15 Il-76s.
- The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Air Force operates two Il-76s.
- Atlas Air has operated at least eight Il-76TD.
- Chabahar Air has operated at least two Il-76TD.
- Mahan Air has operated the Il-76.
- Payam Air operated two Il-76TD.
- Qeshm Air operated two Il-76TD. (This airline disestablished)
- Safiran Airlines is a former operator.
- Yas Air operates two Il-76TD (Registered as EP-GOL and EP-GOM).
- The Iraqi Air Force operated the Il-76, but none remain in service.
- Iraqi Airways operates a single Il-76.
- Jordan International Air Cargo – has operated two Il-76MF delivered in 2011. and operated for the Royal Jordanian Air Force which were sold to Egypt in 2018 and were delivered in 2019.
- The Government of Kazakhstan operates one Il-76.
- Air Almaty operates an Il-76TD for leased operations.
- Air Kazakhstan operated Il-76 aircraft until its closure in 2004.
- GST Aero operates 1 Il-76T.
- Kazakhstan Airlines operated the Il-76TD before its closure in 1997.
- Sayakhat Airlines operated the Il-76 previously.
- Botir Avia operates three, including one Il-76MD and two Il-76TD.
- Kyrgyzstan Airlines operates one Il-76TD.
- Reem Air
- Imtrec aviation of Cambodia operates Laos registered Il-76TD.
- Inversija operated three, including two Il-76T and one Il-76TD.
- The Libyan Air Force has operated the Il-76 although it may not remain in service.
- Jamahiria Air Transport operated the Il-76M, Il-76TD, and Il-78.
- Libyan Air Cargo, the cargo division of Libyan Arab Airlines, operates 21, including one Il-76M and 15 Il-76TD.
- Aerocom operated an Il-76MD as well as an Il-76T until as late as January 2005.
- Airline Transport operated a number of Il-76 aircraft, losing three in accidents in 2004 and 2005.
- Jet Line International operates the Il-76
- The Russian Air Force inherited large numbers of the aircraft from the Soviet Air Force in 1991, and 119 currently remain in service. The Russian Ministry of Defense signed a new contract for 39 Il-476 aircraft in October 2012 in a deal worth USD 4 billion.
- The Ministry of Emergency Situations operates an Il-76TD.
- Abakan Avia operates 3 Il-76TD.
- Aeroflot operated large numbers of aircraft, especially during Soviet years, often on behalf of the Soviet military. However, none remain in service with the airline.
- Air STAN operated an Il-76TD.
- Airlines 400 operates two Il-76TD.
- Airstars Airways operates four Il-76TD on cargo services.
- ALAK operated Il-76 aircraft before its closure in 1999.
- Alrosa-Avia operates four Il-76TD on charter services.
- Aram Air
- Atlant-Soyuz Airlines operates six, including two Il-76MD and four Il-76TD.
- ATRAN Cargo Airlines operates five, including three Il-76T and two Il-76TD. At least one Il-76M may have been operated in the past.
- Atruvera Aviation operates three, including one Il-76MD and two Il-76TD.
- Aviacon Zitotrans operates five, including four Il-76TD.
- Aviaenergo operated the aircraft, but none remain in service.
- Aviast operates four, including one Il-76MD and three Il-76TD.
- Border Guard Service of Russia
- Continental Airways has operated the Il-76 in the past, but does not do so currently.
- Dacono Air has operated the Il-76.
- Domodedovo Airlines has operated the Il-76, but none is currently in service.
- East Line operates the Il-76.
- Ilavia Airline operates six, including two Il-76MD and four Il-76TD.
- KrasAir operated the Il-76, but none is currently in service.
- Krylo Airlines operated two Il-76TD into 2005.
- Magadan Avia Leasing is a lease and charter operator of the Il-76.
- Moscow Airways operated an Il-76TD in the early 1990s.
- Novosibirsk Air Enterprise operated the Il-76, but none is currently in service.
- Pulkovo Aviation Enterprise operated the Il-76, but none is currently in service.
- Samara Airlines operates two Il-76TD.
- Spair Airlines
- Tesis Aviation Enterprise operates nine Il-76TD.
- Tyumen Airlines
- Volga-Dnepr operates 8, four Il-76TD and four Il-76TD-90VD.
- Air Tomisko operated 3 Il-76TD. Two were leased from GST Aero which had been before in service of Kosmas Air, and one more was added in May 2006.
- Kosmas Air operated two Il-76TD leased from GST Aero.
- The Soviet Air Force operated hundreds of the aircraft, with an inventory of 310 in 1987. Most were dispersed to the successor states upon the breakup of the Soviet Union.
- Aeroflot was the main civil user of the aircraft during the period of the Soviet Union, although many of its aircraft were operated on behalf of the military.
- Jet Air Cargo was one of the first civil operators of the Il-76 in Russia other than Aeroflot.
- Air West operated a small number of aircraft, although it is unclear how many remain in service.
- Azza Transport operates two Il-76TD.
- East West Cargo operated a number of Il-76 aircraft.
- Juba Cargo operates the Il-76.
- Badr Airlines operates two Il-76,
- Trans Attico
- Alfa Airlines
- Green Flag Airlines
- The Syrian Air Force operates the Il-76.
- Syrian Arab Airlines operates four, including three Il-76M.
- Turkmenistan Airlines operates eight Il-76TD.
- The Ukrainian Air Force inherited a large number of Il-76 aircraft from the Soviet Air Force, with as many as 100 remaining in service.
- Air Service Ukraine operated the Il-76MD.
- Air Ukraine and Air Ukraine Cargo operated the aircraft, although none were in service at the time of bankruptcy.
- ATI Aircompany operates a number of Il-76 models.
- Azov Avia Airlines operates two Il-76MD.
- BSL Airline operated as many as six Il-78.
- Busol Airlines operated the Il-76 before its closure in 1998.
- Khors Aircompany operates two Il-76MD.
- Lviv Airlines operates three Il-76MD.
- South Airlines is a former operator.
- Ukraine Air Alliance operates four, including one Il-76MD and three Il-76TD.
- Ukrainian Cargo Airways operates 21, including 19 Il-76MD.
- Veteran Airlines
- Volare Airlines operates three, including two Il-76MD and one Il-76TD.
- Yuzhmashavia operates 2 Il-76TD.
- The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service have operated several of the type from the early to mid-1990s to now. Most of them are either ex-Aeroflot or one that the Russian Air Force has lent to the UN.
- Air Support Systems, LLC operates the Il-76/78 in fire fighting duties in the USA.
- Gulf Aviation Technology and Services operates a number of Il-76 aircraft on charter or lease.
- Phoenix Aviation operates 2 Il-76TD.
- The Military of Uzbekistan operates six aircraft.
- Avialeasing operates the Il-76 on a charter and lease basis.
- Uzbekistan Airways operates 14 Il-76TD.
As of April 2018 a total of 80 Il-76 series aircraft have been written off in crashes and other incidents, including the following:
- On 23 November 1979, a Soviet Air Force Il-76, registration CCCP-86714, banked left during an approach to Vitebsk Airport. Control of the aircraft was lost and the aircraft crashed, killing the crew of seven; this was the first loss of an Il-76.
- On 11 December 1988, an Aeroflot Il-76 crashed on approach to Leninakan, Armenia killing 77 of the 78 on board. The aircraft was on an air relief operation following the 1988 Armenian earthquake.
- On 1 February 1990, a Soviet Air Force Il-76 registration СССР-86021 crashed 14 minutes after takeoff from Panevėžys Air Base. The crashed killed all 8 members of the crew.
- On 19 August 1996, an Il-76T crashed while trying to land at Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, killing all 14 occupants on board.
- On 12 November 1996, Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907, an Il-76 had a mid-air collision near New Delhi, India with a Saudi Arabian Airlines Boeing 747, resulting in the loss of all 349 lives aboard both aircraft. The accident was ruled as pilot error, with the Il-76 aircraft failing to follow air traffic controller instructions.
- On 27 November 1996, a Russian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76MD, registration RA-78804, flew into the hillside of a mountain, minutes after it departed Abakan Airport, and crashed 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from the airport. All 21 occupants on board lost their lives in the accident.
- On 2 December 2001, Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Flight 9064 crashed at Novaya Inya, Russia, following an onboard fire, killing 18 on board.
- On 19 February 2003, an Ilyushin Il-76 crashed near Kerman, Iran under unspecified reasons (possibly weather-related). The crash killed 275 people, including hundreds of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.
- On 8 May 2003, the rear loading ramp of an Il-76 leased by the Congolese government unexpectedly opened at 10,000 feet after taking off from the capital Kinshasa. Initial reports stated that over 120 policemen and their families had been sucked out in 45 minutes, but 14 people actually died.
- On 15 January 2009, two Russian Ministry of Interior Il-76MDs were involved in a ground collision at Makhachkala Airport. One of the aircraft, registration RA-76825, was ready to depart and was positioned at the runway end when the other one, RA-76827, came into land. The wing of the landing aircraft struck the flight deck of RA-76825 and a fire erupted. There were three fatalities in the departing aircraft, out of seven occupants on board. None of the 31 occupants aboard RA-76827 were hurt. RA-76825 was written off as a consequence of the accident.
- On 9 March 2009 Aerolift Il-76 S9-SAB crashed into Lake Victoria just after takeoff from Entebbe Airport, Uganda, killing all 11 people on board. Two of the engines had caught fire on takeoff. The aircraft was chartered by Dynacorp on behalf of AMISOM. The accident was investigated by Uganda's Ministry of Transport, which concluded that all four engines were time-expired and that Aerolift's claim that maintenance had been performed to extend their service lives and the certification of this work could not be substantiated.
- On 22 September 2009, Il-76MD "5-8208" of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force crashed near Varamin killing all seven people on board. The crash was possibly the result of a midair collision with a Northrop F-5E Tiger II.
- On 1 November 2009, an Il-76 belonging to the Russian Ministry of the Interior, crashed near the city of Mirny within 2 kilometers after taking off. Eleven people on board were confirmed as killed.
- On 28 November 2010 Sun Way Flight 4412, Il-76 4L-GNI, crashed in a populated area of Karachi, Pakistan, shortly after taking off from Jinnah International Airport. All eight people on board were killed, along with two people on the ground. The aircraft was reported to have been trying to return to Jinnah after suffering an engine fire.
- On 6 July 2011 a Silk Way Il-76, tail number 4K-AZ55, crashed into a mountain in Afghanistan, while on final to Bagram Air Force Base. Eight people on board were initially confirmed as killed, with one unaccounted.
- On 30 November 2012 an Aéro-Service Il-76T (also reported as being operated by Trans Air Congo in the days after the accident) crashed 850 meters short of runway 5L of the Congo's Maya-Maya Airport in Brazzaville while landing during a violent storm, killing 32, including the 5 aircrew, another person on board and 26 people on the ground.
- On 1 July 2016 an Il-76TD (RA-76840) operated by the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations (EMERCOM) went missing in the Irkutsk region while fighting a forest fire; the wreckage was found on 3 July 9 km (5.6 mi) east-southeast of Rybnyi Uyan, Kachug Region on the side of a volcano in the area of an active forest fire; the bodies of the ten crew members were also found. Accident remains under investigation.
- On 11 April 2018 an Il-76TD (7T-WIV) operated by the Algerian Air Force crashed just after takeoff from an airport at Boufarik — less than 30 km from the capital Algiers—killing at least 257 soldiers and civilians on board.
Aircraft on displayEdit
- UR-UCI (cn 083414444) preserved in the State Museum of Aviation, Kiev-Zhulyany.
- Crew: 5
- Capacity: Il-76M 42,000 kg (92,594 lb) ; Il-76MD 48,000 kg (105,822 lb) ; Il-76MD-90A 60,000 kg (132,277 lb)
- Length: 46.59 m (152 ft 10 in)
- Wingspan: 50.5 m (165 ft 8 in)
- Height: 14.76 m (48 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 300 m2 (3,200 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 92,500 kg (203,928 lb) Il-76TD-90
- 92,000 kg (202,825 lb) Il-76MD/TD
- 104,000 kg (229,281 lb) Il-76MF/TF
- Max takeoff weight: 195,000 kg (429,901 lb)
- 170,000 kg (374,786 lb) Il-76M/T
- 190,000 kg (418,878 lb) Il-76MD/TD
- 210,000 kg (462,971 lb) Il-76MF/TF
- Maximum speed: 900 km/h (560 mph, 490 kn)
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.82
- Range: 4,000 km (2,500 mi, 2,200 nmi) Il-76MD-90A with 60,000 kg (132,277 lb) payload.
- 5,000 km (3,107 mi) Il-76MD-90A / TD-90VD with 52,000 kg (114,640 lb) payload.
- 4,000 km (2,485 mi) Il-76M/T with 52,000 kg (114,640 lb) payload.
- 4,400 km (2,734 mi) Il-76MD/TD with 52,000 kg (114,640 lb) payload.
- 4,200 km (2,610 mi) Il-76MF/TF with 52,000 kg (114,640 lb) payload.
- Ferry range: 9,300 km (5,800 mi, 5,000 nmi) Il-76MD-90A with no payload.
- Service ceiling: 13,000 m (43,000 ft)
- Thrust/weight: Il-76: 0.228–0.252; Il-76M/T 0.282; Il-76MD/TD 0.252; Il-76MF/TF 0.228
- Minimum landing run: 450 m (1,476 ft) with thrust reversers
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Antonov An-22
- Antonov An-70
- Antonov An-124
- Airbus A400M Atlas
- Boeing C-17 Globemaster III
- Lockheed C-141 Starlifter
- Xi'an Y-20
- Butowski, Piotr. Iliuszyn Ił-76 powraca. Lotnictwo nr. 9/2004, p. 28-32 (in Polish)
- "Ilyushin beriev IL-76 Candid (Gajraj)". Indian-military.org. Archived from the original on 10 October 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2019-05-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- [ Ilyushin Il-76: Russia's Versatile Jet Freighter]
- "Ilyushin". Flightglobal. Flight International. 4 December 1996. Archived from the original on 2013-05-23.
- Butowski, Piotr. Rosyjski kontrakt na Ił-76 i Ił-78 dla Chin. Lotnictwo nr. 1/2007, pp. 54–55 (in Polish)
- "Commercial aircraft of the world–Ilyushin Il-76". Flight International. 4283 (140): 66. 4–10 September 1991. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- "IL-76MD aircraft will be provided to China". Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-17.[unreliable source?]
- "File:Марка России 2006г №1073-Самолет ИЛ-76ТД и научно-экспедиционное судно "Академик Федоров"; панорама станции.jpg". Stamps of Russia. Publishing and Trading Centre "Marka". 2006-01-26. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
- "âÅÒÉÅ× á-60". www.airwar.ru. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Поставки транспортников Ил-476 заказчикам начнутся в 2012 году - ВПК.name". Vpk.name. Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- googletag.display;, Defense Industry Daily staff. "IL-476: Russias New Medium-Heavy Transport Jet". Defense Industry Daily. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Первый серийный самолет Ил-76МД-90А передан Минобороны России [The first production aircraft Il-76MD-90A passed the Russian Defense Ministry]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). 29 April 2015. Archived from the original on May 1, 2015.
- "Russian Defense Ministry Signs Multi-billion-dollar Plane Contract". RIA Novosti. 4 October 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-04-04. Retrieved 2019-04-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Canadian Parliament Website Archived October 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "IL-76s' mission in PLAAF, China". Archived from the original on 2011-10-15. Retrieved 2011-09-06.
- Hassan, Mohamed Olad (24 March 2007). "Cargo Plane Shot Down in Somalia". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2012-11-03.
- Wilson, Nigel (24 March 2013). "I flew secret missions carrying cash and weapons into Syria for Assad, pilot reveals". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 13 April 2018. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
- Dafna Linzer, Jeff Larson (26 November 2012). "Flight Records Say Russia Sent Syria Tons of Cash". ProPublica. Archived from the original on 25 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- http://www.contact.az/docs/2013/Politics/032600032347en.htm#.Ud5Cym15uJI Archived 2013-04-17 at the Wayback Machine
- "Ukrainian military plane with at least 49 aboard shot down". edition.cnn.com. 14 June 2014. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Ukraine crisis: Military plane shot down in Luhansk". BBC Online. 14 June 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "49 killed when Ukraine military plane downed: defence spokesman" Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine. xin.msn.com
- "49 Ukrainian troops killed as transport plane downed in Lugansk (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". RT International. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Gabbert, Author Bill. "Russian IL-76 completes its assignment in Chile". Fire Aviation. Archived from the original on 2017-06-29. Retrieved 2017-06-12.
- "The Ilyushin Il-76". Vectorsite.net. Archived from the original on 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- "ОАО "Ил" приступило к работам по модернизации... | ОАО "Ил"". ilyushin.org. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
- "ЦАМТО / Новости / Первый модернизированный транспортный самолет Ил-76МД-М передан Минобороны России". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Russian Air Force receives first upgraded Ilyushin Il-76MD-M". www.airrecognition.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "First serial-production Ilyushin Il-76MD-90A strategic airlifter made its maiden flight". January 5, 2015. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "The Ilyushin Il-76". www.airvectors.net. Archived from the original on 10 April 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "domain-b.com : Air Force starts flight tests of first Phalcon Il-76 airborne early warning system". www.domain-b.com. Archived from the original on 13 December 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "AEW&C and Hawkeyes – The Complete History of Airborne Early Warning". google.com. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- on YouTube
- "Angola Air Force". rzjets.net. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
- "Angola Air Charter". rzjets.net. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
- Hradecky, Simon (December 2, 2012). "Crash: Aero Services IL76 at Brazzaville on Nov 30th 2012, clipped trees then impacted buildings short of runway". Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
-  Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Retrieved 2 December 2015. FlightStats. Global Aviation Services 509 Flight Status Archived 2017-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
- "Il-76MF / Il-76MT". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Cenciotti, David (7 November 2014). "China's new Y-20 cargo plane (that looks like a C-17/A-400M hybrid) lands at Zhuhai, parks close to C-17". theaviationist.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Jordan gave Egypt two military transport Il-76MF". weaponews.com. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
- "India Seeks To Bolster Transport With ten C-17s". Defense News. 2009-11-05. Retrieved 2010-11-06.[dead link]
- "Indian Air Force :: Aircraft Fleet Strength". Bharat-rakshak.com. 2009-10-19. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- Jordan International Air Cargo Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
- "Jordan gave Egypt two military transport Il-76MF". weaponews.com. Retrieved 2019-08-05.
- "Lease Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine". AirAlmaty.kz
- "Jet Line". Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2009-10-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2012-01-08.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Fleet in Flight Radar". Archived from the original on 2017-09-25. Retrieved 2017-09-24.
- Trgovao oružjem sa bivšim agentima KGB Archived 2015-06-10 at the Wayback Machine at Blic Online, 17-12-2009, retrieved 19-11-2013 (in Serbian)
- "Ilyushin 76 Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine", Aerolift Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
- "JUBA Cargo". Archived from the original on 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- "Ilyushin Il-76 hull losses". Aviation Safety Network. 9 August 2015. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Accident description for CCCP-86714 at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for CCCP-86732 at the Aviation Safety Network
- "Accident description for CCCP-86021". Aviation Safety Network.
- Accident description for RA-76513 at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for RA-78804 at the Aviation Safety Network
- "IL-76 hits mountain". Flight International. 4 December 1996. Archived from the original on 2015-10-17.
- Astill, James (10 May 2003). "At 10,000 feet the door flipped open and scores of passengers were sucked out". The Guardian. Nairobi. Archived from the original on 2012-11-29.
- "Safety Review" Archived 2014-01-04 at the Wayback Machine, Flight International, 20–26 January 2004 p. 39.
- Accident description for RA-76827 at the Aviation Safety Network
- Accident description for RA-76825 at the Aviation Safety Network
- Hradecky, Simon. "Crash: Aerolift IL76 at Entebbe on Mar 9th 2009, impacted Lake Victoria after takeoff". The Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 26 September 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Iranian Military Planes Crashes in Annual Parade". Defensenews. Archived from the original on 27 September 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Cargo Plane Crashes In Eastern Russia, 11 Dead". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Hradecky, Simon. "Crash: Sun Way IL76 at Karachi on Nov 28th 2010, engine fire". The Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
- Hradecky, Simon. "Crash: Silk Way IL76 near Bagram on Jul 6th 2011, impacted mountain". The Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "Cargo plane crash in Afghanistan". BBC News. 6 July 2009. Archived from the original on 2013-04-12.
- "2012 Ilyushin 76T Accident". Accident description. aviation-safety.net. 30 November 2012. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Plane crashes houses in Congo killing 30". heraldsun.com.au. Australian Associated Press (AAP). 30 November 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- Sputnik. "Bodies of All 10 Crew Members Found at Russia's Il-76 Crash Site". sputniknews.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- "Algeria plane crash sees '105 killed' after coming down near airport". The Sun. 2018-04-11. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- "IL-76TD-90." Archived 2009-11-03 at the Wayback Machine Ilyushin.
- "PS-90A-76 Aircraft Engine." Archived 2012-04-01 at the Wayback Machine Aviadvigate.
- "IL-76TD-90VD" (PDF). Volga-Dnepr Airlines. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-19.
- Elodie Roux: Turbofan and Turbojet Engines: Database Handbook, Blagnac France, 2007, ISBN 9782952938013, p. 155
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilyushin Il-76.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilyushin Il-976.|