Empresa Brasileira de Infraestrutura Aeroportuária (abr. Infraero) is a Brazilian government corporation founded in 1973, authorized by Law 5,862, being responsible for operating the main Brazilian commercial airports. In 2011 Infraero's airports carried 179,482,228 passengers, 1,464,484 tons of cargo, and operated 2,893,631 take-offs and landings. Presently it manages 45 airports.
|Founded||May 31, 1973|
|Antônio Claret (CEO)|
|Revenue||US$ 2.0 billion (2012)|
|US$ 52.5 million (2012)|
The company is present all over Brazil and employs approximately 23,000 employees and subcontracted workers nationwide. It is headquartered in the Infraero Building, in Brasília, Federal District.
The company implements a workplan which covers practically all airports managed by it and which generates over 50 thousand jobs all over Brazil. The Brazilian airport infrastructure, which may match to the international standards, is being updated to meet the next years demand.
The works are performed with the company's own revenue, mainly generated by the air cargo storage and custom duty, granting of commercial areas in the airports, boarding, landing and stay tariffs, and rendering of communication and air navigation auxiliary services.
On 9 October 2009, it was announced that Infraero will invest in airports abroad: Infraero was invited by the Government of Paraguay to administer Silvio Pettirossi International Airport in Asunción and invited to participate in the privatization of Ruzyně Airport in Prague, Czech Republic, among other investments.
On March 4, 2010, the government of Brazil announced that it would adopt the model of concession to airports. For this reason Infraero would become a concessionary rather than an administrator of the airports that it currently operates. The main consequence is the fact that Infraero will be able to open its capital and obtain resources necessary for infra-structure investments. Another consequence is that municipal or state governments would have it easier to change concessionaries, such as the intention announced on 28 August 2009 by Rosinha Matheus, the Mayor of Campos dos Goytacazes, who requested Infraero the transfer of the administration of Bartolomeu Lysandro Airport to the Municipality. The Minister of Defense, to whom Infraero was subordinate (currently it belongs to Civil Aviation Secretary), announced being in favor of the transfer.
On April 26, 2011 it was confirmed that in order to speed-up much needed renovation and up-grade works, private companies would be granted a concession to commercially explore some Infraero airports in exchange for the implementation of those works. Listed airports included São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport, Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport, Campinas – Viracopos International Airport, and later Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport and Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport. The plan was confirmed on May 31, 2011 and it was added that Infraero would retain 49% of the shares of each privatized airport.
The concession program was divided into phases, each with its own public bidding.
The first phase was related to Gov. Aluízio Alves International Airport in Natal. On August 22, 2011 its concession was won by the Consortium Inframérica, formed by the Brazilian Engineering Group Engevix (50%) and the Argentinean Group Corporación América (50%), which operates 52 airports in 7 countries. After the signature of the contract of concession, Inframérica Consortium was authorized to commercially explore the facility for 25 years (with one possible 5-year extension). As part of the concession agreement Infraero holds no shares participation in this facility.
The second phase was related to an auction that took place on February 6, 2012.
- In it Consortium Inframérica won the concession of Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport, which will be explored for a period of 25 years.
- On the same auction, Consortium Invepar-ACSA composed by the Brazilian Investments and Funds Society Invepar (90%) and the South African airport operator ACSA (10%) won the concession for São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport and was authorized to explore the facility for 20 years.
- Lastly, on the same day, Consortium Aeroportos Brasil composed by the Brazilian Investments and Funds Society Triunfo (45%), the Engineering and Investments Society UTC Engenharia e Participações (45%), and the French airport operator Egis Avia (10%) won the concession for Campinas – Viracopos International Airport, to be explored for 30 years.
The third phase took place on November 22, 2013, when the Brazilian Government had a bidding process to determine the operator of Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport from 2014 until 2039.
- The Group Aeroporto Rio de Janeiro formed by the Brazilian Conglomerate Odebrecht (60%) and Changi Airport Group (40%) paid BRL 19 billion and won the concession. The contract was signed on April 2, 2014.
- On the same day a bidding process related to Belo Horizonte-Tancredo Neves International Airport was held and the operator would be granted rights from 2014 until 2044. The group BH Airport formed by the Brazilian investment company CCR (75%) and the remaining (25%) shared by Flughafen München GmbH the administrator of Munich Airport and Flughafen Zürich AG the administrator of Zurich Airport among others won the bidding.
Starting on the fourth phase, Infraero ceased to have a mandatory 49% of the shares of each privatized airport.
The fourth phase took place on March 16, 2017 and the result was:
- Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport in Salvador da Bahia was won by the French airport operator Vinci SA valid for 30 years;
- Salgado Filho International Airport in Porto Alegre and Pinto Martins International Airport in Fortaleza were won by the German airport operator Fraport. Porto Alegre is valid for 25 years and Fortaleza for 30 years;
- Hercílio Luz International Airport in Florianópolis was won by the Swiss airport operator Flughafen Zürich AG valid for 30 years.
The fifth phase, done in blocks valid for 30 years, took place on March 15, 2019 and the result was:
- Guararapes–Gilberto Freyre International Airport in Recife, Zumbi dos Palmares International Airport in Maceió, Presidente Castro Pinto International Airport in João Pessoa, Santa Maria Airport in Aracaju, Campina Grande Airport, and Juazeiro do Norte Airport were won by the Spanish airport operator AENA;
- Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport in Vitória and Macaé Airport were won by the Swiss airport operator Flughafen Zürich AG;
- Marechal Rondon International Airport in Cuiabá; Sinop Airport; Rondonópolis Airport, and Alta Floresta Airport, were won by the Brazilian consortium Aeronorte, formed by companies Socicam and Sinart, both already operating other facilities in Brazil.
The sixth phase, done in blocks valid for 30 years, took place on April 7, 2021 and the result was:
- Afonso Pena International Airport, Bacacheri Airport, Foz do Iguaçu International Airport, Londrina Airport, Navegantes Airport, Joinville-Lauro Carneiro de Loyola Airport, Pelotas International Airport, Ruben Berta International Airport, and Comte. Gustavo Kraemer International Airport were won by the Brazilian investment company CCR;
- Santa Genoveva Airport, Palmas Airport, Teresina Airport, Petrolina Airport, Mal. Cunha Machado International Airport, and Imperatriz Airport were won by the Brazilian investment company CCR;
- Brig. Eduardo Gomes International Airport, Tabatinga International Airport, Tefé Airport, Rio Branco International Airport, Cruzeiro do Sul International Airport, Gov. Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport, and Boa Vista International Airport were won by the French airport operator Vinci SA.
On July 17, 2020 the Federal Government authorized the beginning of a new concession process for Viracopos International Airport in Campinas upon request from the present concessionary Consortium Aeroportos Brasil.
On March 10, 2021, it was announced that the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil approved a new concession process for Gov. Aluízio Alves International Airport in Natal, as per request from the concessionary Consortium Inframérica made on March 5, 2020. It is expected that a new bidding will take place in 2021.
On June 17, 2020, the Federal Government signed and agreement to transfer the administration of Pampulha – Carlos Drummond de Andrade Airport in Belo Horizonte from Infraero to the Government of the State of Minas Gerais.
On December 2, 2020, the Federal Government signed and agreement to transfer the administration of Prof. Urbano Ernesto Stumpf Airport in São José dos Campos to the Municipality of São José dos Campos. The transition period will end on December 31, 2021.
Responding to critiques to the situation of its airports, on May 18, 2011 Infraero released a list evaluating some of its most important airports according to its saturation levels. According to the list:
Airports critically saturated, operating above 85% of their capacity
- Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport
- Cuiabá/Várzea Grande – Mal. Rondon International Airport
- São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport
Airports requiring attention, operating between 70% and 85% of their capacity
- Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport
- Campinas – Viracopos International Airport
- Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport
- Fortaleza – Pinto Martins International Airport
Airports with good situation, operating with less than 70% of their capacity
On 31 August 2009 Infraero unveiled an ambitious BRL5.3 billion (US$2.8 billion; EUR2.0 billion) investment plan to upgrade airports of ten cities focusing mainly the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which was held in Brazil, and for the 2016 Summer Olympics, which was held in Rio de Janeiro. Of the twelve cities that held venues, ten received major investments. Natal – Augusto Severo International Airport and Salvador – Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport were excluded because their upgrade works were completed.
The investments were distributed as follows (in BRL million):
On going worksEdit
- Pampulha/Carlos Drummond de Andrade Airport
- New control tower. Value 5.6. Completion: originally November 2010; postponed to the end of 2012
- Upgrade of general aviation hangars. Value 1.2. Completion: July 2013
- Enlargement of the apron. Value 1.6. Completion: July 2013
- Tancredo Neves International Airport (Confins)
- Extension of runway, enlargement of apron and cargo terminal, construction of further taxiways. Value 120.0. Completion: July 2013
- Renovation of the passenger terminal. Value 215.5. Completion: March 2014
- Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Value 34.5. Completion: April 2011
- Renovation of the existing passenger terminal. Value 22.5. Completion: November 2011
- Enlargement of the passenger terminal. Value 439.0. Completion: April 2013
- Parking. Value 18.8. Completion: April 2014
- Construction of the second runway. Value 314.0. Completion: April 2013
- Construction of phase 1 of a new passenger terminal. Value 2,500.0. Completion: May 2015
- Renovation of passenger terminal, parking and access to the airport. Value 30.9. Completion: October 2012
- Enlargement of the apron and implementation of taxiways. Value 30.0. Completion: March 2011
- Renovation and enlargement of passenger terminal, apron, and parking. Value 525.0. Completion: November 2013
- Enlargement of apron and existing runway. Construction of second runway. Value 600.0. Completion: July 2013
- Enlargement and renovation of the passenger terminal. Value 193.5. Completion: December 2013
- Extension of the runway. Value 122.0. Never completed.
- Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport
- Renovation of passenger terminal 1. Value 314.9. Completion: February 2011
- Completion and renovation of passenger terminal 2. Value 284.0. Completion: May 2012
- Construction of further parking. Value 220.0. Completion: May 2013
- Santos Dumont Airport
- Completion of the renovation of the passenger arrivals terminal. Value 152.2. Completion: November 2011
- Congonhas Airport
- Renovation of the apron. Value 20.6. Completion: January 2012
- Conclusion of the renovation on the south portion of the passenger terminal. Value 67.1. Completion: October 2012
- Renovation of the north portion of the passenger terminal. Value 65.1. Completion: October 2014
- Guarulhos/Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport
- Construction of further taxiways. Value 19.0. Completion: April 2011 (work not yet completed in August 2011)
- Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Value 370.5. Completion: July 2011 (work not yet completed in August 2011)
- Construction of the passenger terminal 3. Value 1,100.0. Completion: March 2014
- Enlargement of Parking. Value 6.8. Completed on July 26, 2010
- Conclusion of the passenger terminal renovation with installation of further 8 jetways. Value: 8.75. Completed on July 1, 2011
- New control tower. Value 11.9. Completed on May 8, 2013
List of airports administered by InfraeroEdit
The following airports were administered by Infraero in 2021:
- Altamira – Altamira Airport
- Bagé – Comte. Gustavo Kraemer International Airporte
- Belo Horizonte – Carlos Prates Airportb
- Boa Vista – Atlas Brasil Cantanhede International Airportd
- Campo Grande – Campo Grande International Airport (Antonio João)
- Carajás (Parauapebas) – Carajás Airport
- Corumbá – Corumbá International Airport
- Cruzeiro do Sul – Cruzeiro do Sul International Airportd
- Foz do Iguaçu – Cataratas International Airporte
- Goiânia – Goiânia Airport (Santa Genoveva)e
- Imperatriz – Pref. Renato Moreira Airporte
- Joinville – Lauro Carneiro de Loyola Airporte
- Londrina – Gov. José Richa Airporte
- Macapá – Alberto Alcolumbre International Airport
- Manaus – Brig. Eduardo Gomes International Airportd
- Marabá – Marabá Airport
- Montes Claros – Mário Ribeiro Airport
- Navegantes – Min. Victor Konder International Airporte
- Palmas – Brig. Lysias Rodrigues Airporte
- Parnaíba – Pref. Dr. João Silva Filho International Airport (Santos Dumont)
- Paulo Afonso – Paulo Afonso Airport
- Pelotas – Pelotas International Airporte
- Petrolina – Sen. Nilo Coelho Airporte
- Ponta Porã – Ponta Porã International Airport
- Porto Velho – Gov. Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airportd
- Rio Branco – Plácido de Castro International Airportd
- Rio de Janeiro
- Santarém – Maestro Wilson Fonseca Airport
- São José dos Campos – Prof. Urbano Ernesto Stumpf Airporta
- São Luís – Mal. Cunha Machado International Airport (Tirirical)e
- São Paulo
- Tabatinga – Tabatinga International Airportd
- Tefé – Tefé Airportd
- Teresina – Sen. Petrônio Portella Airporte
- Uberaba – Mário de Almeida Franco Airport
- Uberlândia – Ten. Cel. Av. César Bombonato Airport
- Uruguaiana – Ruben Berta International Airporte
a.^ On December 2, 2020, the concession was transferred to the Municipality of São José dos Campos. The Municipality and Infraero will jointly administrate the facilities until the end of 2021.
b.^ The airport will cease all operations permanently on December 31, 2021.
c.^ The airport will cease all operations permanently on a date yet to be announced.
d.^ On April 7, 2021 Vinci SA won the concession to operate this airport. Vinci and Infraero will jointly administrate the facility until the end of 2021.
e.^ On April 7, 2021 CCR S.A. won the concession to operate this airport. CCR and Infraero will jointly administrate the facility until the end of 2021.
The following airports are administrated by concessionaries in which Infraero has minoritary participation in shares:
- Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport (Concession to AeroBrasil)
- Brasília – Pres. Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport (Concession to Inframérica)
- Campinas – Viracopos International Airport (Concession to Aeroportos Brasil)
- Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport (Concession to Aeroporto Rio de Janeiro)
- São Paulo – Guarulhos/Gov. André Franco Montoro International Airport (Cumbica) (Concession to Invepar-ACSA)
In 2012 those were the top 10 airports according to number of transported passengers, metric tonnes of cargo handled (excluding mail), and number of aircraft operations (domestic and international combined):
Number of transported passengersEdit
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 32,177,594
- 2 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport - 17,491,744
- 3 – São Paulo – Congonhas Airport - 16,775,785
- 4 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 15,665,045
- 5 – Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport - 10,200,348
- 6 – Rio de Janeiro – Santos Dumont Airport - 8,960,345
- 7 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 8,824,074
- 8 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport- 8,520,837
- 9 – Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport - 7,606,507
- 10 – Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport - 6,825,666
Metric tonnes of cargo handled (excluding mail)Edit
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 448,274
- 2 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 246,219
- 3 – Manaus – Eduardo Gomes International Airport - 156,043
- 4 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport- 118,752
- 5 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 60,656
- 6 – Curitiba – Afonso Pena International Airport - 44,441
- 7 – Fortaleza – Pinto Martins International Airport - 44,298
- 8 – Recife – Guararapes/Gilberto Freyre International Airport - 30,741
- 9 – Belém – Val de Cans/Júlio Cezar Ribeiro International Airport - 30,594
- 10 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport- 27,900
Number of aircraft operationsEdit
- 1 – São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governador André Franco Montoro International Airport - 273,882
- 2 – São Paulo – Congonhas Airport - 213,164
- 3 – Brasília – Presidente Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport - 194,686
- 4 – Rio de Janeiro – Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport - 154,318
- 5 – São Paulo – Campo de Marte Airport - 143,540
- 6 – Rio de Janeiro – Santos Dumont Airport - 135,373
- 7 – Salvador – Deputado Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport - 121,596
- 8 – Belo Horizonte – Tancredo Neves International Airport - 120,149
- 9 – Campinas – Viracopos International Airport - 115,548
- 10 – Porto Alegre – Salgado Filho International Airport - 96,696
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