National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil
The National Civil Aviation Agency (Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil in Portuguese), also known as ANAC, is the Brazilian civil aviation authority, created in 2005. It is headquartered in the Edifício Parque Cidade Corporate in Brasília.
Old headquarters of ANAC
|Formed||September 2005, 27|
|Parent agency||Ministério dos Transportes, Portos e Aviação Civil|
A part of the Brazilian Secretariat of Civil Aviation, the agency raised from the former Department of Civil Aviation (DAC) and the Civil Aviation Certification Division (Aeronautical Technical Center - CTA), the Brazilian aircraft certification authority. ANAC is responsible for regulating and overseeing civil aviation activities, and aeronautics and aerodromes infrastructure.
In practical terms, much of what is now ANAC, especially in the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São José dos Campos, was formed from several organisms belonging to the Aeronautics Command: the Department of Civil Aviation (DAC) and its Services (SERAC), the Institute of Sciences of the Physical Activity of the Aeronautics (ICAF), the Institute of Civil Aviation (IAC) and the division of Civil Aviation Certification of the Institute of Development and Industrial Coordination.
The agency was created by Federal Law No. 11,182 of September 27, 2005 and instantiated through Federal Decree No. 5,731 of March 20, 2006.
Since its inception in 2005, the agency has had six presiding directors:
Legal status and organisationEdit
The ANAC is a federal regulatory agency. The body has the legal status of special autarchy, linked to the Ministry of Transport, Ports and Civil Aviation, which means that, legally, the body has more administrative and financial autonomy than a body directly linked to the direct administration of the federal government.
One of its prerogatives is to regulate itself internally, setting its own organization chart autonomously.
The ANAC is organized from a Collegiate Board of Directors with four Directors and one Chief Executive Officer. Its members are nominated periodically to serve a normally five-year term. Linked to the Board of Executive Officers there are advisors and superintendencies that regulate activities essential to the operation of the agency.
The superintendencies related to the organisational areas of the agency are those that effectively perform the regulation, and are each linked to one of the four Directors: the Superintendency of Operational Standards, the Superintendency of Airport Infrastructure, the Airworthiness Superintendency and the Superintendency of Economic Regulation and Market Monitoring. The first three perform technical regulation; the latter, economic regulation.
In terms of physical structure, ANAC has several buildings spread throughout Brazil, mainly its headquarters in Brasília - DF, and the four regional units: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Porto Alegre and Recife. It also has a unit in São José dos Campos, a training center at Jacarepaguá Airport and a civil aviation office in Curitiba.
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The Brazilian civil aircraft fleet is one of the largest around the world, with more than 10,000 units flying. The executive helicopters fleet is the second one, most of them operating in the city of São Paulo. ANAC is the agency that regulates their concessions and operations. ANAC also regulates the concessions of Brazilian airlines, such as TAM Airlines, VRG Airlines (which includes the brands Gol Airlines and Varig), Azul Brazilian Airlines, Avianca Brazil, TRIP Linhas Aéreas, Passaredo Linhas Aéreas, among others.
ANAC also regulates the number of maximum operations (slots) in some airports due to capacity limitations. Presently they are:
- São Paulo-Congonhas Airport with 30 operations an hour
- São Paulo/Guarulhos-Gov. Franco Montoro International Airport with 45 operations an hour.
- Rio de Janeiro-Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim Internanational Airport
- Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport
- Brasília-Pres. Juscelino Kubitscheck International Airport
On March 16, 2010, ANAC announced that similar slot restrictions, particularly on peak hours will be implemented in 2010 at the following airports:
- Belo Horizonte/Confins-Pres. Tancredo Neves International Airport
- Brasília-Pres. Juscelino Kubitscheck International Airport (Implemented)
- Campinas-Viracopos Airport
- Cuiabá-Marechal Rondon International Airport
- Fortaleza-Pinto Martins International Airport
- Salvador-Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport
On 17 June 2007, pt:Voo TAM 3054 crashed with all humans lost. pt:Denise Abreu was then the head of the ANAC, and as such was constituted by the court a civil party, due in part to the autonomous legal status of the ANAC.
On 27 November 2016, ANAC did not approve the flight plan proposed by the Bolivian company Lamia to transport The Chapecoense Brazilian soccer team in a direct chartered flight from Brazil to Medellin, Colombia. ANAC based its decision on the international aeronautical legislation, according to which a chartered flight must be operated by a company based either in the country of origin or the country of destiny of the flight intended. The soccer team reached Bolivia via a regular commercial flight, and then departed to Medellín from the Viru Viru Airport, in Bolivia, in a flight operated by Lamia. There was a crash with 71 dead and only 6 survivors.
In 2017, ANAC authorized the airlines to charge for the transportation of passengers' luggage under the promise that such a measure would reduce ticket prices. However, in the period immediately following the release of the charge, between June and September 2017, prices were increased by 35.9%, according to FGV data. According to IBGE survey, however, the increase was more moderate, from 16.9%.
- "Contact Us." National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil. Retrieved on December 21, 2010. "Contact us Setor Comercial Sul - Quadra 09 - Lote C Edifício Parque Cidade Corporate - Torre A (1º ao 7º andar) Brasília – DF"
- "Law 11.182". www.planalto.gov.br. Retrieved 2017-06-21.
- Komatsu, Alberto (16 March 2010). "ANAC vai por limite de pouso e decolagem em mais seis aeroportos" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Archived from the original on 21 June 2012. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- "Presidente da Anac rejeita necessidade de CPI do Apagão Aéreo". Folha de S.Paulo. 09/03/2007. Check date values in:
- "Justiça condena Anac, Infraero e 6 empresas aéreas por 'apagão' de 2006". O Estado de S.Paulo. 15 July 2014.
- "Empresa só divulgará lista após checagem de nacionalidade de passageiros, diz Anac". UOL Notícias. 01/06/2009. Check date values in:
- "Air France 447 – Comunicado ANAC – voo Air France – 18h20". Aviation News Releases. June 2, 2009.
- "Após cobrança por bagagens, preços das passagens aéreas sobem no Brasil". epocanegocios.globo.com.