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Passo Fundo is a municipality in the north of the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. It is named after its river. It's the twelfth largest city in the state with an estimated population of 201,767 inhabitants living in a total municipal area of 780 km2.

Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul
Passo Fundo vista do Bairro Petrópolis.jpg
Downtown
Bandeira-passofundo.png
Flag
Passo Fundo (RS) - Brasao.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Capital of the mid-Plateau, Land of the Good Folks
Motto(s): 
Work, Brotherhood, Progress!
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul is located in Brazil
Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul
Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 28°15′S 52°24′W / 28.250°S 52.400°W / -28.250; -52.400
Country Brazil
RegionSouth
StateRio Grande do Sul
Founded1827
Incorporated1857
Government
 • MayorLuciano Azevedo
Area
 • Total758.27 km2 (292.77 sq mi)
Elevation
687 m (2,254 ft)
Population
 (2018 est.)
 • Total201,767
 • Density241/km2 (620/sq mi)
 • Demonym
passo-fundense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
WebsitePrefeitura de Passo Fundo

AccessibilityEdit

The following highways leave Passo Fundo:

  • BR 285: east to west
  • BR 153: north to south
  • RS 324: northwest to southeast
  • RS 135: northeast [1]

The town is served by Lauro Kurtz Airport located on BR-285, São José. Daily flights from Passo Fundo are headed to:

  • With Oceanair - Guarulhos, SP
  • With Azul - Campinas, SP
  • With NHT - Porto Alegre, Santo Ângelo, Pelotas, Rio Grande, Sant'Ana do Livramento/Riveira, Santa Maria, Florianópolis, Curitiba, Santa Rosa, Erechim, Caçador, and Joaçaba.[2]

Distances to other major citiesEdit

Distances from Passo Fundo to:[3]

ClimateEdit

Lying near latitude 28° at an elevation of 690 m (2,263.8 ft), Passo Fundo has a humid subtropical climate. The annual mean temperature is 17.7° C (63.9° F) with highs of 28.4° C (83.1° F) in January and 18.3° C (64.9° F) in July and lows of 17.7° C (63.9° F) in January and 8.8° C (47.8° F) in July. Winters can be slightly cool with temperatures below 0° C (32° F), frequent frosts and occasional snowfalls. Rainfall is spread out throughout the year with September receiving the highest amount of 183.4 mm (7.2 in) and May receiving the lowest amount of 133.5 mm (5.3 in). Humidity is around 70% every month.[4]

Climate data for Passo Fundo (1931–1960)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
22.3
(72.1)
20.1
(68.2)
18.5
(65.3)
19.0
(66.2)
19.8
(67.6)
21.6
(70.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.7
(78.3)
28.3
(82.9)
23.6
(74.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
21.8
(71.2)
20.3
(68.5)
17.0
(62.6)
14.7
(58.5)
13.2
(55.8)
13.3
(55.9)
13.8
(56.8)
15.6
(60.1)
18.1
(64.6)
19.5
(67.1)
21.8
(71.2)
17.6
(63.7)
Average low °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
17.1
(62.8)
15.9
(60.6)
12.5
(54.5)
10.7
(51.3)
9.3
(48.7)
8.4
(47.1)
9.3
(48.7)
10.7
(51.3)
12.5
(54.5)
14.1
(57.4)
16.1
(61.0)
12.8
(55.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 143.7
(5.66)
147.1
(5.79)
120.3
(4.74)
128.8
(5.07)
140.1
(5.52)
148.8
(5.86)
131.6
(5.18)
131.6
(5.18)
160.4
(6.31)
162.4
(6.39)
110.5
(4.35)
133.1
(5.24)
1,658.4
(65.29)
Average relative humidity (%) 71.0 74.0 75.0 74.0 75.0 76.0 75.0 73.0 72.0 69.0 67.0 67.0 72.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 251.1 204.5 229.0 195.0 177.1 156.5 183.5 183.0 163.0 204.6 240.2 266.1 2,453.6
Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (1931-1960) [5]
Climate data for Passo Fundo (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
34.6
(94.3)
34.2
(93.6)
33.1
(91.6)
30.6
(87.1)
27.2
(81.0)
28.4
(83.1)
31.4
(88.5)
33.0
(91.4)
34.5
(94.1)
34.3
(93.7)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
26.7
(80.1)
23.7
(74.7)
20.7
(69.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.5
(65.3)
19.9
(67.8)
21.2
(70.2)
23.8
(74.8)
26.0
(78.8)
27.8
(82.0)
23.6
(74.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.0
(71.6)
20.5
(68.9)
17.6
(63.7)
15.2
(59.4)
12.9
(55.2)
13.3
(55.9)
13.9
(57.0)
15.7
(60.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.6
(67.3)
21.4
(70.5)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
16.3
(61.3)
13.5
(56.3)
10.9
(51.6)
8.9
(48.0)
8.9
(48.0)
9.9
(49.8)
11.0
(51.8)
12.9
(55.2)
14.8
(58.6)
16.5
(61.7)
13.2
(55.8)
Record low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
7.2
(45.0)
5.1
(41.2)
1.6
(34.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−2.9
(26.8)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.8
(37.0)
4.0
(39.2)
6.5
(43.7)
−2.9
(26.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 149.7
(5.89)
165.8
(6.53)
134.9
(5.31)
99.7
(3.93)
114.3
(4.50)
133.6
(5.26)
161.8
(6.37)
187.8
(7.39)
197.7
(7.78)
152.9
(6.02)
131.7
(5.19)
173.2
(6.82)
1,803.1
(70.99)
Average relative humidity (%) 71.0 74.0 75.0 74.0 75.0 76.0 75.0 73.0 72.0 69.0 67.0 67.0 72.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 238.8 208.1 207.0 185.2 181.1 153.7 162.6 161.1 154.9 202.3 220.6 254.2 2,329.6
Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (1961-1990) [6]
Climate data for Passo Fundo (1976–2005)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.4
(83.1)
27.7
(81.9)
27.1
(80.8)
24.1
(75.4)
20.5
(68.9)
18.6
(65.5)
18.3
(64.9)
20.3
(68.5)
21.2
(70.2)
24.1
(75.4)
26.3
(79.3)
28
(82)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
21.7
(71.1)
20.7
(69.3)
17.9
(64.2)
14.6
(58.3)
12.9
(55.2)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18
(64)
19.9
(67.8)
21.7
(71.1)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.4
(61.5)
13.8
(56.8)
10.8
(51.4)
9.2
(48.6)
8.8
(47.8)
10.1
(50.2)
10.9
(51.6)
13.4
(56.1)
14.9
(58.8)
16.8
(62.2)
13.3
(55.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 158.7
(6.25)
146.5
(5.77)
135.6
(5.34)
133.5
(5.26)
148.1
(5.83)
151.4
(5.96)
155.2
(6.11)
166.2
(6.54)
183.4
(7.22)
180.9
(7.12)
148.6
(5.85)
148.5
(5.85)
1,856.2
(73.08)
Average relative humidity (%) 71.4 75.2 74.3 74.2 75.8 76.6 75.1 71.7 71.9 70.2 66.3 67.1 72.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 247 202 209 187 184 157 170 173 164 210 234 229 2,365
Source: Atlas Climático Rio Grande do Sul (Normal 1976 - 2005) [7]
Climate data for Passo Fundo (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
35.1
(95.2)
35.9
(96.6)
32.0
(89.6)
29.8
(85.6)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
31.6
(88.9)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
35.2
(95.4)
36.3
(97.3)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F) 28.3
(82.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.1
(80.8)
24.3
(75.7)
20.7
(69.3)
18.6
(65.5)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
24.0
(75.2)
26.5
(79.7)
28.3
(82.9)
23.7
(74.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
21.7
(71.1)
20.7
(69.3)
18.0
(64.4)
14.8
(58.6)
13.1
(55.6)
12.4
(54.3)
14.1
(57.4)
15.1
(59.2)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
21.8
(71.2)
17.7
(63.9)
Average low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.4
(61.5)
13.8
(56.8)
11.0
(51.8)
9.5
(49.1)
8.5
(47.3)
9.7
(49.5)
10.8
(51.4)
13.4
(56.1)
14.8
(58.6)
16.8
(62.2)
13.3
(55.9)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
8.5
(47.3)
6.1
(43.0)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.4
(38.1)
3.5
(38.3)
6.5
(43.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 159.7
(6.29)
140.9
(5.55)
121.5
(4.78)
138.9
(5.47)
159.4
(6.28)
148.0
(5.83)
180.9
(7.12)
137.9
(5.43)
174.3
(6.86)
225.0
(8.86)
158.8
(6.25)
162.2
(6.39)
1,907.5
(75.10)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 236.9 203.5 213.3 189.1 177.1 146.0 169.8 173.8 166.1 186.9 229.2 250.1 2,341.8
Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (1981-2010) [8]
 
The Our Lady of Aparecida Cathedral in March 2014.
 
Roseland Rodeo Grounds in Passo Fundo (Parque de Rodeios Roselândia).
 
A statue honoring gaucho folk singer Victor Matheus Teixeira in Passo Fundo.
 
Passo Fundo bus terminal.

EconomyEdit

The economy is predominantly based on services, with some light industry and agriculture in the surrounding area. Transformation industries employed 8,731 workers in 2006, with commerce employing 19,287, public administration employing 2,808, education employing 3,374, and health employing 4,624 workers.

In the agricultural sector there was limited cattle-raising activity due to the small area of the municipality. The poultry industry was of some significance. The main crops were corn, soybeans, and wheat. In 2006 there were 887 farms employing around 3,600 workers, most of whom were relatives of the farm owner.[9]

Health and educationEdit

Passo Fundo is the third largest medical center in southern Brazil. The city has one of the largest and most modern radiology centers and radiation based at São Vicente de Paulo Hospital.

On the Human Development Index Passo Fundo was given .804 in 2000, ranking 149 out of 467 municipalities in the state and 478 out of 3,527 municipalities in the country. Life expectancy (male and female) was 68.5 and the literacy rate was 94%.[10]

In 2005 there were 72 health establishments, of which 4 were hospitals providing 837 beds (69 public).

  • Hospital Beneficente Dr. César Santos,

Endereço: Alcides Moura, 82 - Vila Popular

  • Hospital da Cidade de Passo Fundo

Endereço: Tiradentes, 295 - Centro

  • Hospital Prontoclínica LTDA

Endereço: Doutor Arthur Leite, 37 - Centro

  • Hospital São Vicente de Paulo

Endereço: Teixeira Soares, 808 - Centro

In the educational sector there were 78 primary schools, 8 middle and secondary schools, and 53 pre-primary schools. In 2005 there were 5 institutes of higher education with around 12,000 students.[11]

The schools of higher education are:

  • Faculdade de tecnologia SENAC

Endereço: Sete de Setembro, 1045 - Centro Site:www.senacrs.com.br

  • Faculdade Meridional

Endereço: Senador Pinheiro, 304 - Vila Cruzeiro Site:www.imed.edu.br

  • Faplan

Endereço: Paissandu, 1200 - Centro Site:www.faplan.edu.br

  • Portal Faculdades

Endereço: RS-153, 555 - Vila Nossa Senhora Aparecida Site:www.facportal.com.br

  • UPF - Universidade de Passo Fundo

Endereço: BR-285, Km 171 - São José Site:www.upf.tche.br

National RenownEdit

Passo Fundo is nicknamed "A Terra de Gente Boa", Portuguese for "The Land of Good People or Folks." The city is known as being one of the most gaúcho cities in all of Rio Grande do Sul. It is not uncommon to see gaúchos walking the streets of Passo Fundo dressed in their full pilcha or typical gaúcho costumes. It is also known by the country as the National Capital of Literature, according to the law nº 11.264,[12] because of the many literary events and debates organized in the city, such as the National Journey of Literature and the highest readership in the country (6.5 books per year per inhabitant).

Notable peopleEdit

Passo Fundo is the home town of football coach Luiz Felipe Scolari, and also of the philosopher, opera singer, poet and Germanic philologist Henrique García, and the adopted place of Teixeirinha, a Gaúcho folkloric performer, the modern gaúcho band Pala Velho, as well as it is known for being Pipe's birthplace. The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Passo Fundo, elevated from a Diocese in 2011. It is also home of supermodel Letícia Birkheuer and famous volleyball players and brothers Gustavo and Murilo Endres.

In popular cultureEdit

  • The city was mentioned in the 2002 M. Night Shyamalan science fiction-thriller Signs as the origin of a video from a child's birthday party, in which an image of an alien was captured.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mapa rodoviario
  2. ^ Prefeitura Municipal
  3. ^ Aonde Fica
  4. ^ Climate Charts
  5. ^ "INMET data for Passo Fundo (1931-1960)".
  6. ^ "INMET data for Passo Fundo (1961-1990)".
  7. ^ "Weatherbase data for Passo Fundo".
  8. ^ "INMET data for Passo Fundo (1981-2010)".
  9. ^ IBGE Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Frigoletto
  11. ^ IBGE Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2004-2006/2006/Lei/L11264.htm
  13. ^ "Signs Script - Dialogue Transcript". The startling footage we're about to show you was photographed by a -year-old, Romero Valadarez. This video was taken yesterday afternoon at his son's tenh birthday in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil. It was sent to the local news bureau there and sent to us via satellite just a few minutes ago.

External linksEdit