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Chapecó is a municipality in the state of Santa Catarina, in the Southern Region of Brazil. Being a major industrial, financial and educational center, it is a major producer of industrialized food products. Considered a medium city, with a population estimated at 213 279 inhabitants, it is among the four most important cities in the state. It belongs to the Meso-region of Western Santa Catarina and to the Microregion of Chapecó.[1]

Chapecó
Vista parcial da região central de Chapecó.jpg
Flag of Chapecó
Flag
Official seal of Chapecó
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Capital do Oeste (Capital of the West)
Location of Chapecó
Location of Chapecó
CountryBrazil Brazil
RegionSouth
StateSanta Catarina (state) Santa Catarina
FoundedAugust 25, 1917
Government
 • MayorLuciano José Buligon (PSB)
Area
 • City624.308 km2 (241.047 sq mi)
 • Urban
113.24 km2 (43.72 sq mi)
 • Metro
4,938.15 km2 (1,906.63 sq mi)
Elevation
674 m (2,211 ft)
Population
(2017)(metro pop IBGE/2010)
 • City213,279
 • Density329.64/km2 (853.8/sq mi)
 • Urban
188,998
 • Metro
403,458
 • Metro density81.7/km2 (212/sq mi)
 IBGE
Demonym(s)Chapecoense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000)0.834
Websitewww.chapeco.sc.gov.br

Distant 550 km from the state capital, Florianópolis, it is Headquarters of the Metropolitan Region of Chapecó, and exerts significant influence not only in the Catarinense West but also in the Northwest Gaúcho and Southwest of Paraná, from the economic, cultural, or political point of view.[2]

Chapecó became known worldwide through its Association football club Chapecoense Football Association and the aftermath of LaMia Flight 2933 which killed 71, including most of the team's roster and staff.[3]

It has the titles of "Agribuisiness Capital", "Capital of the West" and "Capital of Business Tourism". It Was totally planned, and its layout is in the form of chess. It is also a university Center, attracting students from all over Brazil. The main educational institutions are UFFS, UNOCHAPECÓ, UNOESC and UDESC.[4][5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Until the 19th century, the area around Chapecó land was under indigenous (mainly Kaingang) and Spanish control, mostly unoccupied by European people and subject to border issues and armed conflicts. Brazilian control was in fact established as a military colony in 1882. Its official status as a municipality was established by state government decree after the Contestado War on August 25, 1917. Its area was then given to a private colonization company[6] which began selling land to people coming mainly from the neighboring state of Rio Grande do Sul.[7] Most of its inhabitants are descended from Italian, German and Polish immigrants.

DemographyEdit

 
Buildings in the central part of the city in 2017

The region has always been the subject of disputes because of its strategic importance as a border region. During the Contestado War,[8] airplanes were used for the first time in the history of America for the purpose of recognition and support for war operations. Colonized by Italian and German immigrants, mainly from Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná, São Paulo and the coast of Santa Catarina, the city today attracts several inhabitants thanks to its development.

It is one of the cities with the highest number (in percentage) of buildings in Santa Catarina. According to the IBGE, Chapecó has almost 16% of its population living in apartments, gaining in percentage of cities sush as Joinville, Itajaí and Blumenau.

EconomyEdit

This region of the state is home of some of the largest meat processing and exporting industrial enterprises such as Sadia and Seara Foods; the farmers are organized in agricultural cooperatives. Chapecó is known as a Brazilian agro-industrial capital, specialized in pork, poultry and technology involved.[9] The city is headquarters of Aurora Central Cooperative and has a plant of BRF S.A. since 1973.

Other major economic sectors are metal mechanics specialized in equipment for slaughterhouses and transportation, plastics and packaging, furniture, beverages, software development and biotechnology. Civil construction and trade are also important source of income.

Chapecó is served by Serafin Enoss Bertaso Airport.

CultureEdit

SportsEdit

Football is the great passion of the Chapecoenses. The Chapecoense Football Association, known among its fans as a "Hurricane from the west", Chape and verdão, a team from Santa Catarina, has as its last title the Campeonato Catarinense de Futebol de 2017 - Série A. Its headquarters is in Arena Condám, with a capacity of over 22,000 people and located in the East Zone of the city. The team had spent three consecutive years in the C Series of the Brazilian Championship (2010, 2011 and 2012), before beginning a rapid rise through the Brazilian football pyramid by reaching the second division in 2013 and entering the Serie A Brasileirão in 2014, where it currently resides.[10] The team was among the best teams in South America, reaching the quarterfinals of the 2015 Copa Sudamericana and reaching the final of the 2016 Copa Sudamericana.

On November 29, 2016, Chapecoense team members and staff boarded LaMia Flight 2933 to play the first leg of the 2016 Copa Sudamericana Finals against Atlético Nacional in Medellín, Colombia. The plane crashed in the mountains a few miles south of the city. Seventy-one of the seventy-seven people on board died, including all of the club's coaching staff and all but three of the players. A wave of commotion abated in the football world in the days and weeks after, playing tribute to the club; Atlético Nacional requested that CONMEBOL, the governing football association for South America, award the 2016 title to Chapecoense, which was granted.[11][12]

 
Arena condá, stadium of Chapecoense.

OtherEdit

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chapecó.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rego, Rodrigo Faria De Almeida. "Áreas dos Municípios | Geociências | IBGE :: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". www.ibge.gov.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  2. ^ "A influência do capital agroindustrial na distribuição sócio-espacial urbana do município de Chapecó no sul do Brasil". www.ub.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  3. ^ "Lack of fuel caused Chapecoense plane crash tragedy, probe finds - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  4. ^ "Estimativas da população residente no Brasil e unidades da federação com data de referência em 1º de Julho de 2016" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. p. 81. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Chapecó" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  6. ^ "CEOM/Unochapecó recebe acervo da colonizadora Bertaso". Unochapecó. 28 February 2014.
  7. ^ Thomé, Nilson. "A Ocupação do Território Contestado após 1917". História do Contestado (in Portuguese). Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  8. ^ "UOL Educação: Pesquisa escolar, vestibular e dicas para alunos, pais e professores - UOL Educação". UOL Educação (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  9. ^ "Conheça mais sobre Chapecó" (in Portuguese). Associação Comercial e Industrial Chapecó. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Os segredos do sucesso: A ascensão meteórica da Chapecoense rumo à elite". O Dia - Esporte (in Portuguese). 2013-11-19. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  11. ^ "Avião com equipe da Chapecoense cai na Colômbia e deixa mortos". Mundo (in Portuguese). 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  12. ^ Romero, Simon; Casey, Nicholas (29 November 2016). "Brazil's Chapecoense Soccer Team Devastated as Plane Crash Kills Dozens". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2016.

External linksEdit