São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport

São Paulo/Guarulhos–Governor André Franco Montoro International Airport (IATA: GRU, ICAO: SBGR), commonly known as São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport, is the primary international airport serving São Paulo. It is popularly known locally as either Cumbica Airport, after the district where it is located and the Brazilian Air Force base that exists at the airport complex, or Guarulhos Airport, after the municipality of Guarulhos, in the state of São Paulo, where it is located. Since November 28, 2001, the airport has been named after André Franco Montoro (1916–1999), former Governor of São Paulo state.[5] The airport was rebranded as GRU Airport in 2012.[6]

São Paulo/Guarulhos–Governor André Franco Montoro International Airport

Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo/Guarulhos–Governador André Franco Montoro
Airport typePublic/military
  • Infraero (1985–2012)
  • GRU Airport (2012–present)
ServesSão Paulo
LocationGuarulhos, Brazil
Opened20 January 1985; 39 years ago (1985-01-20)
Hub for
Focus city forAzul Brazilian Airlines
Time zoneBRT (UTC−03:00)
Elevation AMSL750 m / 2,461 ft
Coordinates23°26′08″S 46°28′23″W / 23.43556°S 46.47306°W / -23.43556; -46.47306
GRU is located in São Paulo State
Location in São Paulo State
GRU is located in Brazil
GRU (Brazil)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10R/28L 3,000 9,843 Asphalt
10L/28R 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
Statistics (2023)
Passengers41,307,915 Increase 20%
Aircraft operations274,917 Increase 13%
Statistics: GRU Airport[1]
Sources: Airport website,[2] ANAC,[3] DECEA[4]

The airport was the busiest in Brazil in terms of transported passengers, aircraft operations, and cargo handled in 2012, placing it as the second busiest airport in Latin America by passenger traffic (41.307.915 2023)[7] after Mexico City International Airport.[8] Guarulhos has slot restrictions, operating with a maximum of 45 operations/hour[9] and being one of the five airports with such restrictions in Brazil (the others are São Paulo-Congonhas, Brasília, Belo Horizonte-Pampulha and Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont).[10]

Since 2012, the airport has been operated by a consortium composed of Invepar S/A, Airports Company South Africa, and Infraero.[11]

Some of its facilities are shared with the São Paulo Air Force Base of the Brazilian Air Force.


Part of terminal 2 in construction (1987)

On June 6, 1967, in response to the growth of air traffic in Brazil, the Brazilian military government initiated studies concerning the renovation of the airport infrastructure in Brazil. As part of the conclusions of these studies, because of their location, strategic importance, and security issues, new passenger facilities would be constructed in the areas of Galeão Air Force Base in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Air Force Base in São Paulo.

In relation to São Paulo, the initial planning of the airport involved three runways and four passenger terminals. However, the first phase of the construction comprising two runways and two terminals started only on August 11, 1980. The airport was officially inaugurated on January 20, 1985. Quickly Guarulhos became the city's primary airport, supplanting São Paulo–Congonhas Airport.

In 1989 the runways were extended and the terminals renovated, enlarged, and had their capacity increased from 7.5 million to 8.25 million passengers/year. The whole complex covered 13.86 square kilometres (3,425 acres), of which 5 square kilometres (1,200 acres) is urbanised area.

Construction of Terminal 3, capable of handling 12 million passengers per year, had been planned since 2001 but due to a myriad of political and economic problems, the actual construction didn't begin until 2011.

In 2010, the airport served more than 26.8 million passengers, an increase of 24% over 2009 and passenger volumes were 31% in excess of its capacity rated at 20.5 million per year at its present configuration.[12]

In order to relieve the acute overcrowding at Terminals 1 and 2, Infraero announced on May 17, 2011 that the former cargo terminals of defunct airlines VASP and Transbrasil, later used by Federal Agencies, would undergo renovations and adaptations for use as domestic passenger terminals with remote boarding. This new terminal was initially called Terminal 4 (T4).[13] The first phase of the renovations, comprising the former VASP terminal, opened on February 8, 2012,[14][15] and the second phase, comprising the former Transbrasil terminal, was opened in June 2013. Contrary to what had been announced before, the new terminal will be permanent. Webjet was the first airline to use the new facility.[16] The new terminal, in its first phase, increased the capacity of the airport in 5.5 million passengers/year and, in the second phase to 8 million passengers/year. In total, Guarulhos would then be able to handle 28.5 million passengers/year.[17]

Responding to critiques to the situation of its airports, on May 18, 2011, Infraero released a list evaluating some of its most important airports according to its saturation levels. According to the list, Guarulhos was considered to be critically saturated, operating above 85% of its capacity.[18]

Following a decision made on April 26, 2011 by the Federal Government for private companies being granted concessions to explore some Infraero airports,[19] on February 6, 2012, the administration of the airport was conceded, for 20 years, to the Consortium Invepar–ACSA, also known as GRU Airport, composed by the Brazilian Invepar, an Investments and Funds Society (90%) and the South African ACSA–Airports Company South Africa (10%).[20] Infraero, the state-run organisation, remains with 49% of the shares of the company incorporated for the administration.[21][22]

On December 2, 2015, the airport's terminals were renumbered. Former Terminal 4 was renumbered Terminal 1; former terminals 1 and 2, which were wings of a single building, became the new Terminal 2. Terminal 3 kept its numbering. The new numbering reflects the order by which terminals are reached when one arrives at the airport by the access road, and is expected to be less confusing in the long term. Check-in counters and gates were also renumbered, with the first digit being now the new terminal number.[23]

On October 28, 2015, the National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil (Anac) authorised Airbus A380 operations at Guarulhos Airport, effective four days later. The authorisation was granted after extensive works were conducted on the runways and taxiways (including widening runway 09L/27R to 60 metres (196 ft 10 in))[24] and special taxiing procedures were established.[25] On November 14, 2015, Emirates operated a one-time special flight with the A380 on its Dubai-São Paulo route to commemorate its eight years of operations in Brazil.[26] On March 26, 2017, Emirates started daily A380 service from Dubai to São Paulo, replacing the Boeing 777-300ER previously used on that route – coincidentally, on the same day that the other UAE airline, Etihad, ended its services to São Paulo.[27]



Runways and taxiways


GRU has two parallel runways. Runway 10R/28L is 3,000 metres (9,843 ft) long and 45 metres (148 ft) wide, while runway 10L/28R is 3,700 metres (12,140 ft) long and 60 metres (200 ft) wide, after being widened in 2015 to better receive the Airbus A380.[28][24] The field elevation at the airport is 750 metres (2,459 ft) above mean sea level.[29] Runway 10R/28L is mostly used for landings and runway 10L/28R for takeoffs. There are high-speed exit taxiways on both runways that allow for traffic to depart the runway at higher speed to allow better efficiency for landing and takeoff traffic. As of 2014, there was an average of 650 takeoff and landing operations per day at the airport.[30]



The airport has three passenger terminals, numbered 1, 2, and 3, according to their order along the airport access road when arriving from the city.

  • Terminal 1 is the smallest and simplest. It has only domestic flights, and as of January 2020, only Azul operates there, as former Passaredo (now VoePass) has been moved to Terminal 2. Terminal 1 has no jet bridges and no direct access to the other terminals, which can only be reached by a free shuttle bus.
  • Terminal 2 is the oldest and largest, and for many years was the sole airport terminal, although its two wings were considered different terminals at the time. It has the majority of domestic flights and to Latin American destinations, as well as a few intercontinental flights.
  • Terminal 3 is the newest and most modern. It has only international flights and concentrates most long-haul intercontinental traffic, in addition to the LATAM Group's Latin American flights. Five of the terminal's gates can accommodate the Airbus A380.[25]

Terminals 2 and 3 are directly linked by a walkway.[23]

The airport also has a large air cargo terminal with a built area of 97,000 square metres (1,040,000 sq ft) and is capable of handling any type of cargo, including refrigerated and hazardous shipments.[31]


There are two navigational aids that GRU traffic uses. The Bonsucesso very high frequency omnidirectional range with distance measuring equipment (VOR-DME) is located 9.1 kilometres; 5.6 miles (4.9 nmi) to the east of GRU.[28]



In 2009 Infraero unveiled a R$ 1,489.5 million (US$784.7 USD million; €549.8 EUR million) investment plan to upgrade Guarulhos International Airport, focusing on preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the Summer Olympics in 2016. The investment was supposed to be used as follows:[32]

  • Construction of additional taxiways. Cost: R$ 19M. Completion: April 2016.
  • Enlargement of apron and taxiways. Cost: R$370,5M. Completion: May 2016.
  • Construction of passenger Terminal 3. Cost: R$1,100M. Completed: March 2014. Opened for Star Alliance airlines in May.

Central to this investment plan was Terminal 3, which is projected to add 12 million passenger capacity to the 17 million of the existing two terminals. Plans for a third runway were decided to be "technically impracticable" and were cancelled in January 2008.

However, the former concessionary, Infraero, experienced many legal and bureaucratic difficulties, which prevented most (if any) of these improvements from being completed on schedule. As of April 2013, the new concessionary unveiled a new expansion project, which included the new Terminal 3 (with a different design than the one proposed by Infraero), the widening of the main runway in order to enable operations by the large Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8, operated by Emirates and Lufthansa respectively, and several other improvements in the existing terminals and parking area.

Terminal 3 is open and all Star Alliance airlines are in, as well as many other overseas carriers. International flights by LATAM also use the facility.

A train service development and construction has also been planned, however never concluded and cancelled. This included an Airport Express Line linking the airport to downtown São Paulo and a Rio–São Paulo high-speed rail connecting Guarulhos to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão and Campinas-Viracopos airports.[33]

Since March 2017 American Airlines invested US$ 100 million on a 17,000 m2 (180,000 sq ft) maintenance hangar at Guarulhos Airport, building together with the LATAM Hangar of R$ 130 million.[34] The American Airlines one is capable of performing line maintenance on two wide-body aircraft at the same time, of the types commonly used by the U.S. company on routes between São Paulo and the United States and the LATAM one is capable of performing line maintenance of one wide-body aircraft. It could also be used by other companies as storage for parts. The same conditions applies to the LATAM maintenance center.[35]

Airlines and destinations



Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Aeroparque, Mendoza, Salta
Seasonal: Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, San Carlos de Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, Ushuaia
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Air China Beijing–Capital, Madrid
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK
Andes Líneas Aéreas Seasonal charter: Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Posadas, San Carlos de Bariloche
Arajet Punta Cana (begins 27 October 2024),[36] Santo Domingo–Las Américas (ends 27 October 2024)[36]
Avianca Bogotá
Azul Brazilian Airlines Araxá, Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Porto Alegre (suspended),[37] Punta del Este, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont
Seasonal: Natal, Porto Seguro
Boliviana de Aviación Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru
Seasonal: Cochabamba
British Airways London–Heathrow
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
FlybondiBuenos Aires–Ezeiza
Gol Linhas Aéreas Aracaju, Aruba (resumes 18 December 2024),[38] Asunción, Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Bogotá, Brasília, Buenos Aires–Aeroparque, Campo Grande, Cascavel, Caxias do Sul, Chapecó, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Goiânia, Ilhéus, Jericoacoara, João Pessoa, Juazeiro do Norte, Maceió, Manaus, Maringá, Mendoza, Montevideo, Natal, Navegantes, Palmas, Passo Fundo, Pelotas, Petrolina, Porto Alegre,b Porto Seguro, Punta Cana, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Salvador da Bahia, San José (CR) (begins 12 November 2024),[39] Santa Cruz de la Sierra–Viru Viru, Santo Ângelo, São Luís, Sinop, Teresina, Uberlândia, Vitória, Vitória da Conquista
Seasonal: Córdoba (AR)
Iberia Madrid
ITA Airways Rome–Fiumicino
JetSmart Chile Santiago de Chile
KLM Amsterdam
LATAM Brasil Aracaju, Barcelona, Belém, Belo Horizonte–Confins, Boston, Brasília, Buenos Aires–Aeroparque, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Campo Grande, Cascavel, Caxias do Sul, Chapecó, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Foz do Iguaçu, Frankfurt, Goiânia, Ilhéus, Imperatriz, Jaguaruna, Jericoacoara, João Pessoa, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Joinville, Juazeiro do Norte, Lima, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Londrina, Los Angeles, Macapá (begins 27 October 2024),[citation needed] Maceió, Madrid, Manaus, Maringá, Mendoza, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montes Claros, Montevideo, Natal, Navegantes, New York–JFK, Orlando, Palmas, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Passo Fundo, Pelotas (begins 3 August 2024, ends 27 October 2024),[citation needed] Petrolina, Porto Alegre,b Porto Seguro, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rio de Janeiro–Santos Dumont, Rome–Fiumicino, Salvador da Bahia, Santiago de Chile, São José do Rio Preto, São Luís, Sinop, Teresina, Uberlândia, Vitória, Vitória da Conquista
Seasonal: Caldas Novas
Seasonal charter: San Carlos de Bariloche
LATAM Colombia Bogotá
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile
LATAM Paraguay Asunción
LATAM Perú Lima
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich (resumes 9 December 2024)[40]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca (resumes 8 December 2024)[41]
Sky Airline Santiago de Chile
Sky Airline Peru Lima
South African Airways Cape Town, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo
Swiss International Air Lines Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Zürich
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
Turkish Airlines Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Istanbul
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Voepass Linhas Aéreasa Cascavel, Caxias do Sul, Juiz de Fora, Pelotas (begins 2 November 2024),[citation needed] Presidente Prudente, Ribeirão Preto, Rio Verde, Santa Maria (begins 27 October 2024),[citation needed] São José do Rio Preto

a: Flights operated with Voepass equipment on behalf of LATAM Brasil.
b: Flights temporarily being operated to Canoas Air Force Base.[42][43]


Air France Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Atlas Air Los Angeles,[44] Miami,[44] Quito,[44] Santiago de Chile[44]
Ethiopian Cargo Chongqing,[45] Xiamen[46]
Gol Linhas Aéreas Fortaleza,[47] São Luís,[47] Teresina[47]
LATAM Cargo Brasil Manaus, Santiago de Chile
LATAM Cargo Chile Sal, Santiago de Chile
Lufthansa Cargo Buenos Aires–Ezeiza,[48] Frankfurt[48]
Qatar Airways Cargo Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Doha, Lagos, Luxembourg
Sideral Air Cargo Brasília, Cuiabá, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Manaus, Recife, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Salvador
Total Express Manaus[49]
Total Linhas Aéreas Curitiba, Florianópolis, Porto Alegre, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Vitória
Turkish Cargo Dakar–Diass, Istanbul, Miami


Air view in 2022
Terminal 3 in 2014
Terminal 3 landside in 2014

Following is the number of passenger, aircraft and cargo movements at the airport, according to Infraero (2007-2012) and GRU Airport (2013-2023) reports:[50][51][52][1]

Year Passenger Aircraft Cargo (t)
2023 41,307,915   20% 274,917   13%
2022 34,480,706   43% 242,881   29%
2021 24,170,612   19% 188,573   21%
2020 20,322,520   53% 155,912   47%
2019 43,002,119   2% 291,987  
2018 42,230,309   12% 293,084   10%
2017 37,765,898   3% 266,016   1%
2016 36,606,363   6% 268,139   43%
2015 38,983,779   1% 296,618   3%
2014 39,539,992   10% 306,050   8%
2013 35,962,128   10% 284,184   4%
2012 32,777,330   9% 273,884   1% 474,190   7%
2011 30,003,428   12% 270,600   8% 511,484   19%
2010 26,849,185   24% 250,493   19% 430,850   13%
2009 21,727,649   7% 209,636   8% 382,723   19%
2008 20,400,304   9% 194,184   3% 475,209   3%
2007 18,795,596 187,960 488,485

Accidents and incidents

  • On January 28, 1986, a VASP Boeing 737-2A1 registered PP-SME flying from Guarulhos to Belo Horizonte unknowingly tried to take-off from Guarulhos, during foggy conditions, from a taxiway. The take-off was aborted, but the aircraft overran, collided with a dyke and broke in two. One passenger died.[53]
  • On March 21, 1989, a Transbrasil cargo Boeing 707-349C registered PT-TCS operating flight 801, flying from Manaus to São Paulo-Guarulhos, crashed at the district of Vila Barros in Guarulhos, shortly before touch-down at runway 09R. That day, at 12:00, the runway was going to be closed for maintenance and the crew decided to speed up procedures to touch-down before closure (it was already 11:54). In a hurry, one of the crew members, by mistake, activated the air-dynamic brakes, and the aircraft lost too much speed to have enough aerodynamic support (resulting in a stall). As a consequence the aircraft crashed approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the airport. There were 25 fatalities, of which three were crew members and 22 were civilians on the ground. As well as the 22 fatalities, there were over 200 injured on the ground.[54]
  • On March 2, 1996, a Madrid Táxi Aéreo Gates Learjet 25D registered PT-LSD transporting the Brazilian band Mamonas Assassinas crashed into Cantareira mountain range, located north of the airport, at 23:16 local time killing all 9 passengers on board. The aircraft was on final approach to land on the runway 09R, but went around. As it flew toward the runway for a second attempt to land, the ATC instructed the pilots to make a right turn heading south, but they turned north (left) and crashed into the mountain range at 3,300 feet (1,000 m), 10.0 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the airport. Ironically, all band members were from a Guarulhos neighborhood located close to the airport.
  • On September 14, 2002, a Total Linhas Aéreas ATR42-312 registered PT-MTS on a cargo flight between São Paulo-Guarulhos and Londrina crashed while en route near Paranapanema. The crew of 2 died.[55]



The airport is located 25 km (16 mi) from downtown São Paulo.

View of Hélio Smith Highway around Guarulhos
Guarulhos Airport Train Station

The airport has its own highway system: Rodovia Hélio Smidt Highway which connects the airport to Presidente Dutra Highway or Ayrton Senna Highway. Residents of Guarulhos can access the road via Monteiro Lobato Avenue. Taxi stands are located outside each of the two terminals on the Arrivals level; inside there are car rental agency representatives.

Bus transportation is available through the Airport Bus Service, an executive bus line, administered by EMTU and operated by Consórcio Internorte – Área 3. This service provides transportation connecting Guarulhos to Congonhas airport; to Tietê Bus Terminal; to Palmeiras-Barra Funda Intermodal Terminal, to Faria Lima Ave; To Republica Square (Praça da República); To Berrini Ave., Itaim Bibi district; and to the circuit of hotels along Paulista Avenue and Rua Augusta. The ride takes about one hour, depending on traffic.[56] At the airport, tickets can be purchased at the counter located outside the lounge of the Terminal 1, Wing B's arrivals level.

Pássaro Marron/EMTU, a syndicate of the Internorte Consortium, offers two regular bus lines, 257 and 299, connecting Tatuapé subway station (Line 3-Red) with Guarulhos Airport every 30 minutes. At Tatuapé, both buses can be picked up on a platform of that multimodal station's North side bus terminal. At the airport, the stop for both buses is at the Arrivals level road connecting the wings of Terminal 2.

Gol Airlines and LATAM offer for their passengers free bus transfers between Guarulhos and Congonhas airports at regular times.[57][58]

Viação Cometa offers daily departures to and from the airport and the cities of Santos, Sorocaba, São Vicente, and Praia Grande.[59] Lirabus operates daily buses between the airport and Campinas. Pássaro Marron offers bus services to São José dos Campos with departures every two hours. Viação Transdutra connects the airport with the city of Arujá.


GRU Airport Shuttle Service
Terminal 1
Terminal 2
Terminal 3

Line 13-Jade of the São Paulo commuter rail system, operated by CPTM, connects with the airport through Aeroporto-Guarulhos Station. This line started its operations experimentally on March 31, 2018.[60] The line was opened initially on a trial phase and operates only on Saturdays and Sundays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m., with trains every 30 minutes to the suburban station of Engenheiro Goulart in eastern São Paulo city, from where a further connection with CPTM's line 12 and at least another one by subway will be necessary to reach downtown and the main business areas. Service will be expanded in May 2018 to seven days a week, but still only from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Full service from 4 a.m. to midnight is expected in late June 2018.[61]

Airport Metro Station in GRU

Additionally, since December 2020 there's the Airport Express service, from Luz station to Aeroporto-Guarulhos, departing from each termini station every hour. It attends only one station towards Aeroporto-Guarulhos (Guarulhos-CECAP station), and 2 stations towards Luz (Guarulhos-CECAP and Brás).[62]

Aeroporto-Guarulhos station is opposite to Terminal 1, which is Guarulhos Airport's smallest and least busy, and not linked to the other terminals except by a shuttle bus. The GRU Airport company reportedly vetoed a station closer to much busier Terminals 2 and 3 because it intended to build a shopping mall at the proposed location.[63] The excessive number of train changes through crowded commuter rail and subway lines, and the added inconvenience of the requirement for a shuttle bus, has attracted criticism to the São Paulo state government, responsible for São Paulo's subway and commuter rail systems, which has been accused of flawed planning and overindulgence with the airport's private concessionaire.[63]

To solve this situation, Governor João Doria and State Secretary of Metropolitan Transports Alexandre Baldy proposed a people mover to connect the CPTM station directly to the airport, estimated to be opened in May 2021.[64] However, many delays prevented the construction of the line, which should be owned and fully operated by GRU Airport.[65] In November 2020, the Brazilian federal government, through the Ministry of Infrastructure, authorized the construction of the people mover, which should cost R$ 175 million (approximately US$ 47.7 million in 2019).[66]

In December 2020 it was announced that Brazilian firm Aerom, which owns the Aeromovel technology, had been selected to install the system.[67] Construction was due to begin in January 2021 with completing in 2022. In June 2021 it was announced that the project had 'advanced' but a schedule for construction had not been finalised.[68]

See also



  1. ^ a b "Movimentação Aeroportuária". GRU Airport (in Portuguese). Retrieved January 18, 2024.
  2. ^ "GRU Airport". GRU Airport (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  3. ^ "Aeródromos". ANAC (in Portuguese). June 29, 2020. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "Guarulhos - Governador André Franco Montoro (SBGR)". DECEA (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 22, 2024.
  5. ^ "Lei n˚10.314, de 28 de novembro de 2001". Presidência da República (in Portuguese). November 28, 2001. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  6. ^ Dores, Kelly (November 27, 2012). "Aeroporto de Guarulhos adota nova identidade: GRU Airport". propmark (in Portuguese). Editora Referência. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "GRU Airport - Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo". GRU Airport - Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  8. ^ http://www.gru.com.br/Content/Media/f8d266ad-5225-4698-bbef-1b4dae5abf6d.pdf [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Komatsu, Alberto (March 16, 2010). "ANAC vai por limite de pouso e decolagem em mais seis aeroportos" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
  10. ^ "Anac restringe pousos e decolagens". Revista em Discussão (in Portuguese). Senado Federal (Brazilian Federal Senate). November 2010. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2013.
  11. ^ "Invepar Website". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  12. ^ "Movimento operacional da rede Infraero de janeiro a dezembro de 2012" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Infraero. January 14, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013. [permanent dead link]
  13. ^ Salomon, Marta (May 18, 2011). "Galpão vira terminal em Guarulhos" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. Archived from the original on August 29, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  14. ^ Borges, André (December 16, 2012). "Terminal de Guarulhos fica pronto só em 2012" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  15. ^ "Novo terminal de Cumbica fica só para janeiro" (in Portuguese). Veja. December 18, 2011. Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
  16. ^ "Webjet passa a utilizar o terminal 4 de Cumbica no dia 8" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. February 2, 2012. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2012.
  17. ^ Costa, Nataly (December 1, 2011). "Cumbica inaugura no dia 20 mais um terminal, a 2 quilômetros dos atuais" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  18. ^ "Governo muda critério de avaliação e 'melhora' desempenho de aeroportos" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo. May 19, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  19. ^ Bitencourt, Rafael (April 26, 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Archived from the original on May 15, 2011. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  20. ^ Rittner, Daniel (February 7, 2012). "Cumbica, Viracopos e Brasília são privatizados" (in Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Archived from the original on February 10, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  21. ^ Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (June 1, 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de S. Paulo: Economia. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  22. ^ "Brazil moves swiftly (at last) to award airport concessions". Centre for Aviation. February 9, 2014. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014.
  23. ^ a b Gallo, Ricardo (November 12, 2015). "Aeroporto de Guarulhos troca número de portões e terminais". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
  24. ^ a b Casagrande, Vinícius (February 2, 2017). "Pistas de Guarulhos são alargadas para voos diários do maior avião do mundo". Todos a Bordo (in Portuguese). UOL. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  25. ^ a b "GRU Airport obtém autorização para operar o A380" (in Portuguese). GRU Airport. October 2015. Archived from the original on November 12, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  26. ^ "Emirates to Operate One-off A380 Flight to Sao Paulo". Emirates Airline. October 27, 2015. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  27. ^ Carvalho, Rafael (March 17, 2017). "Maior avião de passageiros do mundo, A380 pousa em SP; veja fotos". Esse Mundo É Nosso (in Portuguese). São Paulo: R7.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
  28. ^ a b "World Aero Data: GUARULHOS GOV ANDRE FRANCO MONTOURO [sic] – SBGR". Archived from the original on May 15, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  29. ^ "GRU – São Paulo [Guarulhos Intl], SP, BR – Airport – Great Circle Mapper". Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  30. ^ "Sao Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport". Infraero. Archived from the original on June 17, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  31. ^ "GRU Airport Cargo". GRU Airport. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  32. ^ Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (August 31, 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  33. ^ "Trem de alta velocidade" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Ministry of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  34. ^ Le Sénéchal, André (March 12, 2017). "American projeta um hangar de US$100 milhões no GRU Airport". Aero In (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  35. ^ Kasper, Marty (March 13, 2017). "Brazil hangar project worries Tulsa American Airlines employees". News on 6. Tulsa. Archived from the original on July 28, 2017. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  36. ^ a b "Arajet Launches Punta Cana Service From late-Oct 2024". Aeroroutes. Retrieved July 20, 2024.
  37. ^ "Aeroporto de Porto Alegre suspende todos os voos por tempo indeterminado". Aeroin (in Portuguese). May 3, 2024. Retrieved June 5, 2024.
  38. ^ "Gol anuncia mais um destino no Caribe". Flap International (in Portuguese). June 4, 2024. Retrieved June 6, 2024.
  39. ^ "GOL Adds 2 International Routes in NW24". Aeroroutes. Retrieved June 10, 2024.
  40. ^ "Lufthansa Resumes Munich – Sao Paulo Service From Dec 2024". Aeroroutes. Retrieved June 4, 2024.
  41. ^ "Royal Air Maroc to Relaunch Direct Flights Between Casablanca, Sao Paulo". Morocco World News. Retrieved June 7, 2024.
  42. ^ "GOL Linhas Aéreas é mais uma empresa a informar o início de voos comerciais na Base Aérea de Canoas (RS)". Aeroin (in Portuguese). May 21, 2024. Retrieved May 22, 2024.
  43. ^ "LATAM também anuncia voos regulares na Base Aérea de Canoas (RS) e orienta passageiros sobre como proceder". Aeroin (in Portuguese). May 21, 2024. Retrieved May 22, 2024.
  44. ^ a b c d "Atlas Air Schedule". Atlas Air. Retrieved December 20, 2023.
  45. ^ "Ethiopian Airlines puts Chongqing on freighter map". Stat Times. July 9, 2019. Retrieved February 13, 2023.
  46. ^ "Ethiopian Cargo adds Brazil-China freighter flights". Air Cargo News. February 13, 2023. Retrieved February 13, 2023.
  47. ^ a b c "Conheça a rede aérea da Gol para o Mercado Livre; primeiro voo liga Guarulhos a Fortaleza". Aeroin (in Portuguese). August 18, 2022. Archived from the original on October 10, 2022. Retrieved August 19, 2022.
  48. ^ a b "Schedule". Lufthansa Cargo. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
  49. ^ "Total Express dá detalhes da nova companhia aérea brasileira, a Anivia". Aeroin (in Portuguese). December 12, 2023. Retrieved December 25, 2023.
  50. ^ "Anuário Estatístico Operacional" (PDF). Infraero (in Portuguese). April 12, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  51. ^ "Estatísticas". Infraero (in Portuguese). Retrieved January 26, 2024.
  52. ^ "Relatório Operacional 2013" (PDF). GRU Airport (in Portuguese). Retrieved January 26, 2023.
  53. ^ "Accident description PP-SME". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  54. ^ "Accident description PT-TCS". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  55. ^ "Accident description PT-MTS". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2011.
  56. ^ "Airport Bus Service" (in Portuguese). EMTU. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  57. ^ "Transporte para aeroportos" (in Portuguese). Gol Airlines. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  58. ^ "Traslados Nacionais". TAM Airlines. Archived from the original on February 25, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  59. ^ "Caprioli Turismo". VBTransportes.com.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
  60. ^ "Estação da CPTM que leva ao Aeroporto de Guarulhos é inaugurada". March 31, 2018. Archived from the original on April 1, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  61. ^ Martins, Victória (March 23, 2018). "Veja como funciona o trem para o Aeroporto de Guarulhos" [See how the train to Guarulhos Airport works]. Viagem e Turismo (in Portuguese). Editora Abril. Archived from the original on April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  62. ^ Meier, Ricardo (December 1, 2020). "Em novo formato, Expresso Aeroporto da Linha 13 estreia nesta terça-feira" [In new format, Line 13 Airport Express is launched this Tuesday]. Metrô CPTM (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  63. ^ a b Ishioka, Leandro (April 19, 2018). "No Japão, as estações que de fato conectam transporte e cidade" [In Japan, the stations that actually connect the transportation system to the cities]. Esquina.net (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
  64. ^ Meier, Ricardo (May 28, 2019). "Monotrilho será a solução de ligação entre a Line 13 e o Aeroporto de Guarulhos, anuncia governo" [Monorail will be the solution for connection between Line 13 and Guarulhos Airport, announces state government]. Metrô CPTM (in Portuguese). Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  65. ^ Meier, Ricardo (June 19, 2020). "Um ano após anúncio, people mover do Aeroporto de Guarulhos segue sem prazo de conclusion" [One year after announcement, Guarulhos Airport people mover hasn't conclusion deadline]. Metrô CPTM (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  66. ^ Lobo, Caio (November 27, 2020). "Governo Federal dá aal para people mover no Aeroporto de Guarulhos que o ligará à Linha 13-Jade" [Federal Government authorized people mover in Guarulhos Airport which will connect it to Line 13-Jade]. Metrô CPTM (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on January 28, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  67. ^ "GRU Airport chooses Aeromovel and should start connection between airport and CPTM in January". December 2020. Archived from the original on October 10, 2022. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  68. ^ "Aeromóvel company to implement People Mover at Guarulhos Airport". June 9, 2021. Archived from the original on June 21, 2021. Retrieved June 18, 2021.