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Boa Vista, Roraima

Boa Vista (Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈbo(w.w)ɐ ˈvistɐ],[2] Good View) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Roraima. Situated on the western bank of the Branco River, the city lies 220 km (140 mi) from Brazil's border with Venezuela. It is the only Brazilian state capital located entirely north of the equator.

Boa Vista
Municipality
The Municipality of Boa Vista
Aerial view of Centro Civico Square
Aerial view of Centro Civico Square
Flag of Boa Vista
Flag
Official seal of Boa Vista
Seal
Motto(s): 
"Segurança, Desenvolvimento, Integração" ("Security, Development, Integration")
Location of Boa Vista in the State of Roraima
Location of Boa Vista in the State of Roraima
Boa Vista is located in Brazil
Boa Vista
Boa Vista
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 02°49′10″N 60°40′17″W / 2.81944°N 60.67139°W / 2.81944; -60.67139
Country Brazil
RegionNorth
StateBandeira de Roraima.svg Roraima
FoundedJuly 9, 1890
Government
 • MayorTeresa Surita (PMDB)
Area
 • Total5,687.022 km2 (2,195.771 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2018 est.[1])
 • Total375,374
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4
Postal Code
69300-000
Area code(s)(+55) 95
ClimateAw
WebsiteBoa Vista, Roraima

Boa Vista is the most populous municipality in the state of Roraima;[3] approximately half of the population of the state lives in the city. Commerce mostly occurs with Manaus, the capital of the State of Amazonas. Business also takes place between Boa Vista and with the cities of Lethem, in Guyana and Santa Elena de Uairén, in Venezuela. These two foreign cities are the only major cities that can be accessed from Boa Vista by road, although roads connect other smaller state municipalities with the capital city. Travel by airplane is the only means of transportation with other regions of the country.

As a modern city, Boa Vista stands out among the other capitals of the North Region of Brazil as it is a planned city with a radial plan. It was planned by the architect Darci Aleixo Derenusson who based his design for the city on one that is similar to that of Paris, France.[citation needed] The city was built under the direction of Captain Ene Garcez, the first governor of Roraima.

HistoryEdit

The municipality of Boa Vista formed the first urban area of the state of Roraima. The São Joaquim Fort, founded in 1775, is located about 32 km from the capital and is considered to be of great importance to the region.

The city was created on July 9, 1890 as Boa Vista do Rio Branco. It was founded by Augusto Villeroy (Amazonas's Governor). The first mayor was João Capistrano da Silva Mota, also known as Coronel Mota. After the mayor, two councillors (José Francisco Coelho and José Gonzaga de Souza Junior) were appointed.

In 1943, during the middle of World War II, Boa Vista became the capital of the recently created Federal Territory of Rio Branco. The territory grew from mining operations in the area. The then Federal Territory of Rio Branco was elevated to statehood, later being renamed as "Roraima". Later, machine-based mining was prohibited (because of the resulting damage to the landscape), which ended up hindering the economy of the state and the municipality.

In the 2010s, the crisis in Venezuela led to the population swelling by around 50,000 Venezuelan immigrants.[4]

ClimateEdit

Boa Vista experiences a tropical savanna climate (Koppen Aw), with a hot, humid wet season and a very warm dry season. Being the only major Brazilian city north of the equator, the wettest and driest months in Boa Vista are the reverse of the rest of the Amazonian region of Brazil, with a hot, humid, rainy period from April to November and a very warm, dry period from December to March. Temperatures fluctuations are relatively unsubstantial throughout the year.

The Maracá Ecological Station was established by presidential decree on 2 June 1981. The station consists of the island of Maracá between the Santa Rosa and Maracá branches of the Uraricoera River in the municipality of Boa Vista, and has an area of 101,312 hectares (250,350 acres).[5] The strictly protected area was established with the purpose of preserving a representative sample of the Amazon ecosystem.[6]

Climate data for Boa Vista (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.1
(98.8)
39.6
(103.3)
39.6
(103.3)
39.1
(102.4)
37.4
(99.3)
36.1
(97.0)
35.7
(96.3)
39.4
(102.9)
39.5
(103.1)
40
(104)
42
(108)
38.7
(101.7)
42
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
33.6
(92.5)
34.2
(93.6)
33.6
(92.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
32.7
(90.9)
34.2
(93.6)
34.8
(94.6)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.6
(92.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
28.8
(83.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.2
(81.0)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.3
(81.1)
28.4
(83.1)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
28.3
(82.9)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 23.9
(75.0)
24
(75)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
Record low °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20
(68)
19.8
(67.6)
20
(68)
19
(66)
18.6
(65.5)
17.6
(63.7)
19.2
(66.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
20
(68)
18.3
(64.9)
17.6
(63.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.1
(0.99)
18.1
(0.71)
30.9
(1.22)
88.5
(3.48)
213.0
(8.39)
321.3
(12.65)
267.8
(10.54)
188.0
(7.40)
99.4
(3.91)
63.5
(2.50)
60.8
(2.39)
44.0
(1.73)
1,420.4
(55.91)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 3 3 4 6 14 21 19 15 8 5 5 4 107
Average relative humidity (%) 70.8 66.4 66.3 70.7 78.9 84.9 84.2 81.3 76.2 74.1 72.3 72.5 74.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 177.8 148.2 142.4 129.2 138.3 93.5 136.3 155.3 200.7 204.8 195.8 173.5 1,895.8
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

EconomyEdit

The GDP of the city was R$2,265,603,000 (2005).[16]

The per capita income of the city was R$9,366 (2005).[17]

EducationEdit

Portuguese is the official national language, and the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum.

Educational institutions include:

  • Universidade Federal de Roraima (UFRR);
  • Instituto Federal de Roraima (IFRR);
  • Facudade Estácio Atual da Amazônia;
  • Faculdades Cathedral – Boa Vista (Cathedral-Boa Vista);
  • Faculdade de Teologia de Boa Vista (Fatebov);
  • and many others.

Tourism and recreationEdit

 
Taumanam.
 
Velia Coutinho.
  • Anaua Park, a major recreational park is located in Boa Vista. It is the biggest park in the north region of Brazil.[citation needed] It has a Forrodromo (show place), a square, a lake and a cart-racing facility.
  • Taumanam is a small artificial beach on Rio Branco. It has several stores and snack bars and was created in 2005.
  • The Ayrton Senna complex is the most visited tourist attraction in Boa Vista.[citation needed] It consists of Ayrton Senna, Velia Coutinho (Alimentation Square and a show place), Praça das Águas (a square where there is a water show), Millennium Portal (it was created to commemorate the 21st century), and Praça das Artes (the newest and the largest plazas in the complex).

CultureEdit

Festa Junina (Saint John Festival)Edit

 
Fireworks in Saint John Festival.
 
Orla Taumanan Park

Festa Junina was introduced to Northeastern Brazil by the Portuguese for whom St John's day (also celebrated as Midsummer Day in several European countries), on the 24th of June, is one of the oldest and most popular celebrations of the year. The festivities traditionally begin after the 12th of June, on the eve of St Anthony's day, and last until the 29th, which is Saint Peter's day. During these fifteen days, there are bonfires, fireworks, and folk dancing in the streets (step names are in French, which shows the mutual influences between court life and peasant culture in the 17th, 18th, and 19th-century Europe). Once exclusively a rural celebration, today, in Brazil, it is now largely a city festival.

The Civic CenterEdit

 
Praça dos Garimpeiros-Miners' monument.

The Civic Center, built in the form of an opened fan, starts from the banks of the Rio Branco. This design was created by the engineer Darci Aleixo Deregusson during Ene Garcez's government, the first of its kind in Roraima.

From the Civic Center runs a system of 16 avenues, with inspiration drawn from Paris, France, Belo Horizonte, and Goiânia, Brazil. In this square are the head offices of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of the state government. Other buildings of significance are the Palace of Culture, the Amazônia Bank, the Ministry of Education, and a cathedral.

The civic center also showcases a monument to the miners who were the first inhabitants of this land.

Demographic growthEdit

Initially, indigenous people were the only inhabitants of Boa Vista. Boa Vista had the highest growth rate of any Brazilian capital in the 1970s, at 3% per year. What attracts immigrants most to this city are employment opportunities generated by public service jobs for Brazilians. General commercial opportunities attract immigrants from neighboring countries. In 1950 Boa Vista had about 5,200 inhabitants. This number has grown 47 fold in only 56 years to approximately 250,000 inhabitants.

According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), Boa Vista had more than 375,000 inhabitants in 2018. The city grew more than 10% in just one year due mainly to Venezuelan immigration.

Ethnic groups found in Boa Vista include: Amerindians, Portuguese, Africans, Germans, Venezuelans, Guyanese and Lebanese.

SportsEdit

There are several professional football clubs in Boa Vista:

The city's most important stadium is Estádio Flamarion Vasconcelos, better known as Canarinho, located in the neighborhood of the same name, Canarinho. The stadium, which located in the southern part of Boa Vista, has a maximum capacity of 10,000 people.

Also located in Boa Vista is the Estádio Raimundo Ribeiro de Souza, better known as the Ribeirão, which is located in a suburb of the city.

TransportEdit

 
José Amador de Oliveira International Bus Station.

International AirportEdit

Boa Vista is served by Boa Vista-Atlas Brasil Cantanhede International Airport with direct flights to Brasília, Georgetown (Guyana), and Manaus. Boa Vista International Airport was opened on February 19, 1973, and underwent major remodelings in 1998 and 2009. The passenger terminal, runway and apron were all enlarged, and a separate taxiway was built.

HighwaysEdit

 
Br-174, Boa Vista/Venezuela to Manaus.

The federal government has started a project to link Boa Vista by road to Manaus and then by extension to the major centers of Brazil, by asphalting the BR 319 and building several bridges in the Amazon forest, allowing a direct road link to Manaus and then on to the central and southern regions of Brazil.[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2019. 2018 Estimates of Population
  2. ^ The European Portuguese pronunciation is [ˈbo.ɐ ˈviʃtɐ].
  3. ^ Boa Vista, capital city of Roraima, Brazil
  4. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/28/world/americas/venezuela-brazil-migrants.html
  5. ^ Presidência da República (June 2, 1981), DECRETO Nº 86.061, DE 2 DE JUNHO DE 1981. Cria Estações Ecológicas, e dá outras providências., retrieved April 16, 2016
  6. ^ Reinaldo Imbrozio Barbosa (2006), ESEC Maracá, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia - Roraima, retrieved April 16, 2016
  7. ^ "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  8. ^ "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  9. ^ "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Mayor ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  12. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  13. ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on August 8, 2014. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  14. ^ "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved August 19, 2014.[dead link]
  15. ^ "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved August 19, 2014.[dead link]
  16. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Boa Vista, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 2, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  17. ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Boa Vista, Brazil: IBGE. 2005. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 2, 2008. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  18. ^ "Boa Vista, Roraima, Brasil – HotelStore.net – Hotel Reservations / Reservas de Hotel". Archived from the original on June 14, 2008. Retrieved June 17, 2008.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 2°49′12″N 60°40′19″W / 2.82°N 60.672°W / 2.82; -60.672