Santa Elena de Uairén

Santa Elena de Uairén (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsanta eˈlena ðe waiˈɾen]) is a small Venezuelan city (29,795 inhabitants in 2006) in the state of Bolívar near the border with Brazil and Guyana. It was Founded by Lucas Fernandez Peña in 1923. The city's name originates from the first daughter of Lucas Fernandez Pena Elena, and Uairén by the river that crosses the city.

Santa Elena de Uairén
Municipality
The Municipality of Santa Elena de Uairén
Santa Elena de Uairen, Bolívar, Venezuela - panoramio (6).jpg
Nickname(s): 
Santa Elena
Santa Elena de Uairén is located in Venezuela
Santa Elena de Uairén
Santa Elena de Uairén
Coordinates: 4°36′7.63″N 61°6′40.3″W / 4.6021194°N 61.111194°W / 4.6021194; -61.111194
Country Venezuela
RegionGuayana
StateBolívar
FoundedNovember 13, 1923
Elevation
900 m (3,000 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total29,795
Time zoneUTC-04:00
Postal Code
8052
Area code+58 288
ClimateAm

Located in the middle of La Gran Sabana, Santa Elena is home to many travel agencies offering tours in Canaima National Park, flights over Angel Falls, and hiking tours to the famous Monte Roraima.

The town is notable for its influential presence of indigenous peoples; there is even a community called Manakrü (pronounced mah-nah-CREE) populated entirely by indigenous people. The schools in this neighborhood use both Spanish and Pemon, an indigenous language.

Due to its proximity to the Brazilian state of Roraima, Santa Elena sees a busy exchange between the two countries of Brazilian consumer products from Brazil and Venezuelan oil and petrol. Other Brazilian cities that trade with Santa Elena de Uairen are Manaus, Santarém, Macapá, Belém.

HistoryEdit

Santa Elena was founded in 1923 by Lucas Fernández Peña, attracted by diamond's mines found there. In 1999, a free zone was declared in the city, due to its proximity to Brazil, the city is crowded of Brazilians during the weekends seeking low prices (food, electronics, hygiene products...)

ReferencesEdit


 
Gold specimen from Mina Zapata, Santa Elena de Uairén

External linksEdit