States of Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a federation made up of twenty-three states (Spanish: estados), a Capital District (Spanish: Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Spanish: Dependencias Federales), which consist of many islands and islets on the Caribbean Sea.[1] Venezuela also claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana.

States, Federal Dependencies and Capital District
Estados, Dependencias Federales y Distrito Capital (Spanish)
Localizador Politico de Venezuela.svg
CategoryFederated state
LocationBolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Number
  • 23 states
  • 1 Capital District
Populations146,480 (Amazonas) – 3,704,404 (Zulia)
Areas1,100 km2 (440 sq mi) (Nueva Esparta) – 240,000 km2 (92,000 sq mi) (Bolívar)
Government
Subdivisions

The states and territories of Venezuela are usually organized into regions (Spanish: regiones), although these regions are mostly geographical entities and count with no administrative entities.

Historical statesEdit

Prior to the Federal War (1859–1863), the country was divided into provinces rather than states (see Provinces of Venezuela). The victorious forces were supposed to grant more autonomy to the individual states, but this was not implemented.

From 1863 to the early 1900s there were numerous territorial changes, including the merger and splitting of states, but from then until the 1990s the states were left unchanged. States that existed during this time included Guzmán Blanco State (1873–1889). Originally a renamed Aragua State, in 1881 the states of Miranda, Guárico, Nueva Esparta and the Vargas department of the Federal District were merged into the state. This was part of a territorial reorganisation reducing the number of states from 20 to 9, which was reversed in 1901.

The 1990s saw the creation of three new states: Delta Amacuro (1991), Amazonas (1994), and Vargas (1998).

RegionsEdit

Venezuela's territory is generally divided into eight geographical regions, which are mostly used for geographical, cultural and planning purposes but count with no active administrative body.

Region Spanish States
Andean Andina Mérida, Táchira, Trujillo
Capital Capital Caracas (Capital District), La Guaira (Vargas), Miranda
Central Centro Aragua, Carabobo
Central-Western Centro-Occidente Falcón, Lara, Yaracuy
Guayana Guayana Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro
Insular Insular Nueva Esparta, Federal Dependencies
Llanos Los Llanos Apure, Barinas, Cojedes, Guárico, Portuguesa
Eastern Oriental Anzoátegui, Monagas, Sucre
Zulian Zulia Zulia

StatesEdit

Below is a list of the 23 states of Venezuela. The states are listed along with their correspondent emblems, data and location.

Flag State Capital Largest city Population
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Density per
km2
Region Map
  Amazonas Puerto Ayacucho 146,480 180,145 0.81 Guayana  
  Anzoátegui Barcelona 1,469,747 43,300 33.94 Eastern  
  Apure San Fernando de Apure 459,025 76,500 6.00 Llanos  
  Aragua Maracay 1,630,308 7,014 232.44 Central  
  Barinas Barinas 816,264 35,200 23.19 Andean  
  Bolívar Ciudad Bolívar 1,410,964 238,000 5.93 Guayana  
  Carabobo Valencia 2,245,744 4,650 482.96 Central  
  Cojedes San Carlos 323,165 14,800 21.84 Central  
  Delta Amacuro Tucupita 167,676 40,200 4.17 Guayana  
  Falcón Coro Punto Fijo 902,847 24,800 36.41 Central-Western  
  Guárico San Juan de Los Morros Calabozo 747,739 64,986 11.51 Llanos  
  La Guaira La Guaira Catia La Mar 352,920 1,496 235.91 Capital  
  Lara Barquisimeto 1,774,867 19,800 89.64 Central-Western  
  Mérida Mérida 828,592 11,300 73.33 Andean  
  Miranda Los Teques Petare 2,675,165 7,950 336.50 Capital  
  Monagas Maturín 905,443 28,930 31.30 Eastern  
  Nueva Esparta La Asunción Porlamar 491,610 1,150 427.90 Insular  
  Portuguesa Guanare 876,496 15,200 57.66 Central-Western  
  Sucre Cumaná 896,291 11,800 75.96 Eastern  
  Táchira San Cristóbal 1,168,908 11,100 105.31 Andean  
  Trujillo Trujillo Valera 686,367 7,400 92.75 Andean  
  Yaracuy San Felipe 600,852 7,100 84.63 Central-Western  
  Zulia Maracaibo 3,704,404 63,100 58.71 Zulian  

By Human Development IndexEdit

Rank State HDI 2019[2] Comparable country (2019 report)[3]
High human development
1   Capital District 0.757   Azerbaijan,   Dominican Republic
2   Miranda 0.744   Lebanon
3   Aragua 0.738   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,   Suriname
4   Carabobo 0.733   Jamaica
5   Nueva Esparta 0.732
  Vargas
7   Anzoátegui 0.723   Libya
8   Bolívar 0.715   Samoa,   Turkmenistan
9   Táchira 0.709   South Africa
10   Monagas 0.702   Gabon
11   Falcón 0.701
12   Mérida 0.700
Medium human development
13   Zulia 0.697   Kyrgyzstan
14   Delta Amacuro 0.696
15   Amazonas 0.692
16   Lara 0.691   Morocco
17   Cojedes 0.688
18   Sucre 0.680   Guyana
  Trujillo
20   Yaracuy 0.677   Iraq
21   Guárico 0.673   El Salvador
22   Portuguesa 0.657   Nicaragua,   Bhutan
  Barinas
24   Apure 0.639   Honduras

Special status areasEdit

Flag State Capital Population
(2011)
Area
(km2)
Region Map
  Capital District Caracas 1,943,901 433 Capital  
  Federal Dependencies Los Roques 2,155 342 Insular  

State name etymologiesEdit

Several states are named for historical figures:

Several states are named for natural features:

Other naming origins:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "List of States in Venezuela with Latitude and Longitude - States in Venezuela with Latitude Longitude, Popular Places in Venezuela with Lat Long, List of States in Venezuela with Latitude and Longitude, Latitude and Longitude of State Capitals of Venezuela, State wise Latitude and Longitude of Venezuela States - distancelatlong.com". www.distancelatlong.com. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene" (PDF). hdr.undp.org.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Simón, Pedro (1992). Noticias historiales de Venezuela. Caracas, Venezuela: Biblioteca Ayacucho. p. 128. ISBN 980-276-210-5.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit