Phillip Bradley Bird (born September 24, 1957) is an American animation director and screenwriter. He is best known for his animated feature films, The Iron Giant (1999), The Incredibles (2004), Ratatouille (2007) and Incredibles 2 (2018).
Bird at the Venice Film Festival, September 2009
Phillip Bradley Bird|
September 24, 1957
Kalispell, Montana, U.S.
|Alma mater||California Institute of the Arts (BFA)|
Elizabeth Canney (m. 1988)
Bird developed a love for the art of animation at an early age and was mentored by Milt Kahl, one of Disney's reputed Nine Old Men. He was part of one of the earliest graduating classes of the California Institute of the Arts alongside John Lasseter and Tim Burton. Afterwards, Bird worked as an animator for Disney in The Fox and the Hound (1981) and The Black Cauldron (1985) and wrote the screenplay for Batteries Not Included (1987). Bird served as a creative consultant on The Simpsons during its first eight seasons, where he helped develop the show's animation style.
Bird directed his first animated feature film, The Iron Giant in 1999. Although it fared poorly at the box office, it came to be regarded as a modern animated classic. He rejoined John Lasseter at Pixar in 2000, where he developed his second animated film, The Incredibles (2004). He directed his third film, Ratatouille in 2007. Both films place among Pixar's highest-grossing features and gave Bird two Academy Award for Best Animated Feature wins and Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay nominations. In 2011, Bird directed his first live-action film Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol, which was a critical and commercial success. His second live-action film, Tomorrowland, starring George Clooney, was released in May 2015, to some acclaim but less commercial success. In 2018, Incredibles 2 was released, which Bird wrote and directed. Like its predecessor, the film was a critical and box office success.
Bird was born in Kalispell, Montana, the youngest of four children of Marjorie A. (née Cross) and Philip Cullen Bird. His father worked in the propane business, and his grandfather, Francis Wesley "Frank" Bird, who was born in County Sligo, Ireland, was a president and chief executive of the Montana Power Company. On a tour of the Walt Disney Studios at age 11, there he met Frank Thomas & Ollie Johnston and he announced that someday he would become part of its animation team, and soon afterward began work on his own 15-minute animated short. Within two years, Bird had completed his animation, which impressed the cartoon company. By age 14, barely in high school, Bird was mentored by the animator Milt Kahl, one of Disney's reputed Nine Old Men. Bird recalls Kahl's criticisms as ideal: Kahl would point out shortcomings by gently delivering thoughts on where Bird could improve. After graduating from Corvallis High School in Corvallis, Oregon in 1975, Bird took a three-year break. He was then awarded a scholarship by Disney to attend California Institute of the Arts, where he met and befriended another future animator, Pixar co-founder and director John Lasseter.
Upon graduating from the California Institute of the Arts, Bird began working for Disney, where he would only work for a few years before being fired from the company.
He next worked on animated television series, with much shorter lead times. He was the creator (writer, director, and co-producer) of the Family Dog episode of Steven Spielberg's Amazing Stories. In addition, Bird co-wrote the screenplay for the live-action film Batteries Not Included. In 1989, Bird joined Klasky Csupo, where he helped to develop The Simpsons from one-minute shorts on The Tracey Ullman Show into a series of half-hour programs. In 1990, he directed the episode "Krusty Gets Busted" (which marked the first speaking role of Sideshow Bob) and co-directed the Season Three episode "Like Father, Like Clown." He served as an executive consultant for the show for its first eight seasons. Also while at Klasky Csupo, he was one of the animators of the Rugrats pilot "Tommy Pickles and the Great White Thing." He worked on several other animated television series, including The Critic and King of the Hill, before pitching Warner Brothers to write and direct the animated film The Iron Giant. Despite receiving near-universal acclaim from critics, it failed at the box office due to lack of marketing and promotion from Warner Bros. He was then hired by Steve Jobs who wanted him to work for Pixar. Bird pitched the idea for The Incredibles to Pixar. In the finished picture, Bird also provides the voice of costume designer Edna Mode. As an inside joke, the character Syndrome was based on Bird's likeness (as was Mr. Incredible) and according to him, he did not realize the joke until the movie was too far into production to have it changed. The film, written and directed by Bird, was released in 2004 to major critical and financial success. As a result, Bird won his first Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, and his screenplay was nominated for Best Original Screenplay.
In the middle of 2005, Bird was asked by the Pixar management team to write and direct Ratatouille, which Jan Pinkava had been in charge of at the time. This change was announced in March 2006 during a Disney shareholders meeting. The film was released in 2007, and was another critical and box office success for Bird. Ratatouille won the Best Animated Feature award at the 2008 Golden Globes; it was also nominated for 5 Academy Awards, including Best Animated Feature and Best Original Screenplay. On February 24, 2008, Ratatouille won Bird his second Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film.
Bird has spoken passionately about animation as an art form. When Bird and producer John Walker recorded the Director's Commentary for The Incredibles' DVD, he jokingly offered to punch the next person that he heard call animation a genre instead of an art form. Bird believes animation can be used to tell any kind of story – drama or comedy, for an adult audience or children.
Before he was sidetracked by Ratatouille, Bird began work on a film adaptation of James Dalessandro's novel 1906, which would be his first live-action project. In March 2008, Bird resumed work on the film, which is a co-production between Pixar and Warner Bros. The novel, narrated by reporter Annalisa Passarelli, examines police officers battling corruption in the government that causes the 1906 San Francisco earthquake to turn into such a disaster. The script was co-written by John Logan. Blogger Jim Hill suggested the film has been on hold due to Disney / Pixar and Warner Bros.' nervousness over the projected $200 million budget. In May 2010, with 1906 apparently still stalled, Bird signed on as the director of Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol, produced by Tom Cruise and J. J. Abrams. The collaboration was suggested by Tom Cruise following the release of The Incredibles, and was created with the help of J.J. Abrams, who sent Bird a late night text message saying "Mission?". The film was an international hit, grossing almost $700 million.
Bird directed and co-wrote Disney's science fiction film Tomorrowland (2015), whose screenplay was co-written with Damon Lindelof. Bird returned to Pixar to write and direct Incredibles 2 (2018). Released 14 years after The Incredibles (2004), the sequel received critical acclaim and was a box office success.
Bird has three sons. One of his sons, Nicholas, was the voice of Squirt in Finding Nemo. Bird's other son, Michael, voiced kids in The Incredibles. Michael later voiced Tony Rydinger in Incredibles 2.
|1987||Batteries Not Included||Yes|
|1999||The Iron Giant||Yes||Yes||Directorial Debut|
|2011||Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol||Yes|
|2015||Tomorrowland||Yes||Yes||Yes||Also designer of logos|
|1981||The Fox and the Hound||Uncredited|
|1982||The Plague Dogs|
|1985||The Black Cauldron||Uncredited|
|1999||The Iron Giant||Animator on Hogarth when he's hyper on espresso|
|1999||The Iron Giant||Singer: Duck and Cover sequence|
|2004||The Incredibles||Edna Mode and additional voices|
|2015||Jurassic World||Monorail announcer|
|2018||The Incredibles 2||Edna Mode and additional voices|
|1979||Doctor of Doom||Yes||Voice role: Don Carlo, Bystander|
|1983||Winnie the Pooh and a Day for Eeyore||Yes||Uncredited animator|
|Mickey's Christmas Carol||Yes|
|Mr. Incredible and Pals: Commentary edition||Yes||Yes||Yes||Executive producer|
|Vowellett - An Essay by Sarah Vowell||Yes|
|2006||One Man Band||Yes|
|2007||Your Friend the Rat||Yes|
Senior creative team (Pixar)Edit
- The Spirit, an animated feature Bird developed with Jerry Rees and producer Gary Kurtz, based on Will Eisner's acclaimed comic strip. The studios they pitched it to liked the script, but were unwilling to take the gamble on an animated feature for the adult audience.
- Ray Gunn, a project that he was working on at Turner Feature Animation before he got pulled for The Iron Giant and TFA merging with Warner Feature Animation. A script has been made with Matthew Robbins but was never animated. Even though lost, Bird has expressed interest in resurrecting the project.
- The Incredible Mr. Limpet, a project that is still in development hell. Bird was attached to direct at one point but was replaced by Mike Judge and many others.
- Curious George, wrote a draft of the film at one point, but his script was not used in the produced version.
- The Simpsons Movie, the crew from The Simpsons including Matt Groening and James L. Brooks were hoping to get Bird to direct, but was too busy with Ratatouille at the time. David Silverman, who was also working at Pixar at the time and quit his job after finishing work on Monsters, Inc., became the film's director.
- 1906, a collaborative project from Warner Brothers and Pixar (which could have been their first live-action project), in association with Walt Disney Pictures, where Bird would have directed. Pixar and Disney left the project in 2012 in development limbo at Warner Bros. due to delays in the film's several planned releases, several rejected scripts were not picked up, and going over budget ($200 million). However as of June 2018, Bird has expressed interest as to adapt the book as a tv series and a movie.
- Star Wars: The Force Awakens, Bird was on a shortlist of directors to direct the seventh Star Wars film. But he passed on the project in favor of Tomorrowland and the movie was directed by J. J. Abrams
|1983||Garfield on the Town||Animator|
|1985–1987||Amazing Stories||Writer of episode: "The Main Attraction"|
Director, writer and animation producer of episode: "Family Dog"
|1989–1998||The Simpsons||Executive consultant and directed episodes: "Krusty Gets Busted", "The Homer They Fall" and "Like Father, Like Clown"|
Episode: "Tommy Pickles and The Great White Thing"
|1994–1995||The Critic||Executive consultant|
|1997||King of the Hill||Creative consultant and visual consultant|
|1990||Do the Bartman||Director and storyboard artist|
|2018||Lego The Incredibles||Edna Mode|
Critical response to films Bird has directed:
|The Iron Giant||96%||85||A Cinemascore|
|The Incredibles||97%||90||A+ Cinemascore|
|Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol||93%||73||A- Cinemascore|
|Incredibles 2||94%||80||A+ Cinemascore|
In addition to his Academy Award, BAFTA Award and Saturn Award wins, Bird holds the record of the most animation Annie Award wins with eight, winning both Best Directing and Best Writing for each of The Iron Giant, The Incredibles and Ratatouille, as well as Best Voice Acting for The Incredibles. His eighth Annie was the 2011 Winsor McCay Award for lifetime contribution to animation.
- "Director Brad Bird (R) and spouse Elizabeth Canney pose for a photo at the premiere of Disney's Tomorrowland in Anaheim, California on May 9, 2015". gettyimages.com. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- "Brad Bird – Director Bio". Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- Berens, Jessica (September 29, 2007). "Ratatouille: Year of the rat". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Brad Bird ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
- Gaiser, Heidi (November 12, 2004). "Kalispell Native is the Superhero Behind "The Incredibles"". Daily Inter Lake. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
- How 'Incredibles 2' director Brad Bird got his start at Disney - CNBC.com
- Gigaom | Pixar's Brad Bird on Fostering Innovation
- Brad Bird (January 19, 2008). "Not My Job: NPR". Wait Wait...Don't Tell Me!. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- "Brad Bird". Montana Kids. Montana Office of Tourism. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- Utichi, Joe (October 26, 2007). "Brad Bird Takes RT Through Ratatouille". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
- Sciretta, Peter (March 13, 2008). "Pixar teams with Warner Bros for Brad Bird's 1906". /Film. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
- Hill, Jim (February 10, 2009). ""Incredibles" sequel is stalled until Bird can get "1906" off the ground". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved February 11, 2009.
- Kit, Borys (March 24, 2010). "'Incredibles' helmer on 'Mission: Impossible IV' list (exclusive)". Heat Vision. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Barnes, Brooks (December 9, 2011). "His Mission: Telling Stories to Grown-Ups". New York Times.
- "Brad Bird's 1952 is Now Tomorrowland". ComingSoon.net. January 28, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- Chitwood, Adam (May 3, 2012). "Brad Bird to Direct Disney's Large-Scale Mystery Film 1952, Written by Damon Lindelof". Collider. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- "Nicholas Bird". behindthevoiceactors.com. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- "See The Voices Behind Your Favorite 'Finding Nemo' Characters". ew.com. May 31, 2016. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago Review Press. p. 123. ISBN 9781569762226.
- Meszoros, Mark (June 15, 2018). "'Incredibles 2' a dazzling sequel". Journal Advocate. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "The Iron Giant commentary". Warner Home Video.
- Paul Leiva, Steven. "‘The Spirit’ movie that could have been", Los Angeles Times - Hero Complex, Dec. 12, 2008
- Fiamma, Andrea (2015-04-15). "Il trailer del film di Spirit mai realizzato da Brad Bird" (in Italian). Fumettologica. Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- "The Making of The Iron Giant". Warner Bros. Archived from the original on March 21, 2006. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Linder, Brian (2001-07-31). "Grazer Curious About CG George". IGN. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
- Olly Richards (2007-05-24). "Homer's Odyssey". Empire. pp. 72–78.
- Christopher Orr (June 22, 2012). "'Brave': A Disappointment Worth Seeing". The Atlantic. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Gardner, Eric (February 15, 2012). "Warner Bros. Wins 'Last Samurai' Lawsuit". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Fischer, Russ (January 27, 2010). "What Happened to Brad Bird's 1906?". Slashfilm. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Bastoli, Mike. "'1906' to be Disney/Pixar/Warner Bros. collaboration". March 13, 2008. Big Screen Animation. Archived from the original on December 8, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Adam Chitwood (June 18, 2018). "Brad Bird Says '1906' May Get Made as an "Amalgam" of a TV and Film Project". Collider. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
- Bernardin, Marc (May 16, 2013). "Brad Bird on 'Incredibles' Sequel: 'I Would Probably Wanna Do That' (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 12, 2017.
- "T-Meter Rating of 'The Iron Giant'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "The Iron Giant Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "T-Meter Rating of 'The Incredibles'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "The Incredibles Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "T-Meter Rating of 'Ratatouille'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "Ratatouille Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "T-Meter Rating of 'Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol'". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
- "Tomorrowland (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 14th, 2018. Check date values in:
- "Tomorrowland Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
- "Incredibles 2 (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved June 14th, 2018. Check date values in:
- "Incredibles 2 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved June 14th, 2018. Check date values in:
- "Brad Bird (I) Awards". IMDb. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Brad Bird|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brad Bird.|
- Brad Bird on IMDb
- Brad Bird Interview at IGN
- DVD Talk: Interview with Brad Bird about The Incredibles
- Brad Bird premieres and discusses the development of "The Incredibles" with CalArts' Character Animation Program
- Brad Bird Interview (Ratatouille)
- The Art of Making Pixar's Ratatouille Interviews with Harley Jessup, Sharon Calahan and Brad Bird accompany an article on the making of the film.
- Brad Bird Interview at Blu-ray.com Interview regarding the release of Ratatouille on Blu-ray.