George Edward Bruns (July 3, 1914 – May 23, 1983) was an American composer of music for film and television who worked on many Disney films. He was nominated for four Academy Awards for his work. He was also a proficient musician, playing and recording on trombone, tuba and string bass.
|Birth name||George Edward Bruns|
|Born||July 3, 1914|
Sandy, Oregon, United States
|Died||May 23, 1983 (aged 68)|
Portland, Oregon, United States
|Genres||Film score, jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Composer, conductor, musician|
|Instruments||Trombone, tuba, string bass|
|Years active||1930s to 1983|
George Edward Bruns was born on July 3, 1914 in Sandy, Oregon, and went to college at Oregon State University, where he was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity, graduating in 1936. In the 1930s he worked as a musician with various groups in the Portland, Oregon area. In 1946 he was appointed musical director at radio station KEX in Portland, Oregon, and also was the bandleader for the Rose Bowl room of the Multnomah Hotel. From 1947 to 1949 he performed and recorded on trombone with Portland's Castle Jazz Band, led by banjoist Monte Ballou.
In the late 1940s he moved to Los Angeles, where he did studio work, and performed and recorded with trombonist Turk Murphy's Jazz Band. In 1953 he was hired by Walt Disney as an arranger, eventually becoming Disney's musical director, a position he held until his retirement in 1976. Despite his retirement he continued to work on Disney projects. In 1973, Bruns and Buddy Baker composed and conducted the musical score for films combining live-action and animation.
Among his work is the song "Yo Ho (A Pirate's Life for Me)" (which he co-wrote with Xavier Atencio), used in the Disney theme park attraction Pirates of the Caribbean and the movies based on that ride. He also co-wrote "The Ballad of Davy Crockett" with Tom W. Blackburn, as well as the song "Love" for the Disney animated film Robin Hood. During the mid-1950s, he adapted the music from Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty ballet for use as background score in the 1959 Disney film version. He also composed the score for The Jungle Book, and provided Herbie the Love Bug with his sprightly theme song, featured prominently throughout the series.
During his tenure with Disney Studios, Bruns continued to play dixieland jazz, leading his Wonderland Jazz Band on two recording sessions, and playing and recording occasionally with the Disney "house" band, the Firehouse Five Plus Two.
Bruns retired from Disney in 1976 and moved back to Sandy, Oregon. He taught part-time at Lewis & Clark College and continued to play and compose music, including recording at least one locally distributed album of jazz.
- 46th Oscars Nominated Best Music, Original Song Robin Hood (1973), with Floyd Huddleston (lyrics) for the song "Love"
- 36th Oscars Nominated Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment for The Sword in the Stone (1963)
- 34th Oscars Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture Babes in Toyland (1961)
- 32nd Oscars Nominated Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture Sleeping Beauty (1959)
Selected film scoresEdit
|1955||Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier||Norman Foster||Walt Disney Productions|
|1956||Davy Crockett and the River Pirates||Norman Foster||Walt Disney Productions|
|Westward Ho the Wagons!||William Beaudine||Walt Disney Productions|
|1957||Johnny Tremain||Robert Stevenson||Walt Disney Productions|
|1959||Sleeping Beauty||Clyde Geronimi (Supervising Director)
Les Clark (Sequence Directors)
|Walt Disney Productions|
|1961||One Hundred and One Dalmatians||Wolfgang Reitherman
|Walt Disney Productions|
|The Absent-Minded Professor||Robert Stevenson||Walt Disney Productions|
|1963||Son of Flubber||Robert Stevenson||Walt Disney Productions|
|The Sword in the Stone||Wolfgang Reitherman||Walt Disney Productions|
|1966||The Ugly Dachshund||Norman Tokar||Walt Disney Productions|
|The Fighting Prince of Donegal||Michael O'Herlihy||Walt Disney Productions|
|Follow Me, Boys!||Norman Tokar||Walt Disney Productions|
|1967||Island of the Lost||John Florea||Paramount Pictures|
|The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin||James Neilson||Walt Disney Productions|
|The Jungle Book||Wolfgang Reitherman||Walt Disney Productions|
|1968||Daring Game||László Benedek||Paramount Pictures|
|The Horse in the Gray Flannel Suit||Norman Tokar||Walt Disney Productions|
|The Love Bug||Robert Stevenson||Walt Disney Productions|
|1970||The Aristocats||Wolfgang Reitherman||Walt Disney Productions|
|1973||Robin Hood||Wolfgang Reitherman||Walt Disney Productions|
|1974||Herbie Rides Again||Robert Stevenson||Walt Disney Productions|