Robert Stevenson (director)
Robert Edward Stevenson (31 March 1905 – 30 April 1986) was an English film writer and director.
|Died||30 April 1986 (aged 81)|
|Occupation||Director, screenwriter and actor|
|Spouse(s)||Cecilie L Leslie (1929–1934) (divorced)|
Anna Lee (1934–1944) (divorced)
Frances Holyoke Howard (1944) (divorced)
Ursula Henderson (1963–1986) (his death)
|Children||Venetia Stevenson, Caroline Stevenson, Hugh Howard Stevenson|
After directing a number of British films, including King Solomon's Mines (1937), he was given a contract by David O. Selznick and moved to Hollywood in the 1940s. He ended up directing 19 films for the Walt Disney Company in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, becoming the most commercially successful director in the history of film. Stevenson is best remembered for directing the Julie Andrews musical Mary Poppins (1964), for which Andrews won the Academy Award for Best Actress and Stevenson was nominated for Best Director. With Disney, he also directed the first two Herbie films, The Love Bug (1968) and Herbie Rides Again (1974), as well as Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971). Three of his films featured English actor David Tomlinson.
Having attended Shrewsbury School, Stevenson won a scholarship to study at St John's College, Cambridge. There he won the John Bernard Seely Prize for Aeronautics, and in 1927 graduated with a first-class MA (Cantab) degree in the Mechanical Sciences Tripos (engineering). He was also president of the university's Liberal Club, editor of the student Granta magazine, and while conducting postgraduate research in psychology he was elected president of the prestigious Cambridge Union Society. On leaving Cambridge his parents gave him six weeks to find a job, and he went to work for Michael Balcon as an assistant.
Stevenson started to write scripts, providing the story of Balaclava (1928). He also worked on the scripts for Greek Street (1930), The Ringer (1931), Night in Montmartre (1931), The Calendar (1931), Michael and Mary (1931) with Edna Best and Herbert Marshall and Sunshine Susie (1931) with Jack Hulbert, Lord Babs (1932), The Faithful Heart (1932) with Best and Marshall, and Love on Wheels (1932) with Hulbert.
Stevenson's debut feature film as director was a Jack Hulbert–Cicely Courtneidge musical, Happy Ever After (1932), a co-production shot in Germany and produced by Eric Pommer. He also wrote the British-German co productions, F.P.1 (1933) and Early to Bed (1933).
Stevenson went on to write and direct Falling for You (1933) with Hulbert and Courtneidge, and did some uncredited direction on The Camels Are Coming (1934) with Hulbert. On that film he met Anna Lee who became his wife in 1935. He was a producer on Little Friend (1934).
Stevenson received acclaim for Tudor Rose (1936), a film of the Lady Jane Grey story which Stevenson wrote and directed. He directed The Man Who Changed His Mind (1936) with Boris Karloff and Anna Lee, then another with Hulbert, Jack of All Trades (1936).
Stevenson went to Gainbsorough to do Owd Bob (1938) with Will Fyffe, The Ware Case (1938) with Clive Brook, Young Man's Fancy (1939) with Lee, and Return to Yesterday (1940) with Brook and Lee. He worked on the script for most of the latter films.
Stevenson received an offer to go to Hollywood to work for David O. Selznick along with Alfred Hitchcock. Selznick only made the occasional film, but he would frequently sign talent to term contracts and loan them out to other studios. He loaned Stevenson to RKO he directed Tom Brown's School Days (1940). He went to Universal to direct a new version of Back Street (1941) with Charles Boyer then went back to RKO for Joan of Paris (1942) with Michèle Morgan, a big hit.
RKO under Howard HughesEdit
He returned to RKO, now under the control of Howard Hughes, to make I Married a Communist (1949). He followed it with Walk Softly, Stranger (1950) with Joseph Cotten, My Forbidden Past (1951) with Robert Mitchum and Ava Gardner, and The Las Vegas Story (1952) with Jane Russell and Victor Mature. He also did some uncredited directing on Macao (1952).
Stevenson went into directing television, helming episodes of The Ford Television Theatre, Your Jeweler's Showcase, Footlights Theater, Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre, Cavalcade of America, Schlitz Playhouse, The Star and the Story, Star Stage, The 20th Century-Fox Hour, Gunsmoke, The Joseph Cotten Show, Alfred Hitchcock Presents and The Christophers.
Stevenson went to work for the Disney Company in 1956 and made 19 films in 20 years. His early credits were Johnny Tremain (1957), a story set in the American Revolution, and Old Yeller (1957), a boy and his dog tale.
Stevenson did episodes of Disney's Zorro, then directed a film about Ireland, Darby O'Gill and the Little People (1959), and an adaptation of Kidnapped (1960). He had a huge commercial success with the comedy The Absent-Minded Professor (1961) and the adventure film In Search of the Castaways (1962). Son of Flubber (1963) was a popular sequel to The Absent-Minded Professor and The Misadventures of Merlin Jones (1964), a teen comedy, was an unexpected hit, leading to a sequel, The Monkey's Uncle (1965).
Also popular was the Hayley Mills comedy, That Darn Cat! (1965). Stevenson and Disney focused on comedies: The Gnome-Mobile (1967) with Walter Brennan, Blackbeard's Ghost (1968) with Peter Ustinov and Dean Jones, and The Love Bug (1968) with Jones which was a huge hit.
Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971) was an attempt to repeat the success of Mary Poppins. Stevenson directed Herbie Rides Again (1974) with Ken Berry and Helen Hayes, and the adventure story, The Island at the Top of the World (1974). One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing (1975), with Hayes and Ustinov was a comedy. Stevenson's last feature was The Shaggy D.A. (1976) with Dean Jones.
In July 1977, Variety noted that his track record at Disney made him "the most commercially successful director in the history of films." At the end of 1976, he had 16 films on Variety's list of all-time domestic rental films, more than any other director at the time, with the second most successful having only 12. The Shaggy D.A. was to become his 17th, all being Disney films. The total US and Canadian rentals for these 17 pictures was $188,000,000 which Variety said translated into roughly $250 million in world rentals or an estimated world box office gross of $750 million.
Stevenson divorced his first wife Cecilie and married English actress Anna Lee in 1934. They lived on London's Bankside for five years, moving to Hollywood in 1939, where he remained for many years. They had two daughters, Venetia and Caroline, before divorcing in March 1944.
He married Frances Holyoke Howard on 8 October 1944; they later divorced. They had one son, Hugh Howard Stevenson. Robert Stevenson's widow, Ursula Henderson, appeared as herself in the documentary Locked in the Tower: The Men behind Jane Eyre in 2007.
|Night in Montmartre||Screenwriter|
|Michael and Mary||Screenwriter|
|The Faithful Heart||Screenwriter|
|Love on Wheels||Screenwriter|
|Happy Ever After||Directorial debut for Stevenson. |
The only German film he directed.
|1933||Falling For You||His directorial debut in the United Kingdom|
|Early to Bed||Screenwriter only|
|The Only Girl||Screenwriter only|
|1934||The Camels Are Coming||Producer, Uncredited co-director|
|Little Friend||Producer only|
|The Battle||Screenwriter only|
|The Man Who Changed His Mind|
|Jack of All Trades|
|Windbag the Sailor||Screenwriter only|
|1937||King Solomon's Mines|
|Non-Stop New York|
|Paradise for Two||Screenwriter only|
|The Ware Case|
|1939||Young Man's Fancy|
|1940||Return to Yesterday||Stevenson's last United Kingdom film.|
|Tom Brown's School Days||Stevenson's USA directorial debut.|
|1941||Back Street||Remake of the 1932 Universal Pictures film of the same name, Stevenson's only film for Universal Pictures.|
|1942||Joan of Paris||Nominated for the Academy Award for original music score, Stevenson's first film for RKO Radio Pictures|
|1943||Forever and a Day||The only film from RKO with a record breaking 22 directors, writers, and producers. Last film for RKO.|
|Jane Eyre||His only film he directed for 20th Century Fox|
|1944||Know Your Ally: Britain||Documentary Short (uncredited), Produced for the United States War Department and the United States Signal Corps.|
|1947||Dishonored Lady||Stevenson's only film for United Artists.|
|1948||To the Ends of the Earth||Stevenson's only film for Columbia Pictures.|
|1949||I Married a Communist (aka, The Woman on Pier 13)||Stevenson's first film for RKO since 1943|
|1950||Walk Softly, Stranger||Filming completed in 1948 but not released until 1950.|
|1951||My Forbidden Past|
|1952||The Las Vegas Story|
|Macao||(uncredited), Stevenson's final film for RKO.|
|The Ford Television Theatre||TV series (3 episodes: 1952–1953), Stevenson's Television Directorial debut, sponsored by Ford.|
|1953||Cavalcade of America||TV series (8 episodes: 1953–1955)|
|General Electric Theater||TV series (2 episodes: 1953–1956), Sponsored by General Electric.|
|1955||Atomic Energy as a Force for Good||(short)|
|The Star and the Story||TV series (3 episodes: 1955–1956)|
|The 20th Century-Fox Hour||TV series (2 episodes: 1955–1956)|
|Alfred Hitchcock Presents||TV series (7 episodes: 1955–1959)|
|Gunsmoke||TV series (6 episodes)|
|1957||The Christophers||TV series (1 episode: "Sentence Deferred")|
|Johnny Tremain||This marks the return of Robert Stevenson as director in movies since 1952 and his first of in a series of Disney Movies from 1957 to 1976. Based on the award-winning novel from 1944 by Esther Forbes|
|Old Yeller||One of Stevenson's most successfully directed films which led to a sequel, Savage Sam (1963). Based on the award-winning book by Fred Gipson.|
|Disneyland||TV series (26 episodes: 1957–1982)|
|Zorro||TV series (3 episodes); his final TV series he directed.|
|1959||Darby O'Gill and the Little People|
|1961||The Absent-Minded Professor||Nominated – DGA Award – Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures,Colourised in 1986 for home video release, one of the few Disney black and white films made after 1941.|
Was remade as a 1988 television series and a 1997 remake, Flubber.
Was released in widescreen and was restored to Black and white for the 2003 DVD release, and then released on a two disc DVD set with its sequel film, Son of Flubber, in 2008.
|1962||In Search of the Castaways|
|1963||Son of Flubber||Originally filmed in Black and white, and was one of the last few black and white Disney films made after 1941. However, it was colourised for the 1997 VHS release, but was restored for its 2008 two disc DVD release, along with the original 1961 film, The Absent-Minded Professor.|
|1964||The Misadventures of Merlin Jones||Followed by the 1965 sequel, The Monkey's Uncle|
|Mary Poppins||Nominated – Academy Award for Best Director|
Blue Ribbon Award – Best Foreign Film
Nominated – DGA Award – Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures
|1965||The Monkey's Uncle||Sequel to 1964's The Misadventures of Merlin Jones|
|That Darn Cat!||Led to a 1997 remake, That Darn Cat|
|1968||Blackbeard's Ghost||Was released in Japan in 1976 and Australia in 1980.|
|The Love Bug||One of two Love Bug films directed by Stevenson.|
|1971||Bedknobs and Broomsticks||Sant Jordi Award for Best Children's Film|
|1974||Herbie Rides Again||The first film to use the name, "Herbie", for the Herbie the Love Bug franchise.|
|The Island at the Top of the World|
|1975||One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing|
|1976||The Shaggy D.A.||Sequel to 1959's The Shaggy Dog. |
Was Stevenson's final film for Disney, and his final film in general.
|1985||The Walt Disney Comedy and Magic Revue||(video short) (archive footage)|
- Ryall, Tom, "Stevenson, Robert Edward (1905–1986)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, online edition, May 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2018. (subscription required)
- John Wakeman, World Film Directors, Volume One, 1890–1945. New York: The H.W. Wilson Company, (1987), pp1057-1063.
- STEVENSON, Robert. ukwhoswho.com. Who Was Who. 2018 (online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
- "English Star Marries Producer". The News. XXIV (3, 610). Adelaide. 14 February 1935. p. 12. Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "ARE THEY WISE?". The Telegraph (SECOND ed.). Brisbane. 14 August 1937. p. 22. Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Studio Notes". The West Australian. 55 (16, 624). 13 October 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 4 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "All-Time Top Film Rentals". Archived from the original on 7 October 1999.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Variety. 1998. Accessed October 7, 1999
- "Stevenson preps his 20th Disney film in 21 years" Daily Variety. 14 July 1977 p.1