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Amaravati is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] It is a newly planned city which derives its name from the ancient Amaravathi town located in Guntur district. Amaravati along with neighboring Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali form the metropolitan region of Amaravati, namely Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, which is the largest populated region of Andhra Pradesh state with a population of 5.8 million as of the 2011 census, and is governed by APCRDA. The capital city of Amaravati is a new city planned in Thullur mandal and is different from the historical Buddhist town of Amaravathi. Amaravati region is an important part and has been ruled by many kingdoms from ancient history. Amaravati was the capital city for Satavahana kings and Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu.[6]

Amaravati
Capital city
Clockwise from top left: Dhyana Buddha statue, Replica of Mahachaitya, Amareswara Ghat, Mahachaitya Relief, Amaravathi Main Road, Amareswara Temple, Mahachaitya ruins
Clockwise from top left: Dhyana Buddha statue, Replica of Mahachaitya, Amareswara Ghat, Mahachaitya Relief, Amaravathi Main Road, Amareswara Temple, Mahachaitya ruins
Amaravati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Amaravati
Amaravati
Location of Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh, India
Amaravati is located in India
Amaravati
Amaravati
Amaravati (India)
Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515
Country  India
State Andhra Pradesh
Division Coastal Andhra
Districts Guntur, Krishna
Establishment 21st century
Government
 • Body APCRDA
Area[1]
 • Total 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)
Area rank 21st in Andhra Pradesh
201 in India
Population (2011)[2] 5,869,484
 • Rank
  • 21st in Andhra Pradesh (metropolitan population)
  • 119th in India (metropolitan population)
Demonym(s) Amaraites
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Pincode(s) 520 xxx, 521 xxx, 522 xxx
UN/LOCODE AP (Andhra Pradesh)
Vehicle registration AP-07
Sex ratio 1042 /
Literacy 83.45%
Police Andhra Pradesh Police
International Airport Vijayawada International Airport (VGA)
Sea Port Machilipatnam Port
Railway Station Vijayawada railway station (BZA), Guntur railway station (GNT)
Website Amaravati official website

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The word "Amaravati" translates as the place for immortals.[7][8]

HistoryEdit

 
Stone carvings of Amaravathi kings

The present-day capital region includes the ancient Amaravati. The area has been ruled by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Vishnukundina, Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Musunuri Nayaks, Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda and Mughal Empire successively before the founding of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1724. It was ceded to France in 1750 but was captured by England in 1759. Guntur returned to the Nizamate in 1768 but was ceded to England again in 1788. It was briefly occupied by Hyder Ali. It was then ruled by Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period.

As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (2014), Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.[9]

FoundationEdit

The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi,the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu,the Chief Minister of Telangana Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao,the Japanese minister for economy,trade and industry Yosuke Takagi,and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.[10][11]

Seat of government of Andhra PradeshEdit

The majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad.[12] In April 2016, the office of the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu started its operations from Velagapudi. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.[13]

GeographyEdit

The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. The city will be 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-west of Vijayawada and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of Guntur.[14]

GovernanceEdit

 
Secretariat complex during Independence Day, 2017
 
Map showing Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, spread across Guntur and Krishna districts

AdministrationEdit

Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban development and planning activities are undertaken by the Amaravati Development Corporation Limited[15] and Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA).[16] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.[17]

JurisdictionEdit

The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and its the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[18] The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi),[19] and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle.[20] While, the seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi).[21]

The table below lists the denotified villages and hamlets under their respective mandals, which became a part of the capital city.[1]

Mandal name Settlements
Thullur mandal Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem
Mangalagiri mandal Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including Yerrabalem & Bethapudi hamlets)
Tadepalle mandal Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part) (Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli

Note:

  • M – municipality
  • The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement.

CultureEdit

 
Night view of Prakasam Barrage

Language and religionEdit

Telugu is the official language. Hinduism is the majority religion of the city.

Economy and infrastructureEdit

The State government has initiated the Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium for the capital city construction. The new capital city’s infrastructure will be developed in 7-8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore.[22]

Nine themed cities are part of the capital city.[23][24][25] Pi Data Centre, 4th largest of its kind in Asia, with an investment of 600 crore (US$92 million) and Pi Care Services, a healthcare BPO were inaugurated at Mangalagiri IT park.[26][27] IT firms like HCL Technologies and VMware set up centres in Amaravati.[28][29]

BRS Medicity with an investment of $1.8 billion to come up in Amaravati.[30][31] Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[32] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[33]

EducationEdit

SRM University, AP and Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT-AP) had already begun the classes in their respective campus in Amaravati.[34][35] Amrita University, Amity and Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King’s College, London are among the others to set up their campus.[36][37][38][39]

TransportEdit

 
Amaravati Volvo bus of APSRTC at Vijayawada bus station
 
Vijayawada Railway Station
 
Upgraded terminal at Vijayawada International Airport
 
A road roller working on an arterial road in Amaravati

RoadEdit

The buses operated by APSRTC from Pandit Nehru Bus Station and NTR bus station, connects the city with Vijayawada and Guntur respectively.[40][41] Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city.[42] Auto rickshaws also operate for shorter distances in the capital city area.[43] The Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, supported by Kurnool and Kadapa Feeder Roads is an ongoing greenfield expressway project, which would provide faster road access from the districts of Anantapur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam to Amaravati.[44][45] The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial road under construction to access the core capital area from National Highway 16.[46] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada.[47]

RailwayEdit

A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali,[48] extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of 10,000 crore (US$1.5 billion).[49]

 
A view of Seed Access Road

The closest existing railway stations are Krishna Canal and Mangalagiri.

AirEdit

The Vijayawada International Airport at Gannavaram serves the capital region by providiing air connectivity to destinations across the country.[50][51]

SeaEdit

Amaravati Capital region is served by various seaports located nearby to Amaravati capital city. Ports like Machilipatnam, Bapatla, Chirala and Nizampatnam serve the city.

SportsEdit

 
Vijayawada PWD ground

Cricket is the most popular sport of the region. ACA International Cricket Stadium (or Andhra Cricket Association International Cricket Stadium) is a cricket stadium under construction at Nowlur, Mangalagiri mandal, part of the state capital.[52][53]

ACA–KDCA Cricket Ground (or Andhra Cricket Association–Krishna District Cricket Association Ground) is the common name for series of two cricket grounds located in Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the village of Mulapadu of Krishna district, near Vijayawada.[54] It is under the jurisdiction of Andhra Cricket Association and owned by Krishna District Cricket Association (ACA–KDCA).[55]

Anurag Thakur inaugurated the stadium on 30 May 2016.[56] and ofiicially inaugurated on 10 November 2016 by the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu.[57]

Mana Amaravati appEdit

The Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu inaugurated the Mana Amaravati app to have all government services integrated in one app.[clarification needed][58][59]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Declaration of A.P. Capital City Area–Revised orders" (PDF). Andhra Nation. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  2. ^ "CRDA eyes CSR funds to push job potential in capital city". Times of India. Guntur. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Subba Rao, GVR (23 September 2015). "Capital region expands as CRDA redraws boundaries". The Hindu. Vijayawada. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Amaravathi to be divided into eight urban plan areas". The Hindu. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Demography" (PDF). APCRDA. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 30 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Amaravati Prabhuvu vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu, 2016, potturi venkateswara rao
  7. ^ "After 18 centuries, Amaravati set to become a 'capital' again". The Times of India. 22 October 2015. 
  8. ^ Ravikumar, Aruna (13 August 2016). "A river of talent". The Hans India. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014" (PDF). AP Reorganisation Portal. New Delhi: The Gazette of India Extraordinary. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
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  11. ^ "Andhra CM scales down Amaravathi foundation fete". 
  12. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Secretariat starts functioning from interim government complex at Amaravati – Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 3 October 2016. 
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  14. ^ U Sudhakar Reddy (31 October 2014). "Andhra Pradesh capital to come up on riverfront in Guntur district". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
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  16. ^ "New Andhra capital Amaravati to compete for Smart City tag". The New Indian Express. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "CM inaugurates AP's interim secretariat". The Hindu. 26 April 2016. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
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  20. ^ "A.P. Capital Region" (PDF). APCRDA. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 15. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
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  27. ^ Gagan. "Southeast Asia's One of The Largest Data Centre Is Now in Andhra Pradesh". www.communicationstoday.co.in. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
  28. ^ "HCL to set up IT centres in Amaravati, Vijayawada". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  29. ^ "HCL to set up IT centres in Amaravati, Vijayawada". -Avenue Realty. 2017-03-31. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  30. ^ "CM lays foundation stone for $1.8-bn BRS Medicity - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-08-16. 
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  32. ^ "Geographical Indication". The Hans India. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  33. ^ "Mangalagiri Cotton Saree | Textiles Committee (Ministry of Textiles, Government of India)". www.textilescommittee.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-02-24. 
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  41. ^ "Facelift to Guntur bus stand" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
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  51. ^ "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies | HTT". Hyperloop Transportation Technologies | HTT. 2017-09-06. Retrieved 2017-09-12. 
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  55. ^ "MSK Helped ACA Grow in Stature: Ganga Raju". The New Indian Express. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2016. 
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  58. ^ "video". ETV Youtube channel. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  59. ^ "Article". Livemint. Retrieved 29 June 2017. 

External linksEdit