Amaravati(Redirected from Amaravati (state capital))
Amaravati is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a newly planned city which derives its name from the ancient Amaravathi town located in Guntur district. Amaravati along with neighboring Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali form the metropolitan region of Amaravati, namely Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, which is the largest populated region of Andhra Pradesh state with a population of 5.8 million as of the 2011 census, and is governed by APCRDA. The capital city of Amaravati is a new city planned in Thullur mandal and is different from the historical Buddhist town of Amaravathi. Amaravati region is an important part and has been ruled by many kingdoms from ancient history. Amaravati was the capital city for Satavahana kings and Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu.
|• Total||217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)|
|Area rank||21st in Andhra Pradesh
201 in India
|Time zone||IST (UTC+05:30)|
|Pincode(s)||520 xxx, 521 xxx, 522 xxx|
|UN/LOCODE||AP (Andhra Pradesh)|
|Sex ratio||1042 ♂/♀|
|Police||Andhra Pradesh Police|
|International Airport||Vijayawada International Airport (VGA)|
|Sea Port||Machilipatnam Port|
|Railway Station||Vijayawada railway station (BZA), Guntur railway station (GNT)|
|Website||Amaravati official website|
The present-day capital region includes the ancient Amaravati. The area has been ruled by the Mauryas, Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, Vishnukundina, Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas, Delhi Sultanate, Musunuri Nayaks, Bahmani Sultanate, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda and Mughal Empire successively before the founding of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1724. It was ceded to France in 1750 but was captured by England in 1759. Guntur returned to the Nizamate in 1768 but was ceded to England again in 1788. It was briefly occupied by Hyder Ali. It was then ruled by Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu. It was part of Madras Presidency during the British colonial period.
As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (2014), Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi，the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. Chandrababu Naidu，the Chief Minister of Telangana Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao，the Japanese minister for economy，trade and industry Yosuke Takagi，and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.
Seat of government of Andhra PradeshEdit
The majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad. In April 2016, the office of the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu started its operations from Velagapudi. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.
Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban development and planning activities are undertaken by the Amaravati Development Corporation Limited and Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA). The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.
The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and its the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi), and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle. While, the seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi).
|Thullur mandal||Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem|
|Mangalagiri mandal||Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including Yerrabalem & Bethapudi hamlets)|
|Tadepalle mandal||Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part) (Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli|
- M – municipality
- The names in brackets are the hamlet villages of the respective settlement.
Language and religionEdit
Economy and infrastructureEdit
The State government has initiated the Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium for the capital city construction. The new capital city’s infrastructure will be developed in 7-8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore.
Nine themed cities are part of the capital city. Pi Data Centre, 4th largest of its kind in Asia, with an investment of ₹600 crore (US$92 million) and Pi Care Services, a healthcare BPO were inaugurated at Mangalagiri IT park. IT firms like HCL Technologies and VMware set up centres in Amaravati.
BRS Medicity with an investment of $1.8 billion to come up in Amaravati. Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal, a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.
SRM University, AP and Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT-AP) had already begun the classes in their respective campus in Amaravati. Amrita University, Amity and Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King’s College, London are among the others to set up their campus.
The buses operated by APSRTC from Pandit Nehru Bus Station and NTR bus station, connects the city with Vijayawada and Guntur respectively. Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city. Auto rickshaws also operate for shorter distances in the capital city area. The Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, supported by Kurnool and Kadapa Feeder Roads is an ongoing greenfield expressway project, which would provide faster road access from the districts of Anantapur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam to Amaravati. The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial road under construction to access the core capital area from National Highway 16. The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada.
A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali, extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of ₹10,000 crore (US$1.5 billion).
Cricket is the most popular sport of the region. ACA International Cricket Stadium (or Andhra Cricket Association International Cricket Stadium) is a cricket stadium under construction at Nowlur, Mangalagiri mandal, part of the state capital.
ACA–KDCA Cricket Ground (or Andhra Cricket Association–Krishna District Cricket Association Ground) is the common name for series of two cricket grounds located in Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the village of Mulapadu of Krishna district, near Vijayawada. It is under the jurisdiction of Andhra Cricket Association and owned by Krishna District Cricket Association (ACA–KDCA).
Mana Amaravati appEdit
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